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  1. Comunicación entre perros domésticos (Canis familiaris) y hombres

    Contributor(s):: Bentosela, Mariana, Mustaca, Alba E.

  2. The dog with human: Its origins and benefits to modern people

    Contributor(s):: Omori, Rie, Hasegawa, Toshikazu

  3. Human-animal relations in course of domestication

    Contributor(s):: Empel, W.

    A report on the Human animal relations during the course of domestication is presented.

  4. Human-animal relationship in an evolutionary perspective

    Contributor(s):: Verga, M.

    This article focuses on the evolution of the interaction between humans and animals, including domestic animals and pets. The process of domestication is described and conditions that facilitated the domestication process are enumerated. Animal welfare aspects are also discussed.

  5. Rangifer and man: an ancient relationship

    Contributor(s):: Gordon, B.

    A long-term relationship between Rangifer and humans is documented in three case studies: the Canadian Barrenlands (8000 years ago to Historic period), Ice-Age France (11 000-19 000 years ago) and Mesolithic Russia (7000-10 000 years ago). Ancient human and herd migration occurred in all areas,...

  6. Reindeer and caribou ( Rangifer tarandus ) response towards human activities

    Contributor(s):: Reimers, E., Colman, J. E.

    We address the question of how human activities and infrastructure influence reindeer/caribou's (R. tarandus) behaviour and habitat use in Norway and review studies based on current methodologies. Anthropogenic activities have a direct affect on Rangifer behaviour through the senses hearing,...

  7. Influence of environmental factors and breed on the adaptive intelligence of dogs

    Contributor(s):: Karpinski, M., Czyzowski, P., Drozd, L., Goleman, M.

    This study aimed at evaluating the adaptive intelligence of different dog breeds, as well as that of multibreed hybrids, taking into account their sex, age and maintenance. 174 dogs were included in this study (81 bitches and 93 male dogs above 12 months of age). Among the studied dogs, 93 were...

  8. Use and abuse - about the "naturality" of the equestrian use of the horse

    Contributor(s):: Meyer, H.

    Beginning with literary statements about the harmony of horse and rider on one side and about the denaturing of the horse under the saddle on the other side, utilization and exploitation are explicated as biological ways of the interaction of different species in the nature. Such interactions are...

  9. A special relationship: the coevolution of human beings and domesticated animals

    Contributor(s):: Budiansky, S.

  10. Genetics and animal domestication: new windows on an elusive process

    Contributor(s):: Dobney, K., Larson, G.

    Domesticated animals are universally familiar. How, when, where and why they became domesticated is less well understood. The genetic revolution of the past few decades has facilitated novel insights into a field that previously was principally the domain of archaeozoologists. Although some of...

  11. Primitive dogs, their ecology and behavior: unique opportunities to study the early development of the human-canine bond

    Contributor(s):: Brisbin, I. L., Risch, T. S.

  12. Ethical limits to domestication

    Contributor(s):: Sandoe, P., Holtug, N., Simonsen, H. B.

    This paper is about the ethical limits to the genetic changes in the make-up of farm animals through either selective breeding or genetic engineering. It is suggested that the ethical significance of domestication has become clear recently in the light of genetic engineering, but that the problem...

  13. How animal psychology can contribute to the dog-human relationship in modern society? (Special Issue: Behavior and cognition of dogs.)

    Contributor(s):: Jitsumori, M.

    Dogs have shared a common environment and similar selective pressures with humans through the time of domestication. About 60 years ago, Lorenz (1949) proposed that in many ways dogs are possibly more human-like than any other animals, including nonhuman primates. Only recently, however,...

  14. Perspectives on domestication: the history of our relationship with man's best friend

    Contributor(s):: Case, L.

    We are a nation of dog lovers. Never before in our history have we spent more time, money, and emotional energy on a group of animals that are kept solely for companionship. Pet food sales are a multi-billion dollar industry, and pet owners are spending more than 11 billion dollars each year on...

  15. The reintroduction and reinterpretation of the wild

    Contributor(s):: O'Rourke, E.

    This paper is concerned with changing social representations of the "wild," in particular wild animals. It argues that within a contemporary Western context the old agricultural perception of wild animals as adversarial and as a threat to domestication, is being replaced by an essentially urban...

  16. Effects of domestication on prey catching and killing in beagles, coyotes and F2 hybrids

    Contributor(s):: Fox, M. W.

  17. Breed-typical behaviour in dogs - historical remnants or recent constructs?

    Contributor(s):: Svartberg, K.

    Dogs show considerable variation in morphology, genetics and behaviour caused by long periods of artificial selection. This is evident in the large number of breeds we have today. Behavioural differences among breeds have often been regarded as remnants from past selection during the breeds'...

  18. Domestication and the behaviour-genetic analysis of captive populations

    Contributor(s):: Ricker, J. P., Skoog, L. A., Hirsch, J.

    The changes in behaviour and genetic variability that may occur in animal populations that are domesticated are discussed. It is suggested that large changes in behaviour do not necessarily result from domestication or captivity.

  19. The paca ( Cuniculus paca ) as a domestic source of protein for the neotropical, humid lowlands

    Contributor(s):: Smythe, N.

    A rationale for attempting the experimental domestication of the South American caviomorph rodent, the paca, is presented. A brief description of what is known of the behaviour of wild pacas is given, and these characteristics are discussed in relationship to domesticability. Those...

  20. Dimensions of horse personality based on owner and trainer supplied personality traits

    | Contributor(s):: McGrogan, C., Hutchison, M. D., King, J. E.

    Ratings on 36 personality descriptive adjectives were made on 100 companion horses by owners, trainers, and stable managers. The descriptors had been previously provided by a subset of 30 raters based on their own experience with horses. Principal components analysis revealed three statistically...