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  1. Contagious Yawning in African Elephants (Loxodonta africana): Responses to Other Elephants and Familiar Humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Zoë T. Rossman, Clare Padfield, Debbie Young, Benjamin L. Hart, Lynette A. Hart

    While spontaneous yawning is common across all vertebrate classes, contagious yawning is less common and has been observed only in a few species of social animals. Interspecific contagious yawning in response to yawning by humans has been observed only by chimpanzees and dogs. After...

  2. A survey of stereotypic behaviors in tourist camp elephants in Chiang Mai, Thailand

    | Contributor(s):: Fuktong, Sasitorn, Yuttasaen, Prapatsorn, Punyapornwithaya, Veerasak, Brown, Janine L., Thitaram, Chatchote, Luevitoonvechakij, Nicharee, Bansiddhi, Pakkanut

  3. Social Interactions in Zoo-Housed Elephants: Factors Affecting Social Relationships

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ellen Williams, Anne Carter, Carol Hall, Samantha Bremner-Harrison

    Elephants have complex social systems that are predominantly driven by ecological factors in situ. Within zoos, elephants are held in relatively static social groups and the factors observed driving social relationships in the wild are largely absent. Little research has investigated the effect...

  4. Ecophysiology to understand elephants' crop raiding behavior.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Steve Ngama, C. Vermeulen, J. Bindelle

    Conservation science has emerged to stem the current loss of biodiversity. To be efficient in this goal it needs integrative disciplines like ecophysiology, a biological field that studies the adaptation of an organism's physiology to environmental conditions. Surprisingly few...

  5. Rogue elephants in the news: A cultural-discursive study

    | Contributor(s):: Granden, Michelle

  6. Scientific and Ethical Issues in Exporting Welfare Findings to Different Animal Subpopulations: The Case of Semi-Captive Elephants Involved in Animal-Visitor Interactions (AVI) in South Africa

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Barbara de Mori, Elena Stagni, Linda Ferrante, Gregory Vogt, Keith A. Ramsay, Simona Normando

    Elephants are charismatic, cognitively highly-developed animals, whose management conditions can vary along a “wild–captive continuum.” Several protocols have been proposed for the assessment of zoo elephants’ welfare. It is important to investigate the possible...

  7. Public Feeding Interactions as Enrichment for Three Zoo-Housed Elephants

    | Contributor(s):: Fernandez, Eduardo J., Upchurch, Bruce, Hawkes, Nancy C.

  8. Your happiness or mine: Influence of affective states and level of contact on public perceptions of elephant tourism

    | Contributor(s):: Weston, M. E., Mills, K. E., von Keyserlingk, M. A. G.

  9. Theory of medical scoring systems and a practical method to evaluate Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) foot health in European zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Ertl, N., Wendler, P., Sos, E., Flugger, M., Schneeweis, F., Schiffmann, C., Hatt, J. M., Clauss, M.

  10. Using technology to monitor and improve zoo animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Whitham, J. C., Miller, L. J.

  11. Incorporating stakeholder perspectives into the assessment and provision of captive elephant welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Chadwick, C. L., Williams, E., Asher, L., Yon, L.

  12. Examination of enrichment using space and food for African elephants (Loxodonta africana) at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park

    | Contributor(s):: Hacker, C. E., Miller, L. J., Schulte, B. A.

  13. A review of current indicators of welfare in captive elephants (Loxodonta africana and Elephas maximus)

    | Contributor(s):: Williams, E., Chadwick, C. L., Yon, L., Asher, L.

  14. Nonhuman Animal Nations: Transforming Conservation into Wildlife Self-Determination

    | Contributor(s):: Rizzolo, Jessica Bell, Bradshaw, Gay

  15. Potential Impact of Construction Noise on Selected Zoo Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Richard Jakob-Hoff, Michael Kingan, Chiaki Fenemore, Gian Schmid, John F. Cockrem, Amanda Crackle, Emily Van Bemmel, Rebecca Connor, Kris Descovich

    In anticipation of a major construction project in an urban New Zealand zoo, a study was initiated to assess the response to construction noise of selected animal species (elephant, giraffe, emu and alligator) previously observed to be sensitive to this kind of noise. The overall aim was to...

  16. Non-Invasive Assessment of Physiological Stress in Captive Asian Elephants

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Vinod Kumar, Muthulingam Pradheeps, Adiseshu Kokkiligadda, Rajashekhar Niyogi, Govindhaswamy Umapathy

    Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) populations, both in the wild and in captivity, have been continually declining over the decades. The present study examined the physiological stress response of captive Asian elephants in relation to body condition score and different working conditions. A...

  17. Elephants of the Pink City, Jaipur, India: A Study of the Captive Elephant Welfare and Management Practice in Ex-Situ Environmental Conditions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ayan Sasmal

    Although the arid Rajasthan desert is far from native elephant habitat, captive elephants (Elephas maximus) are managed by some private owners in Jaipur. The semi-arid Jaipur experiences a very hot summer and an extreme cold winter. Along with this, improper management practice and tremendous...

  18. Emotional States of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) Kept for Animal-Visitor Interactions, as Perceived by People Differing in Age and Knowledge of the Species

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Pollastri, I., Normando, S., Contiero, B., Vogt, G., Gelli, D., Sergi, V., Stagni, E., Hensman, S., Mercugliano, E., de Mori, B.

    This study aimed to investigate how three groups of people of differing ages, and with differing knowledge of the species, perceived the emotional state of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) managed in captive and semi-captive environments. Fifteen video-clips of 18 elephants, observed...

  19. The Elephant (Head) in the Room: A Critical Look at Trophy Hunting

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chelsea Batavia, Michael Paul Nelson, Chris T. Darimont, Paul C. Paquet, William J. Ripple, Arian D. Wallach

    Trophy hunting has occupied a prominent position in recent scholarly literature and popular media. In the scientific conservation literature, researchers are generally supportive of or sympathetic to its usage as a source of monetary support for conservation. Although authors at times...

  20. All the King's Horses, All the King's Elephants: The Fates of Royal Animals in Nepal's Post-Monarchy Period

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anne Mocko, Shaunna Barnhart

    In May of 2008, Nepal’s 240-year-old monarchy was legally dissolved. In the wake of this dissolution, the new interim government sought to replace royal institutions, procedures, and ceremonies with new, parallel processes. One unexpected royal legacy that politicians needed to resolve...