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  1. Social dimension of emotions and its implication for animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Špinka, Marek

    Animal emotions are central to the concept of animal welfare. So far, emotions have been investigated in animal welfare science as within-individual phenomena, i.e. coordinating mechanisms that guide the animal to take appropriate action. However, emotions include an important social dimension....

  2. Measuring empathic responses in animals

    Contributor(s):: Edgar, J. L., Nicol, C. J., Clark, C. C. A., Paul, E. S.

    Domestic animals may be frequently exposed to situations in which they witness the distress or pain of conspecifics and the extent to which they are affected by this will depend on their capacity for empathy. Empathy encompasses two partially distinct sets of processes concerned with the...

  3. Housing induced mood modulates reactions to emotional stimuli in sheep

    Contributor(s):: Reefmann, Nadine, Muehlemann, Thomas, Wechsler, Beat, Gygax, Lorenz

    The assessment of positive and negative short-term affective states (emotions) in animals and their modulation by long-term affective states (mood) is an on-going challenge. This study investigated the use of behavioural and physiological measures to assess emotions and their modulation by mood...

  4. Environmental enrichment induces optimistic cognitive biases in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Douglas, Catherine, Bateson, Melissa, Walsh, Clare, Bédué, Anaïs, Edwards, Sandra A.

    The objective assessment of affective (emotional) state in farm livestock, especially positive states, poses a significant challenge. In human psychology, there is evidence that affective state can alter cognition, with more positive states being associated with an increased likelihood of judging...

  5. Cognitive bias and anticipatory behaviour of laying hens housed in basic and enriched pens

    Contributor(s):: Wichman, Anette, Keeling, Linda J., Forkman, Björn

    The performances of adult laying hens, housed in either a basic or an enriched pen, were investigated in a cognitive bias and an anticipation test. Both tests were designed to measure the assumed emotional state of the birds. The behaviour of birds in each test was compared to see whether both...

  6. Behavioural fear and heart rate responses of horses after exposure to novel objects: Effects of habituation

    Contributor(s):: Leiner, Lisa, Fendt, Markus

    The emotion fear promotes the fitness of wild animals. In a farm environment, exaggerated fear, e.g., in horses, can cause several problems. Therefore, knowledge about fear in horses helps to prevent or to handle potential fear-inducing situations. The present study investigated which behavioural...

  7. Physiological State of Therapy Dogs during Animal-Assisted Activities in an Outpatient Setting

    Contributor(s):: Clark, S. D., Martin, F., McGowan, R. T. S., Smidt, J. M., Anderson, R., Wang, L., Turpin, T., Langenfeld-McCoy, N., Bauer, B. A., Mohabbat, A. B.

    Therapy dogs are increasingly being incorporated into numerous clinical settings. However, there are only a handful of studies that have focused on the impact of animal-assisted activity or therapy sessions on the wellbeing of the therapy dogs. Furthermore, these studies show mixed results. The...

  8. Horses feel emotions when they watch positive and negative horse–human interactions in a video and transpose what they saw to real life

    Contributor(s):: Trösch, Miléna, Pellon, Sophie, Cuzol, Florent, Parias, Céline, Nowak, Raymond, Calandreau, Ludovic, Lansade, Léa

    AbstractAnimals can indirectly gather meaningful information about other individuals by eavesdropping on their third-party interactions. In particular, eavesdropping can be used to indirectly attribute a negative or positive valence to an individual and to adjust one’s future behavior towards...

  9. Do dogs rescue their owners from a stressful situation? A behavioral and physiological assessment

    Contributor(s):: Carballo, F., Dzik, V., Freidin, E., Damian, J. P., Casanave, E. B., Bentosela, M.

  10. Animal-assisted therapy in a Canadian psychiatric prison

    Contributor(s):: Dell, C., Chalmers, D., Stobbe, M., Rohr, B., Husband, A.

  11. "There Is a Cat on Our Ward": Inpatient and Staff Member Attitudes toward and Experiences with Cats in a Psychiatric Ward

    Contributor(s):: Wagner, C., Lang, U. E., Hediger, K.

  12. A qualitative exploration of post-acute stroke participants' experiences of a multimodal intervention incorporating horseback riding

    Contributor(s):: Pohl, P., Carlsson, G., Bunketorp Kall, L., Nilsson, M., Blomstrand, C.

  13. Dog ownership satisfaction determinants in the owner-dog relationship and the dog's behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Herwijnen, I. R. V., van der Borg, J. A. M., Naguib, M., Beerda, B.

  14. Let me sniff! Nosework induces positive judgment bias in pet dogs

    Contributor(s):: Duranton, C., Horowitz, A.

    When confronted with an ambiguous stimulus, an individual’s perception of and behaviour towards the situation are affected by emotional states. In a new situation, positive emotional states lead to optimistic reactions; negative emotional states, to pessimistic reactions. This phenomenon is...

  15. A novel emotional and cognitive approach to welfare phenotyping in rainbow trout exposed to poor water quality

    Contributor(s):: Colson, V., Mure, A., Valotaire, C., Le Calvez, J. M., Goardon, L., Labbé, L., Leguen, I., Prunet, P.

    Recent scientific evidence for fish sentience has stressed the need for novel sentience-based detection tools of fish welfare impairment in commercial farms. In order to mimic a well-characterised stress situation, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were exposed to poor water quality (hypoxia...

  16. The nose may not know: Dogs’ reactions to rattlesnake odours

    Contributor(s):: Mulholland, Michele M., Olivas, Victoria, Caine, Nancy G.

    According to anecdotal reports from dog (Canis lupus familiaris) owners and data from veterinary studies, domestic dogs often fail to avoid, and indeed will approach, venomous snakes. Accordingly, we tested the hypothesis that odours associated with rattlesnakes will elicit investigation, but not...

  17. Boredom-like states in mink and their behavioural correlates: A replicate study

    Contributor(s):: Meagher, Rebecca K., Campbell, Dana L. M., Mason, Georgia J.

    Scientists and laypeople have long expressed concern that animals in non-enriched, unchanging environments might experience boredom. However, this had attracted little empirical study: the state is difficult to assess without verbal self-reports, and spontaneous behavioural signs of boredom can...

  18. Qualitative Behaviour Assessment of horses exposed to short-term emotional treatments

    Contributor(s):: Hintze, Sara, Murphy, Eimear, Bachmann, Iris, Wemelsfelder, Francoise, Würbel, Hanno

    Assessing emotion in animals is fundamental to the study of animal welfare with methodologies for reliable and valid assessments being highly desirable. Qualitative Behaviour Assessment (QBA) is based on the assumption that human observers are capable of integrating details of animals’...

  19. Emotional affect and the occurrence of owner reported health problems in the domestic dog

    Contributor(s):: Reaney, Sarah Jane, Zulch, Helen, Mills, Daniel, Gardner, Sarah, Collins, Lisa

    Interactions between health, behaviour and individual differences such as; mood, affect or personality have been studied more in humans than they have in non-human animals. In humans, links can be made between personality and the expression of health problems, and between personality, affect,...

  20. Application of Free Choice Profiling to assess the emotional state of dogs housed in shelter environments

    Contributor(s):: Arena, Laura, Wemelsfelder, Franҫoise, Messori, Stefano, Ferri, Nicola, Barnard, Shanis

    Dogs housed in shelters may experience poor welfare. To ensure these dogs a good quality of life, welfare assessment tools should be sensitive not only to the animals’ physical health but also to their mental state, including the assessment of positive and negative emotions. In this study, we...