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  1. Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior

    Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.

    Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...

  2. Cortisol levels in dolphin Tursiops truncatus interactive programs linked to humanNiveles de cortisol en delfines Tursiops truncatus vinculados a programas interactivos con humanos

    Contributor(s):: Sanchez Okrucky, R., Morales Vela, B.

    Understanding the physiological changes in animals during physical activity to improve animal welfare has become increasingly important in animal collections that remain under human care. To date, the effect of interactive programs on dolphins under human care has not been evaluated, for that...

  3. Food puzzles for cats: feeding for physical and emotional wellbeing

    Contributor(s):: Dantas, L. M. S., Delgado, M. M., Johnson, I., Buffington, C. A. T.

    Practical relevance: Many pet cats are kept indoors for a variety of reasons (eg, safety, health, avoidance of wildlife predation) in conditions that are perhaps the least natural to them. Indoor housing has been associated with health issues, such as chronic lower urinary tract signs, and...

  4. Current opinion on maximizing veterinary profession growth and contributions

    Contributor(s):: Nimmanapalli, R., Donapaty, S. R.

    Veterinary profession sphere overlaps three major biology arenas namely agriculture, basic sciences, and human medicine. Thus, so far the investments in veterinary field are not proportional to the scope of their responsibilities. Rededication and rejuvenation can help veterinary profession to...

  5. Exploring risk propensity through pet-attachment diversity in natural hazard contexts

    Contributor(s):: Trigg, J., Thompson, K., Smith, B., Bennett, P.

    This review examines the perceptual and behavioural influences that pet-attachment has on the ways in which owners view risk, appraise threat, and respond to environmental hazards. Understanding how human-companion animal relationships function in this context has profound implications for the...

  6. Does group size have an impact on welfare indicators in fattening pigs?

    Contributor(s):: Meyer-Hamme, S. E. K., Lambertz, C., Gauly, M.

    Production systems for fattening pigs have been characterized over the last 2 decades by rising farm sizes coupled with increasing group sizes. These developments resulted in a serious public discussion regarding animal welfare and health in these intensive production systems. Even though large...

  7. The human-animal relationship: a new field of socio-educational action

    Contributor(s):: Senent-Sánchez, Joan-Maria

    This article analyses the educational approaches towards the animal-human relationship which have been developed during the last 20 years. The article establishes a chain of states in that relationship and presents the reasons why those states are consecutive or, occasionally, simultaneous. Next,...

  8. The impact of streetlights on an aquatic invasive species: artificial light at night alters signal crayfish behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Thomas, J. R., James, J., Newman, R. C., Riley, W. D., Griffiths, S. W., Cable, J.

    Artificial light at night (ALAN) can significantly alter the behaviour, communication and orientation of animals, and will potentially interact with other stressors to affect biodiversity. Invasive, non-native species are one of the largest threats to freshwater biodiversity; however, the impact...

  9. Does environmental enrichment promote recovery from stress in rainbow trout?

    Contributor(s):: Pounder, K. C., Mitchell, J. L., Thomson, J. S., Pottinger, T. G., Buckley, J., Sneddon, L. U.

    The EU Directive on animal experimentation suggests that all protected animals should have enrichment to improve welfare yet relatively little research has been conducted on the impact of enrichment in fish. Studies employing enrichment in zebrafish have been contradictory and all fish species...

  10. Do collar-mounted predation deterrents restrict wandering in pet domestic cats?

    Contributor(s):: Hall, C. M., Bryant, K. A., Fontaine, J. B., Calver, M. C.

    Roaming pet cats kill and harass wildlife, hybridise with wild felids, interbreed with feral populations, spread disease or annoy neighbours, and endanger their own welfare by fighting, being struck by vehicles or ingesting poisons. Confinement of pet cats is unpopular, so alternative methods to...

  11. A review of cat behavior in relation to disease risk and management options

    Contributor(s):: Lepczyk, C. A., Lohr, C. A., Duffy, D. C.

    Domestic cats ( Felis catus) are a common household pet and also a notorious invasive species around the world. Because cat numbers have been increasing in many locations it is critical to work on management solutions that help to reduce threats posed by cats. With regard to cat behavior, one of...

  12. The relationship between individual behavioural styles, dominance rank and cortisol levels of cats living in urban social groups

    Contributor(s):: Finkler, H., Terkel, J.

    Individual animals show differences in temperament, often correlated with ecologically important behavioural patterns such as dominance, and with physiological responses to environmental perturbations, such as cortisol levels. Identifying these temperaments in animals may reveal adaptive patterns...

  13. The avoidance of farmyards by European badgers Meles meles in a medium density population

    Contributor(s):: Mullen, E. M., MacWhite, T., Maher, P. K., Kelly, D. J., Marples, N. M., Good, M.

    Mycobacterium bovis (TB) in cattle is a disease with far-reaching economic effects throughout Europe but especially in Great Britain and Ireland. Wildlife reservoirs, in particular the European badger Meles meles, continue to play an important role in the transmission of the disease, although the...

  14. Deeply ecological Deleuze and Guattari: humanism's becoming-animal

    Contributor(s):: Iveson, R.

  15. The potential of Social Network Analysis as a tool for the management of zoo animals

    Contributor(s):: Rose, P. E., Croft, D. P.

    Social Network Analysis (SNA) enables the fine scale of animal sociality and population structure to be quantified. SNA is widely applied to questions relating to behavioural ecology but has seen little use in the application to zoo animal management, despite its clear potential. Investment in...

  16. An ethological approach to determining housing requirements of gamebirds in raised laying units

    Contributor(s):: Matheson, S. M., Donbavand, J., Sandilands, V., Pennycott, T., Turner, S. P.

    Each year, the UK rears around 20-30 million pheasants and 3-6 million red-legged partridges for shooting purposes. However, welfare organisations and some members of the gamebird industry itself have raised concerns about the use of raised laying units for breeding gamebirds. Although the...

  17. Home range, body condition, and survival of rehabilitated raccoons ( Procyon lotor) during their first winter

    Contributor(s):: McWilliams, M., Wilson, J. A.

    The effects of raccoon ( Procyon lotor) rehabilitation on postrelease survivorship are unknown. Raccoon rehabilitation success was measured as differences in prewinter body condition, home range size, distance to manmade structures, and during-winter survival between raccoons in the wild and...

  18. Pour une approche interactive des savoirs locaux: l'ethno-éthologie

    Contributor(s):: Brunois, Florence

  19. Using sterilization to change predation rates of wild coyotes: a test case involving pronghorn fawns

    Contributor(s):: Seidler, R. G., Gese, E. M., Conner, M. M.

    Surgical sterilization of coyotes ( Canis latrans) reduced their predation rate on domestic sheep. We investigated whether sterilizing coyotes would similarly change coyote predation rates on pronghorn antelope ( Antilocapra americana) neonates. From May 2006 to March 2008, we radio-collared 71...

  20. Activity patterns in reindeer with domestic vs. wild ancestry

    Contributor(s):: Reimers, E., Tsegaye, D., Colman, J. E., Eftestol, S.

    We analyzed GPS-based activity patterns for two wild reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus tarandus) herds: Norefjell-Reinsjofjell with domestic ancestry and larger average body size and Rondane with wild ancestry and smaller body sizes. We compared activity patterns and tested whether these could...