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  1. Uptake and effectiveness of interventions to reduce claw lesions in 40 dairy herds in the UK

    Contributor(s):: Barker, Z. E., Wright, J. L., Blowey, R. W., Amory, J. R., Green, L. E.

  2. Welfare risk assessment: the benefits and common pitfalls

    Contributor(s):: Collins, L. M.

  3. Cow milk and human development and well-being

    Contributor(s):: Maijala, K.

    This paper reviews the hypotheses of the relationship between milk and human coronary heart disease (CHD). These hypotheses are examined and their original historic deficiencies are discussed. This is followed by the new and emerging scientific evidence to support, question or refute these...

  4. Stepping and kicking behaviour during milking in relation to response in human-animal interaction test and clinical health in loose housed dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Rousing, T., Bonde, M., Badsberg, J. H., Sorensen, J. T.

    Associations between kicking and stepping behaviour during milking and response to humans, getting up behaviour as well as clinical health status in loose housed dairy cows were investigated. During a 12-month period behavioural and clinical data from 10 commercial Danish dairy herds were...

  5. Health and welfare in Danish dairy cattle in the transition to organic production: problems, priorities and perspectives

    Contributor(s):: Vaarst, M., Alban, L., Mogensen, L., Milan, S., Thamsborg, Kristensen, E. S.

    During the past few years, organic dairy farming has grown dramatically in Denmark. Consequently, an increasing number of people are encountering this method of production for the first time. Amongst these, many veterinarians have suddenly had to deal with organic herds in their home district,...

  6. Holy cows: a look at the influence of religious beliefs on dairy animal welfare on kibbutzim in Israel

    Contributor(s):: Rabbie, D.

    The influence of religious beliefs on people's attitudes and actions in the area of animal welfare was examined by interviewing 44 dairy workers on kibbutzim (communal agricultural settlements) in Israel. Workers on religiously observant kibbutzim were found to be no more consistent in their...

  7. Respect for animal autonomy in bioethical analysis: the case of Automatic Milking Systems (AMS)

    Contributor(s):: Millar, K. M.

    An analysis of the ethical impacts of the use of an Automatic Milking System (AMS) is used as a case study to illustrate the use of a form of bioethical analysis in technology assessment. The approach is based on the Ethical Matrix, where 'impacts' are assessed in terms of (lack of) respect for 3...

  8. Social acceptance of dairy farming: the ambivalence between the two faces of modernity

    Contributor(s):: Boogaard, B. K., Bock, B. B., Oosting, S. J., Wiskerke, J. S. C., Zijpp, A. J. van D.

    Society's relationship with modern animal farming is an ambivalent one: on the one hand there is rising criticism about modern animal farming; on the other hand people appreciate certain aspects of it, such as increased food safety and low food prices. This ambivalence reflects the two faces of...

  9. Systems in organic dairy production

    Contributor(s):: Oudshoorn, F. W., Renes, R. J., Boer, I. J. M. de

    The aim of this study was to explore stakeholder perceptions of the contribution of an Automatic Milking System (AMS) to sustainable development of organic dairy production in Denmark and the Netherlands. In addition, reasons for the current difference in AMS use on organic dairy farms between...

  10. 'Letting them go' - agricultural retirement and human-livestock relations

    | Contributor(s):: Riley, M.

    Through a focus on agricultural retirement, this paper extends on the recent work considering human-livestock relations. Drawing on research conducted in Hampshire and West Sussex (UK), the paper utilises farmers' narratives of farm work and retirement to explore the themes of [dis]connection...

  11. A laser-based method for measuring thermal nociception of cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Veissier, I., Rushen, J., Colwell, D., Passille, A. M. de

    A method is described for measuring nociception in cattle using a CO2 laser aimed at the caudal aspect of the metatarsi. Four experiments were performed, involving 60 Holstein calves. In Experiment 1, infrared thermography showed that calves responded by lifting their legs when skin temperatures...

  12. A new method to measure behavioural activity levels in dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Muller, R., Schrader, L.

    Changes in the behavioural activity of farm animals are widely used as an indicator for the assessment of animal welfare. In this study on dairy cattle we validated a new method for automatic 24 h recording of behavioural activity, the ActiwatchReg. activity monitoring system (AMS). The AMS is a...

  13. Allogrooming in cattle: relationships between social preferences, feeding displacements and social dominance

    | Contributor(s):: Val-Laillet, D., Guesdon, V., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Passille, A. M. de, Rushen, J.

    The aim of this study was to describe the allogrooming behaviour of group-housed lactating cows (Bos taurus) as it relates to social dominance, friendship, parity and level of feeding competition. We measured the socio-negative (displacements at the feeder and in the lying stalls) and...

  14. Alternative housing for sows and litters: 2. Effects of a communal piglet area on pre- and post-weaning behaviour and performance

    | Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Pajor, E. A., Bonenfant, M., Ross, S. K., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.

    An experiment was conducted to determine how allowing piglets access to a communal area affects pre-weaning and post-weaning behaviour and performance. Litters were housed in pens with sows in crates until piglets reached 11 days of age. For 10 experimental cohorts, barriers between the pens of...

  15. Applied animal behaviour science. (Special issue: Suckling)

    | Contributor(s):: Lidfors, L., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K., Redbo, I.

    This supplement contains articles that focus on behavioural and physiological aspects of suckling and/or sucking in ruminants. Abnormal sucking behaviour, particularly cross-sucking and non-nutritive sucking, in calves are presented; and the effects of milk flow and milk volume, the presence of a...

  16. Are cows more likely to lie down the longer they stand?

    | Contributor(s):: Tolkamp, B. J., Haskell, M. J., Langford, F. M., Roberts, D. J., Morgan, C. A.

    Information on (changes in) standing and lying behaviour of cows can be used for oestrus detection, early diagnosis of disorders and to evaluate welfare consequences of changes in housing and management. Data sets on lying and standing behaviour were collected from cows with IceTagTM sensors...

  17. Association between resting behaviour and live weight gain in dairy heifers housed in pens with different space allowance and floor type

    | Contributor(s):: Mogensen, L., Krohn, C. C., Sorensen, J. T., Hindhede, J., Nielsen, L. H.

    The hypothesis that daily liveweight gain is associated with resting behaviour in heifers was studied. The study was based on 2 experiments conducted on Danish commercial dairy farms with Danish Friesian heifers (300-400 kg) in the winter periods. Group size was 5-6 heifers/pen. Experiment A,...

  18. Behaviour and leg injuries in dairy cows kept in cubicle systems with straw bedding or soft lying mats

    | Contributor(s):: Wechsler, B., Schaub, J., Friedli, K., Hauser, R.

    In order to reduce straw input, soft lying mats are used increasingly instead of straw bedding in cubicle systems for dairy cows. This study aimed at comparing different types of soft lying mats with straw bedding regarding cow behaviour and leg injuries. Data were collected on 5 farms with straw...

  19. Behavioural characteristics of two dairy breeds of cows selected ( Herens ) or not ( Brune des Alpes ) for fighting and dominance ability

    | Contributor(s):: Plusquellec, P., Bouissou, M. F.

    Two breeds of dairy cattle, one selected for intra-specific fighting and dominance ability (Herens, H), the other not selected for this behavioural trait (Brune des Alpes, BA), submitted to the same management techniques, were compared with respect to their social behaviour (dominance, agonistic...

  20. Bioacoustic tools for enhancing animal management and productivity: effects of recorded calf vocalizations on milk production in dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: McCowan, B., DiLorenzo, A. M., Abichandani, S., Borelli, C., Cullor, J. S.

    Vocal communication mediates social relationships in many mammalian species and can be particularly important in mother-infant interactions. Mammalian species in general and cows in particular exhibit a strong mother-infant bond that is frequently expressed through vocal exchanges among mothers...