Nutrition and husbandry conditions of Palearctic tortoises (Testudo spp.) in captivity
Contributor(s):: Bauer, Thomas, Reese, Sven, Koelle, Petra
Mediterranean and Russian tortoises (Testudo spp.) are popular companion animals (pets), despite ongoing controversy concerning privately keeping reptiles. The arguments used during these controversial discussions have often been based on outdated facts. Therefore, a survey was developed to...
Effects of environmental factors on cribbing activity by horses
Contributor(s):: Whisher, Lindsay, Raum, Mary, Pina, Lisa, Pérez, Lucia, Erb, Hollis, Houpt, Charles, Houpt, Katherine
Quantitative measurements of cribbing were made and the environmental influences on the behavior were examined. Licking the substrate preceded cribbing; the horses licked a median of 1.7 times before each cribbing event while eating grain and 1.1 times before each cribbing event while eating hay....
Personality is associated with feeding behavior and performance in dairy calves
Contributor(s):: Neave, H. W., Costa, J. H. C., Weary, D. M., von Keyserlingk, M. A. G.
‘I heard a dog cry’: More-than-human interrelatedness, ethnicity and zootherapy in South Korean civil society discourse about dog meat consumption
Contributor(s):: Dugnoille, Julien
Motivation of naïve feedlot cattle to obtain grain and individual responses to novelty
Contributor(s):: Van Os, Jennifer M. C., Mintline, Erin M., DeVries, Trevor J., Tucker, Cassandra B.
Beef cattle may be fattened before slaughter using a high-energy, grain-based diet. Although previous research suggests cattle prefer grain, their motivation to obtain this feed has not been quantified. The objective of this study was to evaluate the motivation of naïve feedlot cattle to consume...
Barren diets increase wakeful inactivity in calves
Contributor(s):: Webb, Laura E., Engel, Bas, van Reenen, Kees, Bokkers, Eddie A. M.
Inactivity is a vastly understudied behavioural category, which may reflect positive or negative affective states in captive or domesticated animals. Increased inactivity in barren-housed animals, in combination with an increased or decreased interest in stimuli, e.g. novel objects, can indicate...
Behaviour, stress and welfare of Sprague Dawley rats (Rattus norvegicus) on diet board feeding for 24 months
Contributor(s):: Laaksonen, Sakari, Nevalainen, Timo, Ketola, Jukka, Hau, Jann, Nieminen, Pentti, Haasio, Kristiina, Kasanen, Iiris, Voipio, Hanna-Marja
Diet board (DB) feeding aims to reduce the health hazards associated with ad libitum (AL) feeding. Rats have to gnaw wood to detach food from the DB, reducing their food consumption. We studied the welfare effects of DB by measuring faecal corticosterone metabolites (FCM), elevated plus-maze...
Does cribbing behavior in horses vary with dietary taste or direct gastric stimuli?
Contributor(s):: Albright, Julia, Sun, Xiaocun, Houpt, Katherine
Concentrated feed diets have been shown to drastically increase the rate of the cribbing, an oral stereotypy in horses, but the specific component causing the rise has not been identified. Furthermore, the mechanism through which feed affects cribbing has not been explored. In the first...
Dietary diversity affects feeding behaviour of suckling piglets
Contributor(s):: Middelkoop, Anouschka, Choudhury, Raka, Gerrits, Walter J. J., Kemp, Bas, Kleerebezem, Michiel, Bolhuis, J. Elizabeth
Stimulating solid feed intake in suckling piglets is important to facilitate the weaning transition, exemplified by the positive correlation between pre- and post-weaning feed intake. The present study compared the effect of dietary diversity (i.e. offering two feeds simultaneously) and flavour...
Influence of mild feed restriction and mild reduction in dietary amino acid content on feeding behaviour of group-housed growing pigs
Contributor(s):: Carcò, Giuseppe, Dalla Bona, Mirco, Carraro, Luca, Latorre, Maria Angeles, Fondevila, Manuel, Gallo, Luigi, Schiavon, Stefano
This study investigates changes in the feeding behaviour of pigs as a result of a restriction in their feed allowance and a reduction in dietary indispensable amino acid (AA) content. Ninety-six Topig Talent x PIC barrows were housed in 8 pens and individually fed either ad libitum (AL) or a...
Overweight and obese pet owners: respondent and pet characteristics in the rural Midwestern United States
| Contributor(s):: Heuberger, R. A., Garner, J. A., Corby, A., DeWitt, K., Sluis, R. vander
The obesity epidemic has impacted both people and pets in the rural Midwestern United States (MWUS). Tailoring health advice to the socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns of owners and their pets can help promote adherence to health behavior changes for owners and foster health...
Shaping healthy habits in children with neurodevelopmental and mental health disorders: parent perceptions of barriers, facilitators and promising strategies
| Contributor(s):: Bowling, A., Blaine, R. E., Kaur, R., Davison, K. K.
Animal Images Database: Validation of 120 Images for Human-Animal Studies
| Contributor(s):: Possidonio, C., Graca, J., Piazza, J., Prada, M.
Review of The Question of the Animal and Religion: Theoretical Stakes, Practical Implications
| Contributor(s):: A.G. Holdier
A. G. Holdier reviews The Question of the Animal and Religion: Theoretical Stakes, Practical Implications
Just Meat: Chicken-Pain, Intergenerational Justice, and the American Diet
| Contributor(s):: Stephen Scales
Peter Singer’s arguments against the morality of the typical American diet focus on the pain of animals, and lead to the conclusion that we must become committed vegans. His approach ignores the impact that different psychological capacities can legitimately have on our moral appraisal of...
Feline Obesity in Veterinary Medicine: Insights from a Thematic Analysis of Communication in Practice
| Contributor(s):: Alexandra M. Phillips, Jason B. Coe, Melanie J. Rock, Cindy L. Adams
Feline obesity has become a common disease and important animal welfare issue. Little is known about how, or how often, veterinarians and feline-owning clients are addressing obesity during clinical appointments. The purpose of this qualitative study was to characterize verbal and non-verbal...
Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior
| Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.
Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...
Provisioning the ritual neolithic site of Kfar HaHoresh, Israel at the dawn of animal management
| Contributor(s):: Meier, J. S., Goring-Morris, A. N., Munro, N. D.
It is widely agreed that a pivotal shift from wild animal hunting to herd animal management, at least of goats, began in the southern Levant by the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period (10,000-9,500 cal. BP) when evidence of ritual activities flourished in the region. As our knowledge of this...
Paleopathology: health and welfare of animals in the pastPaleopathologie: gezondheid en welzijn van dieren in het verleden
| Contributor(s):: Groot, M.
This paper presents a short introduction to the field of palaeopathology, which can be studied from either a historical veterinary perspective or a zooarchaeological perspective. Zooarchaeologists are concerned with studying past human behaviour through animal remains found in archaeological...
Animal ethics profiling of vegetarians, vegans and meat-eaters
| Contributor(s):: Lund, T. B., McKeegan, D. E. F., Cribbin, C., Sandoe, P.
The aims of this study were to identify the animal ethical profile of vegetarians, vegans, and meat-eaters. Using questionnaire data collected in 2013 (n=356), we measured propensity to subscribe to five different positions within animal ethics based on a novel measure of animal ethical stance...