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  1. Cognitive behavior therapy for depression? Choose horses for courses

    Contributor(s):: Parker, Gordon, Roy, Kay, Eyers, Kerrie

  2. Diagnosis and treatement methods in separation anxiety in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Asztalos, L., Papuc, I., Lazar, I.

    A group of 60 dogs from different races, ages and genders in Romania were studied [date not given]. We used clinical and semiological methods and a paraclinical test for the diagnosis of separation anxiety, but the most important and relevant information were the anamnetic dates that the owners...

  3. Decisions about the use of animals in research: ethical reflection by animal ethics committee members

    Contributor(s):: Schuppli, C. A.

    Institutional Animal Ethics Committees (AECs) are the principal means of ensuring the ethical use of animals in science in many countries, yet we understand very little about how they make decisions and how effective they are in implementing policy and achieving their stated aims. To answer these...

  4. Effects of reconcile (fluoxetine) chewable tablets plus behavior management for canine separation anxiety

    Contributor(s):: Simpson, B. S., Landsberg, G. M., Reisner, I. R., Ciribassi, J. J., Horwitz, D., Houpt, K. A., Kroll, T. L., Luescher, A., Moffat, K. S., Douglass, G., Robertson-Plouch, C., Veenhuizen, M. F., Zimmermann, A., Clark, T. P.

    Canine separation anxiety is a common behavioral problem presented to veterinarians. Associated behaviors are distressing to both dog and owner, have the potential to disrupt the human-companion animal bond, and may lead to euthanasia. The results of this study demonstrate the clinical efficacy...

  5. Efficacy of dog appeasing pheromone in reducing stress and fear related behaviour in shelter dogs

    Contributor(s):: Tod, E., Brander, D., Waran, N.

    The behavioural effects of dog appeasing pheromone (DAP) continuously administered over a 7-day period, were evaluated in adult dogs housed in a public animal shelter. Barking amplitude (dB) and the frequency of discrete behavioural responses to two temperament tests associated with fear,...

  6. The use of diazepam as a pharmacological validation of eye white as an indicator of emotional state in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Sandem, A. I., Janczak, A. M., Salte, R., Braastad, B. O.

    This experiment aims at validating the percentage of visible white in the eye as an emotional indicator, related to the frustration-contentedness axis, in cattle. Earlier experiments showed that the calculated percentage of white in the eyes was larger in frustrated or scared cows compared to...

  7. Preferences for toy types and presentations in kennel housed dogs

    Contributor(s):: Pullen, A. J., Merrill, R. J. N., Bradshaw, J. W. S.

    Toys are often provided for adult dogs housed in kennels, but their effectiveness as environmental enrichment is not well documented. At a minimum, toys need to elicit interest in the animal for which they are intended, before any "enrichment" can be claimed. In this study we have examined...

  8. The efficacy of an ultrasonic cat deterrent

    Contributor(s):: Nelson, S. H., Evans, A. D., Bradbury, R. B.

    Ultrasound deterrents for a variety of mammals, including cats, are widely available in the commercial market, but few have been independently tested for efficacy. This study tested the efficacy of an ultrasonic cat deterrent 'Catwatch copyright ', using 63 and 96 volunteer observers in two...

  9. Comparison of the effect of human interaction, animal-assisted therapy, and AIBO-assisted therapy on long-term care residents with dementia

    Contributor(s):: Kramer, S. C., Friedmann, E., Bernstein, P. L.

    The number of elderly people in the United States is projected to more than double to 80 million by the year 2050, which will likely result in an increased incidence of dementia. Although AAT programs have been instituted as therapeutic activities for residents of long-term care facilities, there...

  10. Dog-assisted therapy in the treatment of chronic schizophrenia inpatients

    Contributor(s):: Villalta-Gin, V., Roca, M., Gonzalez, N., Domenec, E., Cuca, Escanilla, A., Asensio, M. R., Esteban, M. E., Ochoa, S., Haro, J. M.

    Patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia living in long-term care units show high levels of disability. The present study aimed to assess the effectiveness of including a trained therapy dog in an intervention program applied to institutionalized patients with chronic schizophrenia. A...

  11. A model to quantify the anticipatory response in cats

    Contributor(s):: Tami, G., Martorell, A., Torre, C., Compagnucci, M., Manteca, X.

    The aim of this paper was to develop a protocol to study the anticipatory response in cats as a measure of welfare. Seven experimental cats were trained in a classical conditioning paradigm to associate a sound with food arrival, while sound and food were presented without contingency in four...

  12. Application of the Welfare QualityReg. protocol at pig slaughterhouses

    Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Temple, D., Rodriguez, P., Llonch, P., Velarde, A.

    The objective of the present study was to assess the sensitivity and feasibility of the Welfare QualityReg. (WQ) protocol for finishing pigs in 10 Spanish slaughterhouses. Sensitivity refers to the ability of the WQ assessment system to discriminate between slaughter conditions whilst feasibility...

  13. Classifying the severity of scientific animal use: a review of international systems

    Contributor(s):: Fenwick, N., Ormandy, E., Gauthier, C., Griffin, G.

    Severity classification systems (ie pain scales, categories of invasiveness, degrees of severity etc) are used to classify the adverse effects experienced by animals used for scientific purposes. Currently, eleven countries use severity classification systems. These systems have developed in...

  14. Interpretation of ambiguous spatial stimuli in cats

    Contributor(s):: Tami, G., Torre, C., Compagnucci, M., Manteca, X.

    The aim of this paper was to develop a protocol to study the interpretation of ambiguous stimuli in cats as a measure of welfare. Ten cats were trained to discriminate between a rewarded position (R) and an unrewarded one (U), as measured by the approach latency for each position. After...

  15. Leveraging expertise in animal welfare to create educational equity

    Contributor(s):: Siegford, J. M., Zanella, A. J., Bernardo, T., Heleski, C. R., Wickens, C. L., Laughlin, K., Malinowski, R.

    Globally, veterinarians and professionals in animal-related industries are faced with growing public concern for the welfare of animals, particularly those in production. To prepare professionals, courses in animal welfare should be created to provide consistent education on a global scale in an...

  16. Structural enrichment and enclosure use in an opportunistic carnivore: the red fox ( Vulpes vulpes )

    Contributor(s):: Kistler, C., Hegglin, D., Wurbel, H., Konig, B.

    An increasing number of zoos keep their animals in natural-looking enclosures, but it is often unclear whether or not the species' behavioural and ecological needs are being adequately met. For species that suffer predation in the wild, structural enrichment in captivity can play a crucial role...

  17. The effects of four types of enrichment on feather-pecking behaviour in laying hens housed in barren environments

    Contributor(s):: Dixon, L. M., Duncan, I. J. H., Mason, G. J.

    Severe feather pecking, a potentially stereotypic behaviour in chickens (Gallus gallus), can be reduced by providing enrichment. However, there is little comparative information available on the effectiveness of different types of enrichment. Providing forages to birds is likely to decrease...