You are here: Home / Tags / Emotions / All Categories

Tags: Emotions

All Categories (1-20 of 551)

  1. Dogs & Society: Anglo-American Sociological Perspectives (1865-1934)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Michael R. Hill, Mary Jo Deegan

    HUMANS AND DOGS have a long, wonderful and sometimes problematic association. At a personal level, dogs have been integral to our lives, and our parents’ lives, for as long as the two of us can remember. As sociologists, we also recognize that dogs are important at the macro level. Here,...

  2. The Effects of Canine Assisted Therapy on Emotionally Stressed Undergraduate College Students: A Systematic Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mackenzie Hansen

    Objective: This systematic review was conducted to review how canine assisted therapy affects emotional stress in undergraduate college students. Methods: Articles were screened on CINAHL and PubMed databases for relationship between canine assisted therapy intervention and emotional stress...

  3. Effects Of Vicarious Equine Interaction On Anxiety And Neuromodulators

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jane Camille Gray

    Human-animal interaction influences the release of neuromodulators, such as cortisol, epinephrine and norepinephrine (Beetz, Uvnäs-Moberg, Julius, & Kotrschal, 2012). No data could be located in the literature to establish a neuromodulating effect of Vicarious Equine Interaction (VEI)...

  4. Toward a Choice-Based Judgment Bias Task for Horses

    | Contributor(s):: Hintze, Sara, Roth, Emma, Bachmann, Iris, Würbel, Hanno

    Judgment bias tasks for nonhuman animals are promising tools to assess emotional valence as a measure of animal welfare. In view of establishing a valid judgment bias task for horses, the present study aimed to evaluate 2 versions (go/no-go and active choice) of an auditory judgment bias task for...

  5. My Reflections on Understanding Animal Emotions for Improving the Life of Animals in Zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Grandin, Temple

    Scientists are often reluctant to attribute emotions to nonhuman animals that are similar to human emotions. When the author published her early studies, reviewers prohibited the word fear. Fearful behavior had to be described as agitated. The core emotional systems described by Panksepp may...

  6. Young Children’s Interpretation of Dogs’ Emotions and Their Intentions to Approach Happy, Angry, and Frightened Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Aldridge, Grace L., Rose, Sarah E.

    The current study aimed to investigate the extent to which young children’s risk of being bitten by a dog is explained by their inability to recognize the dog’s emotion and to behave appropriately around dogs. One hundred and seventeen children, aged 4 to 7 years, were shown 15 images and 15...

  7. Factors affecting the Human Attribution of Emotions toward Animals

    | Contributor(s):: Wilkins, Abbie M., McCrae, Lucy S., McBride, E. Anne

    Attribution of emotions to animals can affect human–animal interactions and dictate animal welfare laws. However, little is known about the factors that influence these attributions. We investigated the effect of belief in animal mind, pet ownership, emotional intelligence, eating orientation,...

  8. A review of behavioural methods to study emotion and mood in pigs, Sus scrofa

    | Contributor(s):: Murphy, Eimear, Nordquist, Rebecca E., van der Staay, Franz Josef

    The study of emotions in animals is of increasing importance to a number of disciplines such as animal welfare science and affective neuroscience. Pigs are a common farm animal species, most often reared in intensive systems. Moreover, they are increasingly being used in laboratories. To...

  9. Responses of conventional pigs and Göttingen miniature pigs in an active choice judgement bias task

    | Contributor(s):: Murphy, Eimear, Nordquist, Rebecca E., van der Staay, Franz Josef

    Pigs are commonly kept in intensive farming systems. Their use as model animals in biomedical research has increased. Both conditions may impact upon their welfare. Recent definitions of welfare emphasize the importance of emotion. Mood congruent biases in judgement have been proposed as proxy...

  10. Rescued goats at a sanctuary display positive mood after former neglect

    | Contributor(s):: Briefer, Elodie F., McElligott, Alan G.

    Moods influence cognitive processes in that people in positive moods expect more positive events to occur and less negative ones (“optimistic bias”), whereas the opposite happens for people in negative moods (“pessimistic bias”). The evidence for an effect of mood on cognitive bias is also...

  11. Environmental enrichment and cognitive complexity in reptiles and amphibians: Concepts, review, and implications for captive populations

    | Contributor(s):: Burghardt, Gordon M.

    Reptiles and amphibians have been neglected in research on cognition, emotions, sociality, need for enriched and stimulating environments, and other topics that have been greatly emphasized in work on mammals and birds. This is also evident in the historic lack of enriching captive environments...

  12. Emotional contagion in dogs as measured by change in cognitive task performance

    | Contributor(s):: Sümegi, Zsófia, Oláh, Katalin, Topál, József

    Domestic dogs are living with humans in a very special inter-species relationship. Previous studies have shown physiological and hormonal synchronisation between dogs and their owners during positive interaction. Dogs are also known to be able to discriminate human emotions and they were also...

  13. The emergence of emotional lateralization: Evidence in non-human vertebrates and implications for farm animals

    | Contributor(s):: Leliveld, Lisette M. C., Langbein, Jan, Puppe, Birger

    The study and protection of animal welfare are based on the assumption that animals are sentient beings, capable of experiencing emotions. Still, our understanding of animal emotions is limited. In this review we focus on the potential of cerebral-lateralization research to provide new insights...

  14. Effects of signalled reward type, food status and a μ-opioid receptor antagonist on cue-induced anticipatory behaviour in laying hens (Gallus domesticus)

    | Contributor(s):: Moe, Randi Oppermann, Nordgreen, Janicke, Janczak, Andrew M., Spruijt, Berry M., Bakken, Morten

    Studies using classical conditioning have shown that hens display high frequencies of dopamine-controlled cue-induced anticipatory behaviours in the cue-reward interval when signalling mealworm rewards. However, it is not known whether anticipatory behaviours are reward specific, and whether the...

  15. Disrupting motivational sequences in chicks: Are there affective consequences?

    | Contributor(s):: Seehuus, Birgitte, Mendl, Mike, Keeling, Linda J., Blokhuis, Harry

    The ‘reward cycle’ conceptualises reward acquisition as a cyclic phenomenon divided into three motivational stages with related emotional or affective states. For feeding behaviour such a cycle consists of an appetitive stage characterised by foraging and exploration linked to emotions such as...

  16. Chronic stress induces pessimistic-like judgment and learning deficits in sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Destrez, Alexandra, Deiss, Véronique, Lévy, Frédéric, Calandreau, Ludovic, Lee, Caroline, Chaillou-Sagon, Elodie, Boissy, Alain

    Chronic stress can be described as a long-term negative affective state induced by an accumulation of negative emotional experiences that alters an individual's interactions with the environment. In humans, chronic stress induces both persistent judgment biases and learning deficits. We...

  17. Can ear postures reliably measure the positive emotional state of cows?

    | Contributor(s):: Proctor, Helen S., Carder, Gemma

    Animal welfare science is increasingly concerned with the promotion of positive emotions in animals, yet little is known about how to measure them. We examined whether ear postures in dairy cows were reliable indicators of a low arousal, positive emotional state. We conducted a total of 381,...

  18. Behaviour of horses in a judgment bias test associated with positive or negative reinforcement

    | Contributor(s):: Briefer Freymond, Sabrina, Briefer, Elodie F., Zollinger, Anja, Gindrat-von Allmen, Yveline, Wyss, Christa, Bachmann, Iris

    Moods can influence our judgment of ambiguous stimuli as positive or negative. Measuring judgment bias in animals is a promising method to objectively assess their emotional states. Our study aimed to develop a cognitive bias test in horses, in order to assess the effect of training using...

  19. Social dimension of emotions and its implication for animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Špinka, Marek

    Animal emotions are central to the concept of animal welfare. So far, emotions have been investigated in animal welfare science as within-individual phenomena, i.e. coordinating mechanisms that guide the animal to take appropriate action. However, emotions include an important social dimension....

  20. Measuring empathic responses in animals

    | Contributor(s):: Edgar, J. L., Nicol, C. J., Clark, C. C. A., Paul, E. S.

    Domestic animals may be frequently exposed to situations in which they witness the distress or pain of conspecifics and the extent to which they are affected by this will depend on their capacity for empathy. Empathy encompasses two partially distinct sets of processes concerned with the...