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  1. Dog Days of Final Exams: Using Canine-Assisted Therapy to Reduce Stress and Improve Mood Among Community College Students

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stephanie Quintana, Michelle Borckardt, Tanvi Aditya

    The following paper represents research conducted by members of the Collin College chapter of Psi Beta National Honor Society. Psi Beta is the national psychology honor society for two-year colleges whose mission is “promotion and recognition of excellence in scholarship, leadership,...

  2. Forgotten, But Not Lost—Alloparental Behavior and Pup–Adult Interactions in Companion Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Péter Pongrácz, Sára S. Sztruhala

    Socialization with humans is known to be a pivotal factor in the development of appropriate adult dog behavior, but the role and extent of dog–dog interactions in the first two months of life is rarely studied. Although various forms of alloparental behaviors are described in the case of...

  3. The Effectiveness of Dog Population Management: A Systematic Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren M. Smith, Sabine Hartmann, Alexandru M. Munteanu, Paolo Dalla Villa, Rupert J. Quinnell, Lisa M. Collins

    The worldwide population of domestic dogs is estimated at approximately 700 million, with around 75% classified as “free-roaming”. Where free-roaming dogs exist in high densities, there are significant implications for public health, animal welfare, and wildlife. Approaches to...

  4. A Review of the Impact of Neuter Status on Expression of Inherited Conditions in Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anita M. Oberbauer, Janelle M. Belanger, Thomas R. Famula

    Gonadectomy is an important reproductive management tool employed in many countries, and is highly prevalent in the US with an estimated 85% of dogs being neutered. Despite the societal benefits in pet population control, negative associations between neuter status, and health conditions have...

  5. Salivary Vasopressin as a Potential Non–Invasive Biomarker of Anxiety in Dogs Diagnosed with Separation–Related Problems

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Federica Pirrone, Ludovica Pierantoni, Andrea Bossetti, Stefania Uccheddu, Mariangela Albertini

    Physiological biomarkers of canine anxiety have not been extensively investigated to date. To identify new biomarkers in dogs, we compared behaviorally normal dogs (Control group, N = 13) to dogs diagnosed with separation problems (Case group, N = 13) as they were introduced into a novel...

  6. Spatial and Simultaneous Seroprevalence of Anti-Leptospira Antibodies in Owners and Their Domiciled Dogs in a Major City of Southern Brazil

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Aline do Nascimento Benitez, Thais Cabral Monica, Ana Carolina Miura, Micheline Sahyun Romanelli, Lucienne Garcia Pretto Giordano, Roberta Lemos Freire, Regina Mitsuka-Breganó, Camila Marinelli Martins, Alexander Welker Biondo, Isabela Machado Serrano, Thiago Henrique Carneiro Rios Lopes, Renato Barbosa Reis, Jancarlo Ferreira Gomes, Federico Costa, Elsio Wunder, Albert Icksang Ko, Italmar Teodorico Navarro

    Although leptospirosis has been considered a major concern in urban areas, no study to date has spatially and simultaneously compared both owner and dog serology in households of major cities. Accordingly, the aim of the present study was to assess the seroprevalence of Leptospira...

  7. Are Underweight Shelter Dogs More Likely to Display Food Aggression toward Humans?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katherine A. Miller, Emily D. Dolan, Victoria A. Cussen, Pamela J. Reid

    It is commonly believed that underweight or emaciated dogs are predisposed to food aggression toward humans. Each year, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) receives hundreds of dogs from criminal cruelty cases. The dogs range from emaciated to overweight. We...

  8. Effects of Gender, Sterilization, and Environment on the Spatial Distribution of Free-Roaming Dogs: An Intervention Study in an Urban Setting

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Saulo Nascimento de Melo, Eduardo Sergio da Silva, David Soeiro Barbosa, Rafael Gonçalves Teixeira-Neto, Gustavo Augusto Lacorte, Marco Aurélio Pereira Horta, Diogo Tavares Cardoso, Guilherme Loureiro Werneck, Claudio José Struchiner, Vinícius Silva Belo

    Information concerning the factors affecting the circulation and distribution of free-roaming dogs is crucial in developing control actions and limiting the spread of zoonoses. The present study analyzes the influence of gender, sterilization, and environment on the spatial distribution of...

  9. Canine emotions: Guidelines for research

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Miiamaaria V. Kujala

    In the target article, I called for a discussion on the nature and extent of dogs’ emotions. The commentators generally agreed on the existence of dog emotions, but the diversity and quality of dog emotions, as well as the influence of human social cognition on perceiving dog emotions,...

  10. Desexing Dogs: A Review of the Current Literature

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Silvan R. Urfer, Matt Kaeberlein

    Background: Desexing dogs is promoted for population control, preventative healthcare, and behavior modification. Common methods are orchiectomy and ovariectomy/ovariohysterectomy. GnRH superagonist implants are available in some areas. Alternative methods like vasectomy and...

  11. Psycho-Behavioural Changes in Dogs Treated with Corticosteroids: A Clinical Behaviour Perspective

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Notari, Lorella, Kirton, Roxane, Mills, Daniel S.

    Arousal and distress are often important factors in problematic behaviours, and endogenous corticosteroids are important mediators in the associated stress responses. Exogenous corticosteroid treatments have been reported to change behaviour in human patients and laboratory animals, with...

  12. Exploring how veterinary professionals perceive and use grief support resources to support companion animal caregivers in Ontario, Canada

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Matte, A. R., Khosa, D. K., Meehan, M. P.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to qualitatively explore veterinary professionals' use and perceptions of grief resources and services to support companion animal caregivers following companion animal euthanasia. Background: The loss of a companion animal can be a source of great sorrow...

  13. Dog training alleviates PTSD symptomatology by emotional and attentional regulation

    | Contributor(s):: Maoz, I., Zubedat, S., Dolev, T., Aga-Mizrachi, S., Bloch, B., Michaeli, Y., Eshed, Y., Grinstein, D., Avital, A.

    BACKGROUND: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms include re-experiencing, avoidance, hyperarousal, and cognitive deficits, reflecting both emotional and cognitive dysregulation. In recent years, non-pharmacological approaches and specifically animal-assisted therapy have been shown to...

  14. Influences of Dog Attachment and Dog Walking on Reducing Loneliness during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Korea

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lee, Hyung-Sook, Song, Jin-Gyeoung, Lee, Jeong-Yeon

    The COVID-19 pandemic has changed people’s lives and increased their vulnerability to physical and mental health hazards. While Korea has avoided nationwide lockdown measures since the COVID-19 outbreak, the prolonged restrictions and social isolation measures have resulted in detrimental...

  15. Reliability of internet information on bite behavior of domestic dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ito, K., Shiga, Y., Tanaka, M., Matsuura, A., Irimajiri, M.

    Many dog owners who are dealing with behavioral problems in their dog look for solutions on the internet. However, the quality of the information available online has not yet been assessed. Therefore, in this study, we comprehensively collected information available online on behavior...

  16. Overimitation in dogs: is there a link to the quality of the relationship with the caregiver?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Huber, L., Kubala, D., Cimarelli, G.

    Overimitation, the copying of causally irrelevant or non-functional actions, is well-known from humans but completely absent in other primates. Recent studies from our lab have provided evidence for overimitation in canines. Previously, we found that half of tested pet dogs copied their human...

  17. Impact of Changes in Time Left Alone on Separation-Related Behaviour in UK Pet Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Harvey, Naomi D., Christley, Robert M., Giragosian, Kassandra, Mead, Rebecca, Murray, Jane K., Samet, Lauren, Upjohn, Melissa M., Casey, Rachel A.

    Separation-related behaviours (SRBs), including but not limited to vocalisation, pacing, destruction and toileting, occur in the absence of human company. As well as being problematic for the dogs’ owners, such behaviours indicate that the dogs’ emotional state is compromised. As part...

  18. Dogs at school: a quantitative analysis of parental perceptions of canine-assisted activities in schools mediated by child anxiety score and use case

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fynn, W. I., Runacres, J.

    Canine-assisted activities in schools can benefit students' educational, emotional, and social needs. Furthermore, they could be an effective form of non-clinical mental health treatment for children and adolescents. In the United Kingdom, school dogs are growing in popularity, however,...

  19. Designing Man's New Best Friend: Enhancing Human-Robot Dog Interaction through Dog-Like Framing and Appearance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: de Visser, E. J., Topoglu, Y., Joshi, S., Krueger, F., Phillips, E., Gratch, J., Tossell, C. C., Ayaz, H.

    To understand how to improve interactions with dog-like robots, we evaluated the importance of "dog-like" framing and physical appearance on interaction, hypothesizing multiple interactive benefits of each. We assessed whether framing Aibo as a puppy (i.e., in need of development)...

  20. Development of Desirable Behaviors in Dog-Assisted Interventions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Acebes, F., Pellitero, J. L., Muñiz-Diez, C., Loy, I.

    Dog-assisted interventions (DAI) are those that include specially trained dogs in human health services. Often, the training methods employed to train animals for DAI are transmitted between trainers, so the latest scientific research on dog learning and cognition is not always taken into...