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  1. Emotion Facial Processing in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Pilot Study of the Impact of Service Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dollion, N., Grandgeorge, M., Saint-Amour, D., Hosein Poitras Loewen, A., François, N., Fontaine, N. M. G., Champagne, N., Plusquellec, P.

    Processing and recognizing facial expressions are key factors in human social interaction. Past research suggests that individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) present difficulties to decode facial expressions. Those difficulties are notably attributed to altered strategies in the visual...

  2. It's Not Just A Dog: The Role of Companion Animals in the Family's Emotional System

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cassandra Leow

    Past studies have looked into the role of companion animals in families. This study intended to explore the role of companion animals in the family’s emotional system through the lens of Bowen Family Systems Theory. Data from a study on companion animal loss and grief were used. A...

  3. What is good grief support? Exploring the actors and actions in social support after traumatic grief

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Joanne Cacciatore, Kara Thieleman, Ruth Fretts, Lori Barnes Jackson

    Social support seems to enhance wellbeing and health in many populations. Conversely, poor social support and loneliness are a social determinant of poor health outcomes and can adversely affect physical, emotional, and mental well-being. Social support is especially important in traumatic...

  4. Displays of Jealousy in Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cassandra D. Beck

    Wolves (Canis Lupis) were domesticated into the common dog (Canis Familiaris) at least 15 thousand years ago. The domestication process changed wolves both physically and neurologically. Dogs now have a unique connection with humans, and display many of the same personality traits and cognitive...

  5. Social Referencing in the Domestic Horse

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anne Schrimpf, Marie-Sophie Single, Christian Nawroth

    Dogs and cats use human emotional information directed to an unfamiliar situation to guide their behavior, known as social referencing. It is not clear whether other domestic species show similar socio-cognitive abilities in interacting with humans. We investigated whether horses (n = 46)...

  6. Developing Diagnostic Frameworks in Veterinary Behavioral Medicine: Disambiguating Separation Related Problems in Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Luciana S. de Assis, Raquel Matos, Thomas W. Pike, Oliver H. P. Burman, Daniel S. Mills

    Diagnoses are widely used in both human and veterinary medicine to describe the nature of a condition; by contrast, syndromes are collections of signs that consistently occur together to form a characteristic presentation. Treatment of syndromes, due to either their lack of a clear biological...

  7. The interplay between affect, dog's physical activity and dog-owner relationship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Vaataja, H., Majaranta, P., Cardo, A. V., Isokoski, P., Somppi, S., Vehkaoja, A., Vainio, O., Surakka, V.

    Leaving a dog home alone is part of everyday life for most dog owners. Previous research shows that dog–owner relationship has multifarious effects on dog behavior. However, little is known about the interplay between dog–owner relationship, physical activity of the dog, and affective...

  8. Child-Dog Attachment, Emotion Regulation and Psychopathology: The Mediating Role of Positive and Negative Behaviours

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hawkins, R. D., Robinson, C., Brodie, Z. P.

    Emerging evidence suggests that pet dogs can offer features of a secure attachment which has been associated with healthy psychological development across the lifespan. Limited research has investigated the underpinning mechanisms that may contribute to the benefits and risks of child–dog...

  9. The Neurobiology of Behavior and Its Applicability for Animal Welfare: A Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Coria-Avila, Genaro A., Pfaus, James G., Orihuela, Agustín, Domínguez-Oliva, Adriana, José-Pérez, Nancy, Hernández, Laura Astrid, Mota-Rojas, Daniel

    Understanding the foundations of the neurobiology of behavior and well-being can help us better achieve animal welfare. Behavior is the expression of several physiological, endocrine, motor and emotional responses that are coordinated by the central nervous system from the processing of internal...

  10. Attachment towards the Owner Is Associated with Spontaneous Sleep EEG Parameters in Family Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carreiro, Cecília, Reicher, Vivien, Kis, Anna, Gácsi, Márta

    Affective neuroscience studies have demonstrated the impact of social interactions on sleep quality. In humans, trait-like social behaviors, such as attachment, are related to sleep brain activity patterns. Our aim was to investigate associations between companion dogs’ spontaneous brain...

  11. A study on the factors affecting Firat university students' empathic capacity towards animalsFirat universitesi ogrencilerinin hayvanlara yonelik empati kapasitelerini etkileyen faktorler uzerine bir arastirma

    | Contributor(s):: Ozen, A., Coban, C., Dedeoglu, Y. S., Vural, T.

    It is accepted that the tendency of empathy plays an important role on the moral behavior of people. It is thought that empathic responses towards humans also develop empathy towards animals and therefore other living things, so people with high levels of empathy are also thought to empathize...

  12. Human Ability to Determine Affective States in Domestic Horse Whinnies

    | Contributor(s):: Merkies, Katrina, Crouchman, Elizabeth, Belliveau, Haley

    Horses use whinnies as a communication tool that potentially indicates positive or negative situations reflective of their felt experience. Being able to interpret the emotional state of horses allows humans to respond appropriately to mitigate a negative situation or repeat or enhance a positive...

  13. Furred and feathered friends: how attached are zookeepers to the animals in their care?

    | Contributor(s):: Melfi, V., Skyner, L., Birke, L., Ward, S. J., Shaw, W. S., Hosey, G.

    Keeper-animal relationships (KARs) appear to be important in zoos, since they can enhance the well-being of both the animals and the keepers, can make animal husbandry easier, but conversely might risk inappropriate habituation of animals and possible risks to the safety of keepers. It is,...

  14. Dog behaviours in veterinary consultations: part II. The relationship between the behaviours of dogs and their owners

    | Contributor(s):: Helsly, M., Priymenko, N., Girault, C., Duranton, C., Gaunet, F.

    Dogs synchronise their behaviour with those of their owners when confronted with an unfamiliar situation and interactions with their owners have been shown to decrease the dog's stress levels in some instances. However, whether owners may help manage dog anxiety during veterinary consultations...

  15. Canine emotions: Guidelines for research

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Miiamaaria V. Kujala

    In the target article, I called for a discussion on the nature and extent of dogs’ emotions. The commentators generally agreed on the existence of dog emotions, but the diversity and quality of dog emotions, as well as the influence of human social cognition on perceiving dog emotions,...

  16. Psycho-Behavioural Changes in Dogs Treated with Corticosteroids: A Clinical Behaviour Perspective

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Notari, Lorella, Kirton, Roxane, Mills, Daniel S.

    Arousal and distress are often important factors in problematic behaviours, and endogenous corticosteroids are important mediators in the associated stress responses. Exogenous corticosteroid treatments have been reported to change behaviour in human patients and laboratory animals, with...

  17. Exploring how veterinary professionals perceive and use grief support resources to support companion animal caregivers in Ontario, Canada

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Matte, A. R., Khosa, D. K., Meehan, M. P.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to qualitatively explore veterinary professionals' use and perceptions of grief resources and services to support companion animal caregivers following companion animal euthanasia. Background: The loss of a companion animal can be a source of great sorrow...

  18. Designing Man's New Best Friend: Enhancing Human-Robot Dog Interaction through Dog-Like Framing and Appearance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: de Visser, E. J., Topoglu, Y., Joshi, S., Krueger, F., Phillips, E., Gratch, J., Tossell, C. C., Ayaz, H.

    To understand how to improve interactions with dog-like robots, we evaluated the importance of "dog-like" framing and physical appearance on interaction, hypothesizing multiple interactive benefits of each. We assessed whether framing Aibo as a puppy (i.e., in need of development)...

  19. Empathy and perception of animal welfare among Mexican students of professions related to the use, management and care of animalsEmpatia y percepcion del bienestar animal entre estudiantes mexicanos de profesiones relacionadas al uso, manejo y cuidad

    | Contributor(s):: Torres Cardona, M. G., Sanchez Mendez, A. I., Almaraz Buendia, I., Peralta Ortiz, J. J. G., Meza Nieto, M., Alejos de la Fuente, J. I.

  20. Chinese Companion Animal Caretakers’ Attachment Influences their Attribution of Emotions to their Animals

    | Contributor(s):: Su, Bingtao, Martens, Pim