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  1. Interaction with a bovine cortical bone in the Finnraccoon (Nyctereutes procyonoides ussuriensis)

    Contributor(s):: Koistinen, Tarja, Sepponen, Juhani, Korhonen, Hannu T.

    Finnraccoons (Nyctereutes procyonoides ussuriensis) are farmed for their fur. The welfare of Finnraccoons in the current housing conditions has not been thorough documented. The aim of the present study is to measure the juvenile Finnraccoons’ interaction with a commonly used activity object,...

  2. Juvenile Finnraccoons (Nyctereutes procyonoides ussuriensis) choose to allohuddle on the cage floor instead of resting on a platform

    Contributor(s):: Koistinen, Tarja, Korhonen, Hannu T.

    Comfort around resting is one of the key factors affecting farm animal welfare. The aim of the present study is to document the resting preferences in the Finnraccoon (Nyctereutes procyonoides ussuriensis) with special attention to the use of a platform. Sixteen sister-pairs of Finnraccoons were...

  3. Prevalence of stereotypies and its possible causes among captive Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus) in Tamil Nadu, India

    Contributor(s):: Vanitha, Varadharajan, Thiyagesan, Krishnamoorthy, Baskaran, Nagarajan

    Animals in captivity are often confined in small barren enclosures, preventing adequate exercise, and socialization with conspecifics. Captivity is also known for depriving young individuals' association with maternal relatives by weaning away from their mothers' earlier than what their peers...

  4. Behavioural consequences of visual deprivation occurring at hatch or in the early life of chickens

    Contributor(s):: Hocking, P. M., Haldane, K. A., Davidson, E. M., Sandoe, P., Kristensen, H. H.

    The development of behaviour in a line of chickens that are born sighted ( rdd) but turn blind after hatching was compared with a line that is blind at hatch ( beg) and with sighted White Leghorn controls (WL) to test the hypothesis that birds that become blind later in their life will show...

  5. Measuring motivation in swine: the food-metric scale

    Contributor(s):: Patterson-Kane, E. G., Kirkden, R. D., Pajor, E. A.

    Understanding how nonhuman animals such as swine respond to their environment and understanding how to provide them with a good quality of life involves using a range of experimental approaches. More and more, ethological researchers are turning to operant methods to answer some of these...

  6. The effects of husbandry training on stereotypic pacing in captive African wild dogs ( Lycaon pictus )

    Contributor(s):: Shyne, A., Block, M.

    To examine the effects of operant conditioning on stereotypic pacing in 3 female African wild dogs located at the Franklin Park Zoo in Boston, this study made recordings of pacing behavior immediately following individual sessions of husbandry training and 2 no-training conditions. The study...

  7. Shedding ultraviolet light on welfare in laboratory rodents: suggestions for further research and refinement

    Contributor(s):: Sorensen, D. B.

    The welfare of laboratory rats and mice is sought to be optimised through adjustment of a variety of environmental factors, including light intensity and photoperiodicity. However, the fact that rodents are able to perceive ultraviolet (UV) light tends to be ignored. The importance of being able...

  8. Effects of developmental history on the behavioural responses of European starlings ( Sturnus vulgaris) to laboratory husbandry

    Contributor(s):: Jayne, K., Feenders, G., Bateson, M.

  9. Pet ownership, dog types and attachment to pets in 9-10 year old children in Liverpool, UK

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Westgarth, C., Boddy, L. M., Stratton, G., German, A. J., Gaskell, R. M., Coyne, K. P., Bundred, P., McCune, S., Dawson, S.

  10. Bones as enrichment for farmed blue foxes ( Vulpes lagopus ): interaction with the bones and preference for a cage with the bones

    | Contributor(s):: Koistinen, T., Turunen, A., Kiviniemi, V., Ahola, L., Mononen, J.

    Animal welfare regulations (e.g. Recommendations of European Convention) state that farmed foxes need to be provided with an activity object, though the material or shape of the object is not specified. We aimed to evaluate the properties of bones as an activity object for farmed blue foxes...

  11. Discriminating among novel foods: effects of energy provision on preferences of lambs for poor-quality foods

    | Contributor(s):: Villalba, J. J., Provenza, F. D.

    A study was conducted to better understand how lambs discriminate among novel foods based on flavour and post-ingestive effects. The manner in which temporal sequence of food ingestion and post-ingestive feedback affected preference when lambs were fed flavoured wheat straw (a poorly nutritious...

  12. How important is shade to dairy cattle? Choice between shade or lying following different levels of lying deprivation

    | Contributor(s):: Schutz, K. E., Cox, N. R., Matthews, L. R.

    Provision of shade to dairy cattle in summer can alleviate negative effects of heat stress. The aim of this study was to investigate the relative importance of shade to lactating dairy cows in different ambient weather conditions in summer. The motivation to use shade was compared to the...

  13. Preventing physical interactions between parturient ewes and their neonate differentially impairs the development of maternal responsiveness and selectivity depending on maternal experience

    | Contributor(s):: Otal, J., Levy, F., Cornilleau, F., Moussu, C., Keller, M., Poindron, P.

    The present study investigated whether deprivation of nursing or of any physical interaction with the lamb impairs the onset of maternal responsiveness and the establishment of selectivity in primiparous and multiparous ewes. Just after parturition, ewes could interact freely with their lamb, or...

  14. The validity of using an approach-avoidance test to measure the strength of aversion to carbon dioxide in rats

    | Contributor(s):: Kirkden, R. D., Niel, L., Lee, G., Makowska, I. J., Pfaffinger, M. J., Weary, D. M.

    Approach-avoidance tests are often used to estimate the strength of aversion, by making food rewards available during exposure to a stimulus at a known level of food deprivation. It is reasoned that if subjects are unwilling to tolerate the stimulus even when severely food deprived, their...

  15. Water off a duck's back: showers and troughs match ponds for improving duck welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Jones, T. A., Waitt, C. D., Dawkins, M. S.

    The impact of production systems on the welfare of ducks grown for meat is becoming increasingly controversial. In the UK, approximately 18 million ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) were reared for meat in 2006 (British Poultry Council, 2008; http://www.poultry.uk.com/who_ducks01.htm). Despite the...

  16. Working for a dustbath: are hens increasing pleasure rather than reducing suffering?

    | Contributor(s):: Widowski, T. M., Duncan, I. J. H.

    In this study, we measured hens' willingness to work to obtain substrate for dustbathing using a vertically swinging door to which weights could be added. 12 hens were trained to push through the door to enter a goal box containing peat moss. The hens were subjected to two series of trials to...

  17. Deprivation of straw bedding alters PGF<sub>2 alpha </sub>-induced nesting behaviour in female pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Burne, T. H. J., Murfitt, P. J. E., Gilbert, C. L.

    Sows are highly motivated to build a maternal nest on the day preceding parturition. A model for nest building has been established in pigs, in which exogenously administered prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha ) may be used to elicit nesting behaviour in cyclic, pseudopregnant and pregnant pigs....

  18. Do different levels of moderate feed deprivation in dairy cows affect feeding motivation?

    | Contributor(s):: Schutz, K., Davison, D., Matthews, L.

    Dairy cows grazed on pasture are likely to experience seasonal fluctuations in both the quantity and quality of forage available. In order to better understand how the variation in feed supply influences animal welfare, we need to understand the degree of hunger experienced during various levels...

  19. The reaction of cows to a short-term deprivation of lying

    | Contributor(s):: Metz, J. H. M.

    In a herd of 20 cows in a cubicle house, lying behaviour was prevented for 3 h each morning by enclosing the animals on the slatted floor of the feeding area. Lying time of cows was recorded during the 10 h following deprivation. The 3 h of lying deprivation resulted in a recovery rate of almost...

  20. Trade-offs between feeding and shock avoidance in goldfish ( Carassius auratus )

    | Contributor(s):: Millsopp, S., Laming, P.

    Previous work showed that goldfish learn to avoid a region of an aquarium where they receive a discrete shock to the flank. This avoidance is reduced if another fish is present next to the shock zone, suggesting fish trade-off avoidance against a tendency to associate [Dunlop, R., Millsopp, S.,...