"Well, we've all got to get old haven't we?" Reflections of older people with intellectual disabilities on aging and change
Contributor(s):: Thompson, David
A Comparison of the Sensory Development of Wolves (Canis lupus lupus) and Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris)
Contributor(s):: Lord, Kathryn
A proposal for assessing individual differences in behaviour during early development in the domestic cat
Contributor(s):: Raihani, Gina, Rodríguez, Axel, Saldaña, Amor, Guarneros, Marco, Hudson, Robyn
Despite growing interest among biologists in animal personality, including in applied contexts, there have been few developmental studies of how and when differences in animal personality arise. And yet, efficient detection of personality differences early in development could be useful in...
Abnormal repetitive behaviours in captive birds: a Tinbergian review
Contributor(s):: Mellor, Emma, Brilot, Ben, Collins, Sarah
Abnormal repetitive behaviours (ARBs) are associated with past, or present, welfare problems and are common elements of the behavioural repertoire of some captive animals, including birds. Millions of birds from hundreds of species are held in various captive settings, yet most avian ARB research...
Age over experience: Consistency of aggression and mounting behaviour in male and female pigs
Contributor(s):: Clark, Corinna C. A., D’Eath, Richard B.
Excessive aggression between pigs at mixing is a welfare and production issue resulting in stress, injuries and economic losses. If it can be demonstrated that aggression is a consistent behaviour trait, it might provide a means to reduce these losses. To test for consistency of aggressiveness,...
An interview with Melissa Winkle about assistance dogs
Contributor(s):: Shaughnessy, M. F.
Animal-assisted therapy in mental health
Contributor(s):: Robinson, Heather L.
Animals may act as social buffers: Skin conductance arousal in children with autism spectrum disorder in a social context
Contributor(s):: O'Haire, Marguerite E., McKenzie, Samantha J., Beck, Alan M., Slaughter, Virginia
As Time Goes By: Children's Early Understanding of Growth in Animals
Contributor(s):: Rosengren, Karl S., Gelman, Susan A., Kalish, Charles W., McCormick, Michael
Behaviour test for eight-week old puppies - heritabilities of tested behaviour traits and its correspondence to later behaviour
Contributor(s):: Wilsson, E., Sundgren, P. E.
Play and exploratory behaviour, and behaviour when isolated (total of 10 tests) was tested in 630 German Shepherd puppies at 8 weeks of age. All dogs were also tested at 450-600 days of age using to regimen for selection of service dogs. Significant sex differences were found in 4 of the 10 puppy...
Behavioural and physiological responses of heifer calves to acute stressors: Long-term consistency and relationship with adult reactivity to milking
Contributor(s):: Van Reenen, Cornelis G., Van der Werf, Jozef T. N., O’Connell, Niamh E., Heutinck, Leonie F. M., Spoolder, Hans A. M., Jones, R. Bryan, Koolhaas, Jaap M., Blokhuis, Harry J.
The present study investigated the long-term consistency of individual differences in dairy cattles’ responses in tests of behavioural and hypothalamo–pituitary–adrenocortical (HPA) axis reactivity, as well as the relationship between responsiveness in behavioural tests and the reaction to first...
Behavioural observations of puppies undergoing tail docking
Contributor(s):: Noonan, G. J., Rand, J. S., Blackshaw, J. K., Priest, J.
Tails were docked from 50 puppies of traditionally docked breeds, and the behaviours were recorded at docking and at 5 second intervals for the first minute followed by 10 second intervals until the pup settled to sleep. All puppies vocalized intensely (shrieking) at the time of amputation of the...
Behavioural outcomes of housing for domestic dog puppies (Canis lupus familiaris)
Contributor(s):: Majecka, Katarzyna, Pąsiek, Magdalena, Pietraszewski, Dariusz, Smith, Carl
Domestic dogs experience a sensitive period for learning during early life and conditions during this time can have important consequences in the adult. We investigated the effects of kennel environment during early life, comparing the temperaments of puppies reared in indoor kennels, located in...
Both feather peckers and victims are more asymmetrical than control hens
Contributor(s):: Tahamtani, Fernanda M., Forkman, Björn, Hinrichsen, Lena K., Riber, Anja B.
Feather pecking is the major welfare issue facing the egg farming industry worldwide. Previous research has found a relationship between cannibalistic behaviour, fluctuating asymmetry of bilateral traits (FA) and body weight in laying hens. As cannibalism is linked to severe feather pecking, it...
Child Development and the Human-Companion Animal Bond
Contributor(s):: Melson, Gail F.
Conceptual and Linguistic Biases in Children's Word Learning
Contributor(s):: Diesendruck, Gil, Gelman, Susan A.
Cow milk and human development and well-being
Contributor(s):: Maijala, K.
This paper reviews the hypotheses of the relationship between milk and human coronary heart disease (CHD). These hypotheses are examined and their original historic deficiencies are discussed. This is followed by the new and emerging scientific evidence to support, question or refute these...
Critique du modèle neurophysiologique de delphinothérapie - Sonophorèse et écholocation
Contributor(s):: Baribeau, J., David, G., Larivée, S.
D.G.M. Wood-Gush Memorial Lecture: an applied ethologist looks at the question "Why"?
Contributor(s):: Duncan, I. J. H.
Development aid: the moral obligation to innovation
Contributor(s):: Dundon, S. J.
The prominent, though not exclusive, role of basic needs strategies to attain ethically acceptable development goals raises the question of the ability of development agencies to find and employ basic needs strategies. The obligation to prevent severe human suffering leads to the obligation to...