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The Dog in Roman Peasant Life
| Contributor(s):: Kyle deSandes-Moyer
Dogs have been a part of civilization for thousands of years and have maintained one of the closest animal relationships with humans that exist today. The following research seeks to understand this connection during antiquity. This study answers the question of what roles the dog filled during...
Oxytocin and Cortisol Levels in Dog Owners and Their Dogs Are Associated with Behavioral Patterns: An Exploratory Study
| Contributor(s):: Maria Petersson, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Anne Nilsson, Lise-Lotte Gustafson, Eva Hydbring-Sandberg, Linda Handlin
We have previously shown that dog–owner interaction results in increasing oxytocin levels in owners and dogs, decreasing cortisol levels in owners but increasing cortisol levels in dogs. The present study aimed to further investigate whether oxytocin and cortisol levels in the previously...
Oxytocin Receptor Gene Polymorphisms Are Associated with Human Directed Social Behavior in Dogs (Canis familiaris)
| Contributor(s):: Anna Kis, Melinda Bence, Gabriella Lakatos, Enikõ Pergel, Borbála Turcsán, Jolanda Pluijmakers, Judit Vas, Zsuzsanna Elek, Ildikó Brúder, Levente Földi, Mária Sasvári-Székely, Adám Miklósi, Zsolt Rónai, Enikõ Kubinyi
The oxytocin system has a crucial role in human sociality; several results prove that polymorphisms of the oxytocin receptor gene are related to complex social behaviors in humans. Dogs' parallel evolution with humans and their adaptation to the human environment has made them a useful...
Cortisol and Secretory Immunoglobulin A Response to Stress in German Shepherd Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Ivona Svobodová, Helena Chaloupková, Roman Koncel, Luděk Bartoš, Lenka Hradecká, Lukáš Jebavý
The aim of the study was to determine whether cortisol and secretory Immunoglobulin A (sIgA) could be used as an indicator of acute stress in both young and adult dogs. Seventeen German shepherd puppies were exposed to the Puppy test (challenge test) at the age of seven weeks. This test has...
Face scanning in autism spectrum disorder and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: human versus dog face scanning
| Contributor(s):: Mauro Muszkat, Claudia Berlim de Mello, Patricia de Oliveira Lima Muñoz, Tania Khiel Lucci, Vinicius Frayze David, José de Oliveira Siqueira, Emma Otta
This study used eye tracking to explore attention allocation to human and dog faces in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and typical development (TD). Significant differences were found among the three groups. TD...
Efficacy of Manual Ventilation Techniques During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Kate Hopper, Marlis L. Rezende, Angela Borchers, Steven E. Epstein
The efficacy of ventilation of dogs during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with a tight fitting face mask or mouth-to-nose rescue breathing has not been evaluated. Twentyfour purpose bred research dogs: Dogs were randomized to be ventilated by cuffed orotracheal tube, tight fitting face...
The Role of Animal-Assisted Interventions in Communication Skills of Children with Autism
| Contributor(s):: Jennifer Friedrich
Many children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have difficulties with social communication and prosocial behaviors. Due to a lack of social communication and social interaction skills among children with ASD, special education teachers are tasked with providing meaningful social...
Training Reduces Stress in Human-Socialised Wolves to the Same Degree as in Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Angélica da Silva Vasconcellos, Zsófia Virányi, Friederike Range, César Ades, Jördis Kristin Scheidegger, Erich Möstl, Kurt Kotrschal
The welfare of animals in captivity is of considerable societal concern. A major source of stress, especially for wild animals, is the lack of control over their environment, which includes not being able to avoid contact with human beings. Paradoxically, some studies have shown that...
Evaluation of effects of olfactory and auditory stimulation on separation anxiety by salivary cortisol measurement in dogs
| Contributor(s):: Yoon-Joo Shin, Nam-Shik Shin
Separation anxiety (SA) is a serious behavioral problem in dogs. In this study, salivary cortisol was studied to determine if the owner's odor or voice could reduce SA in dogs. Twenty-eight dogs with SA were divided into three groups: group 1 (control), group 2 (with owner's clothes...
Major medical causes by breed and life stage for dogs presented at veterinary clinics in the Republic of Korea: a survey of electronic medical records
| Contributor(s):: Eunju Kim, Changyong Choe, Jae Guy Yoo, Sang-Ik Oh, Younghun Jung, Ara Cho, Suhee Kim, Yoon Jung Do
Background Age and breed are considered the greatest risk factors for disease prevalence and mortality in companion dogs. Understanding the prevalence of diseases, in relation to age and breed, would support appropriate guidance for future health care strategies and provide useful information...
Dogs (Canis familiaris), but Not Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), Understand Imperative Pointing
| Contributor(s):: Katharina C. Kirchhofer, Felizitas Zimmermann, Juliane Kaminski, Michael Tomasello
Chimpanzees routinely follow the gaze of humans to outside targets. However, in most studies using object choice they fail to use communicative gestures (e.g. pointing) to find hidden food. Chimpanzees' failure to do this may be due to several difficulties with this paradigm. They may, for...
Establishing a framework to understand the regulation and control of dogs in urban environments: a case study of Melbourne, Australia
| Contributor(s):: Simon Bruce Carter
Background This study examines the effectiveness of animal management from a critical theory perspective, establishing a framework to describe the animal management activities of local government. In creating sustainable cities, local government must critically engage with the management of...
An Owner-Independent Investigation of Diabetes Alert Dog Performance
| Contributor(s):: Clara Wilson, Steve Morant, Sarah Kane, Claire Pesterfield, Claire Guest, Nicola J. Rooney
Objective: To quantify Diabetes Alert Dog (DAD) performance by using owner-independent measures. Research Design and Methods: Eight owners of accredited DADs used a FreeStyle Libre Flash Glucose Monitoring System (FGMS). Concurrent Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) footage was...
Intentional Integration of Service and Therapy Dogs in an Occupational Therapy Program Curriculum
| Contributor(s):: Stephanie Rehovsky, Brittni Danner
This scholarly project involves the intentional integration of Buddy, the service/therapy dog of the University of North Dakota’s Occupational Therapy graduate program. This project contains researched evidence regarding the variety of benefits involved with the implementation of animal...
Parent perceptions of the quality of life of pet dogs living with neuro-typically developing and neuro-atypically developing children: An exploratory study
| Contributor(s):: Sophie S Hall, Hannah F Wright, Daniel S Mills
There is growing scientific and societal recognition of the role that pet dogs can play in healthy development of children; both those who are neuro-typically developing and those who live with a neuro-developmental disorder, such as autism or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. However,...
Social Interaction with an "Unidentified Moving Object" Elicits A-Not-B Error in Domestic Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Anna Gergely, Anna B Compton, Ruth C Newberry, Adam Miklosi
Mechanical “unidentified moving objects” (UMO’s) are useful for controlled investigations into features of social interaction that generate cooperativeness and positive social affiliation in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris). We hypothesized that, if a UMO interacted socially...
Relationship between sociability toward humans and physiological stress in dogs
Sociability is an essential trait for dogs to successfully interact with humans. In this study, the relationship between sociability and physiological stress was examined. Additionally, whether differences exist between companion dogs (C group) and shelter dogs (S group) was examined. Overall,...
The companion dog as a model for human aging and mortality
| Contributor(s):: jessica m hoffman, Kate E. Creevy, Alexander Franks, Dan G O'Neill, Daniel E. L. Promislow
Around the world, human populations have experienced large increases in average lifespan over the last 150 years, and while individuals are living longer, they are spending more years of life with multiple chronic morbidities. Researchers have used numerous laboratory animal models to...
Online videos indicate human and dog behaviour preceding dog bites and the context in which bites occur
| Contributor(s):: Sara C. Owczarczak-Garstecka, Francine Watkins, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth
YouTube videos of dog bites present an unexplored opportunity to observe dog bites directly. We recorded the context of bites, bite severity, victim and dog characteristics for 143 videos and for 56 videos we coded human and dog behaviour before the bite. Perceived bite severity was derived...
To a Future Where Everyone Can Walk a Dog Even if They Don't Own One
| Contributor(s):: Chen, E. Y.
2018Front Public Health63492296-2565 (Print)2296-256510.3389/fpubh.2018.00349engDepartment of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, United States.text