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  1. Emily Dickinson had a dog: an interpretation of the human-dog bond

    Contributor(s):: Adams, M.

    The study examines selected letters and poems of the poet Emily Dickinson to better understand the relationship between Dickinson and her Newfoundland dog Carlo. Citations from these sources indicate that Carlo helped Dickinson feel protected, that his presence soothed her anxiety, and that she...

  2. Empathic differences in adults as a function of childhood and adult pet ownership and pet type

    Contributor(s):: Daly, B., Morton, L. L.

    Prompted by interesting but ambiguous findings that empathic differences in children may relate to pet preference and ownership, we extended the issue to an adult population. We investigated empathic-type responses in adults who lived with cats and/or dogs in childhood (Child-Pet) and currently...

  3. Experiences, characteristics and treatment of women suffering from dog phobia

    Contributor(s):: Hoffmann, W. A., Human, L. H.

    Dog phobia is a complex psychological phenomenon classified under the anxiety disorders. This study describes the experiences, characteristics and treatment of females suffering from dog phobia. 12 female students suffering from dog phobia participated in this qualitative study which included an...

  4. Exploratory study of stress-buffering response patterns from interaction with a therapy dog

    Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Knisely, J. S., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M., Pandurangi, A. K.

    This exploratory study builds on existing research on the physiological stress response to human-animal interactions in a non-clinical sample of adult dog-owners interacting with their own or an unfamiliar therapy dog under similar conditions. Participants were therapy-dog owners (TDO group; n=5)...

  5. Fear of dogs in a community sample: effects of age, gender and prior experience of canine aggression

    Contributor(s):: Boyd, C. M., Fotheringham, B., Litchfield, C., McBryde, I., Metzer, J. C., Scanlon, P., Somers, R., Winefield, A. H.

    An investigation was conducted into human fear of dogs and experiences of canine aggression in an adult community sample (n=292). Consistent with expectations, it was found that, while fear of dogs was relatively common (present in almost half the respondents), fear of dog attacks was less so,...

  6. For the love of dog: the human-dog bond in rural and remote Australian indigenous communities

    Contributor(s):: Constable, S., Dixon, R.

    The nature of the human-animal bond in contemporary Australian Indigenous communities is little researched, but it is essential to understand this bond in order to develop much needed appropriate animal health and management practices. A semi-structured interview format was used to elicit...

  7. Go, dog, go: maze training AIBO vs. a live dog, an exploratory study

    Contributor(s):: Pepe, A. A., Ellis, L. U., Sims, V. K., Chin, M. G.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in interaction and attribution when participants directed either a robotic dog (AIBO) or a live dog. Twenty-nine participants (20 female, 9 male) directed one of the two entities, a live dog or AIBO, through a complex maze from a remote...

  8. Homelessness and dog ownership: an investigation into animal empathy, attachment, crime, drug use, health and public opinion

    Contributor(s):: Taylor, H., Williams, P., Gray, D.

    A sample of 51 homeless people in Cambridge, UK completed a questionnaire featuring adapted Animal Empathy and Companion Animal Bonding Scales. Concepts of crime, drug use, and health matters amongst the homeless, both dog owning and non-dog owning, were investigated, as well. Ninety members of...

  9. How dogs influence the evaluation of psychotherapists

    Contributor(s):: Schneider, M. S., Harley, L. P.

    Research has shown that the presence of a companion animal reduces anxiety, encourages interaction among humans and enhances the way in which people are perceived. These are all effects which would be useful in a psychotherapeutic setting. On this basis the current study investigated the effect...

  10. Human grief resulting from the death of a pet

    Contributor(s):: Gosse, G. H., Barnes, M. J.

    This study investigated antecedents of the human grief response which was associated with the death of a pet cat or dog. The sample included 207 voluntary subjects who experienced this type of loss within a one-year time period prior to participating in the study. Data for the predictor variables...

  11. Human-pet dynamics in cross-cultural perspective

    Contributor(s):: Gray, P. B., Young, S. M.

    Pets increasingly serve the function as emotional surrogates of children, with tremendous resources poured into their care. However, this function of pets may be quite different from the typical human-pet dynamics characterizing a wider array of societies. To help fill a gap in the cross-cultural...

  12. Interactions among dogs, people, and the environment in Boulder, Colorado: a case study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bekoff, M., Meaney, C. A.

    From September 1995 to April 1996 we studied interactions among dogs, people, and the environment in Boulder, Colorado. Data on behavioral disturbances by off-leash dogs who were accompanied by a person were collected with respect to dog-dog and dog-human interactions, dog-wildlife encounters,...

  13. Intergenerational continuity of attitudes and values about dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Gage, M. G., Magnuson-Martinson, S.

    Intergenerational continuity of attitudes and values has been documented in a number of studies suggesting that the family is a potent factor in socialization. This study examines the continuity of attitudes and values about dogs as companion animals across two generations. Specifically, it is a...

  14. Labradors to Persians: perceptions of pets in the workplace

    | Contributor(s):: Perrine, R. M., Wells, M.

    This article reports the findings of a study examining the effects of the presence of pets in an office on people's perceptions of the work environment, the company, and the people who work there. Participants were 482 college students from a medium-sized university in the Southeast who were...

  15. Methodological issues in studying the anxiety-reducing effects of animals: reflections from a pediatric dental study

    | Contributor(s):: Schwartz, A., Patronek, G.

    This article reports observations made during a study investigating the role of a therapy dog in reducing anxiety in urban children visiting the dentist in a dental clinic in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. The design and execution of the study were affected by methodological issues such as the...

  16. Modification of instinctive herding dog behavior using reinforcement and punishment

    | Contributor(s):: Marschark, E. D., Baenninger, R.

    "Instinctive" behavior may be modified using operant techniques. We report here on a field study of training herding dogs in which reinforcers and punishers were used by owners, who were themselves being trained to control their dogs. Access to sheep was assumed to be a primary reinforcer for...

  17. Personality characteristics of dog and cat persons

    | Contributor(s):: Perrine, R. M., Osbourne, H. L.

    The present study explored personality differences between dog persons and cat persons. Participants (n=126) identified themselves as either a dog person, cat person, both or neither, and rated their own masculinity, femininity, independence, dominance and athleticism. Participants also read a...

  18. Pet companionship and depression: results from a United States Internet sample

    | Contributor(s):: Tower, R. B., Nokota, M.

    Using Internet survey data from 2,291 respondents from the United States, we examined socio-demographic predictors of living with a cat or dog. Logistic regressions showed that, for men, being married, living with children, being Midwestern and non-urban increased odds of living with a pet. For...

  19. Pet owner behaviors and attachment to yard versus house dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Shore, E. R., Riley, M. L., Douglas, D. K.

    The majority of research on the human-nonhuman animal bond has considered its advantages for the human. Research investigating the benefits of the bond for the companion animal has focused primarily on the relationship between owner attachment and the relinquishment or abandonment of pets. Shore,...

  20. Pet ownership and knowledge of zoonotic diseases in De Kalb County, Georgia

    | Contributor(s):: Fontaine, R. E., Schantz, P. M.

    In a telephone survey in September 1986, 62% of interviewed households had pets (42% with dogs and 30% with cats). Respondents were poorly informed about the potential health hazards associated with animals. Only 63% of household heads believed that diseases of pets could be transmitted to humans...