Apr 11 2014
ICAS 13th Annual North American Conference for Critical Animal Studies
"Loyals" and "optimizers": shedding light on the decision for or against organic agriculture among Swiss farmers
Contributor(s):: Mann, S., Gairing, M.
Concepts of animal health and welfare in organic livestock systems
Contributor(s):: Vaarst, M., Alroe, H. F.
Consumer attitudes towards alternatives to piglet castration without pain relief in organic farming: qualitative results from Germany
Contributor(s):: Heid, A., Hamm, U.
Farmers' attitude towards animal welfare aspects and their practice in organic dairy calf rearing: a case study in selected Nordic farms
Contributor(s):: Vetouli, T., Lund, V., Kaufmann, B.
Animal welfare and organic aquaculture in open systems
Contributor(s):: Cottee, S. Y., Petersan, P.
The principles of organic farming espouse a holistic approach to agriculture that promotes sustainable and harmonious relationships amongst the natural environment, plants and animals, as well as regard for animals' physiological and behavioral needs. However, open aquaculture systems - both...
Can natural behavior be cultivated? The farm as local human/animal culture
Contributor(s):: Segerdahl, P.
Although the notion of natural behaviour occurs in many policy-making and legal documents on animal welfare, no consensus has been reached concerning its definition. This paper argues that one reason why the notion resists unanimously accepted definition is that natural behaviour is not properly...
Contamination, crop trials, and compatibility. (Special issue: Ethics as a dimension of agrifood policy: selected papers from the 4th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)
Contributor(s):: Bruce, D.
This paper examines the ethical and social questions that underlie the present UK discussion whether genetically modified (GM) crops and organic agriculture can coexist within a given region or are mutually exclusive. A European Commission report predicted practical difficulties in achieving...
Critical impact assessment of organic agriculture
Contributor(s):: Xie, Biao, Wang, XiaoRong, Ding, ZhuHong, Yang, YaPing
Based on its production guideline, organic agriculture has set for itself the goals of minimizing all forms of pollution and maintaining sustainability of the farming system. By striving for these goals, organic farming meets the demands of an increasing number of consumers who are critical of...
Does organic farming face distinctive livestock welfare issues? - a conceptual analysis
Contributor(s):: Alroe, H. F., Vaarst, M., Kristensen, E. S.
The recent development and growth of organic livestock farming and the related development of national and international regulations has fuelled discussions among scientists and philosophers concerning the proper conceptualization of animal welfare. These discussions on livestock welfare in...
Ethical issues associated with sheep fly strike research, prevention, and control
Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.
This paper deals with ethical issues associated with fly strike research, prevention and control. It is argued that in their attempt to find control solutions and to understand the disorder, Australasian researchers increase sheep suffering by conducting experiments that artificially induce fly...
Ethics, narrative, and agriculture: transforming agricultural practice through ecological imagination
Contributor(s):: Sanford, A. W.
The environmental degradation caused by industrial agriculture, as well as the resulting social and health consequences, creates an urgency to rethink food production by expanding the moral imagination to include agricultural practices. Agricultural practices presume human use of the earth and...
Experiential science; towards an integration of implicit and reflected practitioner-expert knowledge in the scientific development of organic farming
Contributor(s):: Baars, T.
For further development of organic agriculture, it will become increasingly essential to integrate experienced innovative practitioners in research projects. The characteristics of this process of co-learning have been transformed into a research approach, theoretically conceptualized as...
Health and welfare in Danish dairy cattle in the transition to organic production: problems, priorities and perspectives
Contributor(s):: Vaarst, M., Alban, L., Mogensen, L., Milan, S., Thamsborg, Kristensen, E. S.
During the past few years, organic dairy farming has grown dramatically in Denmark. Consequently, an increasing number of people are encountering this method of production for the first time. Amongst these, many veterinarians have suddenly had to deal with organic herds in their home district,...
Indicators of biodiversity and conservational wildlife quality on Danish organic farms for use in farm management: a multidisciplinary approach to indicator development and testing
Contributor(s):: Noe, E., Halberg, N., Reddersen, J.
Organic farming is expected to contribute to conserving national biodiversity on farms, especially remnant, old, and undisturbed small biotopes, forests, and permanent grassland. This objective cannot rely on the legislation of organic farming solely, and to succeed, farmers need to understand...
Integrity and rights of plants: ethical notions in organic plant breeding and propagation
Contributor(s):: Bueren, E. T. L. van, Struik, P. C.
In addition to obviating the use of synthetic agrochemicals and emphasizing farming in accordance with agroecological guidelines, organic farming acknowledges the integrity of plants as an essential element of its natural approaches to crop production. For cultivated plants, integrity refers to...
Natural behavior, animal rights, or making money - a study of Swedish organic farmers' view of animal issues
Contributor(s):: Lund, V., Hemlin, S., White, J.
A questionnaire survey was performed among Swedish organic livestock farmers to determine their view of animal welfare and other ethical issues in animal production. The questionnaire was sent to 56.5% of the target group and the response rate was 75.6% (435 responses). A principal components...
Nature and nature values in organic agriculture. An analysis of contested concepts and values among different actors in organic farming
Contributor(s):: Hansen, L., Noe, E., Hojring, K.
The relationship between agriculture and nature is a central issue in the current agricultural debate. Organic farming has ambitions and a special potential in relation to nature. Consideration for nature is part of the guiding principals of organic farming and many organic farmers are committed...
Nature quality in organic farming: a conceptual analysis of considerations and criteria in a European context
Contributor(s):: Tybirk, K., Alroe, H. F., Frederiksen, P.
Nature quality in relation to farming is a complex field. It involves different traditions and interests, different views of what nature is, and different ways of valuing nature. Furthermore there is a general lack of empirical data on many aspects of nature quality in the farmed landscape. In...
Organic agriculture's approach towards sustainability; its relationship with the agro-industrial complex, a case study in Central Macedonia, Greece
Contributor(s):: Dantsis, T., Loumou, A., Giourga, C.
Up to now, several scientific works have noted that the organic sector resembles more and more conventional farming's structures, what is widely known as the "conventionalization" thesis. This phenomenon constitutes an area of conflict between organic farming's original vision and its current...