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  1. Maximum permissible load for Yonaguni ponies (Japanese landrace horses) trotting over a short, straight course

    Contributor(s):: Matsuura, A., Mano, H., Irimajiri, M., Hodate, K.

    This study aimed to determine the load-bearing capacity of trotting Yonaguni ponies using gait analysis. The Yonaguni pony is one of the Japanese landrace horses, and has normal gait characteristics when trotting. As a breed they are small in stature and hence susceptible to the effect of the...

  2. Fighting nature: an analysis and critique of breed-specific flourishing arguments for dog fights

    Contributor(s):: Werkheiser, I.

    Social science literature on dog fighting illustrates an important element in the discourse of dog fighters, namely patriarchy. However, it has not addressed another common element, namely flourishing. According to this element of that discourse, some dog breeds are born to fight, and therefore...

  3. Noise sensitivity in 17 dog breeds: prevalence, breed risk and correlation with fear in other situations

    Contributor(s):: Storengen, L. M., Lingaas, F.

    A web-based survey was conducted to estimate prevalence of noise sensitivity in 17 dog breeds in Norway ( n=5257). Major focus was on noise from fireworks, loud noises (bang/gunshots), thunderstorms and heavy traffic. The study also investigated risk factors as well as correlation with some other...

  4. The influence of gentle interactions on avoidance distance towards humans, weight gain and physiological parameters in group-housed dairy calves

    Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Munsch, C., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    The quality of the relationship between cattle and their caretakers is important for animal welfare and productivity. Nevertheless, the influence of gentle interactions on group-housed dairy calves has not been thoroughly studied so far. We examined the effects of 42 min of gentle interactions...

  5. Behavioural consequences of visual deprivation occurring at hatch or in the early life of chickens

    Contributor(s):: Hocking, P. M., Haldane, K. A., Davidson, E. M., Sandoe, P., Kristensen, H. H.

    The development of behaviour in a line of chickens that are born sighted ( rdd) but turn blind after hatching was compared with a line that is blind at hatch ( beg) and with sighted White Leghorn controls (WL) to test the hypothesis that birds that become blind later in their life will show...

  6. The Doggy Dilemma

    Contributor(s):: Braff, Danielle

  7. Effects of gentle interactions on the relationship with humans and on stress-related parameters in group-housed calves

    Contributor(s):: Lurzel, S., Windschnurer, I., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    Although the relationship between farm animals and humans has strong implications for animal welfare and productivity, there have been few experimental studies on the influence of gentle interactions in group-housed calves. In the present study, Austrian Simmental calves were housed in groups of...

  8. Attacking the Innocent: Why Breed Specific Legislation Cannot Achieve its Stated Goals

    Contributor(s):: Shaw Smith Williams

    The term “Breed-specific legislation”, or “BSL”, is a term in United States and foreign law which refers to any law that focuses on the regulation of a particular breed of animal. As one can imagine, there are a multitude of incarnations of BSL at the municipal...

  9. Achieving optimum performance in a loose-housed farrowing system for sows: the effects of space and temperature

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Adeleye, O. O., Jack, M. C., Farish, M., Ison, S. H., Edwards, S. A.

    Piglet survival relies on interactive influences of the sow, her piglets and their environment. There are a number of design challenges in a loose-housed farrowing and lactation system to optimise this dynamic, including achieving farrowing in the desired location (i.e. a protected nest area) and...

  10. An observational study of the effects of therapeutic hoof blocks on the locomotion, behavior, and production of healthy dairy cattle

    Contributor(s):: Cutler, J. H., Shearer, J. K., Kelton, D. F., Cramer, G., Gorden, P. J., Millman, S. T.

    Therapeutic hoof blocks have been recommended for treatment of sole ulcers in dairy cattle; however, they are underutilized in the industry. Twenty Holstein cows were randomly assigned to receive a wooden hoof block applied to the left hind leg ( n=5), to the right hind leg ( n=5), or no hoof...

  11. Breed differences in everyday behaviour of dogs

    Contributor(s):: Asp, H. E., Fikse, W. F., Nilsson, K., Strandberg, E.

    The domestication of the dog and the ensuing breed creation has resulted in a plethora of dog breeds that differ not only in morphology but also in terms of behaviour. In addition, a majority of the dogs today are no longer utilized for their working ability, but are mainly kept as companion...

  12. Dustbathing behavior: do ectoparasites matter?

    Contributor(s):: Vezzoli, G., Mullens, B. A., Mench, J. A.

    A presumed function of dustbathing behavior is to remove ectoparasites. Providing dustbathing substrates in furnished cages for laying hens might therefore offer an alternative to pesticide use to reduce ectoparasite populations. We investigated the effectiveness of dustbathing substrates for...

  13. Long-term familiarity creates preferred social partners in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Gutmann, A. K., Spinka, M., Winckler, C.

    Group is an essential resource for gregarious animals. Dairy cows are however frequently (re-)grouped according to productivity and reproductive state leading to an unstable social environment for the animals. The present study aimed at investigating whether cows maintain social relationships in...

  14. Are results of Crib Opening Test connected with efficacy of training horses in a round-pen?

    Contributor(s):: Wilk, I., Kedzierski, W., Stachurska, A., Janczarek, I.

    Training the horse is based on human-horse relationship, which requires that the horse shows active, conscious behaviour as well as an ability to learn. It was hypothesized that the horse's learning skill to open the crib is correlated with the effectiveness of training. The aim of the study was...

  15. Does temperament affect learning in calves?

    Contributor(s):: Webb, L. E., Reenen, C. G. van, Jensen, M. B., Schmitt, O., Bokkers, E. A. M.

    The aim of the study was to investigate how temperament affects learning ability in calves. Nine two-month-old Holstein-Friesian bull calves were subjected to four challenge tests: novel object (NOT), novel environment (NET), social isolation (SIT), and social isolation with a novel environmental...

  16. Effect of different management techniques to enhance colostrum intake on piglets' growth and mortality

    Contributor(s):: Muns, R., Manteca, X., Gasa, J.

    An experiment was conducted to study the effect four different management techniques to enhance colostrum intake had on piglet and litter performance. Treatments were performed on piglets born weighing 1.30 kg or less (SP) within 6 h of birth: control group (CON); split-nursing of the litter for...

  17. Predicting time spent on different behavioural activities from physicochemical properties of fibrous diets in finishing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Bakare, A. G., Ndou, S. P., Madzimure, J., Chimonyo, M.

    The objective of the present study was to predict time spent on different behavioural activities by finishing pigs, using physicochemical measurements of fibrous feed. Eighty four Large White * Landrace barrows with 80.54.7 kg body weight (BW) at the beginning of the experiment were used. Feed...

  18. The oldest depictions of canines and a possible early breed of dog in Iran

    Contributor(s):: Hole, Frank

  19. For the love of a good dog : webs of action in the world of dog genetics

    Contributor(s):: Haraway, Donna, Moore, Donald S., Kosek, Jake, Pandian, Anand

  20. An initial investigation into the effects of isolation and enrichment on the welfare of laboratory pigs housed in the PigTurn system, assessed using tear staining, behaviour, physiology and haematology

    Contributor(s):: DeBoer, S. P., Garner, J. P., McCain, R. R., Lay, D. C., Jr., Eicher, S. D., Marchant-Forde, J. N.

    In some parts of the world, the laboratory pig ( Sus scrofa) is often housed in individual, sterile housing which may impose stress. Our objectives were to determine the effects of isolation and enrichment on pigs housed within the PigTurn - a novel penning system with automated blood sampling -...