Animals and SPIRITUALITY
Contributor(s):: Erasmo de Oliveira
Animals and SPIRITUALITYMany people confuse spirituality with religion and a very easy way to explain the difference between one and the other is to observe animals.When talking about something immaterial, it is implied that it is something non-monetizable, intangible, with no...
Yellow September and suicide prevention
Yellow September and suicide preventionWhat is the meaning of life?The Human Being creates difficulties to sell facilities afterwards. Each month has a color and a politically correct campaign, which everyone follows and disseminates, but falls into the void as soon as the calendar...
Owners Frequently Report that They Reward Behaviors of Dogs by Petting and Praising, Especially When Dogs Respond Correctly to Commands and Play with Their Toys
Contributor(s):: Rossi, Alexandre P., Maia, Caroline M.
We characterized the reward patterns of dogs’ owners for the expression of desired behaviors of their pets through a questionnaire made available online on a social media page for 7 days (responses from over 66,676 owners). The questions were related to the type and frequency of rewards that pet...
Horse Matters: Re‐examining Sustainability through Human‐Domestic Animal Relationships
Contributor(s):: Wadham, Helen
Showing behavior in Animal Assisted Intervention and pet dogs
Contributor(s):: Cavalli, C., Carballo, F., Dzik, M. V., Bentosela, M.
The new "normal" world - post-COVID-19 pandemic
The new "normal" world - post-COVID-19 pandemicA lecture by ErasmoDEOLIVEIRABringing trustable information about the bond between humans and pets, with a wide scientific base and in language accessible to all audiences.
When do dogs help humans?
Contributor(s):: Bräuer, Juliane, Schönefeld, Katja, Call, Josep
Here we investigate whether domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) engage in instrumental helping towards humans without special training. We hypothesized that dogs would help a human if the human's goal was made as obvious as possible. Therefore we used a set-up in which a human attempted to enter a...
Human directed aggression in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris): Occurrence in different contexts and risk factors
Contributor(s):: Casey, Rachel A., Loftus, Bethany, Bolster, Christine, Richards, Gemma J., Blackwell, Emily J.
The consequence for dogs of showing aggression towards people is often euthanasia or relinquishment. Aggression is also a sign of compromised welfare in dogs, and a public health issue for people. The aims of this study were to estimate the numbers of dogs showing aggression to people in three...
Exploring the dog park: Relationships between social behaviours, personality and cortisol in companion dogs
Contributor(s):: Ottenheimer Carrier, Lydia, Cyr, Amanda, Anderson, Rita E., Walsh, Carolyn J.
The relationships between behaviour, owner-rated personality, and cortisol were examined in companion dogs that visited a local off-leash dog park. In Study 1, salivary cortisol increased significantly from baseline levels following 20min in the dog park (P=0.013), but not in the same dogs...
Development and validation of a quality of life assessment tool for use in kennelled dogs (Canis familiaris)
Contributor(s):: Kiddie, Jenna L., Collins, Lisa M.
There is currently no objective and validated quality of life assessment tool available to assess the quality of life of domestic dogs in kennels. This study aimed to develop a validated scoring system to assess the quality of life of dogs kennelled in rehoming centres. Objective animal-based...
Understanding of human communicative motives in domestic dogs
Contributor(s):: Pettersson, Helene, Kaminski, Juliane, Herrmann, Esther, Tomasello, Michael
Chimpanzees find it easier to locate food when a human prohibits them from going to a certain location than when she indicates that location helpfully. Human children, in contrast, use the cooperative gesture more readily. The question here was whether domestic dogs are more like chimpanzees, in...
Training methods and owner–dog interactions: Links with dog behaviour and learning ability
Contributor(s):: Rooney, Nicola Jane, Cowan, Sarah
The methods by which owners train their pet dogs range widely, with some exclusively using rewards, and others using a combination, or only punishment-based methods. This paper examines links between the way in which owners reported to have trained their dogs and observations of the dogs’...
Effect of mares’ dominance rank on suckling behaviour in the loose housed domestic horses
Contributor(s):: Komárková, Martina, Bartošová, Jitka, Dubcová, Jana
Suckling is a main part of maternal investment in equids. The suckling period is crucial for adequate physical as well as psychical development of the foal. The rank of the mother and her aggressiveness could be factors responsible for later reproductive or social success of the foal. We...
The effect of familiarity on behaviour of kennel housed dogs during interactions with humans
Contributor(s):: Pullen, Anne J., Merrill, Ralph J. N., Bradshaw, John W. S.
Human contact appears to be a highly valued resource for domestic dogs but it is unclear what type of human contact they prefer and what factors affect individual differences in such preferences. This study assessed the effect of familiarity of the human on duration of interaction by two samples...
Evolution of facial muscle anatomy in dogs
Contributor(s):: Kaminski, J., Waller, B. M., Diogo, R., Hartstone-Rose, A., Burrows, A. M.
Domestication shaped wolves into dogs and transformed both their behavior and their anatomy. Here we show that, in only 33,000 y, domestication transformed the facial muscle anatomy of dogs specifically for facial communication with humans. Based on dissections of dog and wolf heads, we show that...
Reinforcer effectiveness in dogs—The influence of quantity and quality
Contributor(s):: Riemer, Stefanie, Ellis, Sarah L. H., Thompson, Hannah, Burman, Oliver H. P.
Reinforcer effectiveness refers to the reinforcer’s ability to control the subject’s target behaviour and is therefore critical to training success. Yet animals’ preferences, and the effectiveness of different rewards to function as reinforcers, are often assumed without scientific investigation....
The nose may not know: Dogs’ reactions to rattlesnake odours
Contributor(s):: Mulholland, Michele M., Olivas, Victoria, Caine, Nancy G.
According to anecdotal reports from dog (Canis lupus familiaris) owners and data from veterinary studies, domestic dogs often fail to avoid, and indeed will approach, venomous snakes. Accordingly, we tested the hypothesis that odours associated with rattlesnakes will elicit investigation, but not...
Why do dogs play? Function and welfare implications of play in the domestic dog
Contributor(s):: Sommerville, Rebecca, O’Connor, Emily A., Asher, Lucy
Play is an enigmatic behaviour, the function of which is still debated, despite more than a century of research. We discuss the evolutionary function of play behaviour, focusing on the domestic dog (Canis familiaris), a unique species due to its past domestication and current cohabitation with...
Comparing two canine personality assessments: Convergence of the MCPQ-R and DPQ and consensus between dog owners and dog walkers
Contributor(s):: Posluns, Julie A., Anderson, Rita E., Walsh, Carolyn J.
Despite the number of emerging questionnaire-based canine personality assessments, there is still no consensus on the content and number of broad personality dimensions in domestic dogs. In the current study, we compared two canine personality questionnaires: The Monash Canine Personality...
Behaviour directed towards inaccessible food predicts consumption—A novel way of assessing food preference
Contributor(s):: Thompson, Hannah, Riemer, Stefanie, Ellis, Sarah L. H., Burman, Oliver H. P.
When determining an animal’s food preference based on comparative consumption, a major problem is the potential for individuals to over-eat, rendering subjects unavailable for subsequent tests as well as exposing them to potentially adverse health implications. Here, we explored alternative,...