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  1. Protein expression and genetic variability of canine Can f 1 in golden and Labrador retriever service dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Breitenbuecher, C., Belanger, J. M., Levy, K., Mundell, P., Fates, V., Gershony, L., Famula, T. R., Oberbauer, A. M.

    Background: Valued for trainability in diverse tasks, dogs are the primary service animal used to assist individuals with disabilities. Despite their utility, many people in need of service dogs are sensitive to the primary dog allergen, Can f 1, encoded by the Lipocalin 1 gene (LCN1). Several...

  2. Population Structure Analysis of the Border Collie Dog Breed in Hungary

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Virág Ács, Árpád Bokor, István Nagy

    Pedigree data of the Border Collie dog breed were collected in Hungary to examine genetic diversity within the breed and its different lines. The database was based on available herd books dating from the development of the breed (in the late 1800s) to the present day. The constructed pedigree...

  3. Effect of positive tactile stimulation and prepartum milking routine training on behavior, cortisol and oxytocin in milking, milk composition, and milk yield in Gyr cows in early lactation

    | Contributor(s):: Ujita, Aska, El Faro, Lenira, Vicentini, Rogério Ribeiro, Pereira Lima, Maria Lucia, de Oliveira Fernandes, Leonardo, Oliveira, André Penido, Veroneze, Renata, Negrão, João Alberto

  4. Battle of the Sexes in Best of Breed: Sex Influences Dogs' Success in the Show Ring

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bethany J.Wilson, Alicia J. Kasbarian, Navneet Dhand, Paul D. McGreevy

    Much of the research on pedigree dog breeding has been directed towards understanding the implications of reduced genetic diversity and the prevalence of inherited disorders. An example is the potential role of the popular sire effect in perpetuating genetic defects. If male dogs are more...

  5. Decline in prevalence of congenital sensorineural deafness in Dalmatian dogs in the United Kingdom

    | Contributor(s):: Lewis, T., Freeman, J., De Risio, L.

  6. Ability of the Public to Recognize Dogs Considered to Be Dangerous under the Dangerous Dogs Act in the United Kingdom

    | Contributor(s):: Webster, Catherine A., Farnworth, Mark J.

    Canine aggression came into the public eye in the United Kingdom in the late 1980s prompting enactment of the UK Dangerous Dogs Act , which prohibits four breeds or “types” of dogs. The act faced strong opposition surrounding correct identification of prohibited dogs. A questionnaire was...

  7. Factors Affecting Turkish Dog Owners’ Breed Choices, and Their Associations with Socio-demographic and Dog-Related Variables

    | Contributor(s):: Ozcan, Mustafa, Ekiz, Bulent, Ozturk, Nursen, Berk, Hanife Ozlem Sertel

    The aim of this study was to identify factors affecting dog owners’ breed choices at the time of acquisition and whether they were associated with socio-demographics and dog-related variables (size, temperament, function). Answers (n = 581) to a questionnaire formed the data for this study. In...

  8. Identifying suitable detection dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Jamieson, La Toya J., Baxter, Greg S., Murray, Peter J.

    Domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) are versatile resources for humans due to a number of their physical and behavioural characteristics. Because of dogs’ olfactory acuity they have been used to detect cryptic or concealed items such as narcotics, explosives and wildlife. However, there is a...

  9. Separation-related behaviour indicates the effect of functional breed selection in dogs (Canis familiaris)

    | Contributor(s):: Pongrácz, Péter, Gómez, Sara Alvarez, Lenkei, Rita

    The domestication of dogs resulted in several fundamental behavioural changes as compared to their closest wild living relative, the wolf. While these characteristics are considered to be fairly robust across dogs, dog breeds themselves manifest apparently strong behavioural differences. Thus far...

  10. Pressure Mat Analysis of Walk and Trot Gait Characteristics in 66 Normal Small, Medium, Large, and Giant Breed Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Maria A. Fahie, Jonathan C. Cortez, Marc Ledesma, Yuhua Su

    Objectives: To document temporospatial variables and gait symmetry measured by the GAITRite® system for normal, healthy dogs at the walk and trot with the leash side recorded. Study Design: Observational, prospective, cohort study. Sample Population: 66 healthy dogs of various common breeds...

  11. Major medical causes by breed and life stage for dogs presented at veterinary clinics in the Republic of Korea: a survey of electronic medical records

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Eunju Kim, Changyong Choe, Jae Guy Yoo, Sang-Ik Oh, Younghun Jung, Ara Cho, Suhee Kim, Yoon Jung Do

    Background Age and breed are considered the greatest risk factors for disease prevalence and mortality in companion dogs. Understanding the prevalence of diseases, in relation to age and breed, would support appropriate guidance for future health care strategies and provide useful information...

  12. Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans

    | Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.

    Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...

  13. Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.

    Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...

  14. What's in a Name? Effect of Breed Perceptions & Labeling on Attractiveness, Adoptions & Length of Stay for Pit-Bull-Type Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Lisa M. Gunter, Rebecca T. Barber, Clive D. L. Wynne

    Previous research has indicated that certain breeds of dogs stay longer in shelters than others. However, exactly how breed perception and identification influences potential adopters' decisions remains unclear. Current dog breed identification practices in animal shelters are often based...

  15. Risk factors for behavior problems in cats presented to an Australian companion animal behavior clinic

    | Contributor(s):: Agnes A Wassink-van der Schot, Cam Day, John Basham, Jacquie Rand, Clive J. C. Phillips

    Behavior problems in companion animals are common reasons for relinquishment or euthanasia. Insight into the risk factors for problem behaviors will facilitate the construction of strategies for solutions. We identified risk factors for behavior problems in domestic cats whose owners contacted a...

  16. Environmental Enrichment in Kennelled Pit Bull Terriers (Canis lupus familiaris)

    | Contributor(s):: Jenna Kiddie, Anna Bodymore, Alex Dittrich

    Although social enrichment can be considered beneficial in helping dogs cope with the kennel environment, when taking individual needs into account, it places a large demand on the carers and may not be appropriate in under-resourced kennels. Some kennels are also designed in such a way that...

  17. Selection of Breeding Stock among Australian Purebred Dog Breeders, with Particular Emphasis on the Dam

    | Contributor(s):: Veronika Czerwinski, Michelle McArthur, Bradley Smith, Philip Hynd, Susan Hazel

    Every year, thousands of purebred domestic dogs are bred by registered dog breeders. Yet, little is known about the rearing environment of these dogs, or the attitudes and priorities surrounding breeding practices of these dog breeders. The objective of this study was to explore some of the...

  18. Relationship Between Scarring and Dog Aggression in Pit Bull-Type Dogs Involved in Organized Dogfighting

    | Contributor(s):: Katherine A. Miller, Rachel Touroo, C. Victor Spain, Kelly Jones, Pamela Reid, Randall Lockwood

    When pit bull-type dogs are seized in an investigation of organized dogfighting, heavily scarred dogs are often assumed to be highly dog aggressive due to a history of fighting. These dogs may be deemed dangerous and euthanized based on scarring alone. We analyzed our existing data on dogs seized...

  19. A 'long-fuse domestication' of the horse? Tooth shape suggests explosive change in modern breeds compared to extinct populations and living Przewalski horses

    | Contributor(s):: Krish Seetah, Andrea Cardini, Graeme Barker

    Archaeological and molecular data suggest that horses were domesticated comparatively recently, the genetic evidence indicating that this was from several maternal haplotypes but only a single paternal one. However, although central to our understanding of how humans and environmental conditions...

  20. Conserving the Spanish Water Dog in protected natural areas of Andalusia

    | Contributor(s):: B. Moreno-Arroyo, C.J. Barba Capote, J.V. Delgado-Bermejo, A. Amezcua

    The Spanish Water dog (PAE) has-been conserved in the protected areas of the Andalusian country as a sheep dog herd. In the future the conservation of esta breed as a functional dog will be based on This actitude traditional, but other use Maintaining hunter: such as dog, police dog,...