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  1. Reactivation of a Hospital-Based Therapy Dog Visitation Program during the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Townsend, Lisa, Heatwole, Jennifer K., Gee, Nancy R.

    This study examined human–animal interactions during the reactivation of a hospital-based therapy dog program during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data were collected from human–dog interactions at an academic medical center in Virginia. Interaction length, participant role, age group...

  2. Pet Owners' Perceptions of COVID-19, Zoonotic Disease, and Veterinary Medicine: The Impact of Demographic Characteristics

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Powell, L., Lavender, T. M., Reinhard, C. L., Watson, B.

    This study aimed to investigate the impact of sociodemographic characteristics on pet owners' concern about the transmission of zoonotic disease and SARS-CoV-2, and to describe owners' perceptions of veterinarians and physicians as resources for zoonoses information. Between September and...

  3. Microbial ecology and evolution is key to pandemics: using the coronavirus model to mitigate future public health challenges

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Okeke, E. S., Olovo, C. V., Nkwoemeka, N. E., Okoye, C. O., Nwankwo, C. E. I., Onu, C. J.

    Pandemics are global challenges that lead to total disruption of human activities. From the inception of human existence, all pandemics have resulted in loss of human lives. The coronavirus disease caused by SAR-CoV-2 began in China and is now at the global scale with an increase in mortality...

  4. Patient and Caregiver Perceptions of Animal Assisted Activity in Orthodontics

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cass, Katelyn, Bocklage, Clare, Sulkowski, Taylor, Graves, Christina, Ghaltakhchyan, Nare, Rapolla, Allen, Jackson, Tate, Divaris, Kimon, Wiesen, Chris, Strauman, Timothy, Jacox, Laura

    Dental anxiety affects up to 21% of children and 80% of adults and is associated with lifelong dental avoidance. Animal assisted activity (AAA) is widely used to reduce anxiety and pain in medical settings and has promise in dentistry. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate...

  5. Risk Factors for SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Illness in Cats and Dogs(1)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bienzle, D., Rousseau, J., Marom, D., MacNicol, J., Jacobson, L., Sparling, S., Prystajecky, N., Fraser, E., Weese, J. S.

    We tested swab specimens from pets in households in Ontario, Canada, with human COVID-19 cases by quantitative PCR for SARS-CoV-2 and surveyed pet owners for risk factors associated with infection and seropositivity. We tested serum samples for spike protein IgG and IgM in household pets and...

  6. Mothers' Reflections on Cat Ownership for a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder During COVID-19

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Saskia Keville, Sophia De Vita, Amanda K. Ludlow

    Animal- assisted interventions are increasingly used as a complementary therapy in clinical practice to support people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with promising outcomes compared to traditional therapies. Less is understood about the therapeutic benefits of more accessible and...

  7. What is good grief support? Exploring the actors and actions in social support after traumatic grief

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Joanne Cacciatore, Kara Thieleman, Ruth Fretts, Lori Barnes Jackson

    Social support seems to enhance wellbeing and health in many populations. Conversely, poor social support and loneliness are a social determinant of poor health outcomes and can adversely affect physical, emotional, and mental well-being. Social support is especially important in traumatic...

  8. How has Covid-19 changed our views of the One Health agenda?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Michael James Francis

  9. Characterizing pet acquisition and retention during the COVID-19 pandemic

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hoffman, C. L., Thibault, M., Hong, J.

    In March 2020, Americans began experiencing numerous lifestyle changes due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Some reports have suggested that pet acquisition and ownership increased during this period, and some have suggested shelters and rescues will be overwhelmed once pandemic-related restrictions are...

  10. Ethical Considerations in Oncology and Palliative Care Research During COVID-19

    | Contributor(s):: Akard, T. F., Gilmer, M. J., Hendricks-Ferguson, V. L.

  11. Elephants in Nepal: Correlating disease, tourism, and welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Szydlowski, Michelle

    Asian elephants and humans have long shared their lives, but recent changes in human perspectives on animal use have created ripples through the small country of Nepal. Captive elephants are caught in the crossfire between local communities, elephant owners, mahouts, and NGOs in debates over...

  12. Covid Cats and Pandemic Puppies: The Altered Realm of Veterinary Care for Companion Animals during a Global Pandemic

    | Contributor(s):: Muzzatti, Stephen L., Grieve, Kirsten L.

    The emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic in Canada and the US significantly impacted the myriad relationships that exist amongst human and non-human animals. This article highlights the tolls that the virus and lockdown measures took (and continue to take) on companion animals and the veterinary...

  13. Contamination: The Case of Civets, Companionship, COVID, and SARS

    | Contributor(s):: Hooper, J.

    This research explores the intersection between zoonosis and the trade in wild animals by applying the Asian palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) as a lens through which to analyse the ways humans and animals shape, and are shaped by, multi-species entanglements. Civets occupy a unique space...

  14. Evaluation of shelter dog activity levels before and during COVID-19 using automated analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Byosiere, Sarah-Elizabeth, Feighelstein, Marcelo, Wilson, Kristiina, Abrams, Jennifer, Elad, Guy, Farhat, Nareed, van der Linden, Dirk, Kaplun, Dmitrii, Sinitca, Aleksandr, Zamansky, Anna

    Animal shelters have been found to represent stressful environments for pet dogs, both affecting behavior and influencing welfare. The current COVID-19 pandemic has brought to light new uncertainties in animal sheltering practices which may affect shelter dog behavior in unexpected ways. To...

  15. Effects of the COVID-19 lockdown on the human-animal bond

    | Contributor(s):: Beaver, B. V.

    2021NAVC Clinician's BriefJanuaryFebruary48-491542-4014EnglishCited Reference Count: 2 ref.0Educational Concepts LLCTulsa, USATexas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA.text

  16. Human-Animal Relationships and Welfare in the Anthropocene: Pandemics, Climate Change, and Other Disasters

    | Contributor(s):: Argent, G.

    This introduction to the Special Issue "Human-Animal Relationships and Welfare in the Anthropocene: Pandemics, Climate Change, and Other Disasters" provides the reasons for creating the Special Issue, its aims and scope, background on the subject area, and an introduction to the papers within it....

  17. Understanding Psychiatric Patients' Experience of Virtual Animal-Assisted Therapy Sessions during the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Haley Scheck, Linzi Williamson, Colleen A. Dell

    Canine animal-assisted therapy (AAT) can improve the mental health and well-being of incarcerated individuals. An in-person AAT program has been offered at the Regional Psychiatric Center (RPC) in Saskatoon, Canada, since 2014 with St. John Ambulance Therapy Dog Program (SJATDP) dog and handler...

  18. Discrimination of SARS-CoV-2 infected patient samples by detection dogs: A proof of concept study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer L. Essler, Sarah A. Kane, Pat Nolan, Elikplim H. Akaho, Amalia Z. Berna, Annemarie DeAngelo, Richard A. Berk, Patricia Kaynaroglu, Victoria L. Plymouth, Ian D. Frank, Susan R. Weiss, Audrey R. Odom John, Cynthia M. Otto

    While the world awaits a widely available COVID-19 vaccine, availability of testing is limited in many regions and can be further compounded by shortages of reagents, prolonged processing time and delayed results. One approach to rapid testing is to leverage the volatile organic compound (VOC)...

  19. A Mixed-Methods Assessment of Human Well-Being Related to the Presence of Companion Animals During the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bindi Bennett, Suzie Cosh, Jack Thepsourinthone, Amy Lykins

    COVID-19 and the measures used to curb the pandemic (e.g., lockdowns, isolation) have significantly impacted mental health and well-being. This study sought to investigate the role of companion animals in alleviating stress and improving mental health during the pandemic. In this study, 250...

  20. Attachment and Perceived Stress among Pet Owners before and during the Lockdown in China

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sara Platto, Agathe Serres, Simona R. C. Normando, Wang Yanqing, Dennis C. Turner

    The current pandemic has brought a lot of social and economic strains to families worldwide, as well as making a huge impact on the long- term care of companion animals. The current study explored differences in the attachment level of owners toward their pets and their perceived stress before...