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  1. Measuring chronic social tension in groups of growing pigs using inter-individual distances

    Contributor(s):: Turner, Simon P., Nath, Mintu, Horgan, Graham W., Edwards, Sandra A.

    Chronic social stress in pigs compromises immune function, reduces ADG, increases activity and skin lesions and affects feeding behaviour but to different extents in individuals and contemporary groups housed in the same way. Assessing the animals’ perception of chronic social stress is...

  2. Individual distance during resting and feeding in age homogeneous vs. age heterogeneous groups of goats

    Contributor(s):: Bøe, Knut Egil, Ehrlenbruch, Rebecca, Jørgensen, Grete Helen Meisfjord, Andersen, Inger Lise

    The aim of this experiment was to investigate the individual distance during resting and feeding in homogenous and heterogeneous age groups of young and adult goats. Thirty-six young (3 years) were allotted into 6 groups of young goats (YOUNG), 6 groups of adult goats (ADULT) and 6 heterogeneous...

  3. Group suckling cohesion as a prelude to the formation of teat order in piglets

    Contributor(s):: Skok, Janko, Škorjanc, Dejan

    During the lactation period, piglets experience intense social interactions with their littermates until they establish a reliable teat order on the mother's udder. Here, we examined group suckling cohesion in piglet littermates, an order mechanism that refer to the maintenance of significantly...

  4. Winter housing conditions of cows of the Hérens breed do not influence fighting but modulate spacing behaviour on alpine pastures

    Contributor(s):: Castro, Isabelle M. L., Gygax, Lorenz, Wechsler, Beat, Hauser, Rudolf

    Cows of the Hérens breed are typically kept in small herds and three types of winter housing conditions feature in practical application: tie-barns with minimal winter outdoor exercise, this being taken singly or in pairs (“minimal exercise”), tie-barns with daily exercise as a complete herd...

  5. Behavioural and physiological responses of captive wombats (Lasiorhinus latifrons) to regular handling by humans

    Contributor(s):: Hogan, Lindsay A., Johnston, Stephen D., Lisle, Allan T., Keeley, Tamara, Wong, Phoenix, Nicolson, Vere, Horsup, Alan B., Janssen, Tina, Phillips, Clive J. C.

    The response of animals to handling by humans has been extensively evaluated in domesticated livestock, but rarely examined in wildlife species. Twelve captive wombats (Lasiorhinus latifrons) were subjected to two treatments in a replicated design: (1) daily handling, involving 15min of tactile...

  6. Effects of horizontal distance between perches on perching behaviors of Lohmann Hens

    Contributor(s):: Liu, Kai, Xin, Hongwei

    Perching is a highly-motivated natural behavior of laying hens that has been considered as one of the essential welfare requirements. The objective of the study was to evaluate perching behaviors of laying hens as affected by horizontal distance (HD) between parallel perches. A total of 48...

  7. Movement and home range of owned free-roaming male dogs in Puerto Natales, Chile

    Contributor(s):: Pérez, Guillermo E., Conte, Annamaria, Garde, Elena J., Messori, Stefano, Vanderstichel, Raphael, Serpell, James

    Free-roaming dogs (FRDs) pose a significant health threat to humans, other animals and the environment. Yet, the effects of their movements and habitat use within cities and adjacent rural areas are poorly known, especially in relation to predation and the transmission of diseases that can impact...

  8. How do free-ranging domestic herbivores reduce competition within owner-determined herds?

    Contributor(s):: Kraai, Manqhai, Shrader, Adrian M.

    Group size and competition are key drivers of foraging behaviour in social animals. With seasonal changes in food quality and availability, comes changes in the type (scramble or interference) and degree of competition (aggression or none). One way that animals can deal with these variations is...

  9. Relação ser humano-animal frente a interações potencialmente aversivas na rotina de criação de vacas leiteiras

    Contributor(s):: Carla Christina de Miranda Gomes

    O bem-estar dos animais é afetado por muitos aspectos e está implicado em todas as etapas do ciclo de criação animal. A presença e o contato com o homem é um desses aspectos, sendo bastante relevante. O medo de pessoas pode aumentar a reatividade dos...

  10. Dogs on the Move: Factors Impacting Animal Shelter and Rescue Organizations' Decisions to Accept Dogs from Distant Locations

    Contributor(s):: Kaitlyn E. Simmons, Christy L. Hoffman

    Long-distance dog transfer programs are a topic of burgeoning interest in the animal welfare community, but little research has focused on such programs. This exploratory study, which surveyed 193 individuals associated with animal shelter and rescue organizations in the United States, evaluated...

  11. Effects of feeding management and group composition on agonistic behaviour of group-housed horses

    Contributor(s):: Burla, Joan-Bryce, Ostertag, Anic, Patt, Antonia, Bachmann, Iris, Hillmann, Edna

    Under natural conditions, horses spend 12-18 h of a day with synchronous grazing, but for stabled horses, the amount of forage and thus duration of feed intake usually are restricted. In group-housed horses, therefore, feeding times are often situations with increased levels of agonistic...

  12. Djurens skepnader: Narhet och distans i diskurs och livsvarld

    Contributor(s):: Falkengren, Jutta

  13. Effect of hippotherapy on perceived self-competence and participation in a child with cerebral palsy

    Contributor(s):: Frank, A., McCloskey, S., Dole, R. L.

  14. Children's drawings and attachment to pets

    Contributor(s):: Kidd, A. H., Kidd, R. M.

  15. Human-dog interactions in a guide-dog training program

    Contributor(s):: Koda, N., Shimoju, S.