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  1. Kangaroo harvesters and the euthanasia of orphaned young-at-foot: applying the theory of planned behaviour to an animal welfare issue

    Contributor(s):: Sharp, T. M., McLeod, S. R.

    When female kangaroos are shot during commercial harvesting, it is a requirement that dependent young-at-foot are euthanased. However, there are anecdotal reports that harvesters either cannot euthanase young-at-foot (eg they do not see them or they flee) or will not (eg they do not think it is...

  2. A survey of canine heartworm awareness in Grenada, West Indies

    Contributor(s):: Lohmann, S., Sage, S., Stone, D., Gibson, K.

    Heartworm is a common parasite of dogs in Grenada, West Indies, due to the tropical climate and large number of mosquitoes. Because Grenada is a developing country and a small island, resources and education on heartworm are limited. In an effort to raise awareness of canine heartworm and the...

  3. Social provisions of the human-animal relationship amongst 30 people living with HIV in Australia

    Contributor(s):: Hutton, V. E.

    Research on the relationship between humans and animals has identified some links between companion animals and physiological, psychological, and social benefits for the human. Adopting Robert Weiss's (1974) Theory of Social Provisions as a framework, this qualitative study explores the role of...

  4. Prenatal stress puzzle, the oxytocin piece: prenatal stress alters the behaviour and autonomic regulation in piglets, insights from oxytocin

    Contributor(s):: Rault, J. L., Mack, L. A., Carter, C. S., Garner, J. P., Marchant-Forde, J. N., Richert, B. T., Lay, D. C., Jr.

  5. Vigilance, time budgets and predation risk in reintroduced captive-bred grey partridges Perdix perdix

    Contributor(s):: Rantanen, E. M., Buner, F., Riordan, P., Sotherton, N., Macdonald, D. W.

    Anti-predator behaviour has direct fitness consequences for prey species and thereby affects their reintroduction success, which has generally been poor. Development of anti-predator behaviour may be impaired in captive conditions which favour low emotional reactivity, resulting in poor...

  6. Allosuckling allows growing offspring to compensate for insufficient maternal milk in farmed guanacos ( Lama guanicoe )

    Contributor(s):: Zapata, B., Correa, L., Soto-Gamboa, M., Latorre, E., Gonzalez, B. A., Ebensperger, L. A.

    While allonursing, the provision of milk to non-offspring by females, involves a potential cost to their own offspring, allosuckling, the suckling from females other than their own mother may allow offspring to compensate for previous deficiencies in maternal milk. We tested this hypothesis in...

  7. Crib-biting behavior in horses: a review

    Contributor(s):: Wickens, C. L., Heleski, C. R.

    During the past decade, stereotypic behavior in horses, specifically crib-biting behavior, has received considerable attention in the scientific literature. Epidemiological and experimental studies designed to investigate crib-biting behavior have provided valuable insight into the prevalence,...

  8. An analysis of animal-based versus resource-based comments in official animal welfare inspection reports from organic and conventional farms in Sweden

    Contributor(s):: Keeling, L. J.

    This study analysed the free use of phrases related to animal-based and resource-based measures of animal welfare in Swedish state animal welfare inspection reports on conventional (C) and organic (O) farms. From 244 reports by 35 inspectors, 88 were analysed as matched pairs of C and O farms...

  9. Assessing quality of life in companion and kennelled dogs: a critical review

    Contributor(s):: Hewson, C. J., Hiby, E. F., Bradshaw, J. W. S.

    Two distinct approaches have emerged for the assessment of quality of life (QoL) and welfare in domestic dogs. One approach, which has so far been applied only to companion dogs, is derived from proxy assessment of QoL in human beings, with the owner or veterinarian acting as the proxy. Because...

  10. Sickness behaviour and its relevance to animal welfare assessment at the group level

    Contributor(s):: Millman, S. T.

    The inflammatory response evokes changes in behaviour including increased thermoregulatory activities and sleep, reduced social exploration and appetite, and altered food preferences. This sickness response also includes feelings of lethargy, depression, and pain, collectively referred to as...