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  1. Physiological State of Therapy Dogs during Animal-Assisted Activities in an Outpatient Setting

    Contributor(s):: Clark, S. D., Martin, F., McGowan, R. T. S., Smidt, J. M., Anderson, R., Wang, L., Turpin, T., Langenfeld-McCoy, N., Bauer, B. A., Mohabbat, A. B.

    Therapy dogs are increasingly being incorporated into numerous clinical settings. However, there are only a handful of studies that have focused on the impact of animal-assisted activity or therapy sessions on the wellbeing of the therapy dogs. Furthermore, these studies show mixed results. The...

  2. Horses feel emotions when they watch positive and negative horse–human interactions in a video and transpose what they saw to real life

    Contributor(s):: Trösch, Miléna, Pellon, Sophie, Cuzol, Florent, Parias, Céline, Nowak, Raymond, Calandreau, Ludovic, Lansade, Léa

    AbstractAnimals can indirectly gather meaningful information about other individuals by eavesdropping on their third-party interactions. In particular, eavesdropping can be used to indirectly attribute a negative or positive valence to an individual and to adjust one’s future behavior towards...

  3. Do dogs rescue their owners from a stressful situation? A behavioral and physiological assessment

    Contributor(s):: Carballo, F., Dzik, V., Freidin, E., Damian, J. P., Casanave, E. B., Bentosela, M.

  4. Animal-assisted therapy in a Canadian psychiatric prison

    Contributor(s):: Dell, C., Chalmers, D., Stobbe, M., Rohr, B., Husband, A.

  5. "There Is a Cat on Our Ward": Inpatient and Staff Member Attitudes toward and Experiences with Cats in a Psychiatric Ward

    Contributor(s):: Wagner, C., Lang, U. E., Hediger, K.

  6. A qualitative exploration of post-acute stroke participants' experiences of a multimodal intervention incorporating horseback riding

    Contributor(s):: Pohl, P., Carlsson, G., Bunketorp Kall, L., Nilsson, M., Blomstrand, C.

  7. Dog ownership satisfaction determinants in the owner-dog relationship and the dog's behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Herwijnen, I. R. V., van der Borg, J. A. M., Naguib, M., Beerda, B.

  8. Let me sniff! Nosework induces positive judgment bias in pet dogs

    Contributor(s):: Duranton, C., Horowitz, A.

    When confronted with an ambiguous stimulus, an individual’s perception of and behaviour towards the situation are affected by emotional states. In a new situation, positive emotional states lead to optimistic reactions; negative emotional states, to pessimistic reactions. This phenomenon is...

  9. A novel emotional and cognitive approach to welfare phenotyping in rainbow trout exposed to poor water quality

    Contributor(s):: Colson, V., Mure, A., Valotaire, C., Le Calvez, J. M., Goardon, L., Labbé, L., Leguen, I., Prunet, P.

    Recent scientific evidence for fish sentience has stressed the need for novel sentience-based detection tools of fish welfare impairment in commercial farms. In order to mimic a well-characterised stress situation, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were exposed to poor water quality (hypoxia...

  10. The nose may not know: Dogs’ reactions to rattlesnake odours

    Contributor(s):: Mulholland, Michele M., Olivas, Victoria, Caine, Nancy G.

    According to anecdotal reports from dog (Canis lupus familiaris) owners and data from veterinary studies, domestic dogs often fail to avoid, and indeed will approach, venomous snakes. Accordingly, we tested the hypothesis that odours associated with rattlesnakes will elicit investigation, but not...

  11. Boredom-like states in mink and their behavioural correlates: A replicate study

    Contributor(s):: Meagher, Rebecca K., Campbell, Dana L. M., Mason, Georgia J.

    Scientists and laypeople have long expressed concern that animals in non-enriched, unchanging environments might experience boredom. However, this had attracted little empirical study: the state is difficult to assess without verbal self-reports, and spontaneous behavioural signs of boredom can...

  12. Qualitative Behaviour Assessment of horses exposed to short-term emotional treatments

    Contributor(s):: Hintze, Sara, Murphy, Eimear, Bachmann, Iris, Wemelsfelder, Francoise, Würbel, Hanno

    Assessing emotion in animals is fundamental to the study of animal welfare with methodologies for reliable and valid assessments being highly desirable. Qualitative Behaviour Assessment (QBA) is based on the assumption that human observers are capable of integrating details of animals’...

  13. Emotional affect and the occurrence of owner reported health problems in the domestic dog

    Contributor(s):: Reaney, Sarah Jane, Zulch, Helen, Mills, Daniel, Gardner, Sarah, Collins, Lisa

    Interactions between health, behaviour and individual differences such as; mood, affect or personality have been studied more in humans than they have in non-human animals. In humans, links can be made between personality and the expression of health problems, and between personality, affect,...

  14. Application of Free Choice Profiling to assess the emotional state of dogs housed in shelter environments

    Contributor(s):: Arena, Laura, Wemelsfelder, Franҫoise, Messori, Stefano, Ferri, Nicola, Barnard, Shanis

    Dogs housed in shelters may experience poor welfare. To ensure these dogs a good quality of life, welfare assessment tools should be sensitive not only to the animals’ physical health but also to their mental state, including the assessment of positive and negative emotions. In this study, we...

  15. Face-based perception of emotions in dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Bellegarde, Lucille G. A., Haskell, Marie J., Duvaux-Ponter, Christine, Weiss, Alexander, Boissy, Alain, Erhard, Hans W.

    Faces of conspecifics convey information about identity, but also gaze, and attentional or emotional state. As a cognitive process, face-based emotion recognition can be subject to judgement bias. In this study we investigated whether dairy goats (n=32) would show different responses to 2-D...

  16. Emotional states and emotional contagion in pigs after exposure to a positive and negative treatment

    Contributor(s):: Reimert, Inonge, Fong, Stephanie, Rodenburg, T. Bas, Bolhuis, J. Elizabeth

    After-effects of events that elicit an emotional state on both the animals that experienced these events and on their group members have only scarcely been studied. We investigated effects of a positive vs. negative treatment on the behaviour and emotional state of pigs and their naive pen mates...

  17. What we can measure, we can manage: The importance of using robust welfare indicators in Equitation Science

    Contributor(s):: Waran, Natalie, Randle, Hayley

    Ever since the phrase, ‘the happy athlete’ was introduced into the FEI rules for dressage (Article 401.1) there have been discussions about what this actually means and whether it is possible to recognize and reward positive emotions in working horses. For those interested in the study of equine...

  18. Looking into the eyes of a cow: Can eye whites be used as a measure of emotional state?

    Contributor(s):: Lambert, Helen S., Carder, Gemma

    A number of studies have looked at whether the percentage of visible eye whites could be a reliable and dynamic tool for measuring emotional state in cattle. In this study we have built upon previous research to further test this measure with different stimuli and different types of emotional...

  19. Can changes in nasal temperature be used as an indicator of emotional state in cows?

    Contributor(s):: Proctor, Helen, Carder, Gemma

    Good animal welfare considers not only the physical and environmental aspects of an animal’s well-being, but also their emotional state. Finding measures of animal emotions is an important area of research, as there is a need for objective, reliable and non-invasive measures to assess how an...

  20. Emotions after victory or defeat assessed through qualitative behavioural assessment, skin lesions and blood parameters in pigs

    Contributor(s):: Camerlink, Irene, Peijnenburg, Mieke, Wemelsfelder, Françoise, Turner, Simon P.

    Aggression between pigs causes injuries and production losses and is a long standing animal welfare issue. Although the physiological impact of aggression has been well described, little is known about the emotional experience of aggressive interactions. Our aim was to investigate the emotional...