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  1. Human allergy to cats: a review of the impact on cat ownership and relinquishment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sparkes, A. H.

    Practical relevance: Cats have become increasingly common as companion animals, and in many countries their popularity now exceeds that of dogs. At the same time, human allergies (including allergy to cats) have been increasing and it has been estimated that globally up to 10-20% of human...

  2. A Stakeholder-Engaged Approach to Development of an Animal-Assisted Intervention for Obesity Prevention Among Youth With Autism Spectrum Disorder and Their Pet Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Linder, D. E., Folta, S. C., Must, A., Mulé, C. M., Cash, S. B., Halbreich, E. D., Colón, C., Sullivan, S., Sanabria, E., Gibbs, D., Farrell, T.

    Stakeholder involvement in research has been demonstrated to increase the effectiveness, validity, and quality of a study. This paper describes the engagement of a stakeholder panel in the development and implementation of an animal-assisted intervention (AAI) assessment and program for...

  3. Conceptualizing Indigenous Human-Animal Relationships in Aotearoa New Zealand: An Ethical Perspective

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Woodhouse, J., Carr, A., Liebergreen, N., Anderson, L., Beausoleil, N. J., Zobel, G., King, M.

    This article considers the complexity and diversity of ethical concepts and beliefs held by Māori, the indigenous people of Aotearoa New Zealand (hereafter New Zealand), relating to animals. A combination of interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with individuals who identify as...

  4. Experiences of People with Multiple Sclerosis and their use of Assistance Dogs: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis

    | Contributor(s):: O'Connor, Gráinne Ann

  5. Pandemic Puppies: Characterising Motivations and Behaviours of UK Owners Who Purchased Puppies during the 2020 COVID-19 Pandemic

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Packer, R. M. A., Brand, C. L., Belshaw, Z., Pegram, C. L., Stevens, K. B., O'Neill, D. G.

    Widespread media reports suggest that unusually high numbers of the public purchased, or sought to purchase, puppies following the first 'lockdown' phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK, dubbed "Pandemic Puppies". This study aimed to explore this phenomenon by comparing...

  6. Comparison of animal welfare indices in dairy herds based on different sources of data

    | Contributor(s):: Otten, N. D., Rousing, T., Houe, H., Thomsen, P. T., Sorensen, J. T.

  7. The End of the Partnership With a Guide Dog: Emotional Responses, Effects on Quality of Life and Relationships With Subsequent Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Lloyd, J., Budge, C., La Grow, S., Stafford, K.

  8. Assistive Device Use among Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Profile of Canadians Using Hearing, Vision, and Mobility Devices in the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging

    | Contributor(s):: Ishigami, Yoko, Jutai, Jeffrey, Kirkland, Susan

    There is increasing recognition that using assistive devices can support healthy aging. Minimizing discomfort and loss of function and increasing independence can have a substantial impact physically, psychologically, and financially on persons with functional impairments and resulting activity...

  9. Continuous and Real-Time In Vivo Autobioluminescent Imaging in a Mouse Model

    | Contributor(s):: Yip, D., Kirkpatrick, A., Xu, T., Masi, T., Stephenson, S., Ripp, S., Close, D.

  10. The ‘Cage Climber’ - A new enrichment for use in large-dimensioned mouse facilities

    | Contributor(s):: Vogt, Miriam Annika, Mertens, Sinja, Serba, Susanne, Palme, Rupert, Chourbaji, Sabine

    Environmental Enrichment has been shown in experimental contexts to have clear and often beneficial effects on animal physiology and behavior. Housing prior to experiments can represent a large proportion of an animal’s living conditions, and improving housing conditions can be seen as...

  11. Using radio frequency identification for behavioral monitoring in little blue penguins

    | Contributor(s):: Kalafut, Kathryn L., Kinley, Rickey

    A common goal of captive animal institutions is to create environments that allow for the most naturalistic behavior from their animals. Behavioral data is often used as a measure of how an animal is thriving in its current environment. Obtaining this data can be very difficult and...

  12. Effect of Capacity for Care on cat admission trends at the Guelph Humane Society, 2011–2015

    | Contributor(s):: Janke, Natasha, Berke, Olaf, Klement, Eyal, Flockhart, D. T. Tyler, Coe, Jason, Bateman, Shane

    In recent years, there has been a growing concern regarding populations of cats who are homeless. Shelters are constantly overwhelmed by the influx of cats without caregivers and are seeking solutions to enhance positive outcomes for them. In 2014, the Guelph Humane Society implemented a...

  13. Volunteer experience influences the conclusions of behavioural experiments

    | Contributor(s):: Duncan, Luke Mangaliso, Pillay, Neville

    Volunteers offer an inexpensive and rapid means of collecting behavioural data, but their reliability is often overlooked. Past research has suggested that observers that were inexperienced are equally adept at recording behaviour as experienced observers, and inexperience was regarded as being...

  14. Lying laterality and the effect of IceTag data loggers on lying behaviour of dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Gibbons, Jenny, Medrano-Galarza, Catalina, Marie de Passillé, Anne, Rushen, Jeffrey

    Lying behaviour is a useful indicator of cow comfort, but can be time consuming to measure. Data loggers are commonly used to automatically record behavioural activity but may influence the animal's behaviour. We investigated the effect of a new model of the IceTag data logger (IceTag Sensor,...

  15. Dog Movie Stars and Dog Breed Popularity: A Case Study in Media Influence on Choice

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stefano Ghirlanda, Alberto Acerbi, Harold Herzog

    Fashions and fads are important phenomena that influence many individual choices. They are ubiquitous in human societies, and have recently been used as a source of data to test models of cultural dynamics. Although a few statistical regularities have been observed in fashion cycles, their...

  16. Validation and welfare assessment of flipper-mounted time-depth recorders for monitoring penguins in zoos and aquariums

    | Contributor(s):: Fuller, Grace, Heintz, Matthew R., Allard, Stephanie

    The time that penguins devote to aquatic behaviors likely has important implications for their welfare in zoos and aquariums. For decades, field researchers have used time-depth recorders (TDRs) to understand the behavior of penguins at sea. However, zoos and aquariums have rarely used these...

  17. Behavioural adaptation to a short or no dry period with associated management in dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Kok, Akke, van Hoeij, Renny J., Tolkamp, Bert J., Haskell, Marie J., van Knegsel, Ariëtte T. M., de Boer, Imke J. M., Bokkers, Eddie A. M.

    From calving, dairy cows are typically milked for about a year, and subsequently managed to have a non-lactating or ‘dry period’ (DP) before next calving. However, the use of a DP may reduce cow welfare because typical DP management involves the cow changing groups and ration. Also, the DP...

  18. Design and test of a web-survey for collecting observer’s ratings on dairy goats’ behavioural data

    | Contributor(s):: Vieira, Ana, Oliveira, Mónica D., Nunes, Telmo, Stilwell, George

    A considerable amount of behavioural research studies are based on observer’s ratings collected during field visits. New methods for collecting this type of data have recently emerged, for instance using videos or photographs that are presented and assessed during workshops or meetings, or...

  19. Validation of HOBO Pendant® data loggers for automated step detection in two age classes of male turkeys: growers and finishers

    | Contributor(s):: Dalton, Hillary A., Wood, Benjamin J., Dickey, James P., Torrey, Stephanie

    Activity levels can be used as a predictor of health status, physical condition, feed efficiency, and coping style in animals. Small, portable data loggers have been validated as an inexpensive and effective alternative to video or live observation for automated activity detection in several...

  20. Animal Images Database: Validation of 120 Images for Human-Animal Studies

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Possidonio, C., Graca, J., Piazza, J., Prada, M.