The effect of premature maternal separation on distress vocalizations and activity in kittens (Felis catus) during a brief nest separation
Contributor(s):: Lowell, Kira J., Delgado, Mikel M., Mederos, Sabrina L., Bain, Melissa J.
It is unknown how premature maternal separation affects the responses of kittens to potentially stressful events. In the United States, thousands of kittens are orphaned each year due to death of the queen, neglect, or accidental separation by humans. Neonatal mammals emit distress calls and...
A Systematic Literature Review of Animal-Assisted Interventions in Oncology (Part I): Methods and Results
Contributor(s):: Holder, T. R. N., Gruen, M. E., Roberts, D. L., Somers, T., Bozkurt, A.
Best Practice in Supporting Professional Identity Formation: Use of a Professional Reasoning Framework
Contributor(s):: Armitage-Chan, E.
The sex of the offspring affects the lamb and ewe responses to abrupt weaning
Contributor(s):: Freitas-de-Melo, A., Ungerfeld, R.
Female lambs have a stronger attachment with their mothers and show a greater susceptibility to stressors than male lambs. Male lambs grow faster than female lambs do, achieving a greater nutritional independence from their mothers. Our hypothesis was that female lambs and their mothers are more...
Brief Unstructured Interaction with a Dog Reduces Distress
Contributor(s):: Crossman, Molly K., Kazdin, Alan E., Knudson, Krista
In 2013, 11% of the US population experienced serious psychological distress. This problem of psychological distress is exacerbated in colleges and universities, where more than half of students report experiencing moderate to severe depression. In spite of the prevalence of this psychological...
Disentangling the effects of weaning stressors on piglets’ behaviour and feed intake: Changing the housing and social environment
Contributor(s):: Hötzel, Maria J., de Souza, Gisele P. P., Costa, Osmar A. Dalla, Machado Filho, Luiz Carlos P.
Under farming conditions piglets generally face several simultaneous stressors including separation from the dam, an abrupt change from milk to a solid diet and changes in the social and housing environments. In this study we tested the hypothesis that increasing the number of environmental...
The Role of Clinical Veterinary Medicine in the Assessment and Treatment of Laboratory Animal Distress
Contributor(s):: V. Hampshire
It is doubtful that the scientific community will ever arrive at a consensus definition for distress as it may be attempted for the purposes of improving animal welfare in and across the myriad of research, testing and teaching facilities in the United States and throughout the minuet of...
Reproductive endocrinology and musth indicators in a captive Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Contributor(s):: Duer, Connie, Tomasi, Tom, Abramson, Charles I.
Reduced locomotor play behaviour of dairy calves following separation from the mother reflects their response to reduced energy intake
Contributor(s):: Rushen, Jeff, Wright, Rebecca, Johnsen, Julie Føske, Mejdell, Cecilie Marie, de Passillé, Anne Marie
Play behaviour is an indicator of good welfare in young calves and is reduced by low energy intake and weaning off milk. There is renewed interest in keeping calves longer with the cow but separation leads to signs of distress, such as vocalizations. Providing calves with an alternative milk...
Dog Owners Lived Experiences with Distress Following Human Rejection: An Attachment Perspective
Contributor(s):: Shmyr, Linda Marie
Taking Animal Welfare Seriously Minimizing Pain and Distress in Research Animals
Both laypersons and scientists alike are uncomfortable with animal research when it causes animals to suffer. The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) has launched our Pain & Distress Initiative to work with the scientific community to eliminate significant laboratory animal suffering...
The effects of a companion animal on distress in children undergoing dental procedures
Contributor(s):: Havener, LeAnn, Gentes, Lisa, Thaler, Barbara, Megel, Mary E., Baun, Mara M., Driscoll, Frank A., Beiraghi, Soraya, Agrawal, Ngeeta
Evaluated the effects of a companion animal (dog) on physiologic arousal and behavioral distress among children undergoing a dental procedure. A repeated measures experimental design was used to study 40 children (aged 7–11 yrs) who were undergoing procedures in a pediatric dental clinic. Half...
Issues in defining and assessing features of attachment figures: Reply to Kobak (2009)
Contributor(s):: Kurdek, Lawrence A.
Conservation of resources and coping self-efficacy predicting distress following a natural disaster: A causal model analysis where the environment meets the mind
Contributor(s):: Benight, Charles C., Ironson, Gail, Klebe, Kelli, Carver, Charles S., Wynings, Christina, Burnett, Kent, Greenwood, Debra, Baum, Andrew, Schneiderman, Neil
Loss of a pet
Contributor(s):: Wessel, Morris A.
Therapy dogs and the dissociative patient: Preliminary observations
Contributor(s):: Arnold, J. Cleveland
Animal suffering: the appraisal and control of depression and distress in livestock
Contributor(s):: Fraser, A. F.