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  1. Animal and human emotion: Concepts and methodologies

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cátia Correia Caeiro

    The human-dog relationship is particularly interesting for the study of emotions. The underlying concepts need to be made explicit and methods need to be adapted to the characteristics of the species studied as well as the shortcomings of the human experimenter’s perception.

  2. Improving the Welfare of Companion Dogs - Is Owner Education the Solution?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Izzie Philpotts, Justin Dillon, Nicola Rooney

    Vets, animal welfare charities, and researchers have frequently cited educating owners as a necessity for improving the welfare of companion dogs. The assumption that improving an owner’s knowledge through an education intervention subsequently results in improvements in the welfare of...

  3. Here Doggy! It's Prayer Time: The Relationship Between God, Man, and Dog in the Fourteenth-century Margaret Hours

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Efi Mosseri

    A high degree of intimacy between humans and other animals is expressed in the keeping of animals as pet companions. This practice was common as early as Ancient Greece and Rome and regained popularity during the thirteenth century. In this period, dogs began to play a vital role in domestic...

  4. Investigating the Role of Prolactin as a Potential Biomarker of Stress in Castrated Male Domestic Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jara Gutiérrez, Angelo Gazzano, Federica Pirrone, Claudio Sighieri, Chiara Mariti

    Prolactin has been recently regarded as a potential biomarker of both acute and chronic stress in several species. Since only few studies until now have focussed on domestic dogs, this study was aimed at evaluating whether prolactin, cortisol and stress behaviour correlated with each other in...

  5. Attitude towards and Interest in Dog-Assisted Interventions of Students in Higher Education

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cathrin Rothkopf, Theresa Stark, Silke Schworm

    The mental health of students is a critical issue facing institutions of higher education, as a majority of college and university students report suffering from stress and anxiety. Studies have shown that interacting with animals can enhance the mental health. Consequently, animal-assisted...

  6. Therapy Dogs in Couple and Family Therapy - A Therapist's Perspective

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rachel Hequembourg Policay

    The purpose of this study was to contribute an increased understanding of therapists' experiences working with therapy dogs in couple and family therapy. This qualitative study sought to describe the overall experience of therapists who work with therapy dogs in couple and family therapy,...

  7. Validation of a qualitative behaviour score during the capture phase of stray dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Laura Menchetti, Cecilia Righi, Gabriella Guelfi, Claudia Enas, Livia Moscati, Stefania Mancini, Silvana Diverio

    There are no studies on the capture phase of stray dogs, although this can be very stressful and have a significant impact on dogs’ welfare. In this preliminary study, we propose a simple qualitative evaluation system of the dog’s behaviour during the capture phase. The assessments...

  8. Direct perception of animal mind

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paul Morris

    Kujala’s (2017) target article is ostensibly focused on how everyday folk (fail to) make sense of canine emotions. However, the theories outlined in the article apply to making sense of all aspects of the mentality of both human and non-human animals. The target article neglects the...

  9. Olfactory Generalization in Detector Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ariella Y. Moser, Lewis Bizo, Wendy Y. Brown

    Generalizing to target odor variations while retaining specificity against non-targets is crucial to the success of detector dogs under working conditions. As such, the importance of generalization should be considered in the formulation of effective training strategies. Research investigating...

  10. Assessment of Dog Owner Concern Regarding Peri-operative Nausea and Vomiting and Willingness to Pay for Anti-emetic Treatment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bonnie L. Hay Kraus, Callie Cazlan

    Objective: The objective of this study was to assess dog owners’ concern regarding peri-operative nausea and vomiting, and their willingness to pay for treatment. Design: Descriptive survey. Sample: A survey was administered to 104 dog owning clients with non-emergent surgical (52) or...

  11. BAS Pack of Dogs

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    BAS Pack of Dogs are the Brighton Area Schools Social Emotional Learning Dogs. Social/Emotional Dogs can assist teachers working with students who feel angry, are being bullied, bully others, or have other behavior problems. They can help students who feel anxious, sad, or upset at school....

  12. Dogs fail to reciprocate the receipt of food from a human in a food-giving task

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jim McGetrick, Lisa Poncet, Marietta Amann, Johannes Schullern- Schrattenhofen, Leona Fux, Mayte Martinez, Friederike Range

    Domestic dogs have been shown to reciprocate help received from conspecifics in food-giving tasks. However, it is not yet known whether dogs also reciprocate help received from humans. Here, we investigated whether dogs reciprocate the receipt of food from humans. In an experience phase,...

  13. The Impacts of a Reading-to-Dog Programme on Attending and Reading of Nine Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stefania Uccheddu, Mariangela Albertini, Ludovica Pierantoni, Sara Fantino, Federica Pirrone

    Poor knowledge is available on the effectiveness of reading to dogs in educational settings, particularly in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). In this study, we test the hypothesis that reading to a dog improves propensity towards books and motivation to read after the end of the...

  14. A Survey of Veterinarian Attitudes Toward Prepubertal Desexing of Dogs and Cats in the Australian Capital Territory

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bronwyn Orr, Bidda Jones

    Prepubertal desexing (neutering) has been a legal requirement for all cats and dogs in the Australian Capital Territory since 2001. All cats have to be desexed by 3 months of age, and all dogs are required to be desexed by 6 months of age. The role of veterinary attitudes and behaviors in the...

  15. Clinical and Immunological Response in Dogs Naturally Infected by L. infantum Treated with a Nutritional Supplement

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Pietro Lombardi, Anna Teresa Palatucci, Angela Giovazzino, Vincenzo Mastellone, Giuseppina Ruggiero, Valentina Rubino, Nadia Musco, Rosalia Crupi, Monica Isabella Cutrignelli, Domenico Britti, Giuseppe Vassalotti, Giuseppe Terrazzano, Laura Cortese

    The use of nutraceuticals as immunomodulators in the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis has generated interest in the current approaches to treat the disease. In this clinical and immunological study, we investigated whether the administration of a nutritional supplement mediates the...

  16. Roxy Therapy Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    Roxy™ Therapy Dogs is an all-volunteer, 501(c)3 non-profit organization. Our programs provide an irreplaceable and dependable support system for children in the Central Bucks County, Pennsylvania community. Our trained and certified therapy dogs deliver self-esteem, relief from anxiety...

  17. Non-invasive Assessment of Fecal Stress Biomarkers in Hunting Dogs During Exercise and at Rest

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Augusta Zannoni, Marco Pietra, Alba Gaspardo, Pier Attilio Accorsi, Monica Barone, Silvia Turroni, Luca Laghi, Chenglin Zhu, Patrizia Brigidi, Monica Forni

    Intense exercise causes to organisms to have oxidative stress and inflammation at the gastrointestinal (GI) level. The reduction in intestinal blood flow and the exercise-linked thermal damage to the intestinal mucosa can cause intestinal barrier disruption, followed by an inflammatory...

  18. Changes of Oxytocin and Serotonin Values in Dialysis Patients after Animal Assisted Activities (AAAs) with a Dog—A Preliminary Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lucia Francesca Menna, Antonio Santaniello, Alessia Amato, Giuseppe Ceparano, Annamaria Di Maggio, Mario Sansone, Pietro Formisano, Ilaria Cimmino, Giuseppe Perruolo, Alessandro Fioretti

    Our study aimed to measure the levels of serotonin and oxytocin in patients affected by end-stage renal disease (ESRD), undergoing dialysis and participating in a program of animal-assisted activities (AAAs) with a dog. Ten patients with comparable levels of ESRD were enrolled. A blood sample...

  19. Communicating canine and human emotions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Juliane Bräuer, Karine Silva, Stefan R. Schweinberger

    Kujala (2017) reviews a topic of major relevance for the understanding of the special dog-human relationship: canine emotions (as seen through human social cognition). This commentary draws attention to the communication of emotions within such a particular social context. It highlights...

  20. Dogs consciously experience emotions: The question is, which?.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ralph Adolphs

    I discuss three themes related to Kujala’s target article. First, the wealth of emerging data on cognitive studies in dogs will surely show that dogs have a very rich repertoire of cognitive processes, for most of which we find homologues in humans. Second, understanding the internal...