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  1. Effects of farrowing stall layout and number of heat lamps on sow and piglet behavior

    Contributor(s):: Leonard, Suzanne M., Xin, Hongwei, Brown-Brandl, Tami M., Ramirez, Brett C., Johnson, Anna K., Dutta, Somak, Rohrer, Gary A.

  2. Effect of large litter size and within-litter differences in piglet weight on the use of milk replacer in litters from hyper-prolific sows under two housing conditions

    Contributor(s):: Kobek-Kjeldager, Cecilie, Moustsen, Vivi A., Theil, Peter K., Pedersen, Lene J.

    Due to genetic selection for large litters in pig production, piglets are often supernumerary to the teats on the sow. Providing milk replacer as a second feed source is increasingly being used to rear large litters. This results in increased competition at the udder when all piglets remain at...

  3. Use of artificial drinkers by unhandled semi-feral ponies

    Contributor(s):: Van de Weerd, Heleen A., Seaman, Shirley, Wheeler, Karen, Goddard, Pete, McLean, Barbara

    This study investigated drinking behaviour of unhandled, semi-feral Dartmoor ponies. Aspects studied were drinking behaviour, latency to drink from novel unfamiliar drinkers after transport, preferences for different types of artificial water drinkers, effects of mixing with unfamiliar ponies and...

  4. Corrigendum: Editorial: Working Dogs: Form and Function

    Contributor(s):: Otto, C. M., Cobb, M. L., Wilsson, E.

  5. Influence of off-stream watering systems on cattle behaviour adjacent to Lower Little Bow River in Southern Alberta

    Contributor(s):: Miller, J. J., Curtis, T., Rogness, D., Willms, W. D., Chanasyk, D. S.

    Off-stream waterers (OSWs) located in upland pastures may be effective in reducing livestock impacts on riparian areas and rivers, but little research has been conducted on the impact of OSWs located closer to rivers. We studied cattle behaviour over four years (2012-2015) for a portable OSW at...

  6. Editorial: Working Dogs: Form and Function

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s):: Otto, C. M., Cobb, M. L., Wilsson, E.

  7. Working Dogs Drinking a Nutrient-Enriched Water Maintain Cooler Body Temperature and Improved Pulse Rate Recovery After Exercise

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Brian M. Zanghi, Patrick J. Robbins, Meghan T. Ramos, Cynthia M. Otto

    Exercise-related physiological changes were evaluated in hydrated, exercise-conditioned working dogs with free access to tap water (TW) with or without a nutrient-enriched water supplement (NW). Physiological samples and measures were collected before and after work-related field tasks in a...

  8. Evaluation of Three Hydration Strategies in Detection Dogs Working in a Hot Environment

    | Contributor(s):: Cynthia M. Otto, Elizabeth Hare, Jess L. Nord, Shannon M. Palermo, Kathleen M. Kelsey, Tracy A. Darling, Kasey Schmidt, Destiny Coleman

    Physical activity in hot environments can increase the risk of heat stress or heat stroke in dogs. Heat tolerance is influenced by acclimatization to the environment, physical fitness, and hydration state. Three common strategies to promote hydration in working dogs are free access to water (W),...

  9. Impact of structural and cognitive enrichment on the learning performance, behavior and physiology of dwarf goats ( Capra aegagrus hircus)

    | Contributor(s):: Oesterwind, S., Nurnberg, G., Puppe, B., Langbein, J.

    Intensive husbandry usually offers only limited opportunities for animals to perform their characteristic species-specific behavior and can lead to boredom, stress or frustration. The positive impact of structural forms of environmental enrichment on animal welfare is well investigated because it...

  10. Rock pigeon use of livestock facilities in northern Colorado: implications for improving farm bio-security

    | Contributor(s):: Carlson, J. C., Clark, L., Antolin, M. F., Salman, M. D.

  11. Protocol for expert report on animal welfare in case of companion animal cruelty suspicion

    | Contributor(s):: Hammerschmidt, J., Molento, C. F. M.

    Animal welfare expert reports may support court decisions when animal abuse or maltreatment is suspected. The objective of this work is to adapt animal welfare assessment protocols to identify companion animal abuse. The proposed protocol includes four indicator categories: nutritional, comfort,...

  12. Validation of a pressure sensor-based system for measuring eating, rumination and drinking behaviour of dairy cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Ruuska, Salla, Kajava, Sari, Mughal, Mikaela, Zehner, Nils, Mononen, Jaakko

    The main objective of our study was to validate, for dairy cows, a new pressure-based system (RumiWatch noseband sensor, Itin + Hoch GmbH, Liestal, Switzerland; RWS) that measures eating, rumination and drinking time. In experiment 1, eating, rumination and drinking time (RWS, min/h) measurements...

  13. Temperature-dependent consumption of drinking water in piglet rearing

    | Contributor(s):: Hoeck, J., Buscher, W.

    This study focussed on examining the temperature-specific consumption of drinking water by piglets. To this end, a drinking trough system was developed to offer the animals water at three different temperatures (warm (+10°C then barn temperature), barn temperature (actual barn temperature) and...

  14. Transport of horses for slaughter in Iceland

    | Contributor(s):: Roy, R. C., Cockram, M. S., Dohoo, I. R., Ragnarsson, S.

    There is interest in the transportation of horses ( Equus caballus) to slaughter and a need to assess the welfare implications of this practice. Forty-six loads of 7-35 horses transported for 0.33 to 3.10 h to a slaughter plant in Iceland were studied. Adults and foals were transported together...

  15. Hydration state of goats transported by road for 12 hours during the hot-dry conditions and the modulating role of ascorbic acid

    | Contributor(s):: Minka, S. N., Ayo, J. O.

    This study investigated the effects of 12 hr of road transportation during the hot-dry conditions and the modulating role of ascorbic acid (AA) on the hydration state of goats. Twenty goats who served as treatment goats received oral administration of 100 mg/kg body weight of AA, whereas another...

  16. Colour preferences of domestic chicks in relation to food and water presentation

    | Contributor(s):: Roper, T. J., Marples, N. M.

    The colour preferences of chicks presented with artificially coloured food (chick starter crumbs) and water were investigated. In experiment 1, 96 pairs of chicks received red, green or black food in the form of a small pile of crumbs placed on the floor of the test cage, or red, green or black...

  17. On the use of an automated learning device by group-housed dwarf goats: do goats seek cognitive challenges?

    | Contributor(s):: Langbein, J., Siebert, K., Nurnberg, G.

    It has been postulated that implementing appropriate cognitive challenges in the housing of captive animals allows them to use their cognitive skills, and to learn to control certain aspects of their environment. This cognitive activity is thought to be a major source of positive emotions and a...

  18. The interaction of liveweight and the degree of competition on drinking behaviour in growing pigs at different group sizes

    | Contributor(s):: Turner, S. P., Sinclair, A. G., Edwards, S. A.

    If competition for access to a limited resource is substantial, access to that resource may be allocated disproportionately to different members of a group. Priority may be based on a dominance hierarchy, or on physical characteristics, such as weight. The pattern of drinking behaviour was...

  19. Water off a duck's back: showers and troughs match ponds for improving duck welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Jones, T. A., Waitt, C. D., Dawkins, M. S.

    The impact of production systems on the welfare of ducks grown for meat is becoming increasingly controversial. In the UK, approximately 18 million ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) were reared for meat in 2006 (British Poultry Council, 2008; http://www.poultry.uk.com/who_ducks01.htm). Despite the...

  20. Performance and feeding behaviour of calves on ad libitum milk from artificial teats

    | Contributor(s):: Appleby, M. C., Weary, D. M., Chua, B.

    Weight gain, milk intake, starter intake and number of days with diarrhoea were measured for individually housed Holstein calves offered milk twice daily by bucket at 5% of body weight per feeding (n=11) or ad libitum from a teat (n=12) from birth until 4 weeks of age. Mean weight gains during...