Individual hunting behaviour and prey specialisation in the house cat Felis catus: implications for conservation and management
Contributor(s):: Dickman, C. R., Newsome, T. M.
Predators are often classed as prey specialists if they eat a narrow range of prey types, or as generalists if they hunt multiple prey types. Yet, individual predators often exhibit sex, size, age or personality-related differences in their diets that may alter the impacts of predation on...
Effects of panels and perches on the behaviour of commercial slow-growing free-range meat chickens
Contributor(s):: Rodriguez-Aurrekoetxea, A., Leone, E. H., Estevez, I.
Environmental enrichment has the potential to benefit the welfare of farm animals. In poultry, panels and perches are two of the most commonly used forms of enrichment but few studies have determined their effects under commercial conditions. The aim of this work was to assess the impact of these...
The risk factors affecting the development of vent pecking and cannibalism in free-range and organic laying hens
Contributor(s):: Lambton, S. L., Knowles, T. G., Yorke, C., Nicol, C. J.
Injurious pecking remains one of the biggest animal welfare and economic challenges for free-range egg producers. This prospective epidemiological study investigated the development of vent pecking (VP) and cannibalism on 62 free-range and organic UK farms (119 flocks). Flocks were visited at 25...
A survey of attitudes of local citizens of a residential area toward urban stray cats in Japan
Contributor(s):: Uetake, K., Yamada, S., Yano, M., Tanaka, T.
This study surveyed the attitudes of local residents living in an urban area in Japan toward stray cats. An anonymous questionnaire asked local residents (359 houses) about their attitudes toward stray cats. Responses were received from 126 houses (35%). Answers about nuisance, respondents'...
Litterbox size preference in domestic cats ( Felis catus)
Contributor(s):: Guy, N. C., Hopson, M., Vanderstichel, R.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the response of healthy housebound domestic cats to the simultaneous provision of 2 litterboxes of differing sizes by recording the average daily frequency of urination and defecation in each box. Forty-three households with 74 privately owned cats were...
We must ban household pets for children at risk for atopy: pro
Contributor(s):: Brouard, J., Pellerin, L.
Measuring foot-pad lesions in commercial broiler houses. Some aspects of methodology
Contributor(s):: Jong, I. C. de, Harn, J. van, Gunnink, H., Lourens, A., Riel, J. W. van
Ethiopian village dogs: behavioural responses to a stranger's approach
Contributor(s):: Ortolani, A., Vernooij, H., Coppinger, R.
We studied the behavioural ecological characteristics of free-roaming dogs (Canis familiaris) in four Ethiopian villages via observational surveys. The Ethiopian village dogs surveyed in this study have similar characteristics to other free-roaming dog populations in the world: (1) they are...
Behavioural time budgets of broiler chickens reared in varying light intensities
Contributor(s):: Alvino, G. M., Archer, G. S., Mench, J. A.
Light management is a critical component of production for intensively housed animals. To increase productivity, broiler chickens are often raised commercially in houses that are dimly illuminated on a near-continuous basis. There have been relatively few studies examining the effects of light...
Optical flow patterns in broiler chicken flocks as automated measures of behaviour and gait
Contributor(s):: Dawkins, M. S., Lee, HyoungJoo, Waitt, C. D., Roberts, S. J.
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that valuable on-farm outcome measures of broiler (meat) chicken welfare can be derived from optical flow statistics of flock movements recorded on video or CCTV inside commercial broiler houses. 'Optical flow' describes the velocity of image...
Factors associated with aggressive responses in pet dogs
Contributor(s):: Hsu, YuYing, Sun, LiChing
This study used The Canine Behavioral Assessment and Research Questionnaire (C-BARQ) and regression models to explore the relative importance of dog and owner characteristics, living environment and owner-dog interaction to household dogs' aggressiveness towards strangers, owners and other dogs....
"A gentle work horse would come in right handy": animals in Ozark agroecology
Contributor(s):: Campbell, B. C.
Agricultural scientists now acknowledge the wisdom and practicality behind traditional (agro)ecological knowledge (TEK). Integration of TEK into contemporary organic agricultural systems is complicated, however, by the fact that agronomists, social scientists, and extension agents began...
Post-release survival of hand-reared pipistrelle bats ( Pipistrellus spp)
Contributor(s):: Kelly, A., Goodwin, S., Grogan, A., Mathews, F.
There is very little known about the post-release survival of hand-reared pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus spp). We radio-tracked 12 pipistrelle bats, hand-reared and released under three different protocols: (i) limited pre-release flight training and over-wintering (n=5); (ii) prolonged...