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  1. The Big Attraction: The Circus Elephant and American Culture

    Contributor(s):: Mosier, Jennifer L.

  2. “Killing the Elephant”: Murderous Beasts and the Thrill of Retribution, 1885–1930

    Contributor(s):: Wood, Amy Louise

  3. A case study: fecal corticosteroid and behavior as indicators of welfare during relocation of an Asian elephant

    Contributor(s):: Laws, N., Ganswindt, A., Heistermann, M., Harris, M., Harris, S., Sherwin, C.

    This study was a preliminary investigation of an enzyme immunoassay for measuring fecal glucocorticoid metabolites in a male Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) by investigating changes in behavior and cortisol metabolite excretion associated with a putative stressful event. The study collected...

  4. Circadian rhythm of salivary cortisol in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus): a factor to consider during welfare assessment

    Contributor(s):: Menargues, A., Urios, V., Liminana, R., Mauri, M.

    Elevated glucocorticoid levels during an extended time period might be a stress indicator in nonhuman animals. Therefore, knowledge of the circadian pattern of cortisol secretion is very important to correctly interpret data obtained for welfare assessment of animals in captivity through salivary...

  5. Elephants in Thailand: Determinants of Health and Welfare in Working Populations

    Contributor(s):: Chatkupt, Thomas T., Sollod, Albert E., Sarobol, Sinth

    Evaluates the health and welfare conditions of elephants encountered in the working population in Thailand. Overview on the use of elephants in transportation, ceremonies and war; Concern over the elephants' habitat; Factors in determining the type of care and husbandry given to elephants; Need...

  6. Food preference, keeper ratings, and reinforcer effectiveness in exotic animals: the value of systematic testing

    Contributor(s):: Gaalema, D. E., Perdue, B. M., Kelling, A. S.

    Food preference describes the behavior of selecting between items for consumption; reinforcer effectiveness is the functional effect of that item in controlling behavior. Food preference and reinforcer effectiveness were examined in giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) and African elephants...

  7. Social life of captive Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus ) in Southern India: implications for elephant welfare

    Contributor(s):: Varadharajan, Vanitha, Krishnamoorthy, Thiyagesan, Nagarajan, Baskaran

    Asian elephants in the wild live in complex social societies; in captivity, however, management often occurs in solitary conditions, especially at the temples and private places of India. To investigate the effect of social isolation, this study assessed the social group sizes and the presence of...

  8. Some preliminary evidence of the social facilitation of mounting behavior in a juvenile bull Asian elephant ( Elephas maximus )

    Contributor(s):: Rees, P. A.

    This study recorded sexual behaviour within a captive herd of 8 Asian elephants in England, UK, for approximately 230 h on 50 days over a period of 10 months (January-November 1999). A single adult and a single juvenile bull mounting cows more than 160 times were observed. When the juvenile bull...

  9. Stereotypic behaviour of a female Asiatic elephant ( Elephas maximus ) in a zoo

    Contributor(s):: Elzanowski, A., Sergiel, A.

    This study recorded daytime behaviour of a female Asiatic elephant at the Municipal Zoo, Wroclaw, Poland, in both an indoor pen and an outdoor paddock as continuous scan sampling for 140 hr, over 35 days in 1 year. Stereotypic sequences involved bouts of highly repetitive stereotypic movements...

  10. The sizes of elephant groups in zoos: implications for elephant welfare

    Contributor(s):: Rees, P. A.

    This study examined the distribution of 495 Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) and 336 African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in 194 zoos, most of which were located in Europe (49.1

  11. Ivory in World History - Early Modern Trade in Context

    Contributor(s):: Chaiklin, Martha

  12. The Papal Pachyderms

    Contributor(s):: Bedini, Silvio A.

  13. Elephants on the edge : what animals teach us about humanity

    Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, G. A.

  14. A survey of foot problems, stereotypic behaviour and floor type in Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus) in European zoos

    Contributor(s):: Haspeslagh, M., Stevens, J., Groot, E. de, Dewulf, J., Kalmar, I. D., Moons, C.

  15. Examining Human-Elephant Conflict in Southern Africa: Causes and Options for Coexistence

    Contributor(s):: M. Zoe Warner

    Though African elephants (Loxodonta africana) are listed as endangered by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), efforts to protect and conserve the species have been complicated by human-elephant conflict (HEC). Land conflicts may be the greatest...

  16. An investigation of the use of touch in the social interactions of a group of Asian (Elephas maximus) elephants

    Contributor(s):: Makecha, Radhika Narendra

  17. Entertaining elephants : animal agency and the business of the American circus

    Contributor(s):: Nance, Susan

  18. "There are Beasts!" The Relationship Between Humans and Elephants in Xishuangbanna

    Contributor(s):: Hannah Larson

    In Jinghong, the capital city of Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, elephants are everywhere. Unlike some Southeast Asian cities, however, where live domestic elephants roam the streets, these are depictions of elephants. On a walk through the city, one might see a city park lined with...

  19. Snakes that drink water, wine, or blood: what do snakes drink according to ancient sources?

    Contributor(s):: Trinquier, Jean

  20. Validating methods to determine walking rates of elephants within a zoological institution

    Contributor(s):: Miller, L. J., Andrews, J., Anderson, M.