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  1. A proposal for assessing individual differences in behaviour during early development in the domestic cat

    Contributor(s):: Raihani, Gina, Rodríguez, Axel, Saldaña, Amor, Guarneros, Marco, Hudson, Robyn

    Despite growing interest among biologists in animal personality, including in applied contexts, there have been few developmental studies of how and when differences in animal personality arise. And yet, efficient detection of personality differences early in development could be useful in...

  2. Behavioural and physiological responses of heifer calves to acute stressors: Long-term consistency and relationship with adult reactivity to milking

    Contributor(s):: Van Reenen, Cornelis G., Van der Werf, Jozef T. N., O’Connell, Niamh E., Heutinck, Leonie F. M., Spoolder, Hans A. M., Jones, R. Bryan, Koolhaas, Jaap M., Blokhuis, Harry J.

    The present study investigated the long-term consistency of individual differences in dairy cattles’ responses in tests of behavioural and hypothalamo–pituitary–adrenocortical (HPA) axis reactivity, as well as the relationship between responsiveness in behavioural tests and the reaction to first...

  3. Age over experience: Consistency of aggression and mounting behaviour in male and female pigs

    Contributor(s):: Clark, Corinna C. A., D’Eath, Richard B.

    Excessive aggression between pigs at mixing is a welfare and production issue resulting in stress, injuries and economic losses. If it can be demonstrated that aggression is a consistent behaviour trait, it might provide a means to reduce these losses. To test for consistency of aggressiveness,...

  4. Laboratory macaques: When to wean?

    Contributor(s):: Prescott, Mark J., Nixon, Mellissa E., Farningham, David A. H., Naiken, Sandiren, Griffiths, Mary-Ann

    Worldwide there is large variation in the age at which young macaques destined for use in research are permanently separated from their mothers, and in the subsequent social environment in which they are reared. This stems from variation in minimum weaning ages and rearing practices in guidelines...

  5. Improving puppy behavior using a new standardized socialization program

    Contributor(s):: Vaterlaws-Whiteside, Helen, Hartmann, Amandine

    Studies identifying the underlying determinants of adult dog behavior and highlighting successful methods of early intervention are essential to reduce and ultimately prevent problem behaviors developing. The aim of this research was to create and assess the impact of a new nest socialization...

  6. Both feather peckers and victims are more asymmetrical than control hens

    Contributor(s):: Tahamtani, Fernanda M., Forkman, Björn, Hinrichsen, Lena K., Riber, Anja B.

    Feather pecking is the major welfare issue facing the egg farming industry worldwide. Previous research has found a relationship between cannibalistic behaviour, fluctuating asymmetry of bilateral traits (FA) and body weight in laying hens. As cannibalism is linked to severe feather pecking, it...

  7. Development of physical activity levels in laying hens in three-dimensional aviaries

    Contributor(s):: Kozak, Madison, Tobalske, Bret, Springthorpe, Dwight, Szkotnicki, Bill, Harlander-Matauschek, Alexandra

    Levels of physical activity are known to be associated with a number of health and welfare parameters in laying hens, such as stronger bones. Despite this, we presently lack insight into the development of physical activity throughout the life of the laying hen. To close this knowledge gap, we...

  8. Behavioural outcomes of housing for domestic dog puppies (Canis lupus familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Majecka, Katarzyna, Pąsiek, Magdalena, Pietraszewski, Dariusz, Smith, Carl

    Domestic dogs experience a sensitive period for learning during early life and conditions during this time can have important consequences in the adult. We investigated the effects of kennel environment during early life, comparing the temperaments of puppies reared in indoor kennels, located in...

  9. Abnormal repetitive behaviours in captive birds: a Tinbergian review

    Contributor(s):: Mellor, Emma, Brilot, Ben, Collins, Sarah

    Abnormal repetitive behaviours (ARBs) are associated with past, or present, welfare problems and are common elements of the behavioural repertoire of some captive animals, including birds. Millions of birds from hundreds of species are held in various captive settings, yet most avian ARB research...

  10. Effects of breed group and development on dogs' willingness to follow a human misleading advice

    Contributor(s):: Barnard, S., Passalacqua, C., Pelosi, A., Valsecchi, P., Prato-Previde, E.

  11. Small Miracles

    Full-text: Available

    Small Miracles Therapeutic Equestrian Center, Inc. is a Christian-based, nonprofit corporation founded through love to enhance the physical, emotional, social, and cognitive growth of persons with special needs by means of therapeutic equine-assisted activities.

  12. The Potential of Green Care Interventions to Promote Positive Youth Development with a One Health Lens

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hagit Brandes

    The first part of this study is making a conceptual tie between three distinct bodies of knowledge: Green Care, Positive Youth Development (PYD), and One Health. Green Care is an organizing construct for various interventions that use nature as a framework. I suggest that a nature-based program...

  13. Parent perceptions of the quality of life of pet dogs living with neuro-typically developing and neuro-atypically developing children: An exploratory study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie S. Hall, Hannah F. Wright, Daniel S. Mills

    There is growing scientific and societal recognition of the role that pet dogs can play in healthy development of children; both those who are neuro-typically developing and those who live with a neuro-developmental disorder, such as autism or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. However,...

  14. Freedom in Motion Riding Center

    Full-text: Available

    Established in 1996, Freedom in Motion Riding Center has twenty years experience in providing adaptive riding lessons. We specialize in early development and children with autism. Our remarkable horses and  volunteers are what make our center one of the most popular around...

  15. Development Benefits of Pets for Young Children. Final Report for the Delta Society.

    | Contributor(s):: Robert H. Poresky

  16. Companion Animal Bonding, Children's Home Environments, and Young Children's Social Development

    | Contributor(s):: Robert H. Poresky, Charles Hendrix

  17. From the Editor – Welcome to the first issue of Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin!

    | Contributor(s):: Lori Kogan

    Human Animal Interaction: Research & Practice Section of Division 17 (Society of Counseling Psychology) of the American Psychological Association is proud to announce this exciting new venue for the scientific study of human-animal interactions. Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin...

  18. Educational Possibilities of Keeping Goats in Elementary Schools in Japan

    | Contributor(s):: Naoko Koda, Shiho Kutsumi, Toshiya Hirose, Gen Watanabe

    Many Japanese elementary schools keep small animals for educational purposes, and the effects and challenges have been investigated. Although goats are medium-sized animals that are familiar to Japanese, few practical studies have been conducted on keeping goats in schools. This study...

  19. Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT) as an Adjunctive Treatment for Eating Disorders: Exploration of AAT through the lens of Attachment and Affect Regulation

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Patricia Flaherty Fischette

    This research investigated the connection between attachment, affect regulation, eating disorders and Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT), a connection that has not previously been examined. The conceptual lenses for this research identified eating disorders as one of many possible examples of...

  20. Extending identity theory: parenting and identity formation in human-animal relationships

    | Contributor(s):: Andrea Laurent-Simpson

    Both traditional and structural perspectives in symbolic interaction have conceptualized the formation of self as arising out of lingual interaction between human actors. This was based on Mead’s original premise that non-human actors were alingual, and thus incapable of intersubjectivity....