Southern Illinois Ticks: An Ecological and Medical Overview
Contributor(s):: Madeleine A. Pfaff
Ticks are of concern to southern Illinois residents because they are common in the forested landscapes of the region and have the capability to cause disease in humans and pets. There are several tick-borne illnesses of concern to southern Illinois residents. Prescribed burning is a potential...
Quantitative assessment of human and pet exposure to Salmonella associated with dry pet foods
Contributor(s):: Lambertini, E., Buchanan, R. L., Narrod, C., Ford, R. M., Baker, R. C., Pradhan, A. K.
Recent Salmonella outbreaks associated with dry pet foods and treats highlight the importance of these foods as previously overlooked exposure vehicles for both pets and humans. In the last decade efforts have been made to raise the safety of this class of products, for instance by upgrading...
The coolest animal you know nothing about...and how we can save it: Patricia Medici at TED Talks
Contributor(s):: Patricia Medici
Although the tapir is one of the world's largest land mammals, the lives of these solitary, nocturnal creatures have remained a mystery. Known as "the living fossil," the very same tapir that roams the forests and grasslands of South America today arrived on the evolutionary scene...
Tracking the Elephant (Lexodonta africana) Corridor and the Human-Wildlife Conflict in Selela Village
Contributor(s):: Nicole Chlebek, Laura Stalter
The beastly journey of long-distance migration for the African Elephant (Lexodonta Africana) is important for upholding their connections between diminishing protected areas, especially in northeastern Tanzania. However, human development is encroaching into these corridors, creating a...
The Evolution of the Endangered Species Act
Contributor(s):: Jillian Gelb Sauchelli
The Endangered Species Act is often considered to be one of the most farreaching, and patently assertive federal statutes ever to be implemented by Congress. In fact, at its passage, “the Endangered Species Act of 1973 represented the most comprehensive legislation for the...
Harbor seal behavioral response to boaters at Bair Island refuge
Contributor(s):: Kathlyn Snyder Fox
Harbor seals (Phoca Vitulina Richardsi) that haul out on the banks of Corkscrew Slough within Bair Island Refuge, San Mateo County, California encounter a variety of boats along the waterway. This study documented numbers of seals and boats using Corkscrew Slough and examined...
Amphibian Mortality on Roads: A Case Study in Santa Cruz Long-toed Salamander Habitat
Contributor(s):: Michael Thomas Hobbs
Amphibian populations have been declining at higher rates than bird and mammal populations. Agriculture, urbanization, including roads, and resource extraction continue to put pressure on all species. Roads in particular, are major sources of mortality. The Santa Cruz long-toed salamander...
Hunting: A Necessary Evil to Benefit the Greater Good
Contributor(s):: Timothy Patrick Mccann
Before I begin, I’d like to be very clear. I am not a hunter. I have never hunted, either for sport, for food, or for survival, and I do not plan to do so in the future. I am in no way an animal rights activist either, but I personally struggle with the idea of killing an innocent...
Assessment of wildlife value orientations, state agency credibility, and tolerance for mountain lions in Iowa
Contributor(s):: Andrew L. Stephenson
It is increasingly necessary for state agencies to incorporate the opinions of their constituents in wildlife management decision-making. Shifting demographics of Iowa's human population necessitate gathering information on stakeholders' beliefs and values toward wildlife. This project...
Impacts of Human Disturbance on the Behavior of Sanderlings on the Georgia Coast
Contributor(s):: Amy Catherine Gray
Habitat loss has a serious impact on wildlife. However, even when humans do not destroy habitat, their activity can have negative impacts on behavior. The purpose of my study was (1) to test whether the presence of humans altered the behavior of Sanderlings (Calidris alba), (2) to quantify the...
The economics, ethics, and ecology of companion animal overpopulation and a mathematical model for evaluation the effectiveness of policy alternatives
Contributor(s):: Frank, Joshua Mayer
From Arrows to Bullets: Sustainable Hunting, Fishing, and Trapping
Contributor(s):: George S. Apostolopoulos
My thesis paper is on hunting, fishing, and trapping in the state of New York. In this thesis I will go over months of my own personal research and experience on the topic. I will provide information on wildlife populations and biodiversity, as I have recorded it over the last two years.When...
Externalization Of Federal Public Policy Costs: The Endangered Species Act
Contributor(s):: Bill Thomas
Prehistoric human impacts on California birds: evidence from the Emeryville Shellmound Avifauna
Contributor(s):: John Broughton
The abundance of artiodactyls, marine mammals, waterfowl, seabirds, and other animals in 18th- and 19th-century California astonished early explorers, and the incredible wildlife densities reported in their accounts are routinely taken as analogues for the original or pristine zoological...
Explaining prehistoric variation in the abundance of large prey: a zooarchaeological analysis of deer and rabbit hunting along the Pecho Coast of Central California
Contributor(s):: Brian F. Codding, Judith F. Porcasi, Terry L. Jones
Three main hypotheses are commonly employed to explain diachronic variation in the relative abundance of remains of large terrestrial herbivores: (1) large prey populations decline as a function of anthro pogenic overexploitation; (2) large prey tends to increase as a result of increasing social...
Reintroduction of the Chinese tiger
Contributor(s):: Urs Breitenmoser, Ron Tilson, Philip Nyhus
Tiger restoration in Asia: Ecological theory vs. sociological reality
Contributor(s):: Ronald Tilson, Philip J. Nyhus, Neil Franklin
Urban Wildlife and Leopold's Land Ethic: "The squirrels on a college campus convey the same lesson as the redwoods..."
Contributor(s):: Natalie Robiou
The United States has quickly become one of the most industrialized countries in the world. The Industrial Revolution of the 19th century brought Americans and immigrants alike employment opportunities in key locations throughout the country. This, in effect, translated into an influx of people...
Saving the World's Remaining Tigers: Panthera's Work and the Role of Non-Profits in Wildlife Conservation
Contributor(s):: John Byrne
This report will examine the conservation status of the tiger and measures that have been taken to protect wild populations. A discussion of its ecology and behavior is included to convey the variety of needs that are associated with establishing areas that can sustain viable populations. A look...
"Riding up forested mountain sides, in wide open spaces, and with walls": developing an ecology of horse-human relationships
Contributor(s):: Davis, D., Maurstad, A., Cowles, S.