'Letting them go' - agricultural retirement and human-livestock relations
Contributor(s):: Riley, M.
Through a focus on agricultural retirement, this paper extends on the recent work considering human-livestock relations. Drawing on research conducted in Hampshire and West Sussex (UK), the paper utilises farmers' narratives of farm work and retirement to explore the themes of [dis]connection...
Jun 01 2017
2nd Annual Dairy Cattle Welfare Symposium: Milwaukee, Wisconsin
A brief note on the validation of a system for recording lying behaviour in dairy cows
| Contributor(s):: O'Driscoll, K., Boyle, L., Hanlon, A.
The duration and frequency of lying behaviour and the time spent standing are behavioural indicators of cow comfort. The objective of this study was to validate a robustly designed datalogger (DL) for recording standing and lying behaviour of cows at pasture. The datalogger consists of an...
A brief report on effects of transfer from outdoor grazing to indoor tethering and back on urinary cortisol and behaviour in dairy cattle
| Contributor(s):: Higashiyama, Y., Nashiki, M., Narita, H., Kawasaki, M.
The present study was performed to investigate the effects of transferring cattle (n=7) from pasture to indoor confinement and their return to pasture on their physiological and behavioural responses. On the day after the cows were moved to indoor tethering, urinary cortisol increased...
A brief report on the relationship between level of milk production and estrous behavior of lactating dairy cows
| Contributor(s):: Lopez, H., Satter, L. D., Wiltbank, M. C.
The objective of this study was to evaluate if there was an association between milk production and duration of estrus in lactating cows as determined by standing activity recorded by a radiotelemetry system. Holstein cows (n=42) were fitted with a radiotelemetric transmitter that allowed...
A Case Study of Behaviour and Performance of Confined or Pastured Cows During the Dry Period
| Contributor(s):: Randi A. Black, Peter D. Krawczel
The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of the dry cow management system (pasture or confined) on: (1) lying behaviour and activity; (2) feeding and heat stress behaviours; (3) intramammary infections, postpartum. Non-lactating Holstein cows were assigned to either deep-bedded,...
A conceptual model of the human-animal relationships dynamics during newborn handling on cow-calf operation farms
| Contributor(s):: Costa, F. de O., Valente, T. S., Toledo, L. M. de, Ambrosio, L. A., Campo, M. del, Costa, M. J. R. P. da
A laser-based method for measuring thermal nociception of cattle
| Contributor(s):: Veissier, I., Rushen, J., Colwell, D., Passille, A. M. de
A method is described for measuring nociception in cattle using a CO2 laser aimed at the caudal aspect of the metatarsi. Four experiments were performed, involving 60 Holstein calves. In Experiment 1, infrared thermography showed that calves responded by lifting their legs when skin temperatures...
A new method to measure behavioural activity levels in dairy cows
| Contributor(s):: Muller, R., Schrader, L.
Changes in the behavioural activity of farm animals are widely used as an indicator for the assessment of animal welfare. In this study on dairy cattle we validated a new method for automatic 24 h recording of behavioural activity, the ActiwatchReg. activity monitoring system (AMS). The AMS is a...
A note on eating behaviour of dairy cows at different stocking systems - diurnal rhythm and effects of ambient temperature
| Contributor(s):: Taweel, H. Z., Tas, B. M., Smit, H. J., Tamminga, S., Elgersma, A.
This experiment was aimed at studying the diurnal rhythm of dairy cows eating behaviour at different stocking systems, and quantifying the effect of daily ambient temperature on this diurnal rhythm. In two experiments carried out in the summer of 2003 in The Netherlands, eight dairy cows were...
A note on possible link between behaviour and the occurrence of lameness in dairy cows
| Contributor(s):: Galindo, F., Broom, D. M., Jackson, P. G. G.
Possible relationships between social behaviour, individual time budgets and the incidence of lameness were investigated in 40 dairy cows. The incidence of lameness in the group of cows was 42
A note on the effect of controlling stable flies ( Stomxys calcitrans ) in the resting activity and pen distribution of dairy cows
| Contributor(s):: Vitela, I., Cruz-Vazquez, C., Orihuela, A.
This study investigated the effect of controlling stable flies (Stomoxys calcitrans) on the number of dairy cows lying down and their pen distribution. The study randomly assigned 80 Holstein cows to 1 of 2 groups. The treated group (T) included cows individually sprayed with insecticide when...
A note: the effects of human handling on heart girth, behaviour and milk quality in dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Jackson, K. M. A., Hackett, D.
Research on cattle, lambs and pigs suggests that when animals do not receive positive physical attention ("gentling") from their stockpersons, they become fearful, stressed, less productive, and less healthy overall. The purpose of this experiment was to examine the effects that positive human...
A novel environment inhibits milk ejection in the pig but not through HPA activity
| Contributor(s):: Rushen, J., Ladewig, J., Passille, A. M. B. de
Six sows (3-14 days postpartum) were placed with their piglets in a different farrowing pen (novel environment) for 2 h or were driven into the new pen then immediately returned to their own pen (control). All sows were subject to both treatments over 2 consecutive days. Nursings were recorded as...
A possible relationship between the flinch, step and kick response and milk yield in lactating cows
| Contributor(s):: Willis, G. L.
The av. milk yield and incidence of flinching, kicking and stepping during teatcup placement and removal (FSK response) were both higher among 10 randomly selected Friesian X Jersey cows in periods of 5 and 4 days when they were milked by one herdsman than in 5 days when they were milked by...
A proposition for an updated behavioural characterization of the oestrus period in dairy cows
| Contributor(s):: Kerbrat, S., Disenhaus, C.
In high-yielding dairy herds, the difficulty associated with successfully detecting oestrus is a problem that limits the reproductive performance of the herd. Traditionally, the period when the cow stands to be mounted is taken as the oestrus period. Housing and management factors such as the use...
A prospective exploration of farm, farmer, and animal characteristics in human-animal relationships: an epidemiological survey
| Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Boivin, X., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.
Human-animal relationships are essential for dairy farming. They affect work comfort and efficiency, as well as milk production. A poor human-animal relationship can result in stress and accidents to both animals and caretakers and needs to be improved. However, many studies have demonstrated...
A quantitative analysis of social behaviour of different crossbreds of dairy cattle kept in loose housing and its relationship to productivity
| Contributor(s):: Jezierski, T. A., Podluzny, M.
The social behaviour of Polish Black-and-White dairy cattle (BW) was compared with that of the F1-crossbreds of BW with Jersey (BW x J), Ayrshire (BW x Ay), Holstein-Friesian (BW x HF) and Swedish Black-and-White (BW x SLB). The crossbreds BW x J proved to be most aggressive, excitable and...
A study of three methods used to assess stockmanship on commercial dairy farms: can these become effective welfare assessment techniques?
| Contributor(s):: Rennie, L. J., Bowell, V. A., Dearing, J. M., Haskell, M. J., Lawrence, A. B.
The modern dairy industry involves close contact between the stockperson and their animals and thus complex relationships develop between stockperson and cow. This study examines the assessment of stockmanship quality on commercial dairy farms and aims to develop useable protocols for on-farm...
A Survey of Italian Dairy Farmers' Propensity for Precision Livestock Farming Tools
| Contributor(s):: Fabio Abeni, Francesca Petrera, Andrea Galli
A targeted survey was designed with the aim of describing the diffusion of precision livestock farming (PLF) tools in one of the most intensive dairy farming provinces in Italy. Technicians at the Provincial Breeder Association of Cremona interviewed 490 dairy farmers and obtained data...