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  1. Pillars for successful operationalization of one health as an ecosystem approach: experience from a human-animal interface in the Maasai steppe in Tanzania

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gwakisa, P., George, J., Sindato, C., Ngonyoka, A., Nnko, H., Assenga, J., Kimera, S., Nessele, M. O.

    Background: Solving complex public health challenges requires integrated approaches to health, such as One Health. A key element of the One Health approach is the interrelationship between human, animal and environmental health and the associated multistakeholder collaboration across many...

  2. Lockdown’s Silver Lining? Different Levels of Roadkill during the COVID-19 Times in Lithuania

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Balčiauskas, Linas, Stratford, Jos, Kučas, Andrius, Balčiauskienė, Laima

    The impact of COVID-19 restrictions on human and vehicular mobility on the number of roadkills of wild mammals, and roe deer in particular, was assessed in Lithuania. We statistically analyzed the distribution of all mammals and roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) as the most abundant species...

  3. Biomedical research with a Caribbean one-health perspective

    | Contributor(s):: Cheetham, S., Stone, D., Marancik, D., Kaplan, R. M., Olson, N. C.

  4. One- and Two-Month-Old Dog Puppies Exhibit Behavioural Synchronization with Humans Independently of Familiarity

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Duranton, Charlotte, Courby-Betremieux, Cécile, Gaunet, Florence

    Behavioural synchronization is a widespread skill in social species as it helps increase group cohesion among individuals. Such a phenomenon is involved in social interactions between conspecifics as well as between individuals from different species. Most importantly, familiarity and...

  5. Still-face effect in domestic dogs: comparing untrained with trained and animal assisted interventions dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Cavalli, C., Dzik, M. V., Barrera, G., Bentosela, M.

  6. Detection of SARS-CoV-2 in Terrestrial Animals in Southern Nigeria: Potential Cases of Reverse Zoonosis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Happi, A. N., Ayinla, A. O., Ogunsanya, O. A., Sijuwola, A. E., Saibu, F. M., Akano, K., George, U. E., Sopeju, A. E., Rabinowitz, P. M., Ojo, K. K., Barrett, L. K., Van Voorhis, W. C., Happi, C. T.

    Since SARS-CoV-2 caused the COVID-19 pandemic, records have suggested the occurrence of reverse zoonosis of pets and farm animals in contact with SARS-CoV-2-positive humans in the Occident. However, there is little information on the spread of the virus among animals in contact with humans in...

  7. Positive human interaction improves welfare in commercial breeding dogs: Evidence from attention bias and human sociability tests

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Baqueiro-Espinosa, Uri, Lo, Tsz Hin, Hunter, Rachel, Donnelly, Paul, McEvoy, Victoria, Crump, Andrew, Arnott, Gareth

    Intensive breeding practices found in large scale Commercial Breeding Establishments (CBEs) raise significant concerns about breeding dam welfare. Large-scale CBE dams spend most of their reproductive lives confined to kennels, with limited access to enriching experiences including positive human...

  8. Environmental risk factors in puppies and kittens for developing chronic disorders in adulthood: A call for research on developmental programming

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gaillard, Virginie, Chastant, Sylvie, England, Gary, Forman, Oliver, German, Alexander J., Suchodolski, Jan S., Villaverde, Cecilia, Chavatte-Palmer, Pascale, Peron, Franck

    Many dogs and cats are affected by chronic diseases that significantly impact their health and welfare and relationships with humans. Some of these diseases can be challenging to treat, and a better understanding of early-life risk factors for diseases occurring in adulthood is key to improving...

  9. Susceptibility of domestic and companion animals to SARS-CoV-2: a comprehensive review

    | Contributor(s):: Pourbagher-Shahri, Ali Mohammad, Mohammadi, Gholamreza, Ghazavi, Hamed, Forouzanfar, Fatemeh

  10. Spatio temporal patterns of human-elephant conflict and its economic costs in and around Chebra Churchura National Park, Southwestern Ethiopia

    | Contributor(s):: Adane, Tsegaye, Afework, Bekele, Anagaw, Atikem

  11. John and Caesar

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Erasmo de Oliveira, Erasmo Francisco de Oliveira

    I want to present a case study that will bring tears to your eyes and show scientific circles that animals really are angels and that they have a life story, a mission to fulfill along with the human they came to Earth to find.

  12. Zoonoses transfer, factory farms and unsustainable human-animal relations

    | Contributor(s):: Marchese, A., Hovorka, A.

    Infectious diseases are rooted in unsustainable and unjust human-animal relationships. Zoonoses are facilitated by human proximity to animals, epidemiological risk embedded within factory farms, and exploitation of animals and humans in these intensive livestock production systems. The five major...

  13. The Perceived and Actual Impact of Outdoor Domestic Cats on Local Ecology in Massachusetts, and the Effects of Education on Cat Owner Behavior

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Olivia Shraibati, Christian Zelaya

    This project, Impact of Outdoor Cats and Educational Effects on Cat Owners, created a survey to assess the perceived ecological impact of domestic cats by residents of Massachusetts. It found that cat owners were overwhelmingly unaware of the full effects of their pet’s predation habits....

  14. The relaxing massage technique as a new tool to improve the human/animal relationship and the animal welfare parametersTecnica de massagem relaxante como ferramenta para melhorar a relacao humano-animal e os parametros de bem-estar animal

    | Contributor(s):: Leite, L. O., Nunes-Pinheiro, D. C. S., Hotzel, M. J.

  15. Plasma Concentration of Advanced Glycation End-Products From Wild Canids and Domestic Dogs Does Not Change With Age or Across Body Masses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ana Gabriela Jimenez

    Dogs provide a physiological paradox: In domestic dogs, small breeds live longer lives than large breed dogs. Comparatively, a wild canid can be a similar size than many large breed dogs and outlive their domestic cousin. We have previously shown that oxidative stress patterns between domestic...

  16. Domestic Cat Ethology: Evaluating Social Media for Data Collection

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Patricia Casey

    This study looked at whether user-submitted videos of cats could be used to increase understanding of their behavior. The findings suggest that the behaviors observed were consistent with prior research, and contain typical cat behavior. Depending on the research question, user-submitted videos...

  17. Maladaptation in feral and domesticated animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Eben Gering, Darren Incorvaia, Rie Henriksen, Dominic Wright, Thomas Getty

    Selection regimes and population structures can be powerfully changed by domestication and feralization, and these changes can modulate animal fitness in both captive and natural environments. In this review, we synthesize recent studies of these two processes and consider their impacts on...

  18. Epidemiological Study of Pesticide Poisoning in Domestic Animals and Wildlife in Portugal: 2014–2020

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Andreia Grilo, Anabela Moreira, Belmira Carrapiço, Adriana Belas, Berta São Braz

    Nowadays the intentional poisoning of domestic and wild animals is a crime in the European Union (EU), but as in the past the poison is still used in rural areas of a number of European countries to kill animals that were considered harmful for human activities. From January 2014 up until...

  19. Is seeing still believing? Leveraging deepfake technology for livestock farming

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Neethirajan, S.

    Deepfake technologies are known for the creation of forged celebrity pornography, face and voice swaps, and other fake media content. Despite the negative connotations the technology bears, the underlying machine learning algorithms have a huge potential that could be applied to not just digital...

  20. Evaluating ADHD Assessment for Dogs: A Replication Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Csibra, Barbara, Bunford, Nóra, Gácsi, Márta

    The family dog, in its natural environment, exhibits neuropsychological deficits redolent of human psychiatric disorders, including behaviours similar to human Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms. For dogs, Vas and colleagues developed a 13-item questionnaire to measure...