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  1. Visual discrimination learning and spatial acuity in sheep

    Contributor(s):: Sugnaseelan, Sumita, Prescott, Neville B., Broom, Donald M., Wathes, Christopher M., Phillips, Clive J. C.

    Visual acuity is an important component of environmental recognition in sheep, yet knowledge about it is limited in this or other herbivorous species. We tested the ability of British FrieslandĂ—Texel female lambs to discriminate black and white square-wave gratings, presented vertically or...

  2. Responses of conventional pigs and Göttingen miniature pigs in an active choice judgement bias task

    Contributor(s):: Murphy, Eimear, Nordquist, Rebecca E., van der Staay, Franz Josef

    Pigs are commonly kept in intensive farming systems. Their use as model animals in biomedical research has increased. Both conditions may impact upon their welfare. Recent definitions of welfare emphasize the importance of emotion. Mood congruent biases in judgement have been proposed as proxy...

  3. Effective and accurate discrimination of individual dairy cattle through acoustic sensing

    Contributor(s):: Yajuvendra, Singh, Lathwal, Surender S., Rajput, Nitendra, Raja, Thiruvothur V., Gupta, Ashok K., Mohanty, Tushar K., Ruhil, Anand P., Chakravarty, Atish K., Sharma, Prakash C., Sharma, Vijay, Chandra, Gulab

    Acoustic sensing seems to be one of the best methods for monitoring of dairy animals at an organized farm for their better care and management. The main aim of present investigation was to establish the existence of significant differences for various acoustic features of vocal signals uttered...

  4. Using Reentry Simulations to Promote Changes in Attitude toward Offenders: Experiential Learning to Promote Successful Reentry

    Contributor(s):: Moak, Stacy C., Walker, Jeffery T., Earwood, Martha, Towery, Gabby

  5. An improved design for the spatial judgement task in domestic pigs

    Contributor(s):: Düpjan, Sandra, Stracke, Jenny, Tuchscherer, Armin, Puppe, Birger

    Public concern for farm animal welfare calls for reliable scientific tools to measure it. Measuring cognitive bias, i.e., the influence of affective states on cognitive processing, has gained importance during recent years. The one most often adapted experimental design to test cognitive bias in...

  6. Performance of domestic dogs on an olfactory discrimination of a homologous series of alcohols

    Contributor(s):: Hall, Nathaniel J., Collada, Adriana, Smith, David W., Wynne, Clive D. L.

    Dogs are deployed for the detection of a wide variety of chemical stimuli. Despite their wide use, little basic research has explored canine olfactory generalization and discrimination. In the present study, we assessed canine odor discrimination amongst a series of chemically-related aliphatic...

  7. Study into long-term memory of a complex learning task in Shetland ponies (Equus caballus)

    Contributor(s):: Gabor, Vivian, Gerken, Martina

    Three Shetland ponies were tested in memorizing a quantity discrimination task with a computer based learning device. One year before, they had learned to relate a quantity of geometric symbols to another on a computer flat screen presented in a matching to sample design. All three of the ponies...

  8. Effects of breed group and development on dogs' willingness to follow a human misleading advice

    Contributor(s):: Barnard, S., Passalacqua, C., Pelosi, A., Valsecchi, P., Prato-Previde, E.

  9. Dog Breed Discrimination in Criminology and Public Knowledge

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Megan Ekkert

    Animal abuse is never an easy topic for people to discuss. Until recently, animal abuse was only considered a misdemeanor charge under the law, but now it can be considered a felony charge. While that should be good news for animals, there are still a lot of questions when it comes to animal...

  10. Service, Comfort, or Emotional Support? The Evolution of Disability Law and Campus Housing

    | Contributor(s):: Mark Bauman, Denise L. Davidson, Michael C. Sachs, Tegan Kotarski

  11. A review and synthesis of dog cognition research : the world from a dog's point of view

    | Contributor(s):: Miles Kuiling Bensky

    Driven by both applied and theoretical goals, scientific interest in canine cognition has experienced a rapid surge in popularity, especially over the last 15 years (Morell, 2009). Here we provide the most comprehensive review to date of dog cognition research, capturing all the articles (285) we...

  12. Dog and Pony Show: New Guidance for Service Animals in the School Setting

    | Contributor(s):: Cossler, Christine T.

  13. Dog Fights

    | Contributor(s):: Taylor, Kelley R.

  14. Emotional Support Animals, Service Animals, and Pets on Campus

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Von Bergen, C. W.

    For decades, universities have been accommodating physically disabled students who require guide dogs and other types of service animals. Within the past several years, however, mentally disabled students have increasingly petitioned colleges with no-pet policies to permit them to bring their...

  15. New perspectives on dolphin whistles: Evaluating signal context, categorization and memory

    | Contributor(s):: Bruck, Jason Neal

  16. Can humans discriminate between dogs on the base of the acoustic parameters of barks?

    | Contributor(s):: Molnar, C., Pongracz, P., Doka, A., Miklosi, A.

  17. Dogs and their human companions: the effect of familiarity on dog-human interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Kerepesi, A., Doka, A., Miklosi, A.

    There are few quantitative examinations of the extent to which dogs discriminate between familiar and unfamiliar persons. In our study we have investigated whether dogs show differential behaviour towards humans of different degrees of familiarity (owner, familiar person, unfamiliar person). Dogs...

  18. Do dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) make counterproductive choices because they are sensitive to human ostensive cues?

    | Contributor(s):: Marshall-Pescini, Sarah, Passalacqua, Chiara, Miletto Petrazzini, Maria Elena, Valsecchi, Paola, Prato-Previde Emanuele.

  19. Discrimination of familiar human faces in dogs (Canis familiaris)

    | Contributor(s):: Ludwig Huber, Anais Racca, Billy Scaf, Zsofia Viranyi, Friederike Range

    Faces are an important visual category for many taxa, and the human face is no exception to this. Because faces differ in subtle ways and possess many idiosyncratic features, they provide a rich source of perceptual cues. A fair amount of those cues are learned through social interactions and are...

  20. The reaction of 9- to 10-month-old infants to an unfamiliar animal

    | Contributor(s):: Ricard, M., Allard, L.