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  1. Do dogs rescue their owners from a stressful situation? A behavioral and physiological assessment

    Contributor(s):: Carballo, F., Dzik, V., Freidin, E., Damian, J. P., Casanave, E. B., Bentosela, M.

  2. Animal-assisted therapy in a Canadian psychiatric prison

    Contributor(s):: Dell, C., Chalmers, D., Stobbe, M., Rohr, B., Husband, A.

  3. "There Is a Cat on Our Ward": Inpatient and Staff Member Attitudes toward and Experiences with Cats in a Psychiatric Ward

    Contributor(s):: Wagner, C., Lang, U. E., Hediger, K.

  4. A qualitative exploration of post-acute stroke participants' experiences of a multimodal intervention incorporating horseback riding

    Contributor(s):: Pohl, P., Carlsson, G., Bunketorp Kall, L., Nilsson, M., Blomstrand, C.

  5. Dog ownership satisfaction determinants in the owner-dog relationship and the dog's behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Herwijnen, I. R. V., van der Borg, J. A. M., Naguib, M., Beerda, B.

  6. A novel emotional and cognitive approach to welfare phenotyping in rainbow trout exposed to poor water quality

    Contributor(s):: Colson, V., Mure, A., Valotaire, C., Le Calvez, J. M., Goardon, L., Labbé, L., Leguen, I., Prunet, P.

    Recent scientific evidence for fish sentience has stressed the need for novel sentience-based detection tools of fish welfare impairment in commercial farms. In order to mimic a well-characterised stress situation, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were exposed to poor water quality (hypoxia...

  7. The nose may not know: Dogs’ reactions to rattlesnake odours

    Contributor(s):: Mulholland, Michele M., Olivas, Victoria, Caine, Nancy G.

    According to anecdotal reports from dog (Canis lupus familiaris) owners and data from veterinary studies, domestic dogs often fail to avoid, and indeed will approach, venomous snakes. Accordingly, we tested the hypothesis that odours associated with rattlesnakes will elicit investigation, but not...

  8. Boredom-like states in mink and their behavioural correlates: A replicate study

    Contributor(s):: Meagher, Rebecca K., Campbell, Dana L. M., Mason, Georgia J.

    Scientists and laypeople have long expressed concern that animals in non-enriched, unchanging environments might experience boredom. However, this had attracted little empirical study: the state is difficult to assess without verbal self-reports, and spontaneous behavioural signs of boredom can...

  9. Qualitative Behaviour Assessment of horses exposed to short-term emotional treatments

    Contributor(s):: Hintze, Sara, Murphy, Eimear, Bachmann, Iris, Wemelsfelder, Francoise, Würbel, Hanno

    Assessing emotion in animals is fundamental to the study of animal welfare with methodologies for reliable and valid assessments being highly desirable. Qualitative Behaviour Assessment (QBA) is based on the assumption that human observers are capable of integrating details of animals’...

  10. Application of Free Choice Profiling to assess the emotional state of dogs housed in shelter environments

    Contributor(s):: Arena, Laura, Wemelsfelder, Franҫoise, Messori, Stefano, Ferri, Nicola, Barnard, Shanis

    Dogs housed in shelters may experience poor welfare. To ensure these dogs a good quality of life, welfare assessment tools should be sensitive not only to the animals’ physical health but also to their mental state, including the assessment of positive and negative emotions. In this study, we...

  11. Face-based perception of emotions in dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Bellegarde, Lucille G. A., Haskell, Marie J., Duvaux-Ponter, Christine, Weiss, Alexander, Boissy, Alain, Erhard, Hans W.

    Faces of conspecifics convey information about identity, but also gaze, and attentional or emotional state. As a cognitive process, face-based emotion recognition can be subject to judgement bias. In this study we investigated whether dairy goats (n=32) would show different responses to 2-D...

  12. Emotional states and emotional contagion in pigs after exposure to a positive and negative treatment

    Contributor(s):: Reimert, Inonge, Fong, Stephanie, Rodenburg, T. Bas, Bolhuis, J. Elizabeth

    After-effects of events that elicit an emotional state on both the animals that experienced these events and on their group members have only scarcely been studied. We investigated effects of a positive vs. negative treatment on the behaviour and emotional state of pigs and their naive pen mates...

  13. Can changes in nasal temperature be used as an indicator of emotional state in cows?

    Contributor(s):: Proctor, Helen, Carder, Gemma

    Good animal welfare considers not only the physical and environmental aspects of an animal’s well-being, but also their emotional state. Finding measures of animal emotions is an important area of research, as there is a need for objective, reliable and non-invasive measures to assess how an...

  14. Emotions after victory or defeat assessed through qualitative behavioural assessment, skin lesions and blood parameters in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Camerlink, Irene, Peijnenburg, Mieke, Wemelsfelder, Françoise, Turner, Simon P.

    Aggression between pigs causes injuries and production losses and is a long standing animal welfare issue. Although the physiological impact of aggression has been well described, little is known about the emotional experience of aggressive interactions. Our aim was to investigate the emotional...

  15. Tail and ear movements as possible indicators of emotions in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Marcet Rius, Míriam, Pageat, Patrick, Bienboire-Frosini, Cécile, Teruel, Eva, Monneret, Philippe, Leclercq, Julien, Lafont-Lecuelle, Céline, Cozzi, Alessandro

    A better understanding of animal emotions is an important goal in disciplines ranging from neuroscience to animal welfare science, but few reliable tools exist for measuring these emotions. Play behaviour is generally recognized as a trigger of positive emotions in mammals, and previous studies...

  16. Selection of putative indicators of positive emotions triggered by object and social play in mini-pigs

    Contributor(s):: Marcet Rius, Míriam, Cozzi, Alessandro, Bienboire-Frosini, Cécile, Teruel, Eva, Chabaud, Camille, Monneret, Philippe, Leclercq, Julien, Lafont-Lecuelle, Céline, Pageat, Patrick

    Positive welfare is more than the absence of negative experiences. Nevertheless, there are few feasible animal-based measures for positive welfare. This study aimed to investigate whether object and social play behaviours in pigs, which is believed to trigger positive emotions, is linked to...

  17. Animal emotion: Descriptive and prescriptive definitions and their implications for a comparative perspective

    Contributor(s):: Paul, Elizabeth S., Mendl, Michael T.

    In recent years there has been a growing research interest in the field of animal emotion. But there is still little agreement about whether and how the word "emotion" should be defined for use in the context of non-human species. Here, we make a distinction between descriptive and prescriptive...

  18. Examining affective structure in chickens: valence, intensity, persistence and generalization measured using a Conditioned Place Preference Test

    Contributor(s):: Paul, Elizabeth S., Edgar, Joanne L., Caplen, Gina, Nicol, Christine J.

    When measuring animals' valenced behavioural responses to stimuli, e on itio ne ace test goes goes a step further than many approach-based and avoidance-based tests by establishing whether a learned preference for, or aversion to, the location in which the stimulus was encountered can be...

  19. Anxiety influences attention bias but not flight speed and crush score in beef cattle

    Contributor(s):: Lee, Caroline, Cafe, Linda M., Robinson, Samantha L., Doyle, Rebecca E., Lea, Jim M., Small, Alison H., Colditz, Ian G.

    Attentional biases towards threatening stimuli are increased when animals are in anxious states. An ability to assess negatively valanced affective states such as anxiety are important as they may be related to poor welfare. Flight speed and crush score are two well established tests of...

  20. Assessing equine emotional state

    Contributor(s):: Hall, Carol, Randle, Hayley, Pearson, Gemma, Preshaw, Liane, Waran, Natalie

    The scientific study of animal emotion has recently become an important focus for animal behaviour and welfare researchers. For horses used by humans for work, recreation or sport, the question of the significance of their life experiences in terms of their emotional response, is an important one...