HabriCentral will be intermittently unavailable due to scheduled maintenance the afternoon of Wednesday, July 8, 2020. There will be some downtime of site features during the maintenance period. Please plan accordingly and we do apologize for any inconvenience. close

 
You are here: Home / Tags / Domestication / All Categories

Tags: Domestication

All Categories (1-20 of 554)

  1. Genetic differences for behaviour in juveniles from two strains of brown trout suggest an effect of domestication history

    Contributor(s):: Benhaïm, David, Guyomard, René, Chatain, Béatrice, Quillet, Edwige, Bégout, Marie-Laure

    Because captivity constitutes a drastic environmental change, domestication is expected to induce a rapid genetic selection for behavioural traits. In this study, we searched for genetic differences in behaviour among brown trout juveniles from two strains differing for their domestication...

  2. Trainability and boldness traits differ between dog breed clusters based on conventional breed categories and genetic relatedness

    Contributor(s):: Turcsán, Borbála, Kubinyi, Enikő, Miklósi, Ádám

    Modern dog breeding has given rise to more than 400 breeds differing both in morphology and behaviour. Traditionally, kennel clubs have utilized an artificial category system based on the morphological similarity and historical function of each dog breed. Behavioural comparisons at the...

  3. Sex influences rat personality more than geographical origin

    Contributor(s):: Korpela, Katri

    The Norway rat is an indispensable model organism. Behavioral studies on rats usually concentrate on a single trait without considering how different behaviors are linked to each other and whether there are differences in this respect between rat strains or sexes. This study aims to describe the...

  4. The effect of domestication and ontogeny in swine cognition (Sus scrofa scrofa and S. s. domestica)

    Contributor(s):: Albiach-Serrano, Anna, Bräuer, Juliane, Cacchione, Trix, Zickert, Nele, Amici, Federica

    Domesticated animals show physical, behavioural and cognitive differences from their closest wild relatives. This may have resulted from the former's long and continued selection by humans throughout history, but in some cases it could just reflect developmental differences between wild and...

  5. Early life behavioural differences in wild caught and domesticated sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax)

    Contributor(s):: Benhaïm, David, Péan, Samuel, Lucas, Gaël, Blanc, Nancy, Chatain, Béatrice, Bégout, Marie-Laure

    Behavioural studies comparing hatchery and wild-caught fish are useful to improve selection for aquaculture and restocking programmes. We examined swimming behaviour characteristics in wild captured and domesticated sea bass juveniles before and after eliciting a startle response at 8 different...

  6. Horse Paleogenomes and Human-Animal Interactions in Prehistory

    Contributor(s):: Perry, G. H., Makarewicz, C. A.

    A new analysis of paleogenomic data from 278 ancient horses (Fages et al. Cellhttp://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2019.03.049) finds that this animal - crucially important to many ancient and contemporary human societies for subsistence, transportation, conflict, and more - was domesticated in at least...

  7. Evolution of facial muscle anatomy in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Kaminski, J., Waller, B. M., Diogo, R., Hartstone-Rose, A., Burrows, A. M.

    Domestication shaped wolves into dogs and transformed both their behavior and their anatomy. Here we show that, in only 33,000 y, domestication transformed the facial muscle anatomy of dogs specifically for facial communication with humans. Based on dissections of dog and wolf heads, we show that...

  8. [Pet cats, medicine and art]

    Contributor(s):: Cabello, C. F.

  9. More eggs but less social and more fearful? Differences in behavioral traits in relation to the phylogenetic background and productivity level in laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Dudde, Anissa, Schrader, Lars, Weigend, Steffen, Matthews, Lindsay R., Krause, E. Tobias

    Different lines of laying hens have undergone a strong selection pressure for productivity traits, which has been proposed as a potential cause of undesirable side effects like behavioural disorders. One reason for such behavioral changes might be due to energy trade-offs, as high productive...

  10. Stress response of farmed European abalone reveals rapid domestication process in absence of intentional selection

    Contributor(s):: Lachambre, Sébastien, Day, Rob, Boudry, Pierre, Huchette, Sylvain, Rio-Cabello, Antoine, Fustec, Timothée, Roussel, Sabine

    Farming, and thus the domestication of Haliotis tuberculata, began recently. We compared the responses of unselected farmed and wild abalone to stressors that occur on farms. The aim was to determine if the farm environment had induced differences in the behavioural or physiological performances...

  11. Longitudinal study on human-related behaviour in horses—Can horses (Equus caballus) be de-domesticated?

    Contributor(s):: Górecka-Bruzda, Aleksandra, Jaworski, Zbigniew, Suwała, Mira, Boroń, Marlena, Ogłuszka, Magdalena, Earley, Bernadette, Sobczyńska, Magdalena

    In the present study, we hypothesise that persistent avoidance of human would confirm de-domestication process in semi-feral horses. Fifty-three Konik polski horses (stable-born: SB, N1=27 and forest-born: FB, N2=26), additionally handled for 5 or 15days after weaning, were evaluated. Human...

  12. Development and application of CatFACS: Are human cat adopters influenced by cat facial expressions?

    Contributor(s):: Caeiro, C. C., Burrows, A. M., Waller, B. M.

    The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus) is quickly becoming the most popular animal companion in the world. The evolutionary processes that occur during domestication are known to have wide effects on the morphology, behaviour, cognition and communicative abilities of a species. Since facial...

  13. Owner-reported behavioural characteristics of dingoes (Canis dingo) living as companion animals: A comparison to ‘modern’ and ‘ancient’ dog breeds

    Contributor(s):: Smith, Bradley P., Browne, Matthew, Serpell, James A.

    During the domestication of canids, humans have selected for particular traits and selected against others. Wild canids and phylogenetically primitive breeds might then be expected to show less ‘desirable’ traits than more recently derived European breeds of dog. In order to examine this, we...

  14. Genetic and behavioral characteristics of the St. Kitts 'island dog'

    Contributor(s):: Grigg, Emma K., Nibblett, Belle M., Sacks, Benjamin N., Hack, Rachel, Serpell, James A., Hart, Lynette

    Recent studies of the ancient and indigenous dog breeds, while informing us about the origins of the domestic dog and the process of domestication, can also aid in understanding the behavior of modern-day dogs. Genetic signatures of indigenous American dog origins may be present on the Caribbean...

  15. Behavioural assessment of the habituation of feral rangeland goats to an intensive farming system

    Contributor(s):: Miller, David W., Fleming, Patricia A., Barnes, Anne L., Wickham, Sarah L., Collins, Teresa, Stockman, Catherine A.

    There is increasing interest in methods for the habituation of feral rangeland goats to intensive fanning conditions. We tested whether there were production performance and behavioural differences between groups of rangeland goats in an intensive farming system that were either exposed to a high...

  16. Is evolution of domestication driven by tameness? A selective review with focus on chickens

    Contributor(s):: Agnvall, Beatrix, Bélteky, Johan, Katajamaa, Rebecca, Jensen, Per

    Domestication of animals offers unique possibilities to study evolutionary changes caused by similar selection pressures across a range of species. Animals from separate genera tend to develop a suite of phenotypic alterations referred to as "the domesticated phenotype". This involves changes in...

  17. Tempo and Mode of Domestication During the Neolithic Revolution: Evidence from Dental Mesowear and Microwear of Sheep

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Melissa Zolnierz

    The Neolithic Revolution marked a dramatic change in human subsistence practices. In order to explain this change, we must understand the motive forces behind it. Researchers have proposed many different stimuli, with most theories invoking environmental dynamics, human population density...

  18. Do human activity and infrastructure disturb domesticated reindeer? The need for the reindeer's perspective

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Skarin, Birgitta Åhman

    In recent decades, human–Rangifer (reindeer and caribou) interactions have increasingly been studied from a scientific perspective. Many of the studies have examined Norwegian wild reindeer or caribou in North America. It is often questioned whether results from these studies can be...

  19. Where is the real trap? Domination and mutualism in Teetl’it Gwich’in sensibilities about trapping

    | Contributor(s):: Wishart, Robert P.

  20. Aging animal bodies: horse retirement yards as relational spaces of liminality, dwelling and negotiation

    | Contributor(s):: Franklin, Alex, Schuurman, Nora