Revealing the History of Sheep Domestication Using Retrovirus Integrations
Contributor(s):: Bernardo Chessa, Filipe Pereira, Frederick Arnaud, Antonio Amorim, Felix Goyache, Ingrid Mainland
The domestication of livestock represented a crucial step in human history. By using endogenous retroviruses as genetic markers, we found that sheep differentiated on the basis of their "retrotype" and morphological traits dispersed across Eurasia and Africa via separate migratory...
A 'long-fuse domestication' of the horse? Tooth shape suggests explosive change in modern breeds compared to extinct populations and living Przewalski horses
Contributor(s):: Krish Seetah, Andrea Cardini, Graeme Barker
Archaeological and molecular data suggest that horses were domesticated comparatively recently, the genetic evidence indicating that this was from several maternal haplotypes but only a single paternal one. However, although central to our understanding of how humans and environmental conditions...
Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature
Contributor(s):: Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.
This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...
Neurobiological underpinnings of dogs’ human-like social competence: How interactions between stress response systems and oxytocin mediate dogs’ social skills
Contributor(s):: Buttner, Alicia Phillips
How has the domestication of dogs impacted native North American culture and way of life?
Contributor(s):: Mikaela E. Reisman
Dogs, as the only domestic mammal in North America, were a part of the life and culture of the people who migrated to the Americas from Eurasia. Originally domesticated from Eurasian wolves, the uses of dogs expanded once the Native American ancestors spread throughout the continents. I...
Social behavior of domestic dogs and cats as compared to wild canine and feline species : an honors thesis
Contributor(s):: Anthony W. Rusk
With the help of animal behavioralists, parallels have been drawn between domestic dogs and cats and their wild cousins. In some respects, social behavior in domestic animals has remained similar to characteristics found in wild animals. General observations of social conduct have been examined....
Documenting Domestication: New Genetic Archaeological Paradigms
Contributor(s):: Melinda A. Zeder
Dr. Melinda Zeder, Director of Archaeobiology Program at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History delivers a talk at The Ohio State University (125 Scott Lab) about DNA and domestication. Dr. Zeder's lecture is part of a project sponsored by the Battelle Endowment...
Determining the antiquity of dog origins: canine domestication as a model for the consilience between molecular genetics and archaeology
Contributor(s):: Michelle Jeanette Raisor
Archaeologists have favored a date of 14,000-15,000 years before present (BP) for canine domestication. However, recent studies of mutations in the mitochondrial DNA sequence by molecular geneticists have implied that dogs were domesticated over 100,000 years ago, which has challenged traditional...
Accommodating the Animal: Domestication in Eighteenth-Century English Literature
Contributor(s):: Erin Parker
Eighteenth-century English writers imagined domestication as the education of animals, as a mutually beneficial contract between species, as a form of cruelty and exploitation, and as an extension of hospitality. This study analyses how these diverse literary portrayals of domestication intersect...
Animal domestication and vertebrate speciation : a paradigm for the origin of species
Contributor(s):: Susan Janet Crockford
Heterochrony (changes in developmental rates and/or timing) has been successfully argued as the most significant process in evolution. Heterochronic differences between species are recognized in many vertebrate lineages, including hominids and domesticates. However, the biological mechanism(s)...
The pact for survival : humans and their animal companions
Contributor(s):: Newby, Jonica
Animal welfare aspects in cat ownershipTierschutzrelevante Aspekte bei der Katzenhaltung
Contributor(s):: Hoefer, M.
A review on the policies, welfare issues, and law on cat ownership in Germany was presented.
Early domestication and farming: what should we know or do for a better understanding?
Contributor(s):: Vigne, J. D.
This paper aims to identify a series of conceptual, strategic and technological challenges facing archaeozoology (and archaeobotany) in order to better understand when, where, how and why plant and animal domestication and farming developed during the last 12 000 years. Situated at the interface...
Animal Welfare in Human-Animal Interactions
Contributor(s):: Myrna Milani
Just as what comprises acceptable welfare in any people involved in human-animal interactions (HAI) represents an amalgam of multiple components that related to multiple disciplines, what comprises the welfare of the animals involved in these same interactions is...
Watercraft, People, and Animals: Setting the Stage for the Neolithic Colonization of the Mediterranean Islands of Cyprus and Crete
Contributor(s):: Katelyn Dibenedetto
One of the most significant developments in human history was the “Neolithic Revolution,” which first began around 11,000 years ago in mainland Southwest Asia. It resulted in not only the economic reorientation from hunting and foraging to herding and farming based on domesticate...
Evolution. Dogs hijack the human bonding pathway
Contributor(s):: MacLean, E. L., Hare, B.
Social evolution. Oxytocin-gaze positive loop and the coevolution of human-dog bonds
Contributor(s):: Nagasawa, M., Mitsui, S., En, S., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M., Sakuma, Y., Onaka, T., Mogi, K., Kikusui, T.
Interpersonal barriers to stopping animal abuse: exploring the role of adolescent friendship norms and breeches
Contributor(s):: Arluke, A.
Variation and Plasticity in Equid Behavior: Coevolution and Domestication
Contributor(s):: Brubaker, Alexali Sienna