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  1. Contribution of cats and dogs to SARS-CoV-2 transmission in households

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fischer, E. A. J., Broens, E. M., Kooistra, H. S., De Rooij, M. M. T., Stegeman, J. A., De Jong, M. C. M.

    IntroductionSARS-CoV-2 is known to jump across species. The occurrence of transmission in households between humans and companion animals has been shown, but the contribution of companion animals to the overall transmission within a household is unknown. The basic reproduction number (R-0) is...

  2. Biomedical research with a Caribbean one-health perspective

    | Contributor(s):: Cheetham, S., Stone, D., Marancik, D., Kaplan, R. M., Olson, N. C.

  3. Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Behavioural Tendencies of Cats and Dogs in Japan

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Takagi, Saho, Koyasu, Hikari, Hattori, Madoka, Nagasawa, Takumi, Maejima, Michiro, Nagasawa, Miho, Kikusui, Takefumi, Saito, Atsuko

    Physical and mental effects stemming from COVID-19 have impacted not only people’s lives but also the lives of their pets, which in recent years are often seen as members of the family. This study aimed to explore the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan on pets and their owners....

  4. Preparation for the next pandemic: challenges in strengthening surveillance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chiu, K. H., Sridhar, S., Yuen, K. Y.

    The devastating Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic indicates that early detection of candidates with pandemic potential is vital. However, comprehensive metagenomic sequencing of the total microbiome is not practical due to the astronomical and rapidly evolving numbers and species of...

  5. The effect of COVID-19 lockdown restrictions on self-directed behaviour, activity budgets, movement patterns, and spatial use in semi-captive African elephants (Loxodonta africana)

    | Contributor(s):: Manning, Primrose, Dawson, Elisabeth, Tholander, Christina, Bonato, Maud

  6. The COVID Whirlwind on the Veterinary World: End-of-life Care and Euthanasia During the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elizabeth Chalmers, Paula Gerstenblatt, River Hodgdon

    Veterinary providers experience job-specific psychological stress from their dual role in both providing medical care to pets and supporting pet-owner clients through end-of-life care and the euthanasia process, contributing to compassion fatigue and burnout in the field. COVID-19 has impacted...

  7. Impact of COVID-19 on Service Dog Organizations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Danny Benbassat, Abigail Konopasky, Michael Fox

    The 2019 coronavirus pandemic led to federal, state, and local measures that paralyzed businesses across the nation. Among them were behavioral and mental health nonprofit organizations. The purpose of this study was to understand the impact of the pandemic on nonprofit programs that train and...

  8. Parent and child mental health during COVID-19 in Australia: The role of pet attachment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shannon K. Bennetts, Sharinne B. Crawford, Tiffani J. Howell, Fiona Burgemeister, Catherine Chamberlain, Kylie Burke, Jan M. Nicholson

    Restrictions, social isolation, and uncertainty related to the global COVID-19 pandemic have disrupted the ways that parents and children maintain family routines, health, and wellbeing. Companion animals (pets) can be a critical source of comfort during traumatic experiences, although changes...

  9. Dog Guardians' Subjective Well-Being During Times of Stress and Crisis: A Diary Study of Affect During COVID-19

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lori S. Hoy, Brigitte Stangl, Nigel Morgan

    The impacts of companion animals on human well-being have been receiving increased media and research attention, especially in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic. Previously, there have been calls for research to consider the major components of subjective well-being separately and for research...

  10. Is UK Puppy Purchasing Suffering a Long COVID Effect? Ongoing Negative Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic upon Puppy Purchase Motivations and Behaviours in 2021

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Packer, R. M. A., Brand, C. L., Belshaw, Z., Pegram, C. L., Dale, F., Stevens, K. B., O'Neill, D. G.

    The COVID-19 pandemic led to a surge in acquisitions of puppies in the UK, dubbed the "Pandemic Puppy" phenomenon. In addition to an increased demand for puppies, widespread changes to both why and how puppies were purchased during this period compared to pre-pandemic 2019 purchases...

  11. Physical health caregiver, mental wellness supporter, and overall well-being advocate: Women's roles towards animal welfare during the COVID-19 emergency response

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Wu, H., Bains, R. S., Preston, C.

    Women's health-specific contributions in emergency response stages pertain primarily to family and community-based rescue and support-focused roles. As disasters affect both human beings and their animal co-inhabitants, comprehensive literature exploring women's contributions towards...

  12. Detection of SARS-CoV-2 in Terrestrial Animals in Southern Nigeria: Potential Cases of Reverse Zoonosis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Happi, A. N., Ayinla, A. O., Ogunsanya, O. A., Sijuwola, A. E., Saibu, F. M., Akano, K., George, U. E., Sopeju, A. E., Rabinowitz, P. M., Ojo, K. K., Barrett, L. K., Van Voorhis, W. C., Happi, C. T.

    Since SARS-CoV-2 caused the COVID-19 pandemic, records have suggested the occurrence of reverse zoonosis of pets and farm animals in contact with SARS-CoV-2-positive humans in the Occident. However, there is little information on the spread of the virus among animals in contact with humans in...

  13. Family Bonds with Pets and Mental Health during COVID-19 in Australia: A Complex Picture

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bennetts, S. K., Howell, T., Crawford, S., Burgemeister, F., Burke, K., Nicholson, J. M.

    The COVID-19 pandemic has drawn attention to the health-promoting features of human-animal relationships, particularly for families with children. Despite this, the World Health Organization's (1986) Ottawa Charter remains human-centric. Given the reciprocal health impacts of human-animal...

  14. Pooches on a platform: Text mining twitter for sector perceptions of dogs during a global pandemic

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: McMillan, K. M., Anderson, K. L., Christley, R. M.

    INTRODUCTION: Businesses commonly text mine Twitter data to identify patterns and extract valuable information. However, this method is rarely applied to the animal welfare sector. Here, we describe Twitter conversations regarding dogs during a global pandemic, assess the evolution of...

  15. Estilos de vida saludables: una ampliaciĆ³n de la mirada y su potencial en el marco de la pandemia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Álvaro Tala Tajmuch, Eduardo Izarnótegui Vásquez, Cecilia Plaza

    SARS-CoV-2 pandemic generated a profound impact on people's health, emphasizing the relevance of healthy lifestyles. Recommendations on how to maintain adequate physical activity, diet, sleep and social connection have been issued. However, it is worth expanding our look to other possible...

  16. Effect of Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT) on Social Interaction and Quality of Life in Patients with Schizophrenia during the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Experimental Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shih, C. A., Yang, M. H.

    PURPOSE: Most patients with schizophrenia exhibit low willingness to return to society because of negative social experiences. The COVID-19 pandemic led to severe social isolation for schizophrenia patients. However, animal-assisted therapy (AAT) can improve individuals' empathy, social...

  17. SARS-CoV-2 Affects Both Humans and Animals: What Is the Potential Transmission Risk? A Literature Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Santaniello, A., Perruolo, G., Cristiano, S., Agognon, A. L., Cabaro, S., Amato, A., Dipineto, L., Borrelli, L., Formisano, P., Fioretti, A., Oriente, F.

    In March 2020, the World Health Organization Department declared the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak a global pandemic, as a consequence of its rapid spread on all continents. The COVID-19 pandemic has been not only a health emergency but also a serious general problem as fear of contagion and...

  18. Emergency fostering of dogs from animal shelters during the COVID-19 pandemic: shelter practices, foster caregiver engagement, and dog outcomes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gunter, L. M., Gilchrist, R. J., Blade, E. M., Reed, J. L., Isernia, L. T., Barber, R. T., Foster, A. M., Feuerbacher, E. N., Wynne, C. D. L.

    Each year, millions of dogs enter thousands of animal shelters across the United States. Life in the shelter can be stressful, and one type of intervention that improves dogs' experience is human interaction, particularly stays in foster homes. Prior research has demonstrated that fostering...

  19. Frequency of SARS-CoV-2 infection in dogs and cats: Results of a retrospective serological survey in Sumadija District, Serbia

    | Contributor(s):: Stanojevic, Slavoljub, Radojicic, Sonja, Misic, Dusan, Srejic, Damjan, Vasiljevic, Dragan V., Prokic, Kristina, Ilic, Nevenka

  20. Child sexual abuse survivors: Differential complex multimodal treatment outcomes for pre-COVID and COVID era cohorts

    | Contributor(s):: Reeson, Matthew, Polzin, Wanda, Pazderka, Hannah, Agyapong, Vincent, Greenshaw, Andrew J., Hnatko, Gary, Wei, Yifeng, Szymanski, Laurie, Silverstone, Peter H.