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Tags: Domestication

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  1. Our Wild Companions: Domestic cats in the Anthropocene

    Contributor(s):: Crowley, S. L., Cecchetti, M., McDonald, R. A.

  2. What Makes a Rabbit Cute? Preference for Rabbit Faces Differs according to Skull Morphology and Demographic Factors

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Naomi D. Harvey, James A. Oxley, Giuliana Miguel-Pacheco, Emma M. Gosling, Mark Farnworth

    Domesticated rabbits typically exhibit shorter, flatter skulls than their wild counterparts (brachycephalism). However, brachycephaly is associated with considerable health problems, including problems with dentition. The aim of this study was to establish which type of rabbit face people...

  3. Collagen and carbonate isotope data of fauna from pre-Columbian Panama

    | Contributor(s):: Sugiyama, N., France, C. A. M., Cooke, R. G., Martínez-Polanco, M. F.

  4. Selection on ultrasonic call rate in neonatal rats affects low frequency, but not ultrasonic, vocalizations in adults

    | Contributor(s):: Lesch, Raffaela, Orozco, Andrea, Shilling, Margaret, Zimmerberg, Betty, Fitch, W. Tecumseh

  5. Evidence of large genetic influences on dog ownership in the Swedish Twin Registry has implications for understanding domestication and health associations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tove Fall, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Keith Dobney, Carri Westgarth, Patrik K. E. Magnusson

    Dogs were the first domesticated animal and, according to the archaeological evidence, have had a close relationship with humans for at least 15,000 years. Today, dogs are common pets in our society and have been linked to increased well-being and improved health outcomes in their owners. A dog...

  6. Genetic differences for behaviour in juveniles from two strains of brown trout suggest an effect of domestication history

    | Contributor(s):: Benhaïm, David, Guyomard, René, Chatain, Béatrice, Quillet, Edwige, Bégout, Marie-Laure

    Because captivity constitutes a drastic environmental change, domestication is expected to induce a rapid genetic selection for behavioural traits. In this study, we searched for genetic differences in behaviour among brown trout juveniles from two strains differing for their domestication...

  7. Trainability and boldness traits differ between dog breed clusters based on conventional breed categories and genetic relatedness

    | Contributor(s):: Turcsán, Borbála, Kubinyi, Enikő, Miklósi, Ádám

    Modern dog breeding has given rise to more than 400 breeds differing both in morphology and behaviour. Traditionally, kennel clubs have utilized an artificial category system based on the morphological similarity and historical function of each dog breed. Behavioural comparisons at the...

  8. Sex influences rat personality more than geographical origin

    | Contributor(s):: Korpela, Katri

    The Norway rat is an indispensable model organism. Behavioral studies on rats usually concentrate on a single trait without considering how different behaviors are linked to each other and whether there are differences in this respect between rat strains or sexes. This study aims to describe the...

  9. The effect of domestication and ontogeny in swine cognition (Sus scrofa scrofa and S. s. domestica)

    | Contributor(s):: Albiach-Serrano, Anna, Bräuer, Juliane, Cacchione, Trix, Zickert, Nele, Amici, Federica

    Domesticated animals show physical, behavioural and cognitive differences from their closest wild relatives. This may have resulted from the former's long and continued selection by humans throughout history, but in some cases it could just reflect developmental differences between wild and...

  10. Early life behavioural differences in wild caught and domesticated sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax)

    | Contributor(s):: Benhaïm, David, Péan, Samuel, Lucas, Gaël, Blanc, Nancy, Chatain, Béatrice, Bégout, Marie-Laure

    Behavioural studies comparing hatchery and wild-caught fish are useful to improve selection for aquaculture and restocking programmes. We examined swimming behaviour characteristics in wild captured and domesticated sea bass juveniles before and after eliciting a startle response at 8 different...

  11. Horse Paleogenomes and Human-Animal Interactions in Prehistory

    | Contributor(s):: Perry, G. H., Makarewicz, C. A.

    A new analysis of paleogenomic data from 278 ancient horses (Fages et al. Cellhttp://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2019.03.049) finds that this animal - crucially important to many ancient and contemporary human societies for subsistence, transportation, conflict, and more - was domesticated in at least...

  12. Evolution of facial muscle anatomy in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Kaminski, J., Waller, B. M., Diogo, R., Hartstone-Rose, A., Burrows, A. M.

    Domestication shaped wolves into dogs and transformed both their behavior and their anatomy. Here we show that, in only 33,000 y, domestication transformed the facial muscle anatomy of dogs specifically for facial communication with humans. Based on dissections of dog and wolf heads, we show that...

  13. [Pet cats, medicine and art]

    | Contributor(s):: Cabello, C. F.

  14. More eggs but less social and more fearful? Differences in behavioral traits in relation to the phylogenetic background and productivity level in laying hens

    | Contributor(s):: Dudde, Anissa, Schrader, Lars, Weigend, Steffen, Matthews, Lindsay R., Krause, E. Tobias

    Different lines of laying hens have undergone a strong selection pressure for productivity traits, which has been proposed as a potential cause of undesirable side effects like behavioural disorders. One reason for such behavioral changes might be due to energy trade-offs, as high productive...

  15. Stress response of farmed European abalone reveals rapid domestication process in absence of intentional selection

    | Contributor(s):: Lachambre, Sébastien, Day, Rob, Boudry, Pierre, Huchette, Sylvain, Rio-Cabello, Antoine, Fustec, Timothée, Roussel, Sabine

    Farming, and thus the domestication of Haliotis tuberculata, began recently. We compared the responses of unselected farmed and wild abalone to stressors that occur on farms. The aim was to determine if the farm environment had induced differences in the behavioural or physiological performances...

  16. Longitudinal study on human-related behaviour in horses—Can horses (Equus caballus) be de-domesticated?

    | Contributor(s):: Górecka-Bruzda, Aleksandra, Jaworski, Zbigniew, Suwała, Mira, Boroń, Marlena, Ogłuszka, Magdalena, Earley, Bernadette, Sobczyńska, Magdalena

    In the present study, we hypothesise that persistent avoidance of human would confirm de-domestication process in semi-feral horses. Fifty-three Konik polski horses (stable-born: SB, N1=27 and forest-born: FB, N2=26), additionally handled for 5 or 15days after weaning, were evaluated. Human...

  17. Development and application of CatFACS: Are human cat adopters influenced by cat facial expressions?

    | Contributor(s):: Caeiro, C. C., Burrows, A. M., Waller, B. M.

    The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus) is quickly becoming the most popular animal companion in the world. The evolutionary processes that occur during domestication are known to have wide effects on the morphology, behaviour, cognition and communicative abilities of a species. Since facial...

  18. Owner-reported behavioural characteristics of dingoes (Canis dingo) living as companion animals: A comparison to ‘modern’ and ‘ancient’ dog breeds

    | Contributor(s):: Smith, Bradley P., Browne, Matthew, Serpell, James A.

    During the domestication of canids, humans have selected for particular traits and selected against others. Wild canids and phylogenetically primitive breeds might then be expected to show less ‘desirable’ traits than more recently derived European breeds of dog. In order to examine this, we...

  19. Genetic and behavioral characteristics of the St. Kitts 'island dog'

    | Contributor(s):: Grigg, Emma K., Nibblett, Belle M., Sacks, Benjamin N., Hack, Rachel, Serpell, James A., Hart, Lynette

    Recent studies of the ancient and indigenous dog breeds, while informing us about the origins of the domestic dog and the process of domestication, can also aid in understanding the behavior of modern-day dogs. Genetic signatures of indigenous American dog origins may be present on the Caribbean...

  20. Behavioural assessment of the habituation of feral rangeland goats to an intensive farming system

    | Contributor(s):: Miller, David W., Fleming, Patricia A., Barnes, Anne L., Wickham, Sarah L., Collins, Teresa, Stockman, Catherine A.

    There is increasing interest in methods for the habituation of feral rangeland goats to intensive fanning conditions. We tested whether there were production performance and behavioural differences between groups of rangeland goats in an intensive farming system that were either exposed to a high...