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  1. Saying goodbye: pet loss and its implications

    Contributor(s):: Duffey, Thelma

    Pets can be loyal, loving, and entertaining members of a family. Their deaths are generally experienced as painful losses by the people who love them, even though the grief experience is often culturally disenfranchised. In this manuscript, the authors discuss the role that pets can play in a...

  2. Frustration behaviors in domestic dogs

    Contributor(s):: Jakovcevic, A., Elgier, A. M., Mustaca, A. E., Bentosela, M.

    During extinction a previously learned behavior stops being reinforced. In addition to the decrease in the rate of the instrumental response, it produces an aversive emotional state known as frustration. This state can be assimilated with the fear reactions that occur after aversive stimuli are...

  3. Multidisciplinary approaches and assessment techniques to better understand and enhance zoo nonhuman animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Siegford, J. M.

    Nonhuman animal welfare is a complex concept that encompasses an animal's biological functioning, emotional states, and opportunities to experience a natural life, including the performance of natural behaviors. Further, animal welfare can be viewed as quality of life from the perspective of the...

  4. Measuring emotions toward wildlife: A review of generic methods and instruments

    Contributor(s):: Jacobs, Maarten H., Fehres, Piera, Campbell, Michael

    Researchers are recognizing the importance of studying emotions for understanding human–wildlife interactions. This article reviews generic methods and instruments for assessing emotions, as developed within the affective sciences. Four broad categories of emotion measures can be distinguished:...

  5. The effect of conspecific removal on the behaviour and physiology of pair-housed shelter dogs

    Contributor(s):: Walker, J. K., Waran, N. K., Phillips, C. J. C.

    Dogs ( Canis familiaris) are a highly social species and within a shelter environment pair-housing is recommended to prevent the stress associated with social isolation. Separation of individuals which may have formed bonds in this environment is a usual occurrence, as a result of rehoming or...

  6. Anticipatory grief and pet loss preparation

    Contributor(s):: Gardner, M., McVety, D.

  7. Grief for pets: Part 2: Realistic client care so that you 'do no harm'

    Contributor(s):: Hewson, C.

    Research indicates that many clients think about their animal companions' deaths while the animals are still well, and would like their veterinarians to lead discussions about end-of-life issues. However, most veterinarians are unaware of this. Moreover, they have not been trained in how pet loss...

  8. Grief for pets - Part 1: Overview and some false assumptions

    Contributor(s):: Hewson, C.

    Dealing with clients' distress, especially at euthanasia, is a significant stressor for many veterinary nurses. However, few have had formal training in how pet loss affects clients, and how best to communicate with grieving clients. Moreover, many veterinary practices do not take a comprehensive...

  9. Owner perceptions of companion dog expressions of positive emotional states and the contexts in which they occur

    Contributor(s):: Buckland, E. L., Volk, H. A., Burn, C. C., Abeyesinghe, S. M.

    Promotion of positive experiences in companion animals is essential for maximising good welfare. However, the dearth of published literature on the experience and expression of positive emotional states in companion dogs suggests they are less well understood than negative emotions. Owner...

  10. Equine on-farm welfare assessment: a review of animal-based indicators

    Contributor(s):: Costa, E. dalla, Murray, L., Dai, F., Canali, E., Minero, M.

    The adaptability of horses and donkeys to different types of activity has seen the European equine industry become an important economic sector, giving rise to increasing concern regarding equine welfare. As part of the AWIN (Animal Welfare Indicators) project, this review focuses on scientific...

  11. Welfare by the ear: comparing relative durations and frequencies of ear postures by using an automated tracking system in sheep

    Contributor(s):: Vogeli, S., Wechsler, B., Gygax, L.

    Given the increased interest in animal emotional reactions for assessing welfare, indicators for such reactions are sought. Ear postures and movements have been found to be promising indicators of emotional states in sheep and other animals. The manual recording of ear postures, however, is very...

  12. Psychometric properties of the Lexington Attachment to Pets Scale: Mexican version (LAPS-M)

    Contributor(s):: Gonzalez Ramirez, M. T., Quezada Berumen, L. del C., Landero Hernandez, R.

    The Lexington Attachment to Pets Scale (LAPS) is perhaps the most widely used instrument to assess human emotional attachments to pets and is suitable for both dog and cat owners. However, this instrument has not been translated into Spanish. Thus, the present study aimed to assess the...

  13. Are therapy dogs like xanax? Does animal-assisted therapy impact processes relevant to cognitive behavioral psychotherapy?

    Contributor(s):: Hunt, M. G., Chizkov, R. R.

    Despite an increase in the popularity of animal-assisted therapy, little is known about the impact of animals on processes relevant to effective psychotherapy. This study tested the impact of having a dog present on process variables relevant to cognitive behavioral therapy, including emotional...

  14. Companion animals and wellbeing when living with HIV in Australia

    Contributor(s):: Hutton, V. E.

    The aim of this study was to examine the impact of companion animals on wellbeing amongst individuals living with HIV in Australia. It was hypothesized that participants living with a companion animal would report greater emotional wellbeing than those who did not. It was also hypothesized that...

  15. Naturalistic exhibits may be more effective than traditional exhibits at improving zoo-visitor attitudes toward African apes

    Contributor(s):: Lukas, K. E., Ross, S. R.

    Zoos play a unique role in wildlife conservation, particularly in the area of conservation education. Because of their popularity and flagship status for broader conservation issues, great apes may prove to be one of the most important educational conduits in zoos. In 2002, we surveyed knowledge...

  16. Evaluation of factors affecting emotional responses in zoo visitors and the impact of emotion on conservation mindedness

    Contributor(s):: Powell, D. M., Bullock, E. V. W.

    Creating experiences for visitors that increase their biological knowledge and inspire conservation mindedness is a critical task for zoos and aquariums. A growing body of literature suggests that emotional stimulation is affected by characteristics of both the visitor and the visitor's...

  17. Repeated exposure to positive events induces optimistic-like judgment and enhances fearfulness in chronically stressed sheep

    Contributor(s):: Destrez, A., Deiss, V., Leterrier, C., Calandreau, L., Boissy, A.

    Chronic stress in farm animals can induce detrimental effects in emotional sensitivity and cognitive function, for example, by altering fearfulness and eliciting pessimistic-like judgment. Based on a few experiments carried out on laboratory animals, we suggest that exposing chronically stressed...

  18. Behaviour of horses in a judgment bias test associated with positive or negative reinforcement

    Contributor(s):: Freymond, S. B., Briefer, E. F., Zollinger, A., Allmen, Y. G., Wyss, C., Bachmann, I.

    Moods can influence our judgment of ambiguous stimuli as positive or negative. Measuring judgment bias in animals is a promising method to objectively assess their emotional states. Our study aimed to develop a cognitive bias test in horses, in order to assess the effect of training using...

  19. A review of behavioural methods to study emotion and mood in pigs, Sus scrofa

    Contributor(s):: Murphy, E., Nordquist, R. E., Staay, F. J. van der

    The study of emotions in animals is of increasing importance to a number of disciplines such as animal welfare science and affective neuroscience. Pigs are a common farm animal species, most often reared in intensive systems. Moreover, they are increasingly being used in laboratories. To...

  20. Empathy and donation behavior toward happy and sad chimpanzees

    Contributor(s):: Telle, N. T., Pfister, H. R.

    Past research indicates a moderate but robust relationship between human empathy and empathy toward animals. Further, it has been shown that human empathy is associated with more positive attitudes toward animals. What has not been researched, however, is human- and animal-directed empathy in...