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  1. Understanding of human communicative motives in domestic dogs

    Contributor(s):: Pettersson, Helene, Kaminski, Juliane, Herrmann, Esther, Tomasello, Michael

    Chimpanzees find it easier to locate food when a human prohibits them from going to a certain location than when she indicates that location helpfully. Human children, in contrast, use the cooperative gesture more readily. The question here was whether domestic dogs are more like chimpanzees, in...

  2. Training methods and owner–dog interactions: Links with dog behaviour and learning ability

    Contributor(s):: Rooney, Nicola Jane, Cowan, Sarah

    The methods by which owners train their pet dogs range widely, with some exclusively using rewards, and others using a combination, or only punishment-based methods. This paper examines links between the way in which owners reported to have trained their dogs and observations of the dogs’...

  3. Effect of mares’ dominance rank on suckling behaviour in the loose housed domestic horses

    Contributor(s):: Komárková, Martina, Bartošová, Jitka, Dubcová, Jana

    Suckling is a main part of maternal investment in equids. The suckling period is crucial for adequate physical as well as psychical development of the foal. The rank of the mother and her aggressiveness could be factors responsible for later reproductive or social success of the foal. We...

  4. The effect of familiarity on behaviour of kennel housed dogs during interactions with humans

    Contributor(s):: Pullen, Anne J., Merrill, Ralph J. N., Bradshaw, John W. S.

    Human contact appears to be a highly valued resource for domestic dogs but it is unclear what type of human contact they prefer and what factors affect individual differences in such preferences. This study assessed the effect of familiarity of the human on duration of interaction by two samples...

  5. Evolution of facial muscle anatomy in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Kaminski, J., Waller, B. M., Diogo, R., Hartstone-Rose, A., Burrows, A. M.

    Domestication shaped wolves into dogs and transformed both their behavior and their anatomy. Here we show that, in only 33,000 y, domestication transformed the facial muscle anatomy of dogs specifically for facial communication with humans. Based on dissections of dog and wolf heads, we show that...

  6. Reinforcer effectiveness in dogs—The influence of quantity and quality

    Contributor(s):: Riemer, Stefanie, Ellis, Sarah L. H., Thompson, Hannah, Burman, Oliver H. P.

    Reinforcer effectiveness refers to the reinforcer’s ability to control the subject’s target behaviour and is therefore critical to training success. Yet animals’ preferences, and the effectiveness of different rewards to function as reinforcers, are often assumed without scientific investigation....

  7. The nose may not know: Dogs’ reactions to rattlesnake odours

    Contributor(s):: Mulholland, Michele M., Olivas, Victoria, Caine, Nancy G.

    According to anecdotal reports from dog (Canis lupus familiaris) owners and data from veterinary studies, domestic dogs often fail to avoid, and indeed will approach, venomous snakes. Accordingly, we tested the hypothesis that odours associated with rattlesnakes will elicit investigation, but not...

  8. Why do dogs play? Function and welfare implications of play in the domestic dog

    Contributor(s):: Sommerville, Rebecca, O’Connor, Emily A., Asher, Lucy

    Play is an enigmatic behaviour, the function of which is still debated, despite more than a century of research. We discuss the evolutionary function of play behaviour, focusing on the domestic dog (Canis familiaris), a unique species due to its past domestication and current cohabitation with...

  9. Comparing two canine personality assessments: Convergence of the MCPQ-R and DPQ and consensus between dog owners and dog walkers

    Contributor(s):: Posluns, Julie A., Anderson, Rita E., Walsh, Carolyn J.

    Despite the number of emerging questionnaire-based canine personality assessments, there is still no consensus on the content and number of broad personality dimensions in domestic dogs. In the current study, we compared two canine personality questionnaires: The Monash Canine Personality...

  10. Behaviour directed towards inaccessible food predicts consumption—A novel way of assessing food preference

    Contributor(s):: Thompson, Hannah, Riemer, Stefanie, Ellis, Sarah L. H., Burman, Oliver H. P.

    When determining an animal’s food preference based on comparative consumption, a major problem is the potential for individuals to over-eat, rendering subjects unavailable for subsequent tests as well as exposing them to potentially adverse health implications. Here, we explored alternative,...

  11. Effect of training for dog fear identification on dog owner ratings of fear in familiar and unfamiliar dogs

    Contributor(s):: Flint, Hannah E., Coe, Jason B., Pearl, David L., Serpell, James A., Niel, Lee

    Scientific studies often assess aspects of dog behaviour, such as fear, via owner reports. More information on how accurate these ratings are for dogs displaying different levels of fear would be valuable. The current study assessed which fear behaviours dog owners are able to reliably recognize...

  12. Gazing as a help requesting behavior: a comparison of dogs participating in animal-assisted interventions and pet dogs

    Contributor(s):: Cavalli, C., Carballo, F., Dzik, M. V., Bentosela, M.

  13. Effects of breed group and development on dogs' willingness to follow a human misleading advice

    Contributor(s):: Barnard, S., Passalacqua, C., Pelosi, A., Valsecchi, P., Prato-Previde, E.

  14. Cross-species referential signalling events in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Worsley, H. K., O'Hara, S. J.

  15. The Way Humans Behave Modulates the Emotional State of Piglets

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie Brajon, Jean-Paul Laforest, Océane Schmitt, Nicholas Devillers

    The emotional state can influence decision-making under ambiguity. Cognitive bias tests (CBT) proved to be a promising indicator of the affective valence of animals in a context of farm animal welfare. Although it is well-known that humans can influence the intensity of fear and reactions of...

  16. Dogs (Canis familiaris), but Not Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), Understand Imperative Pointing

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katharina C. Kirchhofer, Felizitas Zimmermann, Juliane Kaminski, Michael Tomasello

    Chimpanzees routinely follow the gaze of humans to outside targets. However, in most studies using object choice they fail to use communicative gestures (e.g. pointing) to find hidden food. Chimpanzees' failure to do this may be due to several difficulties with this paradigm. They may, for...

  17. The Pet Keeping Industry in the American City

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Irus Braverman

    Two years ago, my now nine-year-old daughter decided that she, too, wants in on the American dream. A family without a dog is incomplete, so the dominant narrative around us seems to dictate – and that narrative was readily picked up by my daughter and, subsequently, by her younger sister...

  18. Exploring the Gaps in Practical Ethical Guidance for Animal Welfare Considerations of Field Interventions and Innovations Targeting Dogs and Cats

    | Contributor(s):: Louisa Tasker, Susan F Getty, Joyce R Briggs, Valerie A.W. Benka

    Domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) and cats (Felis silvestris catus) are common species targeted by nongovernmental or intergovernmental organizations, veterinarians and government agencies worldwide, for field interventions (e.g., population management, rabies vaccination programs) or...

  19. An Exploration of Industry Expert Perception of Equine Welfare Using Vignettes

    | Contributor(s):: Cordelie DuBois, Helen Hambly-Odame, Derek B. Haley, Katrina Merkies

    As part of a larger Delphi survey project, equine professionals (n = 14) were presented with twelve short scenarios in which a horse’s welfare could be compromised. They were asked to rank each scenario (with 0 indicating no welfare concerns and 5 indicating a situation where immediate...

  20. Facilitating an animal-assisted intervention program : the risks and rewards of working with animals in helping and educational settings

    | Contributor(s):: Katelynn Couling

    Humans and animals have been living and working together for centuries. The mutual relationship that developed lead professionals to begin incorporating animals into human services and education to enhance human wellness, a practice presently referred to as Animal-assisted Intervention (AAI). In...