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  1. 'subordination style' in pigs? The response of pregnant sows to mixing stress affects their offspring's behaviour and stress reactivity

    Contributor(s):: Ison, S. H., D'Eath, R. B., Robson, S. K., Baxter, E. M., Ormandy, E., Douglas, A. J., Russell, J. A., Lawrence, A. B., Jarvis, S.

    In various mammals stress during gestation can result in long term effects on the behaviour and physiology of the offspring. The aims of this study were (i) to characterise individual variation among primiparous sows (gilts) in their behavioural and physiological response to a commercially...

  2. A bio-behavioral study of chronic idiopathic colitis in the rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta)

    Contributor(s):: Howell, Sue, White, Daniel, Ingram, Sonya, Jackson, Raven, Larin, Jorge, Morales, Pablo, Garcia, Ana Patricia, Hicks, Chassey, Hopper, Kelly, Wagner, Joseph

    This study focused on the bio-social factors that influence chronic idiopathic colitis (CIC) disease in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). A retrospective study of CIC included all colony animals between 2007 and 2009. A prospective study included 36 rhesus macaques treated for CIC in 2008 and...

  3. A day at the zoo through the lens of Jessica Benjamin's Bonds of love

    Contributor(s):: Bassin, Donna

  4. A historical, interdisciplinary analysis of the animal and human social ecosystem

    Contributor(s):: Jeter, Kris

  5. Allogrooming in cattle: relationships between social preferences, feeding displacements and social dominance

    Contributor(s):: Val-Laillet, D., Guesdon, V., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Passille, A. M. de, Rushen, J.

    The aim of this study was to describe the allogrooming behaviour of group-housed lactating cows (Bos taurus) as it relates to social dominance, friendship, parity and level of feeding competition. We measured the socio-negative (displacements at the feeder and in the lying stalls) and...

  6. An investigation of factors related to the dominance order of a herd of dairy cows of similar age and breed

    Contributor(s):: Collis, K. A.

    Dominance value was found to be negatively correlated with height at withers (P

  7. An overview of the dog-human dyad and ethograms within it

    Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Starling, M., Branson, N. J., Cobb, M. L., Calnon, D.

    This article reviews the literature on the complex and variable nature of the dog-human dyad and describes the influence of terms such as "dominance" on attitudes that humans have toward dogs. It highlights a legacy of tension between ethology and psychology and notes that some practitioners have...

  8. An overview of the dog–human dyad and ethograms within it

    Contributor(s):: McGreevy, Paul D., Starling, Melissa, Branson, N. J., Cobb, Mia L., Calnon, Debbie

  9. Animals and the Ethics of Domination

    Contributor(s):: Fink, C.K.

  10. Applying the interpersonal circumplex to the behavioral styles of dogs and cats

    Contributor(s):: Zeigler-Hill, V., Highfill, L.

    The present study examined the viability of the interpersonal circumplex, which was designed to examine human social behavior, as a model for considering the behavioral styles of dogs and cats. This was accomplished by recruiting 555 pet owners to report on the behavioral styles of their pets as...

  11. Assessment of sub-grouping behaviour in pigs housed at different group sizes

    Contributor(s):: Turner, S. P., Horgan, G. W., Edwards, S. A.

    The group size within which a dominance hierarchy can function without modification is finite. Sub-grouping behaviour may fragment a large group into smaller units in which a dominance hierarchy may be preserved. This could be achieved by spatial localization, as indicated by the existence of...

  12. Between trust and domination :social contracts between humans and animals

    Contributor(s):: Oma, Kristin Armstrong

  13. Breeding amiable animals? Improving farm animal welfare by including social effects in breeding programmes

    Contributor(s):: Rodenburg, T. B., Bijma, P., Ellen, E. D., Bergsma, R., Vries, S. de, Bolhuis, J. E., Kemp, B., Arendonk, J. A. M. van

    Social interactions between individuals, such as co-operation and competition, are key factors in evolution by natural selection. As a consequence, evolutionary biologists have developed extensive theories to understand the consequences of social interactions for response to natural selection....

  14. Canine aggression toward familiar people: a new look at an old problem

    Contributor(s):: Luescher, A. U., Reisner, I. R.

  15. Canine Dominance Aggression Towards People

    Contributor(s):: Cathy Taphorn, Donald D. Draper

    A common and potentially serious behavioral problem confronting pet owners and the sn1all animal practitioner is aggression. Of the several types of aggression, dominance aggression is the most common. Over one million people a year are bitten by dogs in the United States alone. 

  16. Canine dominance-associated aggression: concepts, incidence, and treatment in a private behavior practice

    Contributor(s):: Cameron, D. B.

    A review of 35 dominance-associated aggression (DA) cases presented to a small, private, behaviour-only veterinary practice revealed that attention addiction was the most commonly associated (66

  17. Characteristics, treatment, and outcome of 99 cases of aggression between dogs

    Contributor(s):: Sherman, C. K., Reisner, I. R., Taliaferro, L. A., Houpt, K. A.

    99 cases of aggression between dogs treated at the Animal Behaviour Clinic at Cornell University between 1983 and 1993 were analysed. In 73 cases the aggression was a conflict between dogs in the same household, whereas in 26 cases the aggression was directed at non-household dogs. 71% of the...

  18. Client relations when the animal dominates

    Contributor(s):: Antelyes, J.

  19. Conflict and cooperation: sociobiological principles and the behaviour of pigs

    Contributor(s):: Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L., Pajor, E. A., Weary, D. M.

  20. Consistency of measurement of social status in dry-sows group-housed in indoor and outdoor systems

    Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, R. H., Skyrme, J., Brenninkmeijer, E. E., Broom, D. M.

    Each of two 20-sow groups consisted of gilts i.e. virgin sows (one third) and sows (parity 2-5, i.e. sows which had given birth 2-5 times). One group was housed indoors with a straw-covered lying area and dunging area. The other group was housed outdoors with a covered straw lying area and 2...