HABRI Central - Tags: Distance

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  1. Effect of good handling on stress indicators and behaviour in beef cattle

    Contributor(s):: Jardim, Carla Comerlato, Barbosa Silveira, Isabella Dias, Restle, Joao, Mendonca, Fabio Souza, Bethancourt-Garcia, Javier Alexander, de Oliveira, Roberson Macedo, de Moraes, Renata Espindola, Reis, Nathalia Pasi, Vaz, Ricardo Zambarda

  2. Structural changes in vegetation coincident with reseeding Elymus nutans can increase perceived predation risk of plateau pikas (Ochotona curzoniae)

    Contributor(s):: Wei, Wanrong, An, Shenghui, Zheng, Qiaoyan, Qin, Mingsen, Chen, Tao

  3. How does temperature affect aggression during and after dominance hierarchy formation in Nile tilapia?

    Contributor(s):: Barki, Assaf, Cnaani, Avner, Biran, Jakob

    Social animals commonly establish dominance relationships by means of aggressive interaction, leading to hierarchical stability and priority of access to limited resources by high-ranked individuals. In poikilothermic animals, temperature is a major abiotic factor influencing social and...

  4. Human-animal relationships and interactions during the Covid-19 lockdown phase in the UK: Investigating links with mental health and loneliness

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ratschen, E., Shoesmith, E., Shahab, L., Silva, K., Kale, D., Toner, P., Reeve, C., Mills, D. S.

    Background The Covid-19 pandemic raises questions about the role that relationships and interactions between humans and animals play in the context of widespread social distancing and isolation measures. We aimed to investigate links between mental health and loneliness, companion animal...

  5. Measuring chronic social tension in groups of growing pigs using inter-individual distances

    | Contributor(s):: Turner, Simon P., Nath, Mintu, Horgan, Graham W., Edwards, Sandra A.

    Chronic social stress in pigs compromises immune function, reduces ADG, increases activity and skin lesions and affects feeding behaviour but to different extents in individuals and contemporary groups housed in the same way. Assessing the animals’ perception of chronic social stress is...

  6. Influence of enclosure size on the distances covered and paced by captive tigers (Panthera tigris)

    | Contributor(s):: Breton, Grégory, Barrot, Salomé

    In the wild, tigers live in large individual territories ranging from 7 to 1000km2 depending on the region and prey abundance. However, in captivity, the animal's environment is strongly reduced, and the size of the enclosure provided varies between zoos. It has been shown that animals occupying...

  7. Individual distance during resting and feeding in age homogeneous vs. age heterogeneous groups of goats

    | Contributor(s):: Bøe, Knut Egil, Ehrlenbruch, Rebecca, Jørgensen, Grete Helen Meisfjord, Andersen, Inger Lise

    The aim of this experiment was to investigate the individual distance during resting and feeding in homogenous and heterogeneous age groups of young and adult goats. Thirty-six young (3 years) were allotted into 6 groups of young goats (YOUNG), 6 groups of adult goats (ADULT) and 6 heterogeneous...

  8. Group suckling cohesion as a prelude to the formation of teat order in piglets

    | Contributor(s):: Skok, Janko, Škorjanc, Dejan

    During the lactation period, piglets experience intense social interactions with their littermates until they establish a reliable teat order on the mother's udder. Here, we examined group suckling cohesion in piglet littermates, an order mechanism that refer to the maintenance of significantly...

  9. Winter housing conditions of cows of the Hérens breed do not influence fighting but modulate spacing behaviour on alpine pastures

    | Contributor(s):: Castro, Isabelle M. L., Gygax, Lorenz, Wechsler, Beat, Hauser, Rudolf

    Cows of the Hérens breed are typically kept in small herds and three types of winter housing conditions feature in practical application: tie-barns with minimal winter outdoor exercise, this being taken singly or in pairs (“minimal exercise”), tie-barns with daily exercise as a complete herd...

  10. Quantifying human disturbance on antipredator behavior and flush initiation distance in yellow-bellied marmots

    | Contributor(s):: Li, Chunwang, Monclús, Raquel, Maul, Terry L., Jiang, Zhigang, Blumstein, Daniel T.

    Human disturbance may differentially affect the behavior of wild animals and such behavioral perturbations may have fitness consequences. To understand the effects of specific types of human disturbance on antipredator behavior, a behavior whose performance enhances survival, we studied...

  11. Behavioural and physiological responses of captive wombats (Lasiorhinus latifrons) to regular handling by humans

    | Contributor(s):: Hogan, Lindsay A., Johnston, Stephen D., Lisle, Allan T., Keeley, Tamara, Wong, Phoenix, Nicolson, Vere, Horsup, Alan B., Janssen, Tina, Phillips, Clive J. C.

    The response of animals to handling by humans has been extensively evaluated in domesticated livestock, but rarely examined in wildlife species. Twelve captive wombats (Lasiorhinus latifrons) were subjected to two treatments in a replicated design: (1) daily handling, involving 15min of tactile...

  12. Effects of horizontal distance between perches on perching behaviors of Lohmann Hens

    | Contributor(s):: Liu, Kai, Xin, Hongwei

    Perching is a highly-motivated natural behavior of laying hens that has been considered as one of the essential welfare requirements. The objective of the study was to evaluate perching behaviors of laying hens as affected by horizontal distance (HD) between parallel perches. A total of 48...

  13. Movement and home range of owned free-roaming male dogs in Puerto Natales, Chile

    | Contributor(s):: Pérez, Guillermo E., Conte, Annamaria, Garde, Elena J., Messori, Stefano, Vanderstichel, Raphael, Serpell, James

    Free-roaming dogs (FRDs) pose a significant health threat to humans, other animals and the environment. Yet, the effects of their movements and habitat use within cities and adjacent rural areas are poorly known, especially in relation to predation and the transmission of diseases that can impact...

  14. How do free-ranging domestic herbivores reduce competition within owner-determined herds?

    | Contributor(s):: Kraai, Manqhai, Shrader, Adrian M.

    Group size and competition are key drivers of foraging behaviour in social animals. With seasonal changes in food quality and availability, comes changes in the type (scramble or interference) and degree of competition (aggression or none). One way that animals can deal with these variations is...

  15. Relação ser humano-animal frente a interações potencialmente aversivas na rotina de criação de vacas leiteiras

    | Contributor(s):: Carla Christina de Miranda Gomes

    O bem-estar dos animais é afetado por muitos aspectos e está implicado em todas as etapas do ciclo de criação animal. A presença e o contato com o homem é um desses aspectos, sendo bastante relevante. O medo de pessoas pode aumentar a reatividade dos...

  16. Dogs on the Move: Factors Impacting Animal Shelter and Rescue Organizations' Decisions to Accept Dogs from Distant Locations

    | Contributor(s):: Kaitlyn E. Simmons, Christy L. Hoffman

    Long-distance dog transfer programs are a topic of burgeoning interest in the animal welfare community, but little research has focused on such programs. This exploratory study, which surveyed 193 individuals associated with animal shelter and rescue organizations in the United States, evaluated...

  17. Effects of feeding management and group composition on agonistic behaviour of group-housed horses

    | Contributor(s):: Burla, Joan-Bryce, Ostertag, Anic, Patt, Antonia, Bachmann, Iris, Hillmann, Edna

    Under natural conditions, horses spend 12–18 h of a day with synchronous grazing, but for stabled horses, the amount of forage and thus duration of feed intake usually are restricted. In group-housed horses, therefore, feeding times are often situations with increased levels of...

  18. Djurens skepnader: Narhet och distans i diskurs och livsvarld

    | Contributor(s):: Falkengren, Jutta

  19. Effect of hippotherapy on perceived self-competence and participation in a child with cerebral palsy

    | Contributor(s):: Frank, A., McCloskey, S., Dole, R. L.

  20. Children's drawings and attachment to pets

    | Contributor(s):: Kidd, A. H., Kidd, R. M.