A model to quantify the anticipatory response in cats
Contributor(s):: Tami, G., Martorell, A., Torre, C., Compagnucci, M., Manteca, X.
The aim of this paper was to develop a protocol to study the anticipatory response in cats as a measure of welfare. Seven experimental cats were trained in a classical conditioning paradigm to associate a sound with food arrival, while sound and food were presented without contingency in four...
A review of the humaneness of puntilla as a slaughter method
Contributor(s):: Limon, G., Guitian, J., Gregory, N. G.
An empirical case study examining effectiveness of environmental enrichment in two captive Australian Sea Lions ( Neophoca cinerea )
Contributor(s):: Smith, B. P., Litchfield, C. A.
This case study examined the effect of environmental enrichment on the activity budgets of a male and female Australian Sea Lion (Neophoca cinerea) housed together at Adelaide Zoo. Using non-food-related (intrinsic) and food-related (extrinsic) enrichment objects, the study conducted an ABABA...
An evaluation of a dog bite prevention intervention in the pediatric emergency department
Contributor(s):: Dixon, C. A., Pomerantz, W. J., Hart, K. W., Lindsell, C. J., Mahabee-Gittens, E. M.
An investigation into the efficacy of therapy dogs on reading performance in 6-7 year old children
| Contributor(s):: Rainer Wohlfarth, Bettina Mutschler, Andrea Beetz, Karin Schleider
There is scientific evidence that the presence of a therapy dog can positively impact on the performance of cognitive tasks (e.g. Gee et al., 2010). The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a therapy dog on reading performance. Twelve children in second grade, aged 6 to 7 years old,...
Anesthesia in some categories of patients and clinical conditionsAnestesia in alcune categorie di pazienti e condizioni cliniche
| Contributor(s):: Grazioli, O.
The author analyses anesthesia in the most frequent and risky clinical conditions, for which greater knowledge and attention in anesthetic management are required. In the final part, euthanasia is taken into account, because of its strategic importance, with emotional and psychological aspects...
Animal welfare - scientific approaches to the issues
| Contributor(s):: Millman, S. T.
Nonhuman animal welfare is of significant public interest, globally and within the United States. Value-based judgments are intrinsic to animal welfare assessment, according to the relative weighting of factors associated with animal performance, health, affective states, and natural living. The...
Animal-assisted therapy: New disinfectant list of DVG for "Established veterinary practice and animal shelters "Tiergestutzte Therapien: Neue Desinfektionsmittelliste der DVG fur die Bereiche "Niedergelassene Veterinarpraxis und Tierheime"
| Contributor(s):: Rheinbaben, F. von, Werner, S.
This article presents a list of some of the veterinary disinfectants/drugs recommended by the German Veterinary Society for private animal hospitals and animal shelters highlighting the indications, efficacy, metabolism, dosage effects, and pharmokinetics of each product.
Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries
| Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.
The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...
Application of the Welfare QualityReg. protocol at pig slaughterhouses
| Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Temple, D., Rodriguez, P., Llonch, P., Velarde, A.
The objective of the present study was to assess the sensitivity and feasibility of the Welfare QualityReg. (WQ) protocol for finishing pigs in 10 Spanish slaughterhouses. Sensitivity refers to the ability of the WQ assessment system to discriminate between slaughter conditions whilst feasibility...
Are results of Crib Opening Test connected with efficacy of training horses in a round-pen?
| Contributor(s):: Wilk, I., Kedzierski, W., Stachurska, A., Janczarek, I.
Training the horse is based on human-horse relationship, which requires that the horse shows active, conscious behaviour as well as an ability to learn. It was hypothesized that the horse's learning skill to open the crib is correlated with the effectiveness of training. The aim of the study was...
Assessing the effectiveness of the Birdsbesafe anti-predation collar cover in reducing predation on wildlife by pet cats in Western Australia
| Contributor(s):: Hall, C. M., Fontaine, J. B., Bryant, K. A., Calver, M. C.
Many pet cats hunt and, irrespective of whether or not this threatens wildlife populations, distressed owners may wish to curtail hunting while allowing their pets to roam. Therefore we evaluated the effectiveness of three patterned designs (simple descriptions being rainbow, red and yellow) of...
Assessment of aversion and unconsciousness during exposure to carbon dioxide at high concentration in lambs
| Contributor(s):: Rodriguez, P., Dalmau, A., Manteca, X., Litvan, H., Jensen, E. W., Velarde, A.
The most widely used stunning method in sheep is electrical. However, in lambs, this method leads to rupture of the blood vessels, provoking ecchymoses. In pigs ( Sus scrofa), the use of CO 2-stunning systems has increased in popularity due to positive effects on meat quality and animal welfare...
Assessment of Vaccine-Induced Immunity Against Canine Visceral Leishmaniasis
| Contributor(s):: Javier Moreno
Canine visceral leishmaniasis is an increasingly important public health problem. Dogs infected by Leishmania infantum are the main domestic reservoir of the parasite and play a key role in its transmission to humans. Recent findings have helped in the development of novel diagnostic...
Associative learning by cattle to enable effective and ethical virtual fences
| Contributor(s):: Lee, C., Henshall, J. M., Wark, T. J., Crossman, C. C., Reed, M. T., Brewer, H. G., O'Grady, J., Fisher, A. D.
An ability of cattle to readily associate a non-aversive audio cue (conditioned stimulus) with an aversive but non-noxious electric shock (unconditioned stimulus) should enable virtual fences to control cattle in an ethical manner similar to conventional electric fencing. The first study was...
Behavioral differences between provisioned and non-provisioned Barbary macaques ( Macaca sylvanus )
| Contributor(s):: Unwin, T., Smith, A.
The majority of Gibraltar's Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus) are provided with fruit and vegetable rations to keep them in the nature reserve and away from town. Recent fissioning of one troop has created a vagrant group that is denied access to official feeding sites by other troops, and which...
Behavioral responses of silverback gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla ) to videos
| Contributor(s):: Maloney, M. A., Leighty, K. A., Kuhar, C. W., Bettinger, T. L.
This study examined the impact of video presentations on the behavior of 4 silverback, western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). On each of 5 occasions, gorillas viewed 6 types of videos (blue screen, humans, an all-male or mixed-sex group engaged in low activity, and an all-male or...
Bold, shy, and persistent: variable coyote response to light and sound stimuli
| Contributor(s):: Darrow, P. A., Shivik, J. A.
To improve frightening device technology for managing predation, we examined variation in coyote (Canis latrans) response to visual, auditory, and combined stimuli using a behavior-contingent programmable frightening device. We hoped to gather information on the relative effectiveness of light,...
Can stimulus enhancement explain the apparent success of the model-rival technique in the domestic dog ( Canis familiaris )?
| Contributor(s):: Cracknell, N. R., Mills, D. S., Kaulfuss, P.
The model-rival technique is a method of training whereby an animal learns the distinguishing features of a target object, such as name and colour, by observing a trainer and a potential competitor engage in conversation about these features. In this study the apparent effectiveness of the...
Canine scent detection of human cancers: a review of methods and accuracy
| Contributor(s):: Moser, E., McCulloch, M.