Genetic and behavioral characteristics of the St. Kitts 'island dog'
Contributor(s):: Grigg, Emma K., Nibblett, Belle M., Sacks, Benjamin N., Hack, Rachel, Serpell, James A., Hart, Lynette
Recent studies of the ancient and indigenous dog breeds, while informing us about the origins of the domestic dog and the process of domestication, can also aid in understanding the behavior of modern-day dogs. Genetic signatures of indigenous American dog origins may be present on the Caribbean...
Behavioural assessment of the habituation of feral rangeland goats to an intensive farming system
Contributor(s):: Miller, David W., Fleming, Patricia A., Barnes, Anne L., Wickham, Sarah L., Collins, Teresa, Stockman, Catherine A.
There is increasing interest in methods for the habituation of feral rangeland goats to intensive fanning conditions. We tested whether there were production performance and behavioural differences between groups of rangeland goats in an intensive farming system that were either exposed to a high...
Is evolution of domestication driven by tameness? A selective review with focus on chickens
Contributor(s):: Agnvall, Beatrix, Bélteky, Johan, Katajamaa, Rebecca, Jensen, Per
Domestication of animals offers unique possibilities to study evolutionary changes caused by similar selection pressures across a range of species. Animals from separate genera tend to develop a suite of phenotypic alterations referred to as "the domesticated phenotype". This involves changes in...
Tempo and Mode of Domestication During the Neolithic Revolution: Evidence from Dental Mesowear and Microwear of Sheep
| Contributor(s):: Melissa Zolnierz
The Neolithic Revolution marked a dramatic change in human subsistence practices. In order to explain this change, we must understand the motive forces behind it. Researchers have proposed many different stimuli, with most theories invoking environmental dynamics, human population density...
Do human activity and infrastructure disturb domesticated reindeer? The need for the reindeer's perspective
| Contributor(s):: Anna Skarin, Birgitta Åhman
In recent decades, human–Rangifer (reindeer and caribou) interactions have increasingly been studied from a scientific perspective. Many of the studies have examined Norwegian wild reindeer or caribou in North America. It is often questioned whether results from these studies can be...
Where is the real trap? Domination and mutualism in Teetl’it Gwich’in sensibilities about trapping
| Contributor(s):: Wishart, Robert P.
Aging animal bodies: horse retirement yards as relational spaces of liminality, dwelling and negotiation
| Contributor(s):: Franklin, Alex, Schuurman, Nora
Homozygosity for Mobile Element Insertions Associated with WBSCR17 Could Predict Success in Assistance Dog Training Programs
| Contributor(s):: Tandon, D., Ressler, K., Petticord, D., Papa, A., Jiranek, J., Wilkinson, R., Kartzinel, R. Y., Ostrander, E. A., Burney, N., Borden, C., Udell, M. A. R., VonHoldt, B. M.
The Role of Man's Best Friend: Assessing the Cultural Liminality of the Canis Lupus Familiars and Its Influence on Human Societies
| Contributor(s):: Julianne L. D'Amico
This project combines history and folklore to illuminate the concept of liminality and the human-dog relationship as it has evolved since the species domestication. The lore highlights the permanent liminality of the dog, the use of the species as remedies in Folk Medicine, and the dog's...
Experimental Tibetan monkey domestication and its application for intraocular pressure measurement
AIM: To train Tibetan monkey (Macaca thibetana) for intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement in conscious state and obtain normal IOP in conscious Tibetan Macaque. METHODS: The training was based on award-conditioned behavior. Food stimulation and human-animal interaction...
Earliest evidence for equid bit wear in the ancient Near East: The "ass" from Early Bronze Age Tell eṣ-Ṣâfi/Gath, Israel
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Haskel J. Greenfield, Itzhaq Shai, Tina L. Greenfield, Elizabeth R. Arnold, Annie Brown, Adi Eliyahu, Aren M. Maeir
Analysis of a sacrificed and interred domestic donkey from an Early Bronze Age (EB) IIIB (c. 2800–2600 BCE) domestic residential neighborhood at Tell eṣ-Ṣâfi/Gath, Israel, indicate the presence of bit wear on the Lower Premolar 2 (LPM2). This is the earliest evidence for the use of a...
Human-directed behaviour in goats is not affected by short-term positive handling
| Contributor(s):: Jan Langbein, Annika Krause, Christian Nawroth
In addition to domestication, interactions with humans or task-specific training during ontogeny have been proposed to play a key role in explaining differences in human–animal communication across species. In livestock, even short-term positive interactions with caretakers or other...
Animal Cities: Post-Human Urban Wildness
| Contributor(s):: Jing Huang
This thesis contends that architecture should be designed in a way to foster closer human-animal relationships. Cities are typically designed solely with the human in mind, and over time, animals have been pushed out of the city, decreasing biodiversity. Peoples’ tendency is to separate...
Architectures of domestication: on emplacing human-animal relations in the North
| Contributor(s):: Anderson, David G., Loovers, Jan Peter Laurens, Sara Asu Schroer, Robert P. Wishart
This article explores human‐animal relationships in the North by calling for a fresh examination of the infrastructures and architectures which inscribe them. We draw attention to the self‐limiting quality of Arctic architectures which are designed to emphasize mutual autonomy. This approach...
Cats and domestication – a road less travelled
| Contributor(s):: Claire Hargrave
Cats are the favoured domestic companion in the USA and their numbers are closely approaching that status in the UK. Yet the cat’s motivation for their behaviours, particularly those that stretch the limits of the human–cat bond, remain a mystery to many owners. By looking at the...
"She's a dog at the end of the day": guide dog owners' perspectives on the behaviour of their guide dog
| Contributor(s):: Craigon, P. J., Hobson-West, P., England, G. C. W., Whelan, C.
A guide dog is a domestic dog (Canis familiaris) that is specifically educated to provide mobility support to a blind or visually impaired owner. Current dog suitability assessments focus on behavioural traits, including: trainability, reactivity or attention to environmental stimuli, low...
How Wolves Turned into Dogs and How Dogs Are Valuable in Meeting Human Social Needs
| Contributor(s):: Kurt Kotrschal
A wealth of recent behavioral, neurobiological, and genetic results allows us to draw a new, comprehensive picture of the human-wolf-dog relationship. Dogs originated from wolves 35,000 years ago, mainly via selection for tameness. Wolves were probably spiritual partners and hunting buddies of...
The care of dogs and puppies
The companionship between man and dog has been strong for many years with proof given in the Bible, Matthew 15:27 " ... but even the dogs feed on the crumbs which fall from the master's table." Egyptians undoubtedly loved their dogs as pictures of hunting scenes with dogs...
Horsebreakers, Tamers, and Trainers: An Historical, Psychological, and Social Review
| Contributor(s):: Sharon E. Cregier
To my knowledge, there has been no organized synthesis describing the historical development of horse handling, management, lore, and training. This discussion offers, in capsule form, some of the historical, psychological, and social considerations which might be taken into account when...
Circumpolarity : Human-Animal Relationships in the Circumpolar North
| Contributor(s):: David George Anderson
This five-year project investigates how people and animals today, and in the past, build sustainable communities around the circumpolar Arctic.