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  1. How bees can keep the peace between elephants and humans | Lucy King

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lucy King

    Imagine waking in the middle of the night to an elephant ripping the roof from your house in search of food. This is a reality in some communities in Africa where, as wild spaces shrink, people and elephants are competing for space and resources like never before. In this engaging talk,...

  2. Where Are Zoos Going—or Are They Gone?

    | Contributor(s):: Safina, Carl

    To some, zoos are prisons exploiting animals. In reality zoos range from bad to better. I make this distinction: A bad zoo makes animals work for it; a good zoo works for animals. Good zoos do effective conservation work and continually strive to improve exhibits, relevance to conservation, and...

  3. A Comparison of Walking Rates Between Wild and Zoo African Elephants

    | Contributor(s):: Miller, Lance J., Chase, Michael J., Hacker, Charlotte E.

    With increased scrutiny surrounding the welfare of elephants in zoological institutions, it is important to have empirical evidence on their current welfare status. If elephants are not receiving adequate exercise, it could lead to obesity, which can lead to many issues including acyclicity and...

  4. Public Attitudes in India and Australia toward Elephants in Zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Gurusamy, Vivek, Tribe, Andrew, Toukhsati, Samia, Phillips, Clive J. C.

    We surveyed the attitudes of people toward captive elephants in australia, where importation into zoos has been controversial recently, compared with India, where elephants are indigenous. Both australian (AR, n = 101) and Indian (IR, n = 101) respondents rated conservation as the most important...

  5. Personality assessment in African elephants (Loxodonta africana): Comparing the temporal stability of ethological coding versus trait rating

    | Contributor(s):: Horback, Kristina M., Miller, Lance J., Kuczaj, Stan A.

    The consistency of personality assessment was addressed in this study of 12 zoological African elephants living at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park in Escondido, CA, USA during the 2010 and 2011 summer seasons. Using 480h of observational behavior data, three personality traits were determined based...

  6. Fatal Tuberculosis in a Free-Ranging African Elephant and One Health Implications of Human Pathogens in Wildlife

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Michele A. Miller, Peter Buss, Eduard O. Roos, Guy Hausler, Anzaan Dippenaar, Emily Mitchell, Louis van Schalkwyk, Suelee Robbe-Austerman, W. Ray Waters, Alina Sikar-Gang, Konstantin P. Lyashchenko, Sven D. C. Parsons, Robin Warren, Paul van Helden

    Tuberculosis (TB) in humans is a global public health concern and the discovery of animal cases of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection and disease, especially in multi-host settings, also has significant implications for public health, veterinary disease control, and conservation...

  7. Good keeper-elephant relationships in North American zoos are mutually beneficial to welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Carlstead, Kathy, Paris, Stephen, Brown, Janine L.

    Relationships between animals and their human caretakers can have profound impacts on animal welfare in farms, laboratories and zoos, while human attitudes are important predictors of caretaker behavior towards livestock. In this study, we examined the impact of keeper attitudes about working...

  8. Why pace? The influence of social, housing, management, life history, and demographic characteristics on locomotor stereotypy in zoo elephants

    | Contributor(s):: Greco, Brian J., Meehan, Cheryl L., Heinsius, Jennifer L., Mench, Joy A.

    Stereotypic behaviors (SB) are common in zoo-housed elephants, and these behaviors can be performed at high rates. Elephants perform different SB forms (e.g., weaving, pacing), but no published studies have evaluated the factors contributing to the development or performance of these different...

  9. Living in elephant worlds: human-elephant relations on the fringe of forest and village in Assam, Northeast India

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paul Keil

    The worlds and practices of the people we study are not produced by human intention and action alone. They emerge in interaction with other organisms, materials, and forces that constitute a person’s field of relations. A multispecies or more-than-human approach to anthropology seeks to...

  10. Where are the wild elephants supposed to go? | Paola Branco | TEDxUIdaho

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paola Branco

    As amazing as it would be if they did, animals don’t help save animals. People do…or don’t. African elephants are one of many animals that need to be saved. However, human-elephant conflicts are known to have occurred for many, many years, all over the African...

  11. African elephants (Loxodonta africana) display remarkable olfactory acuity in human scent matching to sample performance

    | Contributor(s):: von Dürckheim, Katharina E. M., Hoffman, Louwrens C., Leslie, Alison, Hensman, Michael C., Hensman, Sean, Schultz, Kip, Lee, Stephen

    This paper presents data on the success rate of African elephants in human scent matching to sample performance. Working with equipment and protocols similar to those used in the training of forensic canine units in Europe, scent samples were collected on cotton squares from twenty-six humans of...

  12. Assessing the dyadic social relationships of female african (Loxodonta africana) and asian (Elephas maximus) zoo elephants using proximity, tactile contact, and keeper surveys

    | Contributor(s):: Bonaparte-Saller, Mary, Mench, Joy A.

    Understanding the affiliative social relationships, or bonds, between zoo elephants has implications for both their welfare and management, yet there is limited work assessing and describing these bonds. Consequently, there is a need for the development of a reliable assessment tool. We used...

  13. The Days and Nights of Zoo Elephants: Using Epidemiology to Better Understand Stereotypic Behavior of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) and Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in North American Zoos

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Brian J. Greco, Cheryl L. Meehan, Jen N. Hogan, Katherine A. Leighty, Jill Mellen, Georgia J. Mason, Joy A. Mench

    Stereotypic behavior is an important indicator of compromised welfare. Zoo elephants are documented to perform stereotypic behavior, but the factors that contribute to performance have not been systematically assessed. We collected behavioral data on 89 elephants (47 African [Loxodonta...

  14. Elephant-initiated interactions with humans: individual differences and specific preferences in captive African elephants (Loxodonta africana)

    | Contributor(s):: Rossman, Z. T., C Padfield, D Young, LA Hart

    South Africa has seen a recent increase in the number of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) maintained in reserves and parks and managed in free contact, where they may spend a significant amount of time in close proximity to humans. This study investigates how individual elephants choose to...

  15. Rhea and the plight of pachyderms | Rhea Lopez | TEDxStXaviersMumbai

    The life of a performing elephant is cruel. Despite the ban on animal performances in circuses, elephants are forced to perform illegally, continue to be beaten or they are kept chained up and endure poor care. The ex-circus elephant Rhea’s life was no different. After spending 53 years as...

  16. Wild Connection: How Do We Connect With Animals? | Leila Goulet | TEDxRoseburg

    We have all had an experience with an animal at some point in our lives… How have these experiences shaped the way we view and interact with living things? What can we do to be the voice of so many vanishing species? In this talk, personal wildlife conservation stories will be explored,...

  17. Taming and Training in The Human Use of Elephants: The Case of Nepal, Past, Present and Future

    | Contributor(s):: Piers Locke

    It is a curious fact that by contrast with equine studies, a field that includes extensive historical and sociological work (e.g Budiansky 1998, Cassidy 2002, 2003, 2005, 2007, Clutton-Brock 1992, Derry 2003, 2006, Hurn 2008a, 2008b), elephant husbandry has yet to be constituted as an integrated...

  18. Reproductive Endocrinology and Musth Indicators in a Captive Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus)

    | Contributor(s):: Duer, C., Tomasi, T., Abramson, C. I.

  19. A Comparison of Zoo Animal Behavior in the Presence of Familiar and Unfamiliar People

    | Contributor(s):: Martin, R. A., Melfi, V.

  20. An assessment of community understanding of the Human Animal Conservancy Self-Insurance Scheme and the impact of human-wildlife conflicts : a case study from the Kwandu conservancy, north-east Namibia.

    | Contributor(s):: Marthin Kaukaha Kasaona

    The research problem of this mini-dissertation involves the conflicts between human and wildlife populations and the trialing of ‘compensation’ payouts that are emerging as a critical test within the conservancy. Crop raiders such as elephants, buffaloes, hippopotamus, bush pigs and...