Dog breed stereotype and exposure to negative behavior: effects on perceptions of adoptability
Contributor(s):: Wright, J. C., Smith, A., Daniel, K., Adkins, K.
The purpose of the study was to determine if brief exposure to a dog behaving badly or in a friendly manner affects subsequent perceptions of the target dog's and other dogs' adoptability. Participants viewed a videotape of an adoptable German shepherd behaving either aggressively or prosocially...
Effect of breed, cage type, and reproductive phase on fecal corticosterone levels in doe rabbits
Contributor(s):: Prola, L., Cornale, P., Renna, M., Macchi, E., Perona, G., Mimosi, A.
Fecal corticosterone concentration (FCC) is increasingly being used as a noninvasive indicator of stress in assessment of nonhuman animal welfare. The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of breed, cage type, reproductive phase, and their interactions on FCC levels in doe rabbits. A total of...
Function of tongue-playing of cattle in association with other behavioral and physiological characteristics
Contributor(s):: Ishiwata, T., Uetake, K., Eguchi, Y., Tanaka, T.
To study the function of tongue-playing of cattle, this study observed 71 Japanese Black x Holstein steers after feeding in 2 repetitive experiments. The number of steers who performed tongue-playing did not differ among the 3 levels of environmentally enriched pens. Most (90.6%) performances of...
Preliminary investigation of morphological differences between ten breeds of horses suggests selection for paedomorphosis. (Special Issue: Equitation science.)
Contributor(s):: Goodwin, D., Levine, M., McGreevy, P. D.
Paedomorphosis is the retention of juvenile morphology at maturity and is important in generating evolutionary change in domestic species and species in the wild. When comparing dogs with the wolf, this preliminary study saw paedomorphosis in their physical and behavioural traits (Goodwin,...
Quantifying the shelter rabbit population: an analysis of Massachusetts and Rhode Island animal shelters
Contributor(s):: Cook, A. J., McCobb, E.
Scholarly work on the nonhuman animal shelter population has widely focused on cats and dogs. As a result, little is known about the population dynamics of domestic rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) in shelters. The records from 4 companion animal shelters in Massachusetts and Rhode Island were...
The effect of familiarity on behavior of kenneled dogs during interactions with conspecifics
Contributor(s):: Pullen, A. J., Merrill, R. J. N., Bradshaw, J. W. S.
Kenneled environments often prevent direct physical contact between dogs, potentially causing stress, and so it has been recommended that such contact should be provided. This study examined the effect of familiarity on the behavior of dogs during off-lead interaction. Kenneled dogs (3 breeds)...
Dairy calves' adaptation to group housing with automated feeders
Contributor(s):: Fujiwara, M., Rushen, J., Passille, A. M. de
Group housing of dairy calves with automated milk feeders has likely welfare and labour saving advantages but delays in the calves adapting to the feeding system may reduce these advantages. We examined factors that influence calves' adaptation to the feeders. In Exp. 1, 77 Holstein calves were...
Owner perceptions of companion dog expressions of positive emotional states and the contexts in which they occur
Contributor(s):: Buckland, E. L., Volk, H. A., Burn, C. C., Abeyesinghe, S. M.
Promotion of positive experiences in companion animals is essential for maximising good welfare. However, the dearth of published literature on the experience and expression of positive emotional states in companion dogs suggests they are less well understood than negative emotions. Owner...
Purebred dogs and canine wellbeing
Contributor(s):: Jeppsson, S.
Breeders of purebred dogs usually have several goals they want to accomplish, of which canine wellbeing is one. The purpose of this article is to investigate what we ought to do given this goal. Breeders typically think that they fulfil their wellbeing-related duties by doing the best they can...
Hunde in Universitätsstädten 18. bis Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts.
Contributor(s):: Auerbach, Inge
Hunting for Dogs in 17th-Century Muscovy
Contributor(s):: Kleimola, A. N. N.
Trivia: Dogs on the Titanic
Contributor(s):: Dupuis, Mkie
A study on the temperament type of puppies in the animated toy test with regard to their proper socialization and specific behaviour build-up
Contributor(s):: Stoycheva, I., Uzunova, K., Binev, R., Bivolarski, B., Georgieva, V., Rusenov, A., Slavov, T.
In order to typify their temperaments and facilitate their training and formation of desired behaviour, 24 7-week-old Pointer, Boxer, and German Shepherd puppies were tested twice in an ethological test. Emphasis was put on behavioural activities such as fear, orientation, purposefulness,...
Insurance for household animals and its application to enlightening of preventive veterinary medicine - how insurance can support the human-animal bond?
Contributor(s):: Kawarai, A.
Anicom has acquired the license of operating "Animal health insurance" from the Financial Services Agency and has now been issued the insurance policies to more than 430 thousands animals (89% dogs, 10% cats, and 1% birds/rabbits/ferrets) as at December, 2012. When animals are registered to...
Studies on socialization characteristics using two temperament tests in German Dogue, Doberman and Riesenschnautzer puppies
Contributor(s):: Uzunova, K. I., Stoycheva, I., Miteva, T., Binev, R., Ivanov, A., Rousenov, A., Penev, T.
The object of study was the influence of the nervous system type (temperament) of dogs from the German Dogue, Doberman, and Riesenschnautzer breeds on the extent of their socialization (adaptation to the environment). Two tests were used to examine the animals' behavior: the mirror test and the...
The effect of breed on age-related changes in behavior and disease prevalence in cognitively normal older community dogs, Canis lupus familiaris
Contributor(s):: Salvin, H. E., McGreevy, P. D., Sachdev, P. S., Valenzuela, M. J.
Variation in breed longevity in the dog has led to the inference that large dogs age at a faster rate than small dogs, possibly because of an increased oxidative load. Potential differences in behavioral aging (the rate of age-related decline in cognito-behavioral performance) across breeds...
The effectiveness of puppy socialization classes at the veterinary clinic
Contributor(s):: Okazawa, E., Seki, T., Murata, K., Murata, H.
In our veterinary clinic, 411 dogs participated in our puppy socialization classes during the last seven years. The most common breeds were toy poodles, chihuahuas, and miniature dachshunds. Dogs of these three breeds were divided into two groups: one consisted of class-participants, and the...
Pet Your Dog: Dog Breeds
Listings and descriptions of dog breeds.
Genetic diversity of canine olfactory receptors
Contributor(s):: S. Robin, S. Tacher, M. Rimbault, A. Vaysse, S. Dreano, C. Andre, C. Hitte, F. Galibert
BackgroundEvolution has resulted in large repertoires of olfactory receptor (OR) genes, forming the largest gene families in mammalian genomes. Knowledge of the genetic diversity of olfactory receptors is essential if we are to understand the differences in olfactory sensory capability between...