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  1. Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.

    Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...

  2. What's in a Name? Effect of Breed Perceptions & Labeling on Attractiveness, Adoptions & Length of Stay for Pit-Bull-Type Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Lisa M. Gunter, Rebecca T. Barber, Clive D. L. Wynne

    Previous research has indicated that certain breeds of dogs stay longer in shelters than others. However, exactly how breed perception and identification influences potential adopters' decisions remains unclear. Current dog breed identification practices in animal shelters are often based...

  3. Risk factors for behavior problems in cats presented to an Australian companion animal behavior clinic

    | Contributor(s):: Agnes A Wassink-van der Schot, Cam Day, John Basham, Jacquie Rand, Clive J. C. Phillips

    Behavior problems in companion animals are common reasons for relinquishment or euthanasia. Insight into the risk factors for problem behaviors will facilitate the construction of strategies for solutions. We identified risk factors for behavior problems in domestic cats whose owners contacted a...

  4. Environmental Enrichment in Kennelled Pit Bull Terriers (Canis lupus familiaris)

    | Contributor(s):: Jenna Kiddie, Anna Bodymore, Alex Dittrich

    Although social enrichment can be considered beneficial in helping dogs cope with the kennel environment, when taking individual needs into account, it places a large demand on the carers and may not be appropriate in under-resourced kennels. Some kennels are also designed in such a way that...

  5. Selection of Breeding Stock among Australian Purebred Dog Breeders, with Particular Emphasis on the Dam

    | Contributor(s):: Veronika Czerwinski, Michelle McArthur, Bradley Smith, Philip Hynd, Susan Hazel

    Every year, thousands of purebred domestic dogs are bred by registered dog breeders. Yet, little is known about the rearing environment of these dogs, or the attitudes and priorities surrounding breeding practices of these dog breeders. The objective of this study was to explore some of the...

  6. Relationship Between Scarring and Dog Aggression in Pit Bull-Type Dogs Involved in Organized Dogfighting

    | Contributor(s):: Katherine A. Miller, Rachel Touroo, C. Victor Spain, Kelly Jones, Pamela Reid, Randall Lockwood

    When pit bull-type dogs are seized in an investigation of organized dogfighting, heavily scarred dogs are often assumed to be highly dog aggressive due to a history of fighting. These dogs may be deemed dangerous and euthanized based on scarring alone. We analyzed our existing data on dogs seized...

  7. A 'long-fuse domestication' of the horse? Tooth shape suggests explosive change in modern breeds compared to extinct populations and living Przewalski horses

    | Contributor(s):: Krish Seetah, Andrea Cardini, Graeme Barker

    Archaeological and molecular data suggest that horses were domesticated comparatively recently, the genetic evidence indicating that this was from several maternal haplotypes but only a single paternal one. However, although central to our understanding of how humans and environmental conditions...

  8. Conserving the Spanish Water Dog in protected natural areas of Andalusia

    | Contributor(s):: B. Moreno-Arroyo, C.J. Barba Capote, J.V. Delgado-Bermejo, A. Amezcua

    The Spanish Water dog (PAE) has-been conserved in the protected areas of the Andalusian country as a sheep dog herd. In the future the conservation of esta breed as a functional dog will be based on This actitude traditional, but other use Maintaining hunter: such as dog, police dog,...

  9. Horse breeds and their uses

    | Contributor(s):: Hanin G. Alghamdi

    Horses are important animals to human beings. For a long time, horses have been companions for humans. They have been a symbol of power, affluence, authority, and might. It has been reported that humans began the process of domesticating horses around the year 4000 BCE. Since then, humans have...

  10. A survey of urban Canadian animal control practices : the effect of enforcement and resourcing on the reported dog bite rate

    | Contributor(s):: Nancy Margaret Clarke

    Dog bites are a serious cause of human injury. Data from the United States of America indicate that about 1.8% of people receive bites each year, and the rate is thought to be increasing disproportionately faster than the dog population. The Canadian dog bite issue is not well documented although...

  11. The ethics of ear cropping

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer O'Rourke

  12. Rediscover the Pit Bull: Mitzi Bolanos at TEDxGrandForks

    | Contributor(s):: Mitzi Bolanos

    Mitzi Bolaños explains how dogs are individuals, not defined by their breed, looks, past, or even how they’re raised. This is evident by the many victims of dogfighting, mainly pit bulls, who have become therapy dogs. When we focus on the heart of the issue—that people abuse...

  13. Perceptions of Pit Bulls and Other Canine Breeds

    | Contributor(s):: Mallary Paoli

    The purpose of this study is to research people’s attitudes towards pit bull breeds compared to other dog breeds. The term “pit bull” refers to a type of dog with certain physical features including a muscular and stocky build, short coats, and a large skull with a square jaw....

  14. Tail Docking and Ear Cropping Dogs: Public Awareness and Perceptions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katelyn E. Mills, Jesse Robbins, Marina A. G. von Keyserlingk

    Tail docking and ear cropping are two surgical procedures commonly performed on many dog breeds. These procedures are classified as medically unnecessary surgeries whose purpose is primarily cosmetic. Available attitude research surrounding these controversial practices has been limited to...

  15. An exploratory analysis of the emergence and implications of breed specific legislation: Knee-jerk reaction or warranted response?

    | Contributor(s):: Niki Rae Huitson

    The main objective of this thesis was to survey and critically analyze the increased attention and call for legislation addressing "dangerous dogs" and, more generally, animal control in urban landscapes. Breed Specific Legislation (BSL), the banning or restricting of the ownership of a...

  16. A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto-Juniperus oxycedrus woodland

    | Contributor(s):: Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.

    Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...

  17. Study on blood physiology characteristics in working dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Yang, JiaQiang, Cao, JingFeng, Du, XiaoPeng, Kong, XiaoYan, Yan, DaWei

    Adult working dog has to do a lot of intense physical training every day. The blood physiology and hemorheological indexes were measured in three adult working dogs (Kunming, German shepherd, Belgian malinois) and one indigenous breed in Kunming. The results showed that the number of red blood...

  18. Maintenance energy requirements of odor detection, explosive detection and human detection working dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Mullis, R. A., Witzel, A. L., Price, J.

    Despite their important role in security, little is known about the energy requirements of working dogs such as odor, explosive and human detection dogs. Previous researchers have evaluated the energy requirements of individual canine breeds as well as dogs in exercise roles such as sprint...

  19. Traits of drug and explosives detection in dogs of two breeds as evaluated by their handlers and trainers

    | Contributor(s):: Adamkiewicz, E., Jezierski, T., Walczak, M., Gorecka-Bruzda, A., Sobczynska, M., Prokopczyk, M., Ensminger, J.

    Police dogs handlers' and trainers' opinions on Labrador retrievers (n=87) and German shepherds (n=96) trained for drugs vs. explosives detection have been compared. As most important traits in both specialties the responders indicated: (1) willingness to sniff objects, (2) concentration...

  20. Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda

    | Contributor(s):: Idibu, J., Kabi, F., Mpairwe, D.

    This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...