Safety assurance of foods: risk management depends on good science but it is not a scientific activity. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food
Contributor(s):: Goga, B. T. C., Clementi, F.
We make many decisions in our lives and we weigh the benefits against the drawbacks. Our decisions are based on what benefits are most important to us and what drawbacks we are willing to accept. Decisions about what we eat are made in the same way; but when it comes to safety, our decisions are...
The "revolving door" between regulatory agencies and industry: a problem that requires reconceptualizing objectivity
Contributor(s):: Meghani, Z., Kuzma, J.
There is a "revolving door" between federal agencies and the industries regulated by them. Often, at the end of their industry tenure, key industry personnel seek employment in government regulatory entities and vice versa. The flow of workers between the two sectors could bring about good....
The ethics of constrained choice: how the industrialization of agriculture impacts farming and farmer behavior
Contributor(s):: Hendrickson, M. K., James, H. S., Jr.
This paper considers how the industrialization of agriculture has altered the ways in which agricultural production occurs and the ways these new production systems impact farmer-level decision-making in ethically important ways. It is shown that as markets become increasingly concentrated, the...
Value pluralism and coherentist justification of ethical advice. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)
Contributor(s):: Forsberg, E. M.
Liberal societies are characterized in terms of a fundamental value pluralism, i.e., respect for individuals' rights to live by their own concept of what is good. Still, the state must make decisions that give privilege to some values at the expense of others. When public ethics committees give...
Values of farmers, sustainability and agricultural policy
Contributor(s):: Schoon, B., Grotenhuis, R. T.
This paper describes the feasibility of research into the relation between values of farmers and sustainability for the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture and the Dutch Federation of Agricultural and Horticultural Organizations. Firstly, a theoretical framework describes different levels of motivation...
You are what you eat: genetically modified foods, integrity, and society. (Special issue: Ethics as a dimension of agrifood policy: selected papers from the 4th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)
Contributor(s):: Pascalev, A.
I develop a set of objections to genetically modified foods (GMF) grounded in the concept of integrity and maintain that food and food choice can be connected to the agent's personal integrity. I argue that due to the constitution of GMF and the manner in which they are produced, such foods are...
Culture Change in Long Term Care Services: Eden-Greenhouse-Aging in the Community
Contributor(s):: Brune, Kendall
Managing dementia agitation in residential aged care
Contributor(s):: Bidewell, John W., Chang, Esther
The ethical judgment of animal research
Contributor(s):: Galvin, Shelley L., Herzog, Harold A.
Animal welfare judging teams - a way to interface welfare science with traditional animal science curricula? (International Society for Applied Ethology Special Issue)
Contributor(s):: Heleski, C. R., Zanella, A. J., Pajor, E. A.
Animal evaluation courses have been part of animal science curricula for over 80 years in the US. A need for skills in the visual evaluation of conformation traits and the appraisal of productivity potential laid the foundation for animal judging courses. Eventually, these courses developed into...
Horses (Equus caballus) use human local enhancement cues and adjust to human attention
Contributor(s):: Krueger, Konstanze, Flauger, Birgit, Farmer, Kate, Maros, Katalin
The moral status of mice
Contributor(s):: Herzog, Harold A.
Why the question of animal consciousness might not matter very much
Contributor(s):: Peter Carruthers
According to higher-order thought accounts of phenomenal consciousness (e.g. Carruthers, 2000) it is unlikely that many non-human animals undergo phenomenally conscious experiences. Many people believe that this result would have deep and far-reaching consequences. More specifically, they believe...
Animal assisted therapy. Using exotic animals in therapy
Contributor(s):: Winkle, M. Y., Van Dame, V. R., Levenson, J.
Animal kindness: best practices for the animal-assisted therapy practitioner
Contributor(s):: Winkle, Melissa Y., Jackson, Liberty Z.
An ethicist's commentary on how to decide whether a given practice is unethical
Contributor(s):: Rollin, B. E.
An ethicist's commentary on the case of a proposed farm tour while cattle are infected with Salmonella
An ethicist's commentary on the case of the ewes in distress
An ethicist's commentary on the case of the farmer advised by "experts"
An ethicist's commentary on whether the use of analgesia should be left to client discretion