The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Exploring the links between science, risk, uncertainty, and ethics in regulatory controversies about genetically modified crops
Contributor(s):: Carr, S., Levidow, L.
Just as a stream of genetically modified crops looked set to be approved for commercial production in the European Union, the approval procedure appears to have become bogged down once again by disagreements among and within member states. Old controversies have resurfaced in new forms. The...
Feeling food: the rationality of perception
Contributor(s):: Beekman, V.
Regulatory bodies tend to treat people's emotional responses towards foods as a nuisance for rational opinion-formation and decision-making. This position is thought to be supported by such evidence as: (1) people showing negative emotional responses to the idea of eating meat products from...
Perspectives on salmon feed: a deliberative assessment of several alternative feed resources
Contributor(s):: Gillund, F., Myhr, A. I.
The future of salmon aquaculture depends on the adoption of alternative feed resources in order to reduce the need for fish meal and fish oil. This may include resources such as species from lower trophic levels, by-products and by-catch from fisheries and aquaculture, animal by-products, plants,...
Regulating functional foods in the European Union: informed choice versus consumer protection? (Special issue: Ethics as a dimension of agrifood policy: selected papers from the 4th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)
Contributor(s):: Klompenhouwer, T., Belt, H. van den
This paper reviews the experiences of the Netherlands and the UK with their attempts at self-regulation in order to judge the merits and weaknesses of the newly proposed European regulation for functional foods. It is indicated that a new EU regulation covering health claims and other claims on...
Risk of public disclosure in environmental farm plan programs: characteristics and mitigating legal and policy strategies
Contributor(s):: Yiridoe, E. K.
Although various studies have shown that farmers believe there is the need for a producer-led initiative to address the environmental problems from agriculture, farmers in several Canadian provinces have been reluctant to widely participate in Environmental Farm Plan (EFP) programmes. Few studies...
Safety assurance of foods: risk management depends on good science but it is not a scientific activity. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food
Contributor(s):: Goga, B. T. C., Clementi, F.
We make many decisions in our lives and we weigh the benefits against the drawbacks. Our decisions are based on what benefits are most important to us and what drawbacks we are willing to accept. Decisions about what we eat are made in the same way; but when it comes to safety, our decisions are...
The "revolving door" between regulatory agencies and industry: a problem that requires reconceptualizing objectivity
Contributor(s):: Meghani, Z., Kuzma, J.
There is a "revolving door" between federal agencies and the industries regulated by them. Often, at the end of their industry tenure, key industry personnel seek employment in government regulatory entities and vice versa. The flow of workers between the two sectors could bring about good....
The ethics of constrained choice: how the industrialization of agriculture impacts farming and farmer behavior
Contributor(s):: Hendrickson, M. K., James, H. S., Jr.
This paper considers how the industrialization of agriculture has altered the ways in which agricultural production occurs and the ways these new production systems impact farmer-level decision-making in ethically important ways. It is shown that as markets become increasingly concentrated, the...
Value pluralism and coherentist justification of ethical advice. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)
Contributor(s):: Forsberg, E. M.
Liberal societies are characterized in terms of a fundamental value pluralism, i.e., respect for individuals' rights to live by their own concept of what is good. Still, the state must make decisions that give privilege to some values at the expense of others. When public ethics committees give...
Values of farmers, sustainability and agricultural policy
Contributor(s):: Schoon, B., Grotenhuis, R. T.
This paper describes the feasibility of research into the relation between values of farmers and sustainability for the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture and the Dutch Federation of Agricultural and Horticultural Organizations. Firstly, a theoretical framework describes different levels of motivation...
You are what you eat: genetically modified foods, integrity, and society. (Special issue: Ethics as a dimension of agrifood policy: selected papers from the 4th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)
Contributor(s):: Pascalev, A.
I develop a set of objections to genetically modified foods (GMF) grounded in the concept of integrity and maintain that food and food choice can be connected to the agent's personal integrity. I argue that due to the constitution of GMF and the manner in which they are produced, such foods are...
Culture Change in Long Term Care Services: Eden-Greenhouse-Aging in the Community
Contributor(s):: Brune, Kendall
Managing dementia agitation in residential aged care
Contributor(s):: Bidewell, John W., Chang, Esther
The ethical judgment of animal research
Contributor(s):: Galvin, Shelley L., Herzog, Harold A.
Animal welfare judging teams - a way to interface welfare science with traditional animal science curricula? (International Society for Applied Ethology Special Issue)
Contributor(s):: Heleski, C. R., Zanella, A. J., Pajor, E. A.
Animal evaluation courses have been part of animal science curricula for over 80 years in the US. A need for skills in the visual evaluation of conformation traits and the appraisal of productivity potential laid the foundation for animal judging courses. Eventually, these courses developed into...
Horses (Equus caballus) use human local enhancement cues and adjust to human attention
Contributor(s):: Krueger, Konstanze, Flauger, Birgit, Farmer, Kate, Maros, Katalin
The moral status of mice
Contributor(s):: Herzog, Harold A.
Why the question of animal consciousness might not matter very much
Contributor(s):: Peter Carruthers
According to higher-order thought accounts of phenomenal consciousness (e.g. Carruthers, 2000) it is unlikely that many non-human animals undergo phenomenally conscious experiences. Many people believe that this result would have deep and far-reaching consequences. More specifically, they believe...
Animal assisted therapy. Using exotic animals in therapy
Contributor(s):: Winkle, M. Y., Van Dame, V. R., Levenson, J.
Animal kindness: best practices for the animal-assisted therapy practitioner
Contributor(s):: Winkle, Melissa Y., Jackson, Liberty Z.