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  1. Does the sex of the search and rescue (SAR) dog handler affect the work of the rescue team?

    Contributor(s):: Wojtas, J., Zielinski, D., Karpinski, M.

    The handler's sex, as well as his personality and individual predispositions, may affect his suitability for work in rescue services. In addition, handler's susceptibility to stress may affect the effects of search and rescue (SAR) dog's work. The aim of the study was to analyze the salivary...

  2. Bark to the future: The welfare of domestic dogs during interaction with a positively reinforcing artificial agent

    Contributor(s):: Shaw, Nicky, Wemelsfelder, Francoise, Riley, Lisa M.

    Domestic pet dogs typically spend a large amount of time inside the home environment, including hours alone. An audio/food dispensing automated device (an artificial agent, hereafter agent) was evaluated for enrichment potential. The agent issued owner-spoken verbal cues to dogs, and food rewards...

  3. Validation of technical survey dogs in Cambodian mine fields

    Contributor(s):: Schoon, Adee, Heiman, Michael, Bach, Håvard, Berntsen, Terje Groth, Fast, Cynthia D.

    Finding and destroying landmines is a costly and time-consuming process; however, strategically employing a variety of complementary assets, such as brush cutting machines, metal detectors, and scent detection animals, improves process efficiency. Although animal detection systems have...

  4. Dog walk frequency and duration: Analysis of a cohort of dogs up to 15 months of age

    Contributor(s):: Kinsman, Rachel H., Main, Kate E., Casey, Rachel A., Da Costa, Rosa E. P., Owczarczak-Garstecka, Sara C., Knowles, Toby G., Tasker, Séverine, Murray, Jane K.

    Regular exercise for dogs has health and welfare benefits. This study sought to address a gap in existing research regarding what constitutes ‘common’ age-specific walking practices by owners of young dogs, and how these practices change as the dogs reach adulthood. Dog owners living in the United...

  5. Ambiguity, Ambivalence, and Affective Encounters: An Ethnographic Account of Medical Detection Dog–Trainer Relationships

    Contributor(s):: Holland, Katrina E.

    A relatively novel application of dogs’ olfactory capabilities involves training them to detect and alert to the odor of human diseases. Drawing on research using ethnographic methods of participant observation and semi-structured interviews at two medical detection dog training and research...

  6. Dog behaviours in veterinary consultations: part II. The relationship between the behaviours of dogs and their owners

    Contributor(s):: Helsly, M., Priymenko, N., Girault, C., Duranton, C., Gaunet, F.

    Dogs synchronise their behaviour with those of their owners when confronted with an unfamiliar situation and interactions with their owners have been shown to decrease the dog's stress levels in some instances. However, whether owners may help manage dog anxiety during veterinary consultations...

  7. Are there long-term effects of early neurological stimulation (ENS) on working dogs?

    Contributor(s):: Gazit, Irit, Terkel, Joseph, Goldblatt, Allen

    Early neurological stimulation (ENS) has been defined as the application of five specific brief daily manipulations to pups from birth until 2–3 weeks of age (Battaglia, 2009). This approach has been adopted by many kennels and promoted as a means to improve the future performance of working...

  8. Understanding the participation outcomes for persons with disability when partnered with assistance dogs: A scoping review

    Contributor(s):: Futeran, N., Mackenzie, L., Wilkes-Gillan, S., Dickson, C.

    INTRODUCTION: Assistance dogs are trained to support persons living with disability and mitigate limitations that hinder their participation in everyday activities. Despite participation being a frequent challenge for people with disabilities, evidence linking assistance dog provision to improved...

  9. The Effect of Dog Videos on Subjective and Physiological Responses to Stress

    Contributor(s):: Ein, Natalie, Reed, Maureen J., Vickers, Kristin

    Research indicates that animal-assisted therapy programs can reduce stress responses. However, animals are not always permitted in public settings. Thus, alternative forms to the physical presence of an animal could be beneficial. The objective of this study was to determine (1) whether exposure...

  10. Perceived importance of specific kennel management practices for the provision of canine welfare

    Contributor(s):: Cobb, M. L., Carter, A., Lill, A., Bennett, P. C.

    There is public interest for the welfare of dogs that spend at least part of their lives housed in kennel facilities, such as working, shelter and sporting dogs. The impacts of living in environments that limit social, physical, and behavioral opportunities are generally well understood in other...

  11. Stress assessment of co-therapist dogs in animal assisted interventions: a review

    Contributor(s):: Ceglia, L.

    Animal assisted intervention (AAI), in their three forms (Animal-Assisted Activities, Animal-Assisted Education and Animal-Assisted Therapy), are activities aimed not only at supporting and integrating traditional therapies, but also at developing a strong link between animal and human beings in...

  12. Evaluation of shelter dog activity levels before and during COVID-19 using automated analysis

    Contributor(s):: Byosiere, Sarah-Elizabeth, Feighelstein, Marcelo, Wilson, Kristiina, Abrams, Jennifer, Elad, Guy, Farhat, Nareed, van der Linden, Dirk, Kaplun, Dmitrii, Sinitca, Aleksandr, Zamansky, Anna

    Animal shelters have been found to represent stressful environments for pet dogs, both affecting behavior and influencing welfare. The current COVID-19 pandemic has brought to light new uncertainties in animal sheltering practices which may affect shelter dog behavior in unexpected ways. To...

  13. Effects of the COVID-19 lockdown on the human-animal bond

    Contributor(s):: Beaver, B. V.

    2021NAVC Clinician's BriefJanuaryFebruary48-491542-4014EnglishCited Reference Count: 2 ref.0Educational Concepts LLCTulsa, USATexas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA.text

  14. Service Animals in Elementary Classrooms: Examining Educator and Family Perspectives of a Working Service Animal in an Elementary Classroom

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jenna Falldorf

    The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was signed into law in 1990 by President Bush. Although the ADA includes laws about public access rights for people with disabilities and their service animals, many schools are reluctant to have service animals (that are partnered with children with...

  15. Discrimination of SARS-CoV-2 infected patient samples by detection dogs: A proof of concept study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer L. Essler, Sarah A. Kane, Pat Nolan, Elikplim H. Akaho, Amalia Z. Berna, Annemarie DeAngelo, Richard A. Berk, Patricia Kaynaroglu, Victoria L. Plymouth, Ian D. Frank, Susan R. Weiss, Audrey R. Odom John, Cynthia M. Otto

    While the world awaits a widely available COVID-19 vaccine, availability of testing is limited in many regions and can be further compounded by shortages of reagents, prolonged processing time and delayed results. One approach to rapid testing is to leverage the volatile organic compound (VOC)...

  16. Dog Days of Final Exams: Using Canine-Assisted Therapy to Reduce Stress and Improve Mood Among Community College Students

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stephanie Quintana, Michelle Borckardt, Tanvi Aditya

    The following paper represents research conducted by members of the Collin College chapter of Psi Beta National Honor Society. Psi Beta is the national psychology honor society for two-year colleges whose mission is “promotion and recognition of excellence in scholarship, leadership,...

  17. Scam 'Service Dog' Industry Thrives On Lack Of Federal Regulations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Robin Young, Serena McMahon

  18. Dogs Helping Heroes

    Full-text: Available

    Dogs Helping Heroes is a nonprofit organization dedicated to helping restore lost freedom and peace of mind to wounded veterans, first responders, and Gold Star Families by gifting specially trained and certified assistance dogs. Our inspiration is to improve the daily lives of those we can...

  19. Forgotten, But Not Lost—Alloparental Behavior and Pup–Adult Interactions in Companion Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Péter Pongrácz, Sára S. Sztruhala

    Socialization with humans is known to be a pivotal factor in the development of appropriate adult dog behavior, but the role and extent of dog–dog interactions in the first two months of life is rarely studied. Although various forms of alloparental behaviors are described in the case of...

  20. The Effectiveness of Dog Population Management: A Systematic Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauren M. Smith, Sabine Hartmann, Alexandru M. Munteanu, Paolo Dalla Villa, Rupert J. Quinnell, Lisa M. Collins

    The worldwide population of domestic dogs is estimated at approximately 700 million, with around 75% classified as “free-roaming”. Where free-roaming dogs exist in high densities, there are significant implications for public health, animal welfare, and wildlife. Approaches to...