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  1. "Loyals" and "optimizers": shedding light on the decision for or against organic agriculture among Swiss farmers

    Contributor(s):: Mann, S., Gairing, M.

  2. Animal welfare and organic aquaculture in open systems

    Contributor(s):: Cottee, S. Y., Petersan, P.

    The principles of organic farming espouse a holistic approach to agriculture that promotes sustainable and harmonious relationships amongst the natural environment, plants and animals, as well as regard for animals' physiological and behavioral needs. However, open aquaculture systems - both...

  3. Are double bunks used by indoor wintering sheep? Testing a proposal for organic farming in Norway

    Contributor(s):: Hansen, I., Lind, V.

    The frequency with which ewe lambs lay on wooden surfaces at two levels, called "double bunks," was documented by video recording at 6, 11 and 18 months of age: the number in each of 4 pens (n=4) lying either on double bunks (DBs) or on the expanded metal floor (EMF) was recorded. At 6 months,...

  4. Assessment of welfare and productive performance in dairy cows organically reared in plains or hilly areas

    Contributor(s):: Martelli, G., Valla, H., Bucci, D., Zaghini, G., Vignola, G., Sardi, L.

    The aim of this study was to investigate several production parameters and the level of welfare of organic dairy cows kept in two different geographical and social contexts. The study group included 1,751 cows from 19 organic dairy farms, 11 of which were situated in hilly areas and 8 in plains...

  5. Can natural behavior be cultivated? The farm as local human/animal culture

    Contributor(s):: Segerdahl, P.

    Although the notion of natural behaviour occurs in many policy-making and legal documents on animal welfare, no consensus has been reached concerning its definition. This paper argues that one reason why the notion resists unanimously accepted definition is that natural behaviour is not properly...

  6. Concepts of animal health and welfare in organic livestock systems

    Contributor(s):: Vaarst, M., Alroe, H. F.

  7. Consumer attitudes towards alternatives to piglet castration without pain relief in organic farming: qualitative results from Germany

    Contributor(s):: Heid, A., Hamm, U.

  8. Contamination, crop trials, and compatibility. (Special issue: Ethics as a dimension of agrifood policy: selected papers from the 4th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    Contributor(s):: Bruce, D.

    This paper examines the ethical and social questions that underlie the present UK discussion whether genetically modified (GM) crops and organic agriculture can coexist within a given region or are mutually exclusive. A European Commission report predicted practical difficulties in achieving...

  9. Critical impact assessment of organic agriculture

    Contributor(s):: Xie, Biao, Wang, XiaoRong, Ding, ZhuHong, Yang, YaPing

    Based on its production guideline, organic agriculture has set for itself the goals of minimizing all forms of pollution and maintaining sustainability of the farming system. By striving for these goals, organic farming meets the demands of an increasing number of consumers who are critical of...

  10. Designated rooting areas to reduce pasture damage by pregnant sows

    Contributor(s):: Mheen, H. W. van der, Spoolder, H. A. M.

  11. Developing a welfare assessment system for use in commercial organic egg production

    Contributor(s):: Hegelund, L., Sorensen, J. T., Johansen, N. F.

    A welfare assessment system is being developed for commercial organic egg production based on indicators of behaviour, health, system, and management, which is the general Danish Institute for Agricultural Science (DIAS) concept for assessing animal welfare at farm level. The welfare assessment...

  12. Does organic farming face distinctive livestock welfare issues? - a conceptual analysis

    Contributor(s):: Alroe, H. F., Vaarst, M., Kristensen, E. S.

    The recent development and growth of organic livestock farming and the related development of national and international regulations has fuelled discussions among scientists and philosophers concerning the proper conceptualization of animal welfare. These discussions on livestock welfare in...

  13. Economics and energetics of organic and conventional farming

    Contributor(s):: Pimentel, D.

    Using data from published information on the production of US maize and potatoes employing different technologies and energy inputs, it is shown that the organic production of grains, such as maize, requires less fossil energy than conventional crop production. For some crops, the organic...

  14. Editorial: concepts of animal welfare. (Special issue: Concepts of animal welfare)

    Contributor(s):: Hagen, K., Bos, R. van den, Buning, T. de C.

    Four of the papers in this issue of Acta Biotheoretica came from the symposium held in Bad Neuenahr, Germany last 8-9 October 2009. The theme was "Concepts of animal welfare-interdisciplinary perspectives". The topics of the papers are: a history of animal welfare science; health and welfare in...

  15. Ethical issues associated with sheep fly strike research, prevention, and control

    Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.

    This paper deals with ethical issues associated with fly strike research, prevention and control. It is argued that in their attempt to find control solutions and to understand the disorder, Australasian researchers increase sheep suffering by conducting experiments that artificially induce fly...

  16. Ethics, narrative, and agriculture: transforming agricultural practice through ecological imagination

    Contributor(s):: Sanford, A. W.

    The environmental degradation caused by industrial agriculture, as well as the resulting social and health consequences, creates an urgency to rethink food production by expanding the moral imagination to include agricultural practices. Agricultural practices presume human use of the earth and...

  17. European approaches to ensure good animal welfare.

    | Contributor(s):: Veissier, I., Butterworth, A., Bock, B., Roe, E.

    Conventions to protect domestic animals during transport, farming and slaughter were established by the Council of Europe and approved by many European states. Conventions are followed by recommendations that specify how the general principles of conventions apply for the different species. The...

  18. Experiential science; towards an integration of implicit and reflected practitioner-expert knowledge in the scientific development of organic farming

    | Contributor(s):: Baars, T.

    For further development of organic agriculture, it will become increasingly essential to integrate experienced innovative practitioners in research projects. The characteristics of this process of co-learning have been transformed into a research approach, theoretically conceptualized as...

  19. Farmers' attitude towards animal welfare aspects and their practice in organic dairy calf rearing: a case study in selected Nordic farms

    | Contributor(s):: Vetouli, T., Lund, V., Kaufmann, B.

  20. Farmers' attitudes about farming and the environment: a survey of conventional and organic farmers

    | Contributor(s):: Sullivan, S., McCann, E., Young, R. de, Erickson, D.

    Farmers have been characterized as people whose ties to the land have given them a deep awareness of natural cycles, appreciation for natural beauty and sense of responsibility as stewards. At the same time, their relationship to the land has been characterized as more utilitarian than that of...