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  1. A Longitudinal Study of Decision Making in the Process of Acquiring a Dog

    Contributor(s):: Vink, Lonneke M., Dijkstra, Arie, Epstude, Kai

    To prevent potential problems in the relationship between people and their dogs, it is important to engage in a thoughtful decision-making process with regard to acquiring a dog. To map the most important elements in the decision-making process, a social cognitive model was applied using seven...

  2. The Pets of Hurricane Matthew: Evacuation and Sheltering with Companion Animals

    Contributor(s):: Farmer, Ashley K., DeYoung, Sarah E.

    The purpose of this research was to understand the ways in which ownership of companion animals influences evacuation decision-making, using Hurricane Matthew of 2016 as a case study. Using stated-choice surveys, this research identifies behavioral decisions made during and after the evacuations...

  3. Mild environmental aversion is detected by a discrete-choice preference testing method but not by a free-access method

    Contributor(s):: Browne, William J., Caplen, Gina, Statham, Poppy, Nicol, Christine J.

    Preference tests are a widely used method in animal welfare science but the influence of specific methodologies has not been widely investigated, and methods are often selected arbitrarily. In these experiments we assessed the environmental preferences of 72 individual laying hens, where...

  4. Kyne–Donner Model of Authority’s Recommendation and Hurricane Evacuation Decisions: A Study of Hypothetical Hurricane Event in the Rio Grande Valley, Texas

    Contributor(s):: Kyne, Dean, Donner, William

  5. Effects of environmental enrichment on decision-making behavior in pigs

    Contributor(s):: van der Staay, F. Josef, van Zutphen, Johanna A., de Ridder, Mirjam M., Nordquist, Rebecca E.

    The animal’s emotional state, potentially modulated by environmental conditions, may affect cognitive processes such as interpretation, judgement and decision making behaviour. The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) is a common method to examine decision making behavior in humans in terms of risk avoidance...

  6. Using a three-axis accelerometer to identify and classify sheep behaviour at pasture

    Contributor(s):: Alvarenga, F. A. P., Borges, I., Palkovič, L., Rodina, J., Oddy, V. H., Dobos, R. C.

    Identifying and classifying feeding behaviour in free-ranging ruminants will help improve efficiency of animal production. Another potential benefit would be in understanding the role behaviour has in determining heritability of methane measurement. The aim of this study was to determine the...

  7. A cafeteria diet alters the decision making strategy and metabolic markers in Sprague-Dawley male rats

    Contributor(s):: Virtuoso, Alessandro, Forkman, Björn, Sarruf, David A., Tveden-Nyborg, Pernille, Sørensen, Dorte Bratbo

    Consumption of diets rich in refined sugar and saturated fat has been linked with development of mild cognitive impairment and dementia in humans. Most cognitive paradigms used in biomedical research to investigate the relationship between obesity and cognition rely on food motivation and speed...

  8. Leadership linked to group composition in Highland cattle (Bos taurus): Implications for livestock management

    Contributor(s):: Sueur, Cédric, Kuntz, Cédric, Debergue, Elise, Keller, Blandine, Robic, Florian, Siegwalt-Baudin, Flora, Richer, Camille, Ramos, Amandine, Pelé, Marie

    Animals kept for livestock or conservation form strong cohesive groups when foraging and moving, in the same way as their wild counterparts. Collective decision-making involves making compromises by consensus to maintain group cohesion and synchronisation. This type of consensus can be observed...

  9. The moral standing of animals: Towards a psychology of speciesism

    Contributor(s):: Caviola, Lucius, Everett, Jim A. C., Faber, Nadira S.

  10. Survey of human-horse relationships and veterinary care for geriatric horses

    Contributor(s):: Mueller, M. K., Sween, C., Frank, N., Paradis, M. R.

  11. Stated and revealed preferences in companion animal choice

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cohen, S. E., Todd, P. M.

  12. Dogs (Canis familiaris), but Not Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), Understand Imperative Pointing

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katharina C. Kirchhofer, Felizitas Zimmermann, Juliane Kaminski, Michael Tomasello

    Chimpanzees routinely follow the gaze of humans to outside targets. However, in most studies using object choice they fail to use communicative gestures (e.g. pointing) to find hidden food. Chimpanzees' failure to do this may be due to several difficulties with this paradigm. They may, for...

  13. The Days and Nights of Zoo Elephants: Using Epidemiology to Better Understand Stereotypic Behavior of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) and Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in North American Zoos

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Brian J. Greco, Cheryl L. Meehan, Jen N. Hogan, Katherine A. Leighty, Jill Mellen, Georgia J. Mason, Joy A. Mench

    Stereotypic behavior is an important indicator of compromised welfare. Zoo elephants are documented to perform stereotypic behavior, but the factors that contribute to performance have not been systematically assessed. We collected behavioral data on 89 elephants (47 African [Loxodonta...

  14. Do all dogs go to heaven? Investigating the association between demographic characteristics and beliefs about animal afterlife

    | Contributor(s):: Royal, K. D., Kedrowicz, A. A., Snyder, A. M.

    The purpose of this research was to explore American's beliefs about animal afterlife based on key demographic factors such as sex, race/ethnicity, age, geographic region, religion/faith, and pet ownership. We attained a large and diverse sample of respondents (n=800) using Amazon's Mechanical...

  15. Cognition Regulated by Emotional Decision Making

    | Contributor(s):: Stefano, G. B.

  16. Veterinarians' role in clients' decision-making regarding seriously ill companion animal patients

    | Contributor(s):: Christiansen, S. B., Kristensen, A. T., Lassen, J., Sandoe, P.

  17. Factors Which Influence Owners When Deciding to Use Chemotherapy in Terminally Ill Pets

    | Contributor(s):: Jane Williams, Catherine Phillips, Hollie Marie Byrd

    Chemotherapy is a commonly integrated treatment option within human and animal oncology regimes. Limited research has investigated pet owners’ treatment decision-making in animals diagnosed with malignant neoplasia. Dog and cat owners were asked to complete an online questionnaire to...

  18. The human-animal bond between domestically abused women and their companion animals do pets: affect a woman's decision making?

    | Contributor(s):: Debbie McBride

    This research will investigate the dynamics of human-perpetrated violence towards women and their companion animals. A small body of research indicates that abusers often threaten, hurt, or kill family pets as a means of coercing and controlling their female partners and women often delay seeking...

  19. Identifying people's most preferred management technique for feral cats in Hawaii

    | Contributor(s):: Lohr, Cheryl A., Lepczyk, Christopher A., Cox, Linda J.

  20. A spatially explicit model of the white-tailed deer population in Delaware

    | Contributor(s):: Jennings, Brian, Bowman, Jacob L., Tymkiw, Elizabeth L.