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  1. Friend or foe: context dependent sensitivity to human behaviour in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Gyori, B., Gacsi, M., Miklosi, A.

    During the course of domestication dogs (Canis familiaris) have inhabited a social field characterized by inter-specific interactions with humans. The mutually advantageous social contact between dogs and humans is facilitated by effective mechanisms that negotiate ongoing interactions and avoid...

  2. Regular handling and the domestic chick's fear of human beings: generalisation of response

    Contributor(s):: Jones, R. B.

    The approach/avoidance responses of handled (H) and non-handled (NH) female ISA Brown domestic chicks towards a visible experimenter were examined in 5 experiments in which the chick's previous experience of humans and/or the experimenter's identity or clothing (colour and style) were...

  3. Selection for behavioural traits in farm mink

    Contributor(s):: Hansen, S. W.

    Over a period of 6 years, >3000 farmed mink were tested for their behavioural response to human contact. Using a simple test (the stick test) repeated for 5 times, the mink were characterized and classified with regard to their response to human contact. Behavioural response that might be caused...

  4. Has a 4-generation selection programme affected the social behaviour and growth pattern of Arctic charr ( Salvelinus alpinus )?

    Contributor(s):: Brannas, E., Chaix, T., Nilsson, J., Eriksson, L. O.

    Domestication and selection to enhance growth of animals is likely to affect social behaviour. Aggression may increase or decrease. A 4-generation selection programme on the salmonid species Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus L.) based on a well-defined population origin has made it possible to...

  5. Interrelationships of dogs ( Canis familiaris ) and cats ( Felis catus L.) living under the same roof

    Contributor(s):: Feuerstein, N., Terkel, J.

    In the process of domestication, dogs (Canis familiaris) and cats (Felis catus [Felis silvestris]) have undergone thousands of years of genetic changes that have adapted them to the human environment. Both species have acquired a global distribution and it has become quite common to find homes...

  6. The effect of an improved man-animal relationship on sex ratio in litters and on growth and behaviour in cubs among farmed silver fox ( Vulpes vulpes )

    Contributor(s):: Bakken, M.

    Sex ratio and cub growth and behaviour were examined in 28 litters from multiparous silver fox vixens that had been given a titbit twice a week during pregnancy (G1) or received the same amount of human contact without any titbit (G2). Cub activity (number of grid lines crossed [Lc] during 3 min)...

  7. 10 000 years "high on the hog": some remarks on the human-animal relationship

    Contributor(s):: Meyer, H.

    The pig has a contradictory image. It is the symbol of luck, thrift, prosperity, or fertility. At the same time, it is identified with negative characteristics such as impurity (in a literal as well as a figurative sense), lechery, falseness, and craving for power. Although the pig is honored as...

  8. A case for a naturalistic perspective

    Contributor(s):: Paxton, D. W.

    This paper continues the debate on a unifying theory of the human-companion animal bond, begun in the first volume of Anthrozoos by Kidd and Kidd (1987:140-57). Research is cited in which the relationship between people and the dog is the case study. It is argued that the animal-animal model may...

  9. An archaeological and historical review of the relationships between felids and people

    Contributor(s):: Faure, E., Kitchener, A. C.

    A review of the archaeological and historical records reveals several lines of evidence that people have had close relationships with felids. Almost 40% of felid species have been tamed on all continents, excluding Europe and Oceania, but only one species was domesticated. However, taming...

  10. Attitudes, knowledge and wild animals as pets in Costa Rica

    Contributor(s):: Drews, C.

    A nationwide survey in Costa Rica, using Kellert's conceptual framework, revealed at least five attitude dimensions toward animals. Overall, Costa Rican adults have a strong sentimental attitude toward animals, an expression of feelings of affection toward animals. In contrast, the materialistic...

  11. Family traditions for mahouts of Asian elephants

    Contributor(s):: Hart, L., Sundar

    The mahout and elephant relationship is one of the oldest human-animal relationships, possibly beginning as far back as 5,000 years ago. Valued for their assistance in war and work, elephants were trained and managed using methods described in ancient Indian texts. The lifelong job of mahouts...

  12. Human-pet dynamics in cross-cultural perspective

    Contributor(s):: Gray, P. B., Young, S. M.

    Pets increasingly serve the function as emotional surrogates of children, with tremendous resources poured into their care. However, this function of pets may be quite different from the typical human-pet dynamics characterizing a wider array of societies. To help fill a gap in the cross-cultural...

  13. The origin of the dog revisited

    Contributor(s):: Koler-Matznick, J.

    The most widely accepted hypothesis of the origin of the dog, Canis familiaris, is that the dog is a domesticated grey wolf, Canis lupus. This paper reviews the evidence for this conclusion, finds many unanswered questions and conceptual gaps in the wolf origin hypothesis, and explores the...

  14. Behavioural and physiological differences between silver foxes selected and not selected for domestic behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Harri, M., Mononen, J., Ahola, L., Plyusnina, I., Rekila, T.

    The degree of domestication of an animal is difficult to estimate because the animal's phenotype depends not only on its genetic make-up but also on its experiences during ontogeny. In addition, comparisons between wild and domestic animals suffer from the lack of a proper reference population....

  15. Challenges and paradoxes in the companion-animal niche

    Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Bennett, P. C.

    By definition, the companion-animal niche demands merely that animals must provide companionship. At first glance, this may seem easy enough, but the forces that contribute to success in this niche are complex. Indeed, success as a companion is rarely measured in terms of biological fitness, and...

  16. Could empathy for animals have been an adaptation in the evolution of Homo sapiens ?

    Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, J. W. S., Paul, E. S.

    In humans, empathy has emotional and cognitive components, both of which are linked to caring and nurturant behaviour. Variations in each of these facets of empathy were likely to have been accessible to natural selection during the evolution of Homo, although the likely details of their...

  17. Domestication, selection, behaviour and welfare of animals - genetic mechanisms for rapid responses

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, P.

    Increased production has been the major goal of animal breeding for many decades, and the correlated side-effects have grown to become a major issue in animal welfare. In this paper, the main genetic mechanisms in which such side-effects may occur are reviewed with examples from our own research...

  18. How has the risk of predation shaped the behavioural responses of sheep to fear and distress?

    Contributor(s):: Dwyer, C. M.

    To use behaviours as indicators of stress it is important to understand their underlying causation. For a prey animal in the wild, such as a sheep, behavioural responses have evolved to evade detection and capture by predators. The behavioural responses of the wild ancestors of domestic sheep to...

  19. Les premiers animaux de compagnie, 8500 ans avant notre ere?...ou comment j'ai mangé mon chat, mon chien et mon renard = Earliest pets, 8500 BC?...or how I ate my cat, my dog and my fox

    Contributor(s):: Vigne, Jean-Denis, Guilaine, Jean

  20. Domestication and behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Goldberg, J.

    The domestication of animal species has led to complex relations with humans entailing profound transformations, especially at the behavioural level. It is a rather difficult task to answer the question of whether the wild ancestors of a given domestic form were in some way preadapted to...