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  1. Could Greater Time Spent Displaying Waking Inactivity in the Home Environment Be a Marker for a Depression-Like State in the Domestic Dog?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Naomi D. Harvey, Alexandra Moesta, Sarah Kappel, Chanakarn Wongsaengchan, Hannah Harris, Peter J. Craigon, Carole Fureix

    Dogs exposed to aversive events can become inactive and unresponsive and are commonly referred to as being “depressed”, but this association remains to be tested. We investigated whether shelter dogs spending greater time inactive “awake but motionless” (ABM) in their...

  2. Nonpharmacological Treatment for Supporting Social Participation of Adults with Depression

    | Contributor(s):: Phadsri, S., Shioji, R., Tanimura, A., Jaknissai, J., Apichai, S., Sookruay, T.

  3. Associations Between Pet Ownership and Attitudes Toward Pets With Youth Socioemotional Outcomes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kristen C. Jacobson, Laura Chang

    Evidence regarding the effects of pet ownership and related variables on youth socioemotional development is mixed. Inconsistencies across studies may be due to a variety of factors, including the use of different outcomes measured across studies, small potential effect sizes, and use of...

  4. ペットロスの疫学

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yuya Kimura

  5. The Role of Pet Ownership and Attachment in Older Adults

    | Contributor(s):: Deidre Watt, Nancy A. Pachana

  6. Pet ownership and symptoms of depression: A prospective study of older adults

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Christopher Sharpley, Nicola Veronese, Lee Smith, Guillermo F. López-Sánchez, Vicki Bitsika, Jacopo Demurtas, Stefano Celotto, Vania Noventa, Pinar Soysal, Ahmet Turan Isik, Igor Grabovac, Sarah E. Jackson

    Background: This paper aims to examine associations between pet ownership and symptoms of depression in a large, population-based sample of older adults. Specifically, we tested whether: (i) people who report more depressive symptoms are more likely to own a pet; (ii) pet ownership protects...

  7. What Are the Benefits of Pet Ownership and Care Among People With Mild-to-Moderate Dementia? Findings From the IDEAL programme

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carol Opdebeeck, Michael A. Katsaris, Anthony Martyr, Ruth A. Lamont, James A. Pickett, Isla Rippon, Jeanette M. Thom, Christina Victor, Linda Clare

  8. Recognizing the role of animal-assisted therapies in addressing mental health needs during the COVID-19 pandemic

    | Contributor(s):: Nagendrappa, S., Shoib, S., Rehman, S., Grigo, O., Ransing, R.

    2020Asian J Psychiatr531023901876-2018 (Print)1876-201810.1016/j.ajp.2020.102390engDepartment of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences(NIMHANS), Bengaluru-29, India. Electronic address: nsachin40@gmail.com.Department of Psychiatry, Jawahar Lal Nehru...

  9. Therapeutic horseback riding as a complementary intervention for military service members with PTSD

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Beth A. Lanning, Amelia L. Wilson, Robert Woelk, A. Alexander Beaujean

    The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy and potential effectiveness of an 8-week therapeutic horseback riding [THR] program for veterans with combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD]. Eighty-nine military service members diagnosed with PTSD participated in either the THR...

  10. Exploring the loss and disenfranchised grief of animal care workers

    | Contributor(s):: Marton, B., Kilbane, T., Nelson-Becker, H.

  11. Effects of Dog Assisted Therapy for Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Exploratory Randomized Controlled Trial

    | Contributor(s):: Wijker, C., Leontjevas, R., Spek, A., Enders-Slegers, M. J.

  12. Dog Visiting Programs for Managing Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Borgi, M., Collacchi, B., Giuliani, A., Cirulli, F.

  13. Exploring the Effects of Pet Preference, Presence, and Personality on Depression Symptoms

    | Contributor(s):: Puskey, Jasmine L., Coy, Anthony E.

    Pets live in nearly two-thirds of US households and are thought to increase wellbeing. However, previous research is mixed regarding the extent to which pets actually provide benefits. One understudied factor that may help clarify these findings is pet preference, or the extent to which a person...

  14. Investigating putative depression-like states in the domestic dog: Does greater time spent displaying waking inactivity in the home kennel co-vary with negative judgment of ambiguity?

    | Contributor(s):: Harvey, Naomi D., Moesta, Alexandra, Wongsaengchan, Chanakarn, Harris, Hannah, Craigon, Peter J., Fureix, Carole

    Exposure to chronic stressors and/or traumatic events can trigger depression-like forms of waking inactivity in non-human species (mice, horses, primates) as well as clinical depression in humans. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that elevated levels of waking inactivity in the home...

  15. The State of Research on Human–Animal Relations: Implications for Human Health

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Deborah L. Wells

    Since the late 1970s, scientific evidence has accumulated showing that pet ownership can have positive effects on people’s physical and mental wellbeing. This paper reviews the current state of affairs regarding the relationship between companion animals and human health, focusing on both...

  16. The State of Research on Human–Animal Relations: Implications for Human Health

    | Contributor(s):: Wells, Deborah L.

    Since the late 1970s, scientific evidence has accumulated showing that pet ownership can have positive effects on people’s physical and mental wellbeing. This paper reviews the current state of affairs regarding the relationship between companion animals and human health, focusing on both the...

  17. Introduction to the Themed Issue on Human–Animal Interaction and Healthy Human Aging

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Resnick, Barbara, McCune, Sandra

    In 2016, the Gerontological Society of America (GSA) developed a research focus on the benefits and potential risks associated with pets among older adults. With the goal of developing a roadmap for human–animal interaction (HAI) research in older people residing in both the community and...

  18. Relationship of Behavioral Interactions during an Animal-assisted Intervention in Assisted Living to Health-related Outcomes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Friedmann, Erika, Galik, Elizabeth, Thomas, Sue A., Hall, Sue, Cheon, Jooyoung, Han, Narae, Kim, Hee Jun, McAtee, Sherry, Gee, Nancy R.

    In recent research involving assisted-living residents with mild to moderate cognitive impairment, a structured 12-week Pet Assisted Living (PAL) intervention led to improved physical activity (PA) and mood. Receipt of intervention is important to the efficacy of behavioral interventions. We...

  19. Biopsychosocial Factors and Cognitive Function in Cat Ownership and Attachment in Community-dwelling Older Adults

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Branson, Sandra M., Boss, Lisa, Padhye, Nikhil S., Gee, Nancy R., Trötscher, Thea T.

    Few studies consider the health benefits of pet ownership from a biopsychosocial perspective, and a paucity of studies investigate cat ownership. The current study was designed to determine if psychosocial factors (stress, loneliness, and depression), biological levels of stress and...

  20. Pet Loss and Representations of Death, Attachment, Depression, and Euthanasia

    | Contributor(s):: Testoni, Ines, Cataldo, Loriana De, Ronconi, Lucia, Zamperini, Adriano

    Studies that have examined pet loss hypothesize that attachment, representations of death, and the belief in an afterlife for animals may influence owners’ bereavement and depressive outcomes. The following instruments were administered to 159 Italian participants recruited through snowball...