Horse Paleogenomes and Human-Animal Interactions in Prehistory
Contributor(s):: Perry, G. H., Makarewicz, C. A.
A new analysis of paleogenomic data from 278 ancient horses (Fages et al. Cellhttp://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2019.03.049) finds that this animal - crucially important to many ancient and contemporary human societies for subsistence, transportation, conflict, and more - was domesticated in at least...
Oxytocin Receptor Gene Polymorphisms Are Associated with Human Directed Social Behavior in Dogs (Canis familiaris)
| Contributor(s):: Anna Kis, Melinda Bence, Gabriella Lakatos, Enikõ Pergel, Borbála Turcsán, Jolanda Pluijmakers, Judit Vas, Zsuzsanna Elek, Ildikó Brúder, Levente Földi, Mária Sasvári-Székely, Adám Miklósi, Zsolt Rónai, Enikõ Kubinyi
The oxytocin system has a crucial role in human sociality; several results prove that polymorphisms of the oxytocin receptor gene are related to complex social behaviors in humans. Dogs' parallel evolution with humans and their adaptation to the human environment has made them a useful...
More than 50% of Clostridium difficile Isolates from Pet Dogs in Flagstaff, USA, Carry Toxigenic Genotypes
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| Contributor(s):: Nathan E. Stone, Lindsay C. Sidak-Loftis, Jason W. Sahl, Adam J. Vazquez, Kristin B. Wiggins, John D. Gillece, Nathan D. Hicks, James M. Schupp, Joseph D. Busch, Paul Keim, David M. Wagner
Nosocomial acquisition of Clostridium difficile is well documented, yet recent studies have highlighted the importance of community acquired infections and identified community associated reservoirs for this pathogen. Multiple studies have implicated companion pets and farm animals as...
Molluscs for Sale: Assessment of Freshwater Gastropods and Bivalves in the Ornamental Pet Trade
| Contributor(s):: Ting Hui Ng, Siong Kiat Tan, Wing Hing Wong, Rudolf Meier, Sow-Yan Chan, Heok Hui Tan, Darren C. J. Yeo
The ornamental pet trade is often considered a key culprit for conservation problems such as the introduction of invasive species (including infectious diseases) and overharvesting of rare species. Here, we present the first assessment of the biodiversity of freshwater molluscs in the...
Concentrations of Plasma Nucleosomes but Not Cell-Free DNA Are Prognostic in Dogs Following Trauma
| Contributor(s):: Jo-Annie Letendre, Robert Goggs
Trauma is common in dogs and causes significant morbidity and mortality, but it remains a challenge to assess prognosis in these patients. This study aimed to investigate the use of plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) and nucleosome concentrations as prognostic biomarkers in canine trauma. Using a...
Role of glyoxalase I gene polymorphisms in late-onset epilepsy and drug-resistant epilepsy
| Contributor(s):: Tao, Hua, Si, Ligang, Zhou, Xu, Liu, Zhou, Ma, Zhonghua, Zhou, Haihong, Zhong, Wangtao, Cui, Lili, Zhang, Shuyan, Li, You, Ma, Guoda, Zhao, Jianghao, Huang, Wenhui, Yao, Lifen, Xu, Zhien, Zhao, Bin, Li, Keshen
Zoonotic poxviruses associated with companion animals
| Contributor(s):: Tack, D. M., Reynolds, M. G.
Understanding the zoonotic risk posed by poxviruses in companion animals is important for protecting both human and animal health. The outbreak of monkeypox in the United States, as well as current reports of cowpox in Europe, point to the fact that companion animals are increasingly serving as...
On the Respectful Use of Animals
| Contributor(s):: Garthoff, J. O. N.
Social group formation and genetic relatedness in reintroduced Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus) in Thailand
| Contributor(s):: Thitaram, C., Dejchaisri, S., Somgird, C., Angkawanish, T., Brown, J., Phumphuay, R., Chomdech, S., Kangwanpong, D.
Captive-held elephants were recruited from several parts of Thailand and released as part of a reintroduction project. Wild elephants with a herd matriarch generally contain the same matrilineal line and are genetically related. However, reintroduced elephants are less likely to be related, but...
Evaluating demographic models for goat domestication using mtDNA sequences
| Contributor(s):: Gerbault, P., Powell, A., Thomas, M. G.
Routes of migration and exchange are important factors in the debate about how the Neolithic transition spread into Europe. Studying the genetic diversity of livestock can help in tracing back some of these past events. Notably, domestic goat ( Capra hircus) did not have any wild progenitors (...
Konrad Lorenz y la pregunta sobre el origen del perro
| Contributor(s):: Oeser, Erhard
Ancient DNA supports lineage replacement in European dog gene pool: insight into Neolithic southeast France
| Contributor(s):: Deguilloux, M. F.
Ancient Iberian horses :a method to recover DNA from archaeological samples buried under sub-optimal conditions for preservation
| Contributor(s):: Seco-Morais, J.
The role of canids in ritual and domestic contexts new ancient DNA insights from complex hunter-gatherer sites in prehistoric central California
| Contributor(s):: Byrd, Brian F., Alan M Leventhal, Anna Cornellas, Jelmer W Eerkens, Jeffrey Rosenthal, Tim R. Carpenter, Jennifer A. Leonard
This study explores the interrelationship between the genus Canis and hunter–gatherers through a case study of prehistoric Native Americans in the San Francisco Bay-Sacramento Delta area. A distinctive aspect of the region's prehistoric record is the interment of canids, variously...
Wild or domesticated? An ancient DNA approach to canid species identification in South Africa's Western Cape province
| Contributor(s):: Horsburgh, K. Ann
From the mouths of monkeys : detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex DNA from buccal swabs of syanthropic macaques
| Contributor(s):: Wilbur, Alicia K.
Palaeogenetic analysis of (pre)historic artifacts and its significance for anthropology
| Contributor(s):: Burger, Joachim
Canine olfactory receptor gene polymorphism and its relation to odor detection performance by sniffer dogs
| Contributor(s):: Lesniak, A., Walczak, M., Jezierski, T., Sacharczuk, M., Gawkowski, M., Jaszczak, K.
Gut microbiota of humans, dogs and cats: current knowledge and future opportunities and challenges
| Contributor(s):: Deng, P., Swanson, K. S.
High-throughput DNA sequencing techniques allow for the identification and characterisation of microbes and their genes (microbiome). Using these new techniques, microbial populations in several niches of the human body, including the oral and nasal cavities, skin, urogenital tract and...