The Influence of Pets on Decisions of Older Adults' with Chronic Conditions
| Contributor(s):: Sara Basilia Basin
Many older adults view pets as companions, and are responsible for their pet’s care and well-being. Research suggests that people prioritize their pet’s needs, although it may jeopardize their own safety. Some older adults forego, delay, or refuse care in order to remain...
"Don't bring me a dog...I'll just keep it": understanding unplanned dog acquisitions amongst a sample of dog owners attending canine health and welfare community events in the United Kingdom
| Contributor(s):: Holland, K. E., Mead, R., Casey, R. A., Upjohn, M. M., Christley, R. M.
Understanding the factors that result in people becoming dog owners is key to developing messaging around responsible acquisition and providing appropriate support for prospective owners to ensure a strong dog-owner bond and optimise dog welfare. This qualitative study investigated factors that...
Good-looking vs. Obedient, Which Would You Rather Take Home? Appearance and Behavioral Predictors Affecting the Adoption of Shelter Dogs in Slovakia
| Contributor(s):: Mesarcova, L., Skurkova, L., Leškova, L., Dillingerova, S., Kottferova, J., Kottferova, L.
Factors Influencing Farmer Willingness to Reduce Aggression between Pigs
| Contributor(s):: Rachel S. E. Peden, Faical Akaichi, Irene Camerlink, Laura A. Boyle, Simon P. Turner
Aggression between pigs remains an important animal welfare issue despite several solutions existing. Uptake of livestock welfare research relies on various stakeholders being willing to recommend or adopt changes to farm structure or management (e.g., veterinarians, researchers, farmers). This...
Social-Cognitive Processes Before Dog Acquisition Associated with Future Relationship Satisfaction of Dog Owners and Canine Behavior Problems
| Contributor(s):: Bouma, Esther M. C., Vink, Lonneke M., Dijkstra, Arie
Making the right decision before acquiring a dog may help prevent the development of canine behavior problems and increase the likelihood of a satisfactory relationship. In this study, social-cognitive factors in decision-making were assessed in the phase before the acquisition of a dog (the...
Do my treatment decisions make me a 'bad' pet owner?
A Longitudinal Study of Decision Making in the Process of Acquiring a Dog
| Contributor(s):: Vink, Lonneke M., Dijkstra, Arie, Epstude, Kai
To prevent potential problems in the relationship between people and their dogs, it is important to engage in a thoughtful decision-making process with regard to acquiring a dog. To map the most important elements in the decision-making process, a social cognitive model was applied using seven...
The Pets of Hurricane Matthew: Evacuation and Sheltering with Companion Animals
| Contributor(s):: Farmer, Ashley K., DeYoung, Sarah E.
The purpose of this research was to understand the ways in which ownership of companion animals influences evacuation decision-making, using Hurricane Matthew of 2016 as a case study. Using stated-choice surveys, this research identifies behavioral decisions made during and after the evacuations...
Integrating Concern for Animals into Personal Values
| Contributor(s):: Dietz, Thomas, Allen, Summer, McCright, Aaron M.
Recent scholarship in human–animal relationships demonstrates that new theoretical insights emerge when these relationships are seriously considered. We suggest that the most prominent measures of values in the environmental decision-making research literature, the Schwartz approach, may not...
Mild environmental aversion is detected by a discrete-choice preference testing method but not by a free-access method
| Contributor(s):: Browne, William J., Caplen, Gina, Statham, Poppy, Nicol, Christine J.
Preference tests are a widely used method in animal welfare science but the influence of specific methodologies has not been widely investigated, and methods are often selected arbitrarily. In these experiments we assessed the environmental preferences of 72 individual laying hens, where...
Kyne–Donner Model of Authority’s Recommendation and Hurricane Evacuation Decisions: A Study of Hypothetical Hurricane Event in the Rio Grande Valley, Texas
| Contributor(s):: Kyne, Dean, Donner, William
Effects of environmental enrichment on decision-making behavior in pigs
| Contributor(s):: van der Staay, F. Josef, van Zutphen, Johanna A., de Ridder, Mirjam M., Nordquist, Rebecca E.
The animal’s emotional state, potentially modulated by environmental conditions, may affect cognitive processes such as interpretation, judgement and decision making behaviour. The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) is a common method to examine decision making behavior in humans in terms of risk avoidance...
Using a three-axis accelerometer to identify and classify sheep behaviour at pasture
| Contributor(s):: Alvarenga, F. A. P., Borges, I., Palkovič, L., Rodina, J., Oddy, V. H., Dobos, R. C.
Identifying and classifying feeding behaviour in free-ranging ruminants will help improve efficiency of animal production. Another potential benefit would be in understanding the role behaviour has in determining heritability of methane measurement. The aim of this study was to determine the...
A cafeteria diet alters the decision making strategy and metabolic markers in Sprague-Dawley male rats
| Contributor(s):: Virtuoso, Alessandro, Forkman, Björn, Sarruf, David A., Tveden-Nyborg, Pernille, Sørensen, Dorte Bratbo
Consumption of diets rich in refined sugar and saturated fat has been linked with development of mild cognitive impairment and dementia in humans. Most cognitive paradigms used in biomedical research to investigate the relationship between obesity and cognition rely on food motivation and speed...
Leadership linked to group composition in Highland cattle (Bos taurus): Implications for livestock management
| Contributor(s):: Sueur, Cédric, Kuntz, Cédric, Debergue, Elise, Keller, Blandine, Robic, Florian, Siegwalt-Baudin, Flora, Richer, Camille, Ramos, Amandine, Pelé, Marie
Animals kept for livestock or conservation form strong cohesive groups when foraging and moving, in the same way as their wild counterparts. Collective decision-making involves making compromises by consensus to maintain group cohesion and synchronisation. This type of consensus can be observed...
The moral standing of animals: Towards a psychology of speciesism
| Contributor(s):: Caviola, Lucius, Everett, Jim A. C., Faber, Nadira S.
Survey of human-horse relationships and veterinary care for geriatric horses
| Contributor(s):: Mueller, M. K., Sween, C., Frank, N., Paradis, M. R.
Stated and revealed preferences in companion animal choice
| Contributor(s):: Cohen, S. E., Todd, P. M.
Dogs (Canis familiaris), but Not Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), Understand Imperative Pointing
| Contributor(s):: Katharina C. Kirchhofer, Felizitas Zimmermann, Juliane Kaminski, Michael Tomasello
Chimpanzees routinely follow the gaze of humans to outside targets. However, in most studies using object choice they fail to use communicative gestures (e.g. pointing) to find hidden food. Chimpanzees' failure to do this may be due to several difficulties with this paradigm. They may, for...
The Days and Nights of Zoo Elephants: Using Epidemiology to Better Understand Stereotypic Behavior of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) and Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in North American Zoos
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Brian J. Greco, Cheryl L. Meehan, Jen N. Hogan, Katherine A. Leighty, Jill Mellen, Georgia J. Mason, Joy A. Mench
Stereotypic behavior is an important indicator of compromised welfare. Zoo elephants are documented to perform stereotypic behavior, but the factors that contribute to performance have not been systematically assessed. We collected behavioral data on 89 elephants (47 African [Loxodonta...