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  1. "Who's been a good dog?" - Owner perceptions and motivations for treat giving

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: White, G. A., Ward, L., Pink, C., Craigon, J., Millar, K. M.

    Complex relationships commonly exist between owners and their companion animals, particularly around feeding behaviour with an owner's affection or love for their animal most pronounced through the provision of food. It is notable that the pet food market is experiencing strong year-on-year...

  2. 'Subordination style' in pigs? The response of pregnant sows to mixing stress affects their offspring's behaviour and stress reactivity

    | Contributor(s):: Ison, S. H., D'Eath, R. B., Robson, S. K., Baxter, E. M., Ormandy, E., Douglas, A. J., Russell, J. A., Lawrence, A. B., Jarvis, S.

    In various mammals stress during gestation can result in long term effects on the behaviour and physiology of the offspring. The aims of this study were (i) to characterise individual variation among primiparous sows (gilts) in their behavioural and physiological response to a commercially...

  3. A brief note about cow lying behaviour - do cows choose left and right lying side equally?

    | Contributor(s):: Forsberg, A. M., Pettersson, G., Ljungberg, T., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K.

    The factors influencing cows' lying behaviour are not fully evaluated. Most studies dealing with lying behaviour were primarily aimed at comparing different designs for the resting area and floor surfaces, while only a few studies have investigated the cows' preference of lying side. The...

  4. A case study: the effect of visitors on two captive pumas with respect to the time of the day

    | Contributor(s):: Maia, C. M., Volpato, G. L., Santos, E. F.

    This study analyzed the effects of noise levels and number of visitors on the behaviors of a mother puma and her daughter in a zoo environment with respect to the time of day. The study monitored visitation (noise and number) over two 1-week periods (4 weeks between periods) and frequency of...

  5. A comparison of body size, coat condition and endoparasite diversity of wild Barbary macaques exposed to different levels of tourism

    | Contributor(s):: Borg, C., Majolo, B., Qarro, M., Semple, S.

    Primate tourism is a rapidly growing industry with the potential to provide considerable conservation benefits. However, assessing the impact of tourists on the animals involved is vital to ensure that the conservation value of primate tourism is maximized. In this study, we compared body size,...

  6. A comparison of handling methods relevant to the religious slaughter of sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Bates, L. S. W., Ford, E. A., Brown, S. N., Richards, G. J., Hadley, P. J., Wotton, S. B., Knowles, T. G.

    Legislation governing non-stun slaughter of sheep in England requires that they are individually and mechanically restrained for slaughter and not moved for at least 20 s post neck cut, until unconsciousness or insensibility occurs. Complying with the need for individual handling, in what is a...

  7. A field assessment of the effect of pre-slaughter conditions and genetic-stress susceptibility on blood welfare indicators in pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Guardia, M. D., Estany, J., Alvarez-Rodriguez, J., Manteca, X., Tor, M., Oliver, M. A., Gispert, M., Diestre, A.

  8. A longitudinal study of antipredator behaviour in four successive generations of two populations of captive red junglefowl

    | Contributor(s):: Hakansson, J., Jensen, P.

    Conservation breeding and reintroduction into the wild can only be an effective management tool if behaviours essential for a life in the wild are maintained in captivity. The aim of this study was to investigate how a protected captive environment influences antipredator behaviour over...

  9. A meta-analysis of the combined effect of housing and environmental enrichment characteristics on the behaviour and performance of pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Averos, X., Brossard, L., Dourmad, J. Y., Greef, K. H. de, Edge, H. L., Edwards, S. A., Meunier-Salaun, M. C.

    To quantify the combined effect of housing conditions and environmental enrichment on the behaviour and performance of pigs, a meta-analysis was performed using information from 45 experiments in 42 published manuscripts. Multiple regression models were applied to evaluate the effects of space...

  10. A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto–Juniperus oxycedrus woodland

    | Contributor(s):: Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.

    Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...

  11. A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams

    | Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.

    This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students ( n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....

  12. A review of environmental enrichment for pigs housed in intensive housing systems

    | Contributor(s):: de Weerd, H. A. van, Day, J. E. L.

    This paper critically reviews the literature concerning environmental enrichment for weaner, grower and finisher pigs housed in intensive (indoor) production systems. The thesis of our review is that successful enrichment should meet four criteria of success: (1) it should increase...

  13. Abnormal behaviour in captive sooty mangabeys

    | Contributor(s):: Crast, J., Bloomsmith, M. A., Perlman, J. E., Meeker, T. L., Remillard, C. M.

    The influence of several factors on abnormal behaviour was investigated in 46 singly housed sooty mangabeys ( Cercocebus atys) (eight nursery-reared, 38 mother-reared), including self-injurious, self-directed, stereotypic locomotion, and faeces/urine-related behaviours (SIB, SDB, SL, FUR,...

  14. Achieving optimum performance in a loose-housed farrowing system for sows: the effects of space and temperature

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Adeleye, O. O., Jack, M. C., Farish, M., Ison, S. H., Edwards, S. A.

    Piglet survival relies on interactive influences of the sow, her piglets and their environment. There are a number of design challenges in a loose-housed farrowing and lactation system to optimise this dynamic, including achieving farrowing in the desired location (i.e. a protected nest area)...

  15. Acute effects of cage cleaning at different frequencies on laboratory rat behaviour and welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Peters, A., Mason, G. J.

  16. Acute stress enhances sensitivity to a highly attractive food reward without affecting judgement bias in laying hens

    | Contributor(s):: Hernandez, C. E., Hinch, G., Lea, J., Ferguson, D., Lee, C.

    Affective states can be evaluated by assessing shifts in the animal's expectation of a positive and negative outcome in response to ambiguous cues, also known as judgement bias (JB). The aim of this study was to use a JB methodology, using a go/go type of task where animals are required to make...

  17. African elephants (Loxodonta africana) can detect TNT using olfaction: implications for biosensor application

    | Contributor(s):: Miller, A. K., Hensman, M. C., Hensman, S., Schultz, K., Reid, P., Shore, M., Brown, J., Furton, K. G., Lee, S.

    The impact of war on local wildlife can be devastating, the effects of which are often felt well beyond the terminus of the initial threat. In areas where wildlife experiences unrestricted movement through previously affected zones, residual, unexploded landmines present a significant and...

  18. Aggression and welfare in a common aquarium fish, the Midas cichlid

    | Contributor(s):: Oldfield, R. G.

    Many species of fishes are aggressive when placed in small aquaria. Aggression can negatively affect the welfare of those individuals toward whom it is directed. Animals may behave aggressively in order to defend resources such as food, shelter, mates, and offspring. The decision to defend...

  19. Agonistic behaviour, skin lesions and activity pattern of entire male, female and castrated male finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Bunger, B., Schrader, L., Schrade, H., Zacharias, B.

    Fattening of intact boars is the least invasive alternative to the detrimental welfare effects of surgical castration of piglets. However, beside problems such as boar taint the divergent agonistic and sexual behaviour of boars may impair the pigs' welfare during fattening. To evaluate the...

  20. Allogrooming in cattle: relationships between social preferences, feeding displacements and social dominance

    | Contributor(s):: Val-Laillet, D., Guesdon, V., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Passille, A. M. de, Rushen, J.

    The aim of this study was to describe the allogrooming behaviour of group-housed lactating cows (Bos taurus) as it relates to social dominance, friendship, parity and level of feeding competition. We measured the socio-negative (displacements at the feeder and in the lying stalls) and...