The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Kumpolo: aesthetic appreciation and cultural appropriation of bird sounds in Tanzania
Contributor(s):: Sanga, Imani
The use of judgement bias to assess welfare in farm livestock
Contributor(s):: Baciadonna, L., McElligott, A. G.
The development of accurate measures of animal emotions is important for improving and promoting animal welfare. Cognitive bias indicates the effect of emotional states on cognitive processes, such as memory, attention, and judgement. Cognitive bias tests complement existing behavioural and...
Young Blond d'Aquitaine, Angus and Limousin bulls differ in emotional reactivity: relationships with animal traits, stress reactions at slaughter and post-mortem muscle metabolism
Contributor(s):: Bourguet, C., Deiss, V., Boissy, A., Terlouw, E. M. C.
The present study investigated relationships between reactivity during tests, stress reactions at slaughter and animal traits in young Blond d'Aquitaine (BA), Limousin (LI) and Angus (AN) bulls. Behavioural and physiological reactivity of animals was evaluated during rearing using a "Human test"...
How do humans represent the emotions of dogs? The resemblance between the human representation of the canine and the human affective space
Contributor(s):: Konok, V., Nagy, K., Miklosi, A.
As (critical) anthropomorphism provides a useful hypothesis for looking at animal behavior, people's reports about how they see animals' emotions can provide a start point in the direction of experiment-oriented studies. It has been shown that humans attribute a wide range of emotions to animals....
Emotions in dogs being petted by a familiar or unfamiliar person: validating behavioural indicators of emotional states using heart rate variability
Contributor(s):: Kuhne, F., Hossler, J. C., Struwe, R.
Although physical human-dog interactions have an important influence on the human-dog relationship, few studies have proposed the key factors of physical human-dog contact affecting the well-being of dogs. Therefore, our aim was to investigate the effect of physical human-dog contact on the...
Filial attachment in sheep: similarities and differences between ewe-lamb and human-lamb relationships
Contributor(s):: Nowak, R., Boivin, X.
Animals develop relationships with intra- and interspecific partners, including humans. In some cases this can lead to strong emotional bonds indicating the existence of attachment. The sheep is well known to develop various forms of social attachment (mothers towards young, lambs towards...
Can ear postures reliably measure the positive emotional state of cows?
Contributor(s):: Proctor, H. S., Carder, G.
Animal welfare science is increasingly concerned with the promotion of positive emotions in animals, yet little is known about how to measure them. We examined whether ear postures in dairy cows were reliable indicators of a low arousal, positive emotional state. We conducted a total of 381, 15...
Dogs can discriminate emotional expressions of human faces
Contributor(s):: Muller, C. A., Schmitt, K., Barber, A. L. A., Huber, L.
The question of whether animals have emotions and respond to the emotional expressions of others has become a focus of research in the last decade. However, to date, no study has convincingly shown that animals discriminate between emotional expressions of heterospecifics, excluding the...
The effects of group and individual animal-assisted therapy on loneliness in residents of long-term care facilities
Contributor(s):: Banks, M. R., Banks, W. A.
Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) has been shown to reduce the loneliness of residents in long-term care facilities (LTCFs). In this study, we determined the relative contribution of socialization (human-human bonding) and human-animal bonding as mechanisms by which AAT reduces loneliness. Residents...
Reading Faces: Differential Lateral Gaze Bias in Processing Canine and Human Facial Expressions in Dogs and 4-Year-Old Children
Contributor(s):: Anais Racca, Kun Guo, Kerstin Meints, Daniel S. Mills
Sensitivity to the emotions of others provides clear biological advantages. However, in the case of heterospecific relationships, such as that existing between dogs and humans, there are additional challenges since some elements of the expression of emotions are species-specific. Given that faces...
Treating Distressed Animals as Participants: I Know Responses in Veterinarians' Pet-Directed Talk
Contributor(s):: MacMartin, Clare, Coe, Jason B., Adams, Cindy L.
Eine Geschichte der Tiere -- eine Geschichte der Gefühle. Historische Perspektiven auf das 18. bis 20. Jahrhundert. (German)
Contributor(s):: Breittruck, Julia
Fetching what the owner prefers? Dogs recognize disgust and happiness in human behaviour
Contributor(s):: Turcsan, B., Szantho, F., Miklosi, A., Kubinyi, E.
Research using the two-object choice paradigm showed that dogs prefer the object associated with the happy human emotion. However, they provided rather ambiguous results regarding the negative emotions. We assumed that differences between the dogs' and owners' interest towards the 'negative'...
The major welfare problems of dairy cows in French commercial farms: an epidemiological approach
Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Coignard, M., Bareille, N., Guatteo, R., Capdeville, J., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.
Animal welfare enhancement requires that problems are reliably identified and ranked in order to prioritise corrective actions. Welfare problems vary with the conditions in which animals are maintained. The objectives were to highlight major welfare problems for dairy cows on farms in France, and...
"I throw them out of here": the horse trade as phronetic action
Contributor(s):: Schuurman, N.
Practices involving horses have become increasingly popular in the spheres of sport and leisure throughout the Western world, and the trade in selling horses has expanded. The horse is characteristically understood as a commodity to be bought and sold several times during its lifetime. What is...
Emotional contagion in dogs as measured by change in cognitive task performance
Contributor(s):: Sumegi, Z., Olah, K., Topal, J.
Domestic dogs are living with humans in a very special inter-species relationship. Previous studies have shown physiological and hormonal synchronisation between dogs and their owners during positive interaction. Dogs are also known to be able to discriminate human emotions and they were also...
Why do adult dogs 'play'?
Contributor(s):: Bradshaw, J. W. S., Pullen, A. J., Rooney, N. J.
Among the Carnivora, play behaviour is usually made up of motor patterns characteristic of predatory, agonistic and courtship behaviour. Domestic dogs are unusual in that play is routinely performed by adults, both socially, with conspecifics and with humans, and also asocially, with objects....
Which personality dimensions do puppy tests measure? A systematic procedure for categorizing behavioral assays
Contributor(s):: McGarrity, M. E., Sinn, D. L., Gosling, S. D.
With the recent increase in interest in personality in dogs, behavioral assays of their behavior have proliferated. There has been particularly strong interest in predicting adult behavior from puppy tests. As a result, researchers and practitioners seeking to measure personality in puppies are...
Is that fear? Domestic dogs' use of social referencing signals from an unfamiliar person
Contributor(s):: Yong, MinHooi, Ruffman, T.
The aim of this study was to investigate whether dogs could successfully interpret a 'social referencing' cue (either happiness or fear) toward an object after viewing a human emotional expression. Fearful expressions are more likely to be unfamiliar to dogs, and thus they may not understand the...
Benefits of dog ownership: comparative study of equivalent samples
Contributor(s):: Gonzalez Ramirez, M. T., Landero Hernandez, R.
Owing to the inconclusive findings of research regarding the health benefits of pet ownership, we compared perceived health, stress, life satisfaction, happiness, and psychosomatic symptoms in dog owners and non-dog owners. As an attempt to overcome some earlier methodological issues, the sample...