Jealousy, competition, or a contextual cue for reward?.
| Contributor(s):: Thomas R. Zentall
Emotions are difficult to assess, even in humans. The attribution of jealousy in an animal like a dog is especially difficult because performance of a particular behavior in the context of another animal receiving a reward may not be easily distinguishable from intra-species competition or...
Warm Air Leads to Hazardous Ground Temperatures When Walking Dogs in Built and Natural Environments
| Contributor(s):: Paul Hudak
Two case studies in Texas, one in a built environment and another in a natural setting, illustrate potential ground heat hazards when walking dogs on warm days. In the first case, temperatures of four different ground surfaces—concrete, grass, chip seal, and tar—were...
Dog Owners' Perspectives on Canine Dental Health—A Questionnaire Study in Sweden
| Contributor(s):: Karolina Brunius Enlund, Carl Brunius, Jeanette Hanson, Ragnvi Hagman, Odd Viking Höglund, Pia Gustås, Ann Pettersson
Periodontal disease is one of the most common diseases affecting dogs, with a reported prevalence of at least 80% in dogs over 3 years of age. However, there is a lack of studies regarding dog owners’ assessment of their dog’s dental health, and whether they perceive clinical signs...
Differences in the Search Behavior of Cancer Detection Dogs Trained to Have Either a Sit or Stand-Stare Final Response
| Contributor(s):: Jennifer L. Essler, Clara Wilson, Alexander C. Verta, Rebecca Feuer, Cynthia M. Otto
Recent literature has demonstrated that dogs have the potential to detect, and communicate the presence of, various human diseases. However, there is a lack of investigation into whether commonplace training differences within the field could influence a dog's behavior during a biomedical...
Proposal of a customized animal welfare protocol for military kennels
| Contributor(s):: Otavio Augusto Brioschi Soares, Fernanda Ishi, José Luiz Vetorazzo, Felipe Borges Soares, Nivea De Mattos Goes Vieira
The guarantee of animal welfare has been modernly approached in both physical and emotional aspects. The objective of this work was to propose a management protocol that maximizes animal welfare for working dogs, and that takes into account the particularities of Brazilian military...
Review of Emerging and Re-Emerging Zoonotic Pathogens of Dogs in Nigeria: Missing Link in One Health Approach
| Contributor(s):: Dorcas A. Gado, David O. Ehizibolo, Clement A. Meseko, Neil E. Anderson, Peter W. W. Lurz
Dogs live in close contact with humans as pets, for hunting, for security, and as a source of income. In addition, the meat is also consumed by some tribes in Nigeria. Dogs could therefore serve as reservoirs, carriers, and transmitters of zoonotic diseases. This review evaluates the literature...
Psycho-Social Effects of Pet Dog Ownership on Mentally Challenged Children
| Contributor(s):: Sandeep Aggarwal, Roopashi Aggarwal, Manmeet Kaur Sodhi, Shallu Aggarwal
Aim: Mental retardation is a social stigma and children affected by this condition always require love and compassion. Pets have a positive role in human life to relieve stress and anxiety. Pets are therefore considered to be a very important aspect of psychological therapy. Those children who...
The Impact of Campus-Based Therapy Dogs on the Mood and Affect of University Students
| Contributor(s):: Peel, N., Nguyen, K., Tannous, C.
University students experience a high level of stress, which could potentially affect how they manage stressful situations beyond university, such as when entering the workforce. Although universities offer counseling services and various health promotion programs, there is reluctance and...
Family Bonds with Pets and Mental Health during COVID-19 in Australia: A Complex Picture
| Contributor(s):: Bennetts, S. K., Howell, T., Crawford, S., Burgemeister, F., Burke, K., Nicholson, J. M.
The COVID-19 pandemic has drawn attention to the health-promoting features of human-animal relationships, particularly for families with children. Despite this, the World Health Organization's (1986) Ottawa Charter remains human-centric. Given the reciprocal health impacts of human-animal...
“Do Your Homework as Your Heart Takes over When You Go Looking”: Factors Associated with Pre-Acquisition Information-Seeking among Prospective UK Dog Owners
| Contributor(s):: Mead, Rebecca, Holland, Katrina E., Casey, Rachel A., Upjohn, Melissa M., Christley, Robert M.
The factors influencing why and how people decide to acquire a dog are not well understood and little is known about the extent to which prospective owners undertake preparatory research. This study aimed to better understand what factors influence whether prospective dog owners in the UK...
Pooches on a platform: Text mining twitter for sector perceptions of dogs during a global pandemic
| Contributor(s):: McMillan, K. M., Anderson, K. L., Christley, R. M.
INTRODUCTION: Businesses commonly text mine Twitter data to identify patterns and extract valuable information. However, this method is rarely applied to the animal welfare sector. Here, we describe Twitter conversations regarding dogs during a global pandemic, assess the evolution of...
Selecting Dogs for Explosives Detection: Behavioral Characteristics
| Contributor(s):: Lucia Lazarowski, Lowell Paul Waggoner, Sarah Krichbaum, Melissa Singletary, Pamela Haney, Bart Rogers, Craig Angle
Detection dogs are widely considered the most effective and adaptive method for explosives detection. Increases in emerging sophisticated threats are accelerating the demand for highly capable explosives detection, causing a strain on available supplies of quality canines worldwide. These...
Spatial Relationships Between Livestock Guardian Dogs and Mesocarnivores in Central Texas
| Contributor(s):: Nicholas A. Bromen, Justin T. French, John Walker, Nova J. Silvy, John M. Tomeček
The use of livestock guardian dogs (Canis lupus familiaris; LGDs) to deter predators from preying on domestic sheep (Ovis aries) and goat (Capra spp.) herds continues to increase across the United States. Most research regarding the efficacy of LGDs has been based on queries of rancher...
Comparative Study of Free-Roaming Domestic Dog Management and Roaming Behavior Across Four Countries: Chad, Guatemala, Indonesia, and Uganda
| Contributor(s):: Charlotte Warembourg, Ewaldus Wera, Terence Odoch, Petrus Malo Bulu, Monica Berger-González, Danilo Alvarez, Mahamat Fayiz Abakar, Filipe Maximiano Sousa, Laura Cunha Silva, Grace Alobo, Valentin Dingamnayal Bal, Alexis Leonel López Hernandez, Enos Madaye, Maria Satri Meo, Abakar Naminou, Pablo Roquel, Sonja Hartnack, Salome Dürr
Dogs play a major role in public health because of potential transmission of zoonotic diseases, such as rabies. Dog roaming behavior has been studied worldwide, including countries in Asia, Latin America, and Oceania, while studies on dog roaming behavior are lacking in Africa. Many of those...
Intervenciones asistidas con perros en alumnado con Trastorno del Espectro Autista. Una revisión de la literatura
| Contributor(s):: María Poveda Gómez, Diana Marín Suelves, Sandra Navarro Sánchez
El presente trabajo constituye una revisión bibliográfica sobre la intervención asistida con perros en niños con trastorno del espectro autista en edad escolar. Los objetivos de la investigación son conocer las metas que persiguen las intervenciones asistidas...
Exposure to household pet cats and dogs in childhood and risk of subsequent diagnosis of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder
| Contributor(s):: Robert Yolken, Cassie Stallings, Andrea Origoni, Emily Katsafanas, Kevin Sweeney, Amalia Squire, Faith Dickerson
Background Serious psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder have been associated with environmental exposures in early life. Contact with household pets such as cats and dogs can serve as a source of environmental exposure during these time periods. Methods We...
Emotional Depictions of Dogs and Cats in Interactions with Humans in Picture Books
| Contributor(s):: Juri Nakagawa, Naoko Koda
This study quantitatively analyzed the depiction of dogs’ and cats’ emotions in picture books and discussed the effects on children’s recognition of real dog and cat emotions. The stories depicted many basic emotional depictions of interest, joy, and surprise in dogs and cats,...
When Therapy Dogs Provide Virtual Comfort: Exploring University Students' Insights and Perspectives
| Contributor(s):: Christine Yvette Tardif-Williams, John-Tyler Binfet, Freya L. L. Green, Renata P. S. Roma, Akshat Singal, Camille X. Rousseau, Rebecca J. P. Godard
With the proliferation of canine-assisted interventions and the emphasis placed on the impact of these sessions in bolstering the well-being of visitors to sessions, especially university students, it can be easy to overlook just how participating in one of these sessions is experienced by...
Can North American animal poison control center call data provide early warning of outbreaks associated with contaminated pet food? Using the 2007 melamine pet food contamination incident as a case study
| Contributor(s):: Swirski, Alexandra L., Pearl, David L., Berke, Olaf, O'Sullivan, Terri L.
The 2007 melamine pet food contamination incident highlighted the need for enhanced reporting of toxicological exposures and development of a national quantitative disease surveillance system for companion animals. Data from poison control centers, such as the Animal Poison Control Center...
Effectiveness of Operation K9 Assistance Dogs on Suicidality in Australian Veterans with PTSD: A 12-Month Mixed-Methods Follow-Up Study
| Contributor(s):: Sherman, M., Hutchinson, A. D., Bowen, H., Iannos, M., Van Hooff, M.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a pervasive disorder among both current and ex-serving Australian Defence Force (ADF) members. Studies have shown current psychological and pharmacological treatments for PTSD are suboptimal in veterans, with high dropout rates and poor adherence to...