Human influences on historical and current wildlife distributions from Lewis & Clark to today
Contributor(s):: Andrea S. Laliberte
Although it is well known that humans are strong modifiers of their environment, there is a need for greater understanding of human-wildlife interactions, both historically as well as currently. Historical journals can help shed light on early human-wildlife interactions, and the...
Harvest demographics of temperate-breeding Canada geese in South Dakota, 1967-1995
Contributor(s):: Gleason, Jeffrey S., Jenks, Jonathan A., Naugle, David E., Mammenga, Paul W., Vaa, Spencer J., Pritchett, Jennifer M.
Network characteristics and development of social structure of agonistic behaviour in pigs across three repeated rehousing and mixing events
Contributor(s):: Buttner, K., Scheffler, K., Czycholl, I., Krieter, J.
In commercial pig production, the mixing of unacquainted pigs is a standard procedure which leads to agonistic interactions with a wide range of individual pig behaviour. A reduction in these agonistic interactions positively affects animal health, welfare aspects and production parameters. With...
The backtest in pigs revisited - an analysis of intra-situational behaviour
Contributor(s):: Zebunke, M., Repsilber, D., Nurnberg, G., Wittenburg, D., Puppe, B.
The occurrence of different behavioural phenotypes in animals (regarding temperament and personality) has increasingly attracted the attention of scientists dealing with farm animal breeding, management and welfare. As part of the adaptation repertoire, coping behaviour describes how animals deal...
Camels in Saudi oasis during the last two millennia; the examples of Dumat al-Jandal (Al-Jawf Province) and al-Yamama (Riyadh Province)
Contributor(s):: Monchot, H.
By its extraordinary adaptability to live in a hyper arid environment, the camel ( Camelus dromaderius) is certainly the animal that best characterizes the Arabian Peninsula. If a rich ethnographic literature exists showing the economic importance of this species through the last two millennia,...
Camels in the front line
Contributor(s):: Bartosiewicz, L.
This paper is a short comment on the historical perception of camels in Europe with special regard to Ottoman Turkish occupation in the Carpathian Basin. Regardless of their varied functions ranging from tokens of royal selfrepresentation to mundane beasts of burden or war machinery, these...
Ethics and biofuel production in Chile
Contributor(s):: Roman-Figueroa, C., Paneque, M.
Chile needs to diversify its energy supply, and should establish policies that encourage the production and use of biofuels. The demand for energy resources increases with population growth and industrial development, making it urgent to find green alternatives to minimize the impacts of...
Recent camel finds from Hungary
Contributor(s):: Daroczi-Szabo, L., Daroczi-Szabo, M., Kovacs, Z. E., Korosi, A., Tugya, B.
This paper is a brief review of camel bones recently discovered in the territory of modern-day Hungary. The goal of this paper is to provide an inventory of all known camel finds representing both the Roman Period province of Pannonia (1st-4th c.) and the northernmost outpost of the Ottoman...
The role of quality labels in market-driven animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Heerwagen, L. R., Morkbak, M. R., Denver, S., Sandoe, P., Christensen, T.
In policy-making the consumption of specially labelled products, and its role in improving the welfare of livestock, has attracted considerable attention. There is in many countries a diverse market for animal welfare-friendly products which is potentially confusing and may lack transparency. We...
A novel approach to identify and map kitten clusters using geographic information systems (GIS): a case study from Tompkins County, NY
Contributor(s):: Reading, A. S., Scarlett, J. M., Berliner, E. A.
A retrospective study using a geographic information system (GIS) was conducted to capture, map, and analyze intake data of caregiver (owner)-surrendered kittens (aged 0-6 months) to the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) of Tompkins County, NY, from 2009 to 2011. Addresses...
Aggression and welfare in a common aquarium fish, the Midas cichlid
Contributor(s):: Oldfield, R. G.
Many species of fishes are aggressive when placed in small aquaria. Aggression can negatively affect the welfare of those individuals toward whom it is directed. Animals may behave aggressively in order to defend resources such as food, shelter, mates, and offspring. The decision to defend...
The sizes of elephant groups in zoos: implications for elephant welfare
Contributor(s):: Rees, P. A.
This study examined the distribution of 495 Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) and 336 African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in 194 zoos, most of which were located in Europe (49.1
Using data collected for production or economic purposes to research production animal welfare: an epidemiological approach
Contributor(s):: Dewey, C., Haley, C., Widowski, T., Friendship, R., Sunstrum, J., Richardson, K.
Epidemiologists use the analyses of large data sets collected for production or economic purposes to research production nonhuman animal welfare issues in the commercial setting. This approach is particularly useful if the welfare issue is rare or hard to reproduce. However, to ensure the...
The effect of physiotherapy intervention to the pelvic region of experienced riders on seated postural stability and the symmetry of pressure distribution to the saddle: a preliminary study
Contributor(s):: Nevison, C. M., Timmis, M. A.
It is commonplace for trainers and judges to comment that riders are "crooked" or "collapsed in the hip." This asymmetrical posture will likely have a significant effect on stability/balance and may subsequently have a detrimental effect on performance. Although the effects of asymmetry on...
Repeated locomotion scoring of a sow herd to measure lameness: consistency over time, the effect of sow characteristics and inter-observer reliability
Contributor(s):: D'Eath, R. B.
The preferences of laying hens for perforated Astroturf over conventional wire as a dustbathing substrate in furnished cages
Contributor(s):: Merrill, R. J. N., Cooper, J. J., Albentosa, M. J., Nicol, C. J.
Effects of social behaviour on the spatial distribution of sheep grazing a complex vegetation mosaic
Contributor(s):: Sibbald, A. M., Oom, S. P., Hooper, R. J., Anderson, R. M.
In complex environments, the spatial distribution of preferred food types will be a major factor influencing the distribution of foraging animals. However, in highly social animals, such as sheep, social interactions may modify foraging behaviour and hence influence both where animals feed and...
Group sizes and resting locations of free range pigs when grazing in a natural environment
Contributor(s):: Rodriguez-Estevez, V., Sanchez-Rodriguez, M., Gomez-Castro, A. G., Edwards, S. A.
A herd of 86 Iberian pigs aged 13+or-0.5 months and with an average live weight of 110+or-1.3 kg at the start of the study was followed to monitor their social organisation (spontaneous group size: GS) and resting preferences when free ranging on natural pastures in a dehesa of evergreen oaks...
Playing styles and possible causative factors in dogs' behaviour when playing with humans
Contributor(s):: Toth, L., Gacsi, M., Topal, J., Miklosi, A.
Individual differences and causative factors could modify the behaviour of dogs in object related games played with a human partner. In a two-by-two within-subject design we observed 68 family dogs' behaviour when playing two different types of games (ball game and tugging) with two different...
A novel flexible method to split feeding behaviour into bouts
Contributor(s):: Howie, J. A., Tolkamp, B. J., Avendano, S., Kyriazakis, I.
Before meal patterns can be analysed properly, a biologically relevant meal criterion must be determined in order to group short-term feeding behaviour into meals. Existing methodologies are based on modelling of the frequency distributions of intervals between feeding events but these methods...